Ocimum basilicum: Taxonomy, Cultivation and Uses


Andres A. Walton (Editor)

Series: Plant Science Research and Practices

BISAC: NAT026000

Ocimum bacilicum L. is an aromatic herb commonly known as sweet basil or sweet tulsi. It is rich in secondary metabolites like phenols, alkaloids, terpenoids, aldehydes, flavonoids, steroids, glycosides, essential oils, saponins, and tannins. The presence of these compounds makes sweet basil one of the most commonly used plants in aromatherapy, perfume, cosmetics, and in foods. The utilization potential of sweet basil in different industrial sections increases its importance. The first chapter underlines secondary metabolites of sweet basil and their importance in different aspects. The second chapter considers the recent concepts of application of organic manures in integration with inorganic fertilizers in different reviews and research studies that fulfill the nutritional needs of sweet basil and give the best quality of it. The third chapter summarizes the potential uses, cultivation, and available germplasm of O. basilicum in Turkey. The fourth chapter reviews literature on antiviral activity of O. basilicum to find molecules capable of inhibiting the SARS-CoV-2 main protease. This could permit the use of this plant in the fight against COVID-19 and associated diseases. The last chapter is an examination of antisickling activity of Ocimum Basilicum and some of its compounds.




Chapter 1. Secondary Metabolites of Ocimum bacilicum L.
(Sibel Day – Department of Field Crops, Faculty of Agriculture, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey)

Chapter 2. Sustainable Approaches in Ocimum bacilicum Cultivation
(Baraa Almansour, PhD – Ministry of Agriculture, Directory of Agriculture and Agrarian Reform, Lattakia, Syria)

Chapter 3. An Overview of Ocimum bacilicum L. in Turkey
(Muhammad Azhar Nadeem, Yeter Çilesiz, Ecenur Korkmaz, Zemran Mustafa, Faheem Shehzad Baloch, olga Karaköy, and Muhammad Aasim – Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Technologies, Sivas University of Science and Technology, Sivas, Turkey, et al.)

Chapter 4. Ocimum bacilicum L. as a Potential Anti-Covid-19 Plant: Review on the Antiviral Activity and Molecular Docking of Some of Its Molecules with the SARS-Cov-2 Main Protease (MPRO)
(Pius T. Mpiana, Etienne M. Ngoy, Jason T. Kilembe, Carlos N. Kabengele, Aristote Matondo, Clement L. Inkoto, Emmanuel M. Lengbiye2, Domaine T. Mwanangombo, Damien S. T. Tshibangu, Koto-te-Nyiwa Ngbolua, and Dorothée D. Tshilanda – Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo, et al.)

Chapter 5. Antisickling Activity of Ocimum basilicum and Some of Its Compounds
(Dorothée D. Tshilanda, Carlos N. Kabengele, Etienne M. Ngoyi, Aristote Matondo, Jason T. Kilembe, Giresse N. Kasiama, Clement L. Inkoto, Emmanuel M. Legbiye, Benjamin Z. Gbolo, Gédéon N. Bongo, Damien S. T. Tshibangu, Koto-te-Nyiwa Ngbolua, and Pius T. Mpiana – Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa XI, Democratic Republic of the Congo, et al.)



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