Novel Approaches to Rainwater Harvesting and Sanitation in Developing Countries

Roman Tandlich (Editor)
Environmental Health and Biotechnology Research Group, Division of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa

Series: Environmental Remediation Technologies, Regulations and Safety
BISAC: TEC010030

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Rainwater harvesting has gained popularity as a measure to address the water supply shortage in rural areas in developing countries. The harvesting systems are installed in households and public buildings. They vary from above-ground to below-ground and provide water from domestic use (cooking, drinking, laundry, etc.) to non-potable purposes such as irrigation. To date, a lot of research has focused on the development of treatment technologies, and public health studies have elucidated the risk from microbial contamination. However, this has only happened in some areas worldwide and a lot of areas (such as the African continent) studies the microbial water quality and treatment options at the household level. Additionally, the modelling of storage and demand management is missing. The current publication addresses this knowledge gap partially. A similar approach is adopted for the processing and reuse of faecal sludge from ventilated improved pit latrines. A review of the current options is presented in this book, focusing on the treatment, knowledge and public health risks. A case study on the pasteurisation of the faecal sludge is also examined, and the reuse of the pasteurised leachate is presented as an option to valorise the faecal sludge for use in the growth of fresh produce for domestic consumption.
(Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Acknowledgements

Chapter 1. Gaining a Better Understanding of the Factors that Influence the Quality of Harvested Rainwater in South Africa: A Review
Shirley Malema, Luther King Akebe Abia, Jean-Marc Mwenge Kahinda, and Eunice Ubomba-Jaswa (Natural Resources and the Environment, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), South Africa, and others)

Chapter 2. Water Quality of Roof Harvested Rainwater in Grahamstown, South Africa and its Mathematical Modelling
Mbonisi Ncube, Nosiphiwe P. Ngqwala, Roman Tandlich, Sukhmani K. Mantel, and Denis Hughes (Environmental Health and Biotechnology Research Group, Division of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa, and others)

Chapter 3. Quantification of Triclosan from Sewage Sludge Matrices in South Africa and Algeria
Habiba Khaldi, Mbonisi Ncube, Roman Tandlich, Thomas J. Nicholson, Nosiphiwe P. Ngqwala, Brenda S. Wilhelmi, and Mohamed Maatoug (Environmental Health and Biotechnology Research Group, Division of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa, and others)

Chapter 4. Cost Effective Way of Managing Pit Latrine Feacal Sludge: A Review
Phindile Madikizela, Roman Tandlich and Richard Laubscher (Faculty of Pharmacy, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa, and others)

Chapter 5. A Food Crop Fertilizer from Latrine Pit Faecal Sludge after Anaerobic Digestion and Pasteurization
Phindile Madikizela and Richard Laubscher (Faculty of Pharmacy, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa, and others)

Chapter 6. Modifications and Monitoring of the Laboratory Scale Greywater Filter Tower Treatment System
Bongumusa M. Zuma and Roman Tandlich (Faculty of Pharmacy, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa)

Author's Contact Information

Index

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