Pericarditis: From Diagnosis to Treatment


Nicholas Clément (Editor)

Series: Cardiology Research and Clinical Developments
BISAC: MED010000

Pericarditis refers to swelling and irritation of the pericardium, which is the thin, saclike tissues surrounding the heart, usually leading to sharp chest pain. This condition can arise due to viral infections, but the cause is often unknown. In this book, various causes and types of pericarditis are elucidated, and treatment options are outlined across six chapters. Chapter One deals with Dressler syndrome, which is secondary pericarditis that occurs after myocardial injury and is widely purported to be of autoimmune etiology. Chapter Two discusses the treatment of pericarditis and the management of potential complications. Chapter Three addresses the clinical and diagnostic features of purulent pericarditis, which is the presence of suppuration in the pericardium, as well as therapeutic options. Chapter Four emphasizes the emerging adverse events of vaccine-induced pericarditis, summarizing its epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical presentation, diagnosis, management, and limitation. Chapter Five concerns constrictive pericarditis, which arises due to the scarring and loss of elasticity in post-acute pericarditis. Finally, Chapter Six addresses the clinical and diagnostic features of COVID-19-induced pericarditis, as well as the therapeutic options.

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Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Dressler Syndrome
Harsha Pattnaik¹, MD, Rahul Kashyap² and Salim Surani²,³, MD
¹Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India
²Department of Anesthesiology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester Minnesota, USA
³Pulmonary, Critical Care & Sleep Medicine. Texas A&M University, Texas, USA

Chapter 2. Management of Pericarditis
Sushen Bhalla¹, MD, Reena Shah², MD, Joseph Varon¹,³, MD, and Salim Surani⁴,⁵, MD
¹Dorrington Medical Associates, Houston, Texas, USA
²Aga Khan University, Nairobi, Kenya
³University of Texas Houston, Texas, USA
Texas A&M University, Texas, USA
Valley Coastal Bend, VA, Corpus Christi, Texas, USA

Chapter 3. Purulent Pericarditis
A. Tekin¹, MD, N. Jain, MBBS², T. Koritala, MBBS³, R. Shah, MD, R. Kashyap, MD, MBA¹ and S. Surani, MD¹,⁵
¹Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA
²Division of Critical Care Medicine, Mayo Clinic Health System, Mankato, MN, USA
³Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic Health System, Mankato, MN, USA
Department of Internal Medicine, The Aga Khan University, Nairobi, Kenya
Medical Critical Care Services, Texas A&M University, Corpus Christi, TX, USA

Chapter 4.  COVID-19 Vaccine Induced Pericarditis
Ahmed Mahmood¹, MD, PhD, Hasnan M. Ijaz¹, MD, Jaykumar N. Patel¹, DO, Yasmin Elkabani¹, BSPS, Muhammad Uzair Lodhi¹, MD, Henry Cusnir¹, MD, Mustafa Rahim¹, MD, Thomas Alexander¹, MD, and Salim Surani²,³, MD
¹Corpus Christi Medical Center, Corpus Christi, Texas, USA
²Texas A & M University, College Station, Texas, USA
³Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA

Chapter 5. Constrictive Pericarditis
Suganya Karikalan¹, Iqbal Ratnani² and Salim Surani³,⁴
¹Karpaga Vinayaga Institute of Medical Science, India
²Houston Methodist Hospital, Texas USA
³Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas USA
Valley Coastal Bend, Corpus Christi, Texas, USA

Chapter 6. Pericarditis: A Rare Complication Induced by COVID-19 Syndrome
Ahmed Mahmood¹, Hasnan Ijaz¹, Ramesha Tahir¹, Joanna Lee MS¹, Muhammad Uzair Lodhi¹, Thomas Alexander¹ and Salim Surani²,³
¹ Corpus Christi Medical Center, Corpus Christi, Texas, USA
² Texas A&M University, College Station Texas, USA
³ Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA


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