Pacific Ocean Mega Ecotone of Northern Eurasia: An Evolutionary Model of a Continental Biosphere

Erland G. Kolomyts
Institute of Ecology of the Volga River Basin, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

Series: Earth Sciences in the 21st Century
BISAC: SCI031000

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Volume 10

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Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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A comprehensive evolutionary landscape-evolutionary concept of organization of terrestrial geo(eco-)systems in the Pacific Ocean Mobile Belt – the tectonically and climatically active ocean-continent interface as a focus of evolutionary ecological and geographical processes and phenomena at the modern stage of development of the biosphere has been set forth. The empirical statistical modeling of forest natural complexes has been performed using the materials of large-scale landscape-ecological surveys performed at experimental sites on the Pacific Ocean mega ecotone of Northern Eurasia.

The theses put forward on the basis of evolutionary land-scape studies have been substantiated. The three spatial-temporal sections with a common trajectory of subaerial landscape-genesis have been described: (1) neo-pacific progressive – the origin and evolution of island-arc geo(eco)systems of the Neogene/Quaternary period in the oceanic environment; (2) sub-pacific marginal-continental – the subsequent ascending development of the continent as a young (Mesozoic) mountain-valley morphostructure; and (3) sub-pacific regressive – the final study of damped evolution on the continental islands with “senile” erosion-denudation relief. The climatogenic mechanisms of evolutionary processes in different sectors of Pacific Ocean mega ecotone are described.
(Imprint: Nova)

Foreword

Introduction: The Contemporary State of the Problem

Part I: Pacific Ocean Mega Ecotone as the Object of Landscape Research

Chapter 1. Landscape-Ecological Organization of Continent-Ocean Mega Ecotone

Chapter 2. Methods of Empirical-Statistical Modeling

Part II: Ecology of Island-Arc Volcanic Landscape

Chapter 3. Regional Bioclimatic System of the Kuril Islands and its Evolutionary Significance

Chapter 4. Volcanogenic Basis of Island-Arc Landscapes

Chapter 5. Soil-Vegetation Cover and Microlandscapes in the Island-Arc Volcanic Ecoregion

Chapter 6. Structural Organization of Island Volcanic Landscape

Chapter 7. Functional Organization of Island-Arc Forest Ecosystems

Chapter 8. Effect of Geothermal Energy on Forest Formation in Island Volcanic Landscapes

Part III. Evolutionary Ecology of Marginal-Continental Boreal Landscape

Chapter 9. Flora, Vegetation and Microlandscapes of Experimental Testing Ground

Chapter 10. Structural Organization of Forest Geo(Eco)Systems

Chapter 11. Functional Organization of Forest Ecosystems

Part IV. Continental-Island Fading Evolution Landscape

Chapter 12. Putyatin Island as a Modeling Object

Chapter 13. Monosystem Organization of Continental-Island Landscape

Chapter 14. Functional Organization of Fading Evolution Land-Scape

Chapter 15. Exogenous Morpholithogenesis

Part IV. Climatogenic Mechanisms of Evolutionary Processes

Chapter 16. Theory and Methods of Climatogenic Simulation of Evolutionary Processes

Chapter 17. Climatogenic Dynamics and Sustainability of Forest Ecosystems

Chapter 18. Abstract of Evolutionary Landscape-Ecological Concept

Conclusions

References

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