Occupational Exposure and Health Risks

Enrico Oddone, MD (Editor)
Occupational Physician; Assistant Professor of Occupational Medicine, Department of Public Health, Experimental and Forensic Medicine, Occupational Medicine Unit, University of Pavia, Italy

Series: Public Health in the 21st Century
BISAC: MED078000

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Despite several improvements in risk assessment and exposure prevention, the occupational environment could expose workers to a wide variety of risk factors. Beside “classical” risk factors, such as chemical compounds, physical agents and biological agents, a group of “new” risk factors has become more and more prevalent over the last few decades; psychosocial hazards in occupational environments and exposure to nanoparticles are flawless examples of these potential issues for workers’ health. This book aims to address principal “classical” risk factors by dealing extensively with occupational respiratory diseases, cardiovascular diseases related to work, occupational cancers, and occupational risks for hypersensitivity. Additionally, it attempts to shed light on a deepened treatise of occupational hazards related to the development of neurodegenerative diseases, psychosocial ailments, and ergonomic risk factors, which could result in cumulative trauma disorders of the upper limb. The second part of this book provides some advice regarding specific risk factors or specific occupational exposures: health issues related to exposure to mechanical vibrations, pesticides, nanomaterials, and in a hospital environment were used as examples to deepen the risk assessment and the analysis of health hazards. The authors hope to paint a global picture of the principal risk factors in occupational medicine. Given these premises, this book is not aimed to be comprehensive, but rather to provide an introductive and robust base for facing several current issues in occupational medicine. (Imprint: Nova)

Preface

About the Author

Part I

Chapter 1. Work-Related Respiratory Diseases
Federica Tafuro, Massimo Corradi and Antonio Mutti (Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Parma, Parma, Italy)

Chapter 2. Occupational Cardiovascular Diseases
Daniela Borleri and Giovanni Mosconi (Occupational Medicine Unit, “Papa Giovanni XXIII” Hospital, Bergamo, Italy)

Chapter 3. Occupational Risks for Neurodegenerative Diseases
Enrico Oddone and Marcello Imbriani (Department of Public Health, Experimental and Forensic Medicine, Occupational Medicine Unit “Salvatore Maugeri”, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy)

Chapter 4. Occupational Risks for Cancer
Enrico Oddone, Carlo Modonesi and Marcello Imbriani (Department of Public Health, Experimental and Forensic Medicine, Occupational Medicine Unit “Salvatore Maugeri”, University of Pavia, Lombardy, Italy, and others)

Chapter 5. Occupational Risks for Hypersensitivity
Paolo Marraccini (Environmental and Occupational Allergology Unit, “L. Devoto” Occupational Clinic, IRCCS Ca’Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico Foundation, Milan, Italy)

Chapter 6. Psychosocial Risks in the Workplace: Stress, Burnout and Mobbing
Elena Fiabane, Ines Giorgi, Marcello Imbriani, and Marcella Ottonello (IRCCS, "Salvatore Maugeri" Foundation, Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Scientific Institute of Genova Nervi, Italy & Department of Brain and Behavioral Sciences, University of Pavia, Italy, and others)

Chapter 7. Work-Related Cumulative Trauma Disorders of the Upper Limb
Edda Capodaglio and Giacomo Bazzini (IRCCS “Salvatore Maugeri” Foundation, Ergonomics and Occupational Physiatric unit, Scientific Institute of Pavia, Pavia Italy)

Part II

Chapter 8. Health Effects of Occupational Exposures to Mechanical Vibration
Massimo Bovenzi (Clinical Unit of Occupational Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Trieste, Italy)

Chapter 9. Occupational Hazards for Healthcare Workers in Hospitals
Telma Cordeiro, Antonio Sousa-Uva, Ema Sacadura-Leite, Herminia Pinhal, and Ana Cruz Nogueira (Public Health Research Center, Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, National School of Public Health, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Portugal, and others)

Chapter 10. Effects of Occupational Exposure to Pesticides in Human Health
Carla Costa, Solange Costa, Cristiana Pereira, and João Paulo Teixeira (Department of Environmental Health, Portuguese National Institute of Health, Porto, Portugal, and others)

Chapter 11. Occupational Exposure to Nanomaterials and Potential Health Risks
Fabio Boccuni, Cinzia Lucia Ursini, Delia Cavallo, Riccardo Ferrante, and Sergio Iavicoli (INAIL, Italian Workers’ Compensation Authority – Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Epidemiology and Hygiene, Italy)

Index

The volume was written for undergraduate or graduate students and for all those professionals that have to face, in their own work, occupational exposures and related health risks.

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