Novel Materials

Rafiqul Islam (Editor)
Dalhousie University, Canada

Series: Materials Science and Technologies
BISAC: TEC021000

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Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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The most important first premise in science is that mass can be neither created nor destroyed. It is also becoming clear that natural laws dictate that mass be connected to energy. In effect, mass-balance provides the only governing equation that is both necessary and sufficient. Clearly, this compels a paradigm shift in scientific study.

If a process is ‘engineered’ in violation of natural principles of material production, the balance will be irreversibly disturbed, and the outcome of such a violated process both unpredictable and harmful to future generations. The post-Renaissance mode of technology development is based on an analogous corollary principle of mass production. This is an approach characterized by an excessive focus on quantity to the detriment of establishing or upholding definitive criteria as to quality.

In order to make mass-produced materials acceptable to the consumer, non-scientific means have been used to cover up true properties of both materials and energy. As a result, today technologies ranging from photovoltaic electricity to genetically-modified crop production to mass-produced pharmaceutical products are considered to be in harmony with nature. On the other hand, herbal medicine is dismissed as quackery and direct solar energy usage as pseudo-science. Nobel Laureates, such as the prize-winning chemist Robert Curl, have not shied from pronouncing this development mode a ‘technological disaster.’

Unfortunately, to date, even at this level, this broadly-correct diagnosis has yet to give rise to something that could be considered a cure. Others from this same plane of scientific accomplishment, e.g., Stephen Hawking, have echoed Dr. Curl’s general sentiment only to propose alternatives that are actually worse than current practices, e.g., colonization of the planet Mars by this same technologically-disastrous society. Is it not past time that scientists re-examine why Egyptian mummies used not a single drop of toxin whereas modern-day mummification proceeds by means of nothing but toxins? How could the dwellers of Petra Valley in Jordan carve an entire mountainside without using a single source of toxic energy, while we cannot sculpt any amount of Mount Rushmore without resorting to TNT? How could surgeons centuries ago perform complicated surgeries without resorting to X-rays, MRI, ultrasound, etc.— all of which ‘diagnostic aids’ have been demonstrated to be fraught with risks for the patient’s health? There is an emerging science of natural plastics: how can it be elaborated sufficiently to enable replacing ‘hypo-allergenic’ plastic tubes of present-day medical applications? We have to unravel the mysteries of the Taj Mahal that air-conditioned without Freon and powered fountains without electricity. How could Avicenna’s medical science not come with lengthy gruesome details about ‘contra-indications’ and other deadly long-term impacts? As this catalogue is filled out, the really nagging question emerges: can an accumulated body of chemical ‘knowledge’ that cannot distinguish between real and artificial, or of physical knowledge that cannot differentiate the impacts of sunlight and fluorescent light, be relied upon for sorting out the science of all these nature-emulating accomplishments? (Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Environmental Fate and Persistence Behaviour of a Combination Product of Deltamethrin and Triazophos in and on Brinjal under Eastern Indian Climatic Condition
(Saswati Pradhan, Ashim Chowdhury, Manabendra Nath Saha and Md. Wasim Aktar)

Measurement of Specific Heat of Activated Carbon by Indigenously Built Calorimeter
(G.N. Halder and S.C. Sarkar)

Catalytic Cracking of n-Heptane over Zeolites and Kinetic Study
(Keka Ojha)

Growth and Morphology of Engineered Copper Nanowires
(Gurmeet Singh Lotey, Poonam Sharma and N.K. Verma)

An Integrated and Commercially Viable Approach for Managing Spent Pot Liner
(B. Mazumder and S. Rani Devi)

Properties of Fire-Retardant Coating
(V.F. Kablov, S.N. Bondarenko and L.A. Vasilkova)

Biodegradation of Oil Products in Polluted Soil by Using the Mixture of the Polymer Complex [Chitosan-Lactoserum Protein]-Active Silt
(Y.P. Ioshchenko, V.F. Kablov and G.E. Zaikov)

Design of Fibrous Composite with the Use of Latex Butadiene-Styrol Rubber
(Viacheslav M. Misin, Sergey S. Nikulin and Inna N. Pugacheva)

Preparation and Study of Chitosan Polymer Complexes with Proteins and Hydroxylous Polymers
(Y.P. Ioshchenko, V.F. Kablov and G.E. Zaikov)

Properties of DNA Complexes with New Cationic Surfactants
(Jacek Nizio, Maciek Sniechowski, Edyta Hebda, Magorzata Jancia and Jan Pielichowski)

Liquid Components Capsuling
(A.F. Puchkov, V.F. Kablov, V.B. Svetlichnaja, M.P. Spiridonova and S.V. Turenko)

Catalytic Activity of Polymer-Supported Cobalt(II) Catalysts in the Oxidation of Alkenes
(Jan Pielichowski, Grzegorz Kowalski and G. Zaikov)

Physical Principles of the Conductivity of Electrical Conducting Polymer Composites: Review
(J.N. Aneli, G.E. Zaikov, O.V. Mukbaniani, C. Sirghie, and V.M.M. Lobo)

The Synthesis and Study of the Polyphthalimides with Lateral Arimide Groupings Based on Chloral and Dichlordiphenyltrichlorethane Derivatives
(R.M. Koumykov, A.K. Mikitaev, and A.L. Rusanov)

Electrical Conductivity of Polymer Composites at Mechanical Relaxation
(J.N. Aneli, G.E. Zaikov, O.V. Mukbaniani, and V.M.M. Lobo)

Hemolysis of Erythrocytes under Exposure to Sulfur Nitrosyl Iron Complexes: Nitric Oxide Donors
(E.M. Sokolova, T.N. Rudneva, N.I. Neshev, B.L. Psikha, N.A. Sanina, and S.V. Blokhina)

Bio-Structural Energy Criteria of Functional States in Normal and Pathological Conditions
(G.A. Korablev, G.E. Zaikov, and V.M.M. Lobo)

Electrical Conductivity and Paramagnetic Properties of Channels Formed after Laser Beam Irradiation of Carbon Chain Polymers
(J.N. Aneli, T.N. Dumbadze, and N.A. Bakradze)

Potentiometric Study of the Interactions between Divalent Cations and Sodium Carboxylates in Aqueous Solution
(Rui F.P. Pereira, Artur J.M. Valente, Hugh D. Burrows, and Victor M.M. Lobo)

Photosynthesis Structural Interaction
(G.A. Korablev and G.E. Zaikov)

Diffusion of Electrolytes and Non-Electrolytes in Aqueous Solutions: A Useful Strategy for Structural Interpretation of Chemical Systems
(Ana C.F. Ribeiro, Joaquim J.S. Natividade, Artur J.M. Valente, and Victor M.M. Lobo)

Exchange Spatial-Energy Interactions
(G.A. Korablev and G.E. Zaikov)

Tetrapyrrolic Macrocycles with Magnesium, Aluminum and Zinc in Hydrogen Peroxide Decomposition
(O.V. Nevrova, A.V. Lobanov, and G.G. Komissarov)

Transcriptional Regulation of the Escherichia Coli Adaptive Response aidB Gene: An Emergency Gene
(S.V. Vasilieva and D.A. Strel’tsova)

Index

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