Ocimum: An Overview


Merlin Blanchard

Series: Herbs and Herbalism
BISAC: SCI011000

Ocimum: An Overview highlights the major milestones in the last three decades of taxonomical identification of Ocimum, providing insight into its potentialities and present demands.
The authors explore the utilization of in vitro plant tissue cultures and genetic transformation systems for the improvement of sweet basil. An overview of the primary phenolic compounds found within basil is provided, along with their associated health benefits, and various strategies used to increase phytochemical levels in basil are discussed. Traditional uses of basil are discussed, including in the treatment of head colds and as a cure for warts and worms, as well as an appetite stimulant, carminative, and diuretic. The leishmanicidal and antimicrobial properties of Ocimum are discussed in an effort to assess its potential utility in the production of antimicrobials and leishmanicidal agents of natural origin. In closing, the authors summarize the main data on the biologically active substances and therapeutic activities of Ocimum species based on the current evidence.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. The Genus Ocimum: A Review of Systematic Position, Taxonomic Revision, Genetics, Cytogenetics and Metabolic Diversity
(Tanmay Chowdhury, Khasru Alam and Soumen Saha, Cytogenetics and Plant Biotechnology Research Unit, Department of Sericulture [Centre for Applied Biology], Raiganj University, Raiganj, Uttar Dinajpur, West Bengal, India)

Chapter 2. An Overview on in Vitro Regeneration and Genetic Transformation Studies in Sweet Basil (Ocimum Basilicum L.)
(Muhammad Aasim, Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Technologies, Sivas University of Science and Technology, Sivas, Turkey)

Chapter 3. Factors Influencing the Production of Phenolic Compounds within Basil (Ocimum basilicum L.)
(Derrica A. McDowell and Emily D. Niemeyer, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Southwestern University, Georgetown, Texas, US)

Chapter 4. Constituents and Biological Activities Some of the Selected Ocimum Species: A Review
(Abdolhossein Rustaiyan, PhD, and Zahra Sadat Aghakhah Razlighi, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Science and Research Branch Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran)

Chapter 5. Chemical Composition, Antimicrobial and Antileishmanial Activity of Ocimum Species: A Short Review
(Amanda Mara Teles, MD, Verônica Diniz da Silva, PhD, Cleidiane Gomes Ferreira, Danilo Torres Cardoso, Adenilde Nascimento Mouchreck, PhD, Kátia da Silva Calabrese, PhD, Ana Lucia Abreu-Silva, PhD, and Fernando Almeida-Souza, PhD, Federal University of Maranhão, São Luís, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 6. Phytochemical and Pharmacological Aspects of Ocimum Species: An Overview
(Mariia Shanaida, Department of Pharmacognosy and Medical Botany, I. Horbachevsky Ternopil National Medical University, Ternopil, Ukraine)


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