Noroviruses: Outbreaks, Control and Prevention Strategies

Jesús L. Romalde (Editor)
Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, CIBUS-Faculty of Biology, University of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain

Series: Virology Research Progress
BISAC: MED022090

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Noroviruses are responsible for approximately 90% of epidemics worldwide; in particular, non-bacterial outbreaks of gastroenteritis in humans around the world, causing approximately 200,000 deaths annually in developing countries. In addition, after the introduction of rotavirus vaccination programs, the norovirus is the most common cause of pediatric gastroenteritis, requiring medical care in the high- and middle-income countries. All of this information is indicative of norovirus prevalence worldwide, and of the necessity of efforts to develop effective tools for their control and prevention. The prevalence of noroviruses worldwide is alarming, and this information is indicative of the necessity for effective tools to aid in their control and prevention. This book presents a compilation of recent research on these aspects, providing essential and specific information to help further understand the prevalence and distribution of norovirus genotypes and strains, the potential emergence of new strains of this pathogen, as well as strategies for their prevention and treatment. (Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Chapter 1. Noroviruses in Brazil
Marize Pereira Miagostovich and Julia Monassa Fioretti (Oswaldo Cruz, Foundation, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)

Chapter 2. Noroviruses in Italy
Elisabetta Suffredini and Giuseppina La Rosa (Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy0

Chapter 3. Noroviruses in Dogs
João Rodrigo Mesquita and Maria São José Nascimento (Department of Zootechnics, Rural Engineering and Veterinary, Agrarian Superior School of the Polytechnic Institute of Viseu , Viseu, Portugal, and others)

Chapter 4. Bayesian Coalescent Inference Demonstrates Differences in Evolutionary Dynamics among Norovirus GII Genotypes
Carmen F. Manso and Jesús L. Romalde (Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, CIBUS-Faculty of Biology, University of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain)

Chapter 5. Considerations for Exposure and Dose-Response Assessment in Norovirus QMRA
Nicole A. Van Abel, Jason Shao, Mary E. Schoen, John C. Kissel and J. Scott Meschke (Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA, and others)

Chapter 6. Solar Radiation and Photo-Fenton Systems: Novel Applications for Norovirus Disinfection in Water
Enrique Rivadulla, Irene García-Fernández, Jesús L. Romalde, Pilar Fernández-Ibáñez and David Polo (Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, CIBUS-Faculty of Biology, University of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain, and others)

Chapter 7. High Pressure Processing’s Potential to Inactivate Noroviruses and other Foodborne Viruses
David H. Kingsley (U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Food Safety and Interventions Technology Research Unit, W. W. Baker Center, Delaware State University, Dover, DE, USA)

Chapter 8. Aptamer: The Potential Application to Norovirus Research, Diagnosis, and Therapeutics
Seiya Hirano, Daisuke Sano, Satoshi Okabe and Masaaki Kitajima (Division of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan)

Chapter 9. The Journey Towards an Effective Norovirus Vaccine
Jesús L. Romalde (Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, CIBUS-Faculty of Biology, University of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain)

About the Editor

Index

The target audience of this book comprises not only researchers on environmental and clinical virology, but also professionals and administrators related to these fields. In addition, it can be useful for teachers and students in undergraduate and graduate courses of virology, microbiology, and environmental sciences.

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