Offenders No More: An Interdisciplinary Restorative Justice Dialogue


Series: Criminal Justice, Law Enforcement and Corrections, Human Rights: Background and Issues
BISAC: LAW026000

Offender rehabilitation theory and practice have traditionally focused on curing “offenders” of their deviant tendencies by changing their habits, opportunities, personality and outlook on life. Consequently, a number of interventions have been developed within the criminal justice system that are said to be involved in helping offenders. Success is measured by recidivism rates. To this end, rehabilitation has become an important aim of sentencing, whether it be in the form of incarceration, community or monetary penalties.

Recently, the foundations of rehabilitation theory and practice have been shaken. Rehabilitation is now seen by many as a threat to offenders’ rights and humanitarian principles. Some have even argued that rehabilitation practices are harmful to offenders’ chances of correction. Alongside these concerns, the entire paradigm on which our modern criminal justice systems are based has also been questioned. Alternative visions of justice have been moved out of the shadows in the hope that more effective processes are developed for safer and more just societies.

One of these visions is encapsulated in restorative justice, which is based on the foundation of promoting human goods in the pursuit of restoration of harm and the correction of deviant behaviour. Restorative justice practices, such as mediation, circles and conferencing bring to the fore states of affairs, activities and experiences that are strongly associated with well-being and higher level of personal satisfaction and social functioning. They aim to create empathy and remorse, and through constructive and honest dialogue create a sense of responsibility in the “offender” and a feeling of empowerment and justice in the “victim”. Within this framework, the labels of “victim” and “offender” collapse. A new approach to crime reduction and offender rehabilitation is thus needed.

This ground-breaking, edited volume aims to respond to this call by bringing together inter-disciplinary thinking from criminology, affect-script psychology, sociology, political sciences and human rights, psychology and positive psychology, design and arts and social work. The inter-disciplinary dialogue that this book promotes aims to advance the restorative justice field, its tools, practices and evaluation techniques by bringing rehabilitation theory into the restorative justice debate, and vice versa.(Imprint: Nova)

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

(Kay Pranis, Circle Keeper, MN Dept. of Corrections 1994 – 2003, Restorative Justice Planner, USA)

(Margaret Thorsborne, Vernon C. (Vick) Kelly, Managing Director of Margaret Thorsborne & Associates & Transformative Justice, Australia, and others)

Introduction and Acknowledgments
(Theo Gavrielides, Founder and Director of The IARS International Institute, UK, and others)

Chapter 1
How I Became an Offender and What I Did to Remove this Label
(James E. Mandelin, Ex-offender and now a youth mentor and the Treasurer of the Vancouver Association for Restorative Justice, Canada)

Part I: An Inter-Disciplinary Dialogue between Restorative Justice and Offender Rehabilitation

Chapter 2
A Human Rights Vision of Restorative Justice: Moving Beyond Labels
(Theo Gavrielides, Founder and Director of The IARS International Institute, UK, and others)

Chapter 3
Restorative Justice and the Blurring Between Reparation and Rehabilitation
(Fernanda Fonseca Rosenblatt, Assistant Professor at Catholic University of Pernambuco, Brazil)

Chapter 4
How Restorative Justice can Enable an Interdisciplinary Response to the Perceived Needs of Victims and Children who Offend
(Ashley Shearar, Team manager – Youth Policy, New Zealand Ministry of Social Development and research affiliate for the Restorative Justice Chair at New Zealand’s Victoria University in Wellington, New Zealand)

Chapter 5
”Design for Empathy” – Exploring the Potential of Participatory Design for Fostering Restorative Values and Contributing to Restorative Process
(Lorraine Gamman, Adam Thorpe, Design Director, Design Against Crime Research Centre, Central Saint Martins College of Arts and Design, University of the Arts London, UK, and others)

Chapter 6
Empathy and Emotional Awareness: An Interdisciplinary Perspective
(Alexandra Koufouli, Marieke S. Tollenaar, PhD Candidate, Department of Sociology, Panteion University of Social and Political Sciences, Greece; Institute of Psychology, Unit of Clinical Psychology, Leiden University, The Netherlands, and others)

Chapter 7
Applying affect Script Psychology to Restorative Justice: How Can the Theory Inform the Practice?
(Angeliki Kassari, Clinical Studies Officer, Research & Development department, North East London NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK)

Part II: Case Studies Across Disciplines: Removing the Criminal Justice Labels

Chapter 8
Restorative Justice and Student Development in Higher Education: Expanding ‘Offender’ Horizons Beyond Punishment and Rehabilitation to Community Engagement and Personal Growth
(David Karp, Olivia Frank, Professor of Sociology, Skidmore College, New York, USA, and others)

Chapter 9
A Local Volunteer Restorative Justice Model for Adolescents at Risk: Bridging the Court, Mental Health, and Public School Systems
(Linda Harvey, Kay Hoffman, Erin Summers, Craig Borie, Director of Juvenile Restorative Justice, Inc. in Lexington, KY, USA, and others)

Chapter 10
Shame Affect in Intimate Partner Violence: Implications for Restorative Justice
(Anne Hayden, Research Associate of the Office of the Pro-Vice Chancellor, Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand, Winston Churchill Fellows Association member, Council of Elders, Restorative Justice Aotearoa member, New Zealand)

Chapter 11
Breaking the Mould: Dealing with “Group Offenders” and Riots Through Restorative Justice
(Theo Gavrielides, Founder and Director of The IARS International Institute, UK, and others)

Chapter 12
Preventing School Bullying through the use of Empathy: Let’s Stop Bullying without Focusing on Offender Discipline and Treatment
(Paula Kaldis, Larissa Abramiuk, Professor of Law, Assistant Dean, Massachusetts School of Law, USA, and others)

Chapter 13
The Alternatives to Violence Project: Using Positive Criminology as a Framework for Understanding Rehabilitation and Reintegration
(Damon Petrich, Brenda Morrison, Researcher, Simon Fraser University, Canada, and others)

Chapter 14
Prospects of Family Group Conferencing with Youth Sex Offenders and their Victims in South Africa
(Thulane Gxubane, Senior Lecturer University of Cape Town, South Africa)

Chapter 15
Building the Restorative City
(Marian Liebmann, ex Director of Mediation UK, restorative justice trainer and practitioner, UK)


Audience: Practitioners and policy makers in criminal justice, senior-level capstone courses and upper-level seminars that review and expand on key areas of study in restorative justice, criminology, social sciences, social theory, psychology and positive psychology, law, neuroscience, human rights, criminal justice, and political science departments. The book is also intended for researchers and human rights campaigners internationally.

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