Pacemakers and ICD: Types, Potential Complications and Long-Term Health Effects



Series: Cardiology Research and Clinical Developments
BISAC: MED010000

Cardiac pacing is one of the most rapidly growing fields in medicine. This growth is stimulated by several challenges unique to this subspecialty: the high prevalence of diseases that require cardiac pacing; the wide range of age groups that undergo this therapy; the technological advancements that improve safety and feasibility of the procedure; the long-term performance of the devices implanted; and the potential long-term complications. Historically, the field of cardiac pacing was in the hands of cardiac surgeons and gradually absorbed into the specialty of cardiology. The need for a more specialized training to address the peculiarities of cardiac pacing brought about the formation of clinical electrophysiology as a subspecialty.

In addition to clinical competence and knowledge, a basic understanding is required of cardiac pacing technologies and the science behind them. While there are many books on this topic, some comprehensive and others addressing specific issues, Pacemakers and ICD: Types, Potential Complications and Long-Term Health Effects is intended to occupy a middle ground. This book gathers information on a number of aspects not typically treated in detail in other books but of high clinical relevance. It follows the different stages of cardiac pacing from the surgical technique of the implant to the impact on long-term health after the procedure. Of particular interest are contributions from leading experts on alternative sites of pacing, less understood complications, psychological effects and fresh approaches to the clinical management of patients with implantable cardiac devices. Recent technologies and forecasts of the field, including leadless pacemakers and subcutaneous ICD are also discussed.
(Imprint: Nova Biomedical)

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Pacemaker Types

Chapter 1
Future Easy and Physiological Cardiac Pacing
(Eraldo Occhetta, Miriam Bortnik, Paolo Marino, Dipartimento Cardiologico, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Maggiore della Carità, Novara – Italy)

Chapter 2
Subcutaneous Defibrillators
(Anil George, Geoffrey F. Lewis, Michael R. Gold, Division of Cardiology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA)

Chapter 3
Leadless Pacemakers
(Alexios Hadjis, Division of Cardiology, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Quebec, Canada)

Chapter 4
Inter-atrial Septal Pacing – Technique and Material
(Jo Jo Hai, Hung-fat Tse, Cardiology Division, Department of Medicine, Queen Mary Hospital, HK, and others)

Chapter 5
Pacing in Vasovagal Syncope
(Pietro Palmisano, Cardiology Unit, “Card. G. Panico” Hospital, Tricase, Italy)

Chapter 6
Optimal Atrioventricular Interval Programming in a DDD Pacemaker
(Cristian Stătescu, Radu. A. Sascău, Cătălina Arsenescu Georgescu, “Gr. T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy – Iași, Romania, and others)

Long-term Effects

Chapter 7
Exercise Performance in Pacemaker Patients
(Antonello D’Andrea, Mario Crisci, Raffaella Scarafile, Lucia Riegler, Rosangela Cocchia, Enrica Pezzullo, Giuseppe De Corato, Marino Scherillo, Maria Giovanna Russo, Raffaele Calabrò, Chair of Cardiology, AORN Ospedali dei Colli, Monaldi, Naples, Italy, and others)

Chapter 8
Sex Differences in Cardiac Morphology, Function and Arrhythmogenesis: From Hormones to Implantation of Cardiac Devices
(Viktor Čulić, Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Center Split, Split, Croatia)

Chapter 9
Identification of Atrial Fibrillation and Flutter During Pacing Checks: The Hidden Benefit of Pacemakers and other Implantable Electronic Devices
(Ioannis Merinopoulos, Claire E Raphael, Alaina Yardley, Moj Goonewardene, Vassilios Vassiliou, Papworth Hospital NHS Trust, Cambridge, UK, and others)

Chapter 10
Pacemakers in Developing Countries
(Azam Shafquat, Faisal Qadir, National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Karachi Pakistan, and others)

Chapter 11
Pacing Therapy in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
(Daniele Masarone, Ernesto Ammendola, Giuseppe Del Giorno, Giuseppe Limongelli, Lucio Santangelo, Giuseppe Pacileo, Cardiomyopathies and Heart Failure Unit, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy)

Chapter 12
Cardiac Pacing in Myotonic Dystrophy Type 1
(Vincenzo Russo, Anna Rago, Andrea Antonio Papa, Riccardo Proietti, Antonio D’Onofrio, Paolo Calabrò, Gerardo Nigro, Department of Cardiothoracic and Respiratory Sciences, Second University of Naples, Monaldi Hospital, Italy, and others)

Chapter 13
Management of Anticoagulation in Patients Undergoing Device Therapy
(Iana Simova, Department of Noninvasive Cardiovascular Imaging and Functional Diagnostics, National Cardiology Hospital, Sofia, Bulgaria)


Chapter 14
Surgical Techniques and Wound Care to Optimize Wound Outcomes in Device Implantation
(Melissa E. Harding, NYU Langone Medical Center, NY, USA)

Chapter 15
Delayed Perforation of Cardiac Implantable Electronic Device Leads: Problems Least Expected
(Alaa A. Shalaby and Marwan M. Refaat, University of Pittsburgh, Heart and Vascular Institute and Division of Cardiology, VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System, PA, USA, and others)

Chapter 16
ICD Therapy: Use, Prognosis and Future Directions
(Ahmed AlTurki, Vicenzo Russo, Riccardo Proietti, McGill University Health Center, Montreal, QC, Canada, and others)

Chapter 17
Pacemakers Infections
(Emanuele Durante Mangoni, Roberto Andini, Irene Mattucci, Internal Medicine, Second University of Naples, Monaldi Hospital, Napoli, Italy)

Chapter 18
Lead Extraction Techniques and Technologies
(Antonios P. Antoniadis, Christopher Aldo Rinaldi, Cardiovascular Department, Guy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom)

Chapter 19
Transvenous Removal of Pacing and Implantable Cardiac Defibrillating Leads using Single Sheath Mechanical Dilatation and Multiple Venous Approaches
(Luca Segreti, Ezio Soldati, Giovanni Cosuccia, Giulio Zucchelli, Andrea Di Cori, Stefano Viani, Luca Paperini, Riccardo Liga, Maria Grazia Bongiorni, Second Cardiology Division, Cardiothoracic and Vascular Department, University Hospital of Pisa, Pisa, Italy)

Chapter 20
Inappropriate Electrophysiological Interactions between Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators and Ventricular Assist Devices
(Lovely Chhabra, Hartford Hospital, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, CT, USA)

Chapter 21
Applications of Impedance Based Respiratory Sensing for Pacers, ICD and CRT Devices
(Wyatt Stahl, John Hatlestad, Paul F Emerson, Kyle Nelson, Arjun Sharma, Boston Scientific Corporation, USA)

Chapter 22
Stroke and Pulmonary Embolism Outcomes or Complications Associated with ICD Device Implantation
(Kanhaiya L. Poddar and Samir Kapadia, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA)


Additional Information

Audience: We believe that “Pacemakers and ICD: Types, Potential Complications, and Long-Term Health Effects” will be a useful resource for everyone involved in the care of patients with implantable cardiac devices.

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