Oxalate: Structure, Functions and Occurrence

Elsa Kytönen (Editor)

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications
BISAC: SCI013040

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Volume 10

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Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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Oxalate: Structure, Functions and Occurrence first summarizes the various factors contributing to calculi formation, along with different therapeutic measures including medicinal plants/drugs which have been experimentally proven to exhibit antiurolithiatic activity employing various mechanisms.

The authors discuss the known transition metal oxalates, their synthetic analogues, thermal and magnetic behaviour, and reaction pathways, particularly for energy materials such as Li ion, as well as supercapacitor and redox flow battery systems.

A number of possible synthetic pathways for the generation of oxalic acid in plants and fungi are presented and briefly discussed. An important number of studies have shown that ascorbic acid is the major substrate for the synthesis of oxalic acid in plants. Therefore, the so called “Wheeler-Smirnoff” mechanism, which explains the biosynthesis of ascorbic acid in the plant kingdom, is discussed in detail.

Lastly, this compilation explores how hyperoxaluria can be a pathway through which kidney dysfunction occurs in persons due to diabetes mellitus or obesity and thus lead to a gradual deterioration of renal function.

Preface

Chapter 1. Pathophysiologic and Therapeutic Aspects of Renal Calculi
(Chitrakshi Consul and Sonu Chand Thakur, Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Basic Sciences, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India)

Chapter 2. Transition Metal Oxalates as Potential Futuristic Materials for Efficient Energy Storage Capacity
(Sushree Patanaik, Arya Das, Kishore K. Sahu, Suddhasatwa Basu and Mamata Mohapatra, CSIR-Institute of Minerals and Materials Technology , Bhubanaeswara, Odisha, India)

Chapter 3. Oxalate Biosynthesis and Degradation in Plants and Fungi
(Enrique J. Baran, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, La Plata, Argentina)

Chapter 4. The Association of Diabetes and Obesity with Urolithiasis: A Review
(Enrique J. Baran, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, La Plata, Argentina)

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