Perchlorates: Production, Uses and Health Effects

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Lawrence E. Matthews (Editor)

Series: Chemical Engineering Methods and Technology

Perchlorates are the salts derived from perchloric acid (HClO4). They occur both naturally and through manufacturing. They have been used as a medicine for more than 50 years to treat thyroid gland disorders and are used extensively within the pyrotechnics industry, and ammonium perchlorate is also a component of solid rocket fuel. This book presents current research data from across the globe in the study of perchlorates, their production, uses, and health effects. Some topics discussed, herein, are: trends in the study of the electrochemical stability of perchlorate ions; the structural and vibrational properties of chromyl perchlorate; perchlorate formation in electrochemical water disinfection; metal perchlorates as Lewis acids; alkaline earth metal perchlorates; and removal of perchlorate from water.

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Table of Contents

Preface

Trends in the Study of the Electrochemical Stability of Perchlorate Ions against Reductive Attacks;pp. 1-49
(G.G. Láng, M. Ujvári, Eötvös Loránd University, Institute of Chemistry, Department of Physical Chemistry, Laboratory of Electrochemistry and Electroanalytical Chemistry, Budapest, Hungary)

Lithium and Magnesium Perchlorate Solutions and their Influence on the Rate and Equilibrium of Some Cycloaddition Reactions;pp. 51-82
(Vladimir D. Kiselev, Butlerov Chemical Institute, Kazan State University, Kazan, Russian Federation)

Structural and Vibrational Properties of Chromyl Perchlorate;pp. 83-109
(Silvia A. Brandán, Cátedra de Fisicoquímica I. Instituto de Química Física, Facultad de Bioquímica, Química y Farmacia, Universidad Nacional de Tucumán, San Miguel de Tucumán, Tucumán, República Argentina)

Perchlorate Formation in Electrochemical Water Disinfection;pp. 111-141
(M.E. Henry Bergmann, Tatiana Iourtchouk, Wido Schmidt, Gabriele Nüske, Michaela Fischer, Anhalt University of Applied Sciences, Köthen/Anh, Germany, and others)

Metal Perchlorates as Lewis Acids: A Powerful and Versatile Tool in Organic Synthesis;pp. 143-175
(Letizia Sambri, Giuseppe Bartoli, Giorgio Bencivenni, Renato Dalpozzo, Dipartimento di Chimica Organica “A. Mangini”, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy, and others)

Advances in the Bioremediation of Perchlorate;pp. 177-209
(Yanguang Song and Steven W. Van Ginkel, Senior Research Scientist
Center for Environmental Biotechnology, The Biodesign Institute
Arizona State University, and others)

Environmental Biotechnology and Microbiology of (Per)Chlorate Reducing Bacteria;pp. 211-235
(Farrakh Mehboob, Gosse Schraa, Alfons J.M. Stams, Laboratory of Microbiology, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands, and others)

Perchlorate: Production, Uses and Effects on Humans and the Environment;pp. 237-253
(Reema Bansal, Ronald L. Crawford, Thomas. F. Hess, Andrzej. J. Paszczynski, Environmental Biotechnology Institute, Environmental Science Program, University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho, USA, and others)

Perchlorates in the Laboratory for Analytical/Physical Chemistry;pp. 255-271
(Marina Zelić, Laboratory for Physical Chemistry of Traces, Division for Marine and Environmental Research, Ruđer Bošković Institute, Zagreb, Croatia)

Electronic Structure, Chemical Bonding, Photoelectronic and Optical Properties of Metal Perchlorates;pp. 273-294
(Yu.N. Zhuravlev, D.V. Korabel’nikov, A.S. Poplavnoi, Kemerovo State University, Krasnya, Kemerovo, Russia)

Alkaline Earth Metal Perchlorates: Electrochemical Preparation and Reaction Mechanisms;pp. 295-309
(Subramanyan Vasudevan, Central Electrochemical Research Institute , Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Karaikuidi, India)

Removal of Perchlorate from Water;pp. 311-319
(Yeomin Yoon, Nam-Guk Her, Moonil Kim, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, USA, and others)

Ferric Perchlorate: An Efficient Catalyst for Expeditious and Chemo Selective Conversion of Aldehydes to Acylals;pp. 321-324
(Farahnaz K. Behbahani, Majid M. Heravi, Hossien A. Oskooie, Department of Chemistry, School of Sciences, Islamic Azad University Karaj Branch, Karaj, Iran, and others)

Microbial Reduction of Chlorate and Perchlorate: Phylogenetic Analysis of the Genes Encoding the Degradation Pathways;pp. 325-345
(Martina M. Ederer, Katarzyna H. Kucharzyk, Thomas F. Hess, and Ronald L. Crawford, University of Idaho, Moscow, ID 83844)

Index

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