Organic Solvents: Properties, Applications and Health Effects

Eleanor Mullins (Editor)

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications
BISAC: SCI013040

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Green Chemistry is a philosophy that has been implemented in different areas of science. Organic solvents allow recovery of bioactive compounds without contaminating the environment, since they are non-petroleum solvents and cheap. This book focuses on the properties, applications and health effects of organic solvents. Chapter One examines the chemistry and food applications of green solvents. Chapter Two analyzes the use of green solvent in the extraction of bioactive compounds. Chapter Three gives a thermochemical description of the stabilizing/destabilizing effect of organic solvent molecules on the stability of model enzyme (bovine pancreatic α-chymotrypsin) to elucidate what intermolecular processes produce the main effect on the stability and functioning of the enzymes at high and low water content in organic liquids. Chapter Four reviews a novel experimental method was proposed to study the stability of enzymes in water-organic mixtures. Chapter Five discusses the metrology of exposure to organic solvents in the shoe industry of Sfax, Tunisia. (Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Chapter 1. Green Solvents: Chemistry and Food Applications
Lluvia I. López, Aidé Sáenz, Adriana C. Flores-Gallegos, Juan Ascacio-Valdés, Diana Muñiz-Márquez, and Raúl Rodríguez-Herrera (Organic Chemistry Department, University Autonomus of Coahuila, Saltillo, Coahuila, México, and others)

Chapter 2. The Use of Green Solvents in the Extraction of Bioactive Compounds
Adriana C. Flores-Gallegos, Aidé Sáenz-Galindo, Lluvia I. López-López, Diana B. Muñiz-Márquez, Raúl Rodríguez-Herrera, Juan Ascacio-Valdés (Food Research Department, University Autonumus of Coahuila, Saltillo, Coahuila, México, and others)

Chapter 3. Interaction Enthalpies of α-Сhymotrypsin with Water-1,2-Propanediol Mixtures as Measured by Isothermal Calorimetry
Vladimir A. Sirotkin and Alexandra A. Kuchierskaya (A.M. Butlerov Institute of Chemistry, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia)

Chapter 4. Residual Activity of α-Chymotrypsin in Water-1,2-Propanediol Mixtures
Igor A. Komissarov, Alexandra A. Kuchierskaya and Vladimir A. Sirotkin (A.M. Butlerov Institute of Chemistry, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia)

Chapter 5. The Metrology of Exposure to Organic Solvents in the Shoes Industry of Sfax City (Tunisia)
Imed Gargouri, Moncef Khadhraoui and Boubaker Elleuch (Engineering Laboratory of Environment and Ecotechnology “LR16ES19”, National School of Engineers, Sfax University, Sfax, Tunisia, and others)

Index

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