Organized Crime: Causes and Consequences

Robert M. Lombardo, PhD (Editor)
Department of Criminal Justice and Criminology, Loyola University, Chicago, IL, USA

Series: Criminal Justice, Law Enforcement and Corrections
BISAC: SOC004000


Volume 10

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick


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This book studies the causes and consequences of organized crime drawing on research from around the world including the countries of Colombia, China, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Sweden and the United States. It also includes a discussion of transnational crime and several other key theoretical topics. One important issue examined in this text is the difference between the terms organized crime, international organized crime and transnational organized crime, an often-confusing subject. As the title indicates, one of the goals of this volume is to identify the causes of organized crime. Working independently, the contributing authors have identified similar characteristics as the causes of organized crime no matter the country, culture or time period. For those teaching organized crime at the university level, this book will be a valuable resource. It provides both an in-depth and analytical look at the world’s most powerful and persistent criminal organizations.

Taking an interdisciplinary approach, this book contains both qualitative and quantitative research. The works are all original, there are no reprinted chapters in this volume. This text not only provides historical background on the world’s most powerful criminal organizations, but also challenges common assumptions about the organization of these infamous groups. This is no “guns and garlic” book but contains in-depth sociological analyses of current trends in organized crime, one that should be of interest to government officials and those responsible for setting public policy. While this book will be of interest to the serious student, non-academics and casual readers alike will also be interested in the work presented here. It provides a fascinating look at a serious social problem, one that is forever evolving and will continue to challenge the international community.
(Imprint: Nova)


Chapter 1. The Outfit: Chicago’s Traditional Organized Crime Family
(Arthur J. Lurigio, PhD, Loyola University Chicago, Chicago, IL, US)

Chapter 2. Organized Crime as Practice: The Chicago Heights Crew
(Louis Corsino, PhD, North Central College, Naperville, IL, US)

Chapter 3. Racket Subcultures: The Influence of Informal Social Control, Tolerance of Deviance and Legal Cynicism on Organized Crime
(Hollianne Marshall, PhD, California State University, Fresno, CA, US)

Chapter 4. The Sicilian Cosa Nostra: Moving between the Legal and Illegal Spheres
(Vincenzo Scalia, PhD, University of Winchester, Winchester, England)

Chapter 5. The META Camorra: An Ideological Description of Neapolitan Organized Crime
(Alessandro Cozzutto, PhD, Independent Researcher)

Chapter 6. The Calabrian ‘Ndrangheta: Between Tradition and Mobility
(Anna Sergi, PhD, Department of Sociology, University of Essex, England)

Chapter 7. The Causes, State and Consequences of Organized Crime: The View from Russia
(Yakov Gilinskiy, PhD, Russian State University of Education, St. Petersburg, Russia)

Chapter 8. The Shadow State and Organized Crime
(V. A. Nomokonov and V. V. Filippov, Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia, and others)

Chapter 9. The Cause and Consequences of Chinese Organized Crime and the Triads
(George Chak Man Lee, PhD, University of Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England)

Chapter 10. Japan’s Yakuza: A Force to Be Reckoned With
(Grant Newsham, JD, Japan Forum for Strategic Studies)

Chapter 11. A History of Organized Crime in Mexico
(Elaine Carey, PhD, Purdue University Northwest, IN, US)

Chapter 12. Transnational Organized Crime in the Western Hemisphere: The Transformational Role of Criminalized States and the MS-13 Gang
(Douglas Farah and Caitlyn Yates, IBI Consultants, Washington DC, US)

Chapter 13. Ethnicity and Organized Crime: Outline of an Ethno-Symbolic Approach
(Micael Björk, PhD, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden)

Chapter 14. The Causes and Consequences of Gangland Violence in the Republic of Ireland
(James Windle PhD, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland)

Chapter 15. Transnational Organized Crime
(Frank G. Madsen, PhD, Queens’ College, Cambridge, England)

Chapter 16. The Causes of Organized Crime
(Robert Lombardo, PhD, Loyola University, Chicago, Illinois)


"Scholar-practitioner Robert Lombardo has brought together the work of outstanding scholars to offer cutting edge material on organized crime, ranging from Chicago to Southern Italy, from Latin America to Asia and Russia. Using insight into the phenomenon gained by many years as an organized crime investigator with the Chicago Police Department, Dr. Lombardo concludes the book with a paper on the “Causes of Organized Crime.” - Howard Abadinsky, PhD, Professor of Criminal Justice, St. John's University, Queens, NY, USA

"Robert M. Lombardo has compiled a captivating and useful collection of essays by experts in the field from different parts of the world, who bring interesting and stimulating perspectives to the debate on the causes of organized crime. This volume provides an excellent addition to the current literature on organized crime, serving as a valid reference point for scholars and professionals alike." - Anita Lavorgna PhD is an Associate Professor of Criminology at the University of Southampton, U.K. She has published extensively on serious and organized crime, and on the organization of crimes in cyberspace

"As the former chief investigator for the Chicago Crime Commission, I spent many years investigating organized crime in the Chicagoland area including both traditional and nontraditional groups. Working for the Crime Commission allowed me to view the activities of both the Chicago Outfit (Cosa Nostra) and transnational groups operating in the region. Organized Crime: Causes and Consequences edited by Robert M Lombardo provides an expansive look not only at organized crime in the U.S., but also virtually every other important group around the world. I look forward to using this book the next time I teach a university class on organized crime." - Wayne Johnson PhD is the Chair of the Department of Criminal Justice at Harper College, Palatine, Illinois, U.S. and a former Chicago Police organized crime investigator. He is the author of A History of Violence: An Encyclopedia of 1400 Chicago Mob Murders

Keywords: Organized crime, international organized crime, transnational organized crime, transnational crime, ‘Ndrangheta, Camorra, Mafia, Triad Societies, Yakuza, Russian Mafia, MS 13, Colombian and Mexican Drug Cartels

This book contains an in-depth, sociological analysis of current trends in organized crime, one that should be of interest to scholars, government officials and those responsible for setting public policy. While this book will be read by serious students, non-academics and casual readers alike will also be interested in the work presented. It provides a fascinating look at a serious social problem, one that is forever evolving and continues to challenge the law enforcement community.

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