Oil Spills: Environmental Issues, Prevention and Ecological Impacts


Adam Clifton (Editor)

Series: Environmental Science, Engineering and Technology
BISAC: SCI026000

Petroleum perhaps is one of the most important substances in the modern society due to its wide use in the most diverse productive sectors. Besides serving as raw material to the production of plastics and other compounds, it is the fuel source used in the production of electric energy, in industries and in different transport sectors. However, the ecosystems located in areas of extractions, processing and distribution of petroleum end up being highly susceptible to the direct and indirect impacts of these activities, as well as those located in their transport route.

As the large extraction fields are located in coastal areas, these environments are, generally, the most affected, although other ecosystems also suffer influence of petroleum activities. Oil spills and leakages provoke immediate effects into the environment, easily viewed by the generalized mortality of animals and consequent ecosystems losses, but also provoke more persistent effects, such as alteration of the animals behaviour and permanence of compounds derived from petroleum in the food webs. Accidents with petroleum are unpredictable and the resources needed to minimize their impacts, often, are not liable to an immediate application. This book discusses different prevention methods as well as environmental and ecological impacts oil spills have. (Imprint: Nova)


Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Chapter 1 – Biophysical Environments Do Recover from Oil Spill Effects (pp. 1-46)
Walter H. Pearson and W. Cody Fleece (Stantec Consulting Services, Inc., Okemos, MI, USA, and others)

Chapter 2 – Observations and Analyses of Microbial Pathogens Affected by the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill (pp. 47-66)
Joong-Wook Park and Kewei Yu (Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Troy University, Troy, AL, USA)

Chapter 3 – Towards an Integrated Oil Spill System: From Modelling to the Decision Support Tool (pp. 67-86)
Juan Manuel Sayol, Pau Balaguer, Daniel Conti, Ana Rietz, Marcos García-Sotillo, Gonzalo Simarro, Joaquín Tintoré and Alejandro Orfila (IMEDEA(CSIC-UIB). Miquel Marques, Esporles, Spain, and others)

Chapter 4 – Oil Spills: Environmental Consequences and Recovery Strategies (pp. 87-120)
Cristiane Sueli Talhiaferro de Araújo, Márcia Miyuki Hoshina, Maria Tereza Pamplona Silva, Matheus Mantuanelli Roberto, Raquel Vaz Hara, and Maria Aparecida Marin-Morales (Institute of Biosciences, Departament of Biology, UNESP – Univ Estadual Paulista, Rio Claro – SP, Brazil)

Chapter 5 – New Approaches in Oil Spill Mapping and Emergency Planning (pp. 121-142)
A. F. Romero, R. F. C. Fontes, M. Oliveira and D. M. S. Abessa (UNESP, Campus Experimental do Litoral Paulista, Núcleo de Estudos sobre Poluição e Ecotoxicologia Aquática (NEPEA). Praça Infante Dom Henrique, São Vicente, São Paulo, Brazil)

Chapter 6 – Use of Stable and Radiogenic Isotopes in Oil Spill Cases (pp. 143-160)
V. G. Barros, T. M. N. Oliveira, R. Spandre, G. M. Zuppi and J. Rapaglia (University of UNIVILLE, Depto Eng Ambiental, Campus Universitário Bom Retiro, Joinville, Santa Catarina, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 7 – Using Wild Rodents As a Model for Predicting Impacts of Onshore Oil Spills (pp. 161-174)
Flavio Manoel Rodrigues da Silva Júnior, Samantha Eslava Gonçalves Martins, Krissia Aparecida de Almeida, Fernanda Souza Mendonça, Paulo Roberto Martins Baisch and Ana Luíza Muccillo-Baisch (Laboratório de Ensaios Farmacológicos e Toxicológicos, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande – FURG, Rio Grande, RS, Brasil)

Chapter 8 – Bioremediation of Crude Oil Spills by Indigenous Microorganisms (pp. 175-186)
Xiaoke Hu, Meng Lin, Xin Liu and Chuanyuan Wang (Key Laboratory of Coastal Biology and Resource Utilization, Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yantai, P.R. China, and others)

Chapter 9 – A Comparison of Evaluation Methods for Decision-Making of Oil Spill Response Strategy (pp. 187-196)
Xin Liu, Jie Guo, Xiaoke Hu, Chuanyuan Wang, Cheng Tang and Guangchen Pan (Key Laboratory of Coastal Zone Environmental Processes, CAS; Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Coastal Zone Environmental Processes;Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yantai, P.R. China, and others)

Chapter 10 – Species Specific Responses of Common Freshwater Wetland Phytoplankton to Crude Oil by Application of Bioassays (pp. 197-214)
Paul Oberholster, Paul Cheng, Christoff Truter, Liesl Hill and Anna-Maria Botha (CSIR Natural Resources and the Environment, Stellenbosch, South Africa, and others)



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