Non-communicable disease risk factors and non-work participation among older adults in India


Author: Karl Peltzer
Page Range: 161-169
Published in: International Journal on Disability and Human Development, Volume 22 Issue 2
ISSN: 2191-1231

Table of Contents


Non-communicable diseases risk factors may influence work participation among older adults. The aim of this study was to assess the determinants of non-work participation among older adults in India. The national sample consisted of 31,447 individuals (≥60 years) in India. Work participation was assessed with the question, “Are you currently working.” In total, 69.2% were not and 30.8% were working. Older age, female sex, not married, high socioeconomic status, not reserved caste, urban residence, not food insecurity, hypertension, heart disease or stroke, chronic lung disease, diabetes, polypharmacy, physical inactivity, functional limitations, impaired vision, impaired hearing, poor/fair self-rated health status, and not currently using tobacco were associated with non-work participation. Almost one in three older adults in India are working. Factors associated with a non-working status included sociodemographic and health factors, which may in part be addressed in public health interventions.

Keywords: Non-communicable disease risk factors, work participation, older adults, India

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