Noise Pollution: Sources, Effects on Workplace Productivity and Health Implications

Eugene Roberto Nicchi (Editor)

Series: Pollution Science, Technology and Abatement
BISAC: SCI001000




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Environmental noise is defined as the noise emitted from sources such as road, rail and air traffic, industries, construction and public works, and the neighborhood. Noise has been ranked high among forms of pollutions, which include air pollution, radioactive waste pollution, water pollutions, etc. In recent years, noise has received considerable worldwide attention as a result of the many studies linking noise pollution to various health effects that include auditory as well non-auditory health effects. It should be noted here that the effect of noise is seldom catastrophic, and is often only transitory. However, its adverse effects can be cumulative with prolonged or repeated exposure.

Noise with daily activities and it causes sleep disruption, masking of speech, reduction in performance and the inability to enjoy one’s property or leisure time. It impairs the quality of life. In addition, several studies have linked extended exposure to high noise levels to cardiovascular diseases, including high blood pressure and irregular heart beat. It has also been reported that high noise levels have an economic effects, especially tourism and real estate sectors, where it has been reported that the prices of houses tend to be higher in quite areas. There is also some evidence that noise can adversely affect general health and well-being in the same manner as chronic stress. Because of these factors, and the recent public awareness of the adverse effects of noise in the last few decades, many studies and noise monitoring programs have been established in various parts in the world.

These studies and programs focus on measurements of perceived sound levels in communities, in the workplace (occupational noise), near airports and in public parks. A second area of research, which is getting more attention in recent years, focuses on assessing the effects of noise on individuals and communities, i.e. noise annoyance. This book discusses several topics that include driver style influence in the vehicle acoustic emissions in urban traffic; reaction to hybrid noise in communication; otoacoustic emissions by product distortion in metallurgical workers exposed to different doses of occupational noise; underwater noise pollution; and noise pollution in Zimbabwe. (Imprint: Nova)


Chapter 1 - Sonometric Variability of Urban and Wild Nightingales (Luscinia megarhynchos L.) (pp. 1-18)
Daniel Patón, A. Jiménez and A. Hurtado (Numerical Ecology. Ecology Unit, Department of Plant Biology, Ecology and Earth Sciences, Faculty of Sciences. University of Extremadura, Badajoz, Spain)

Chapter 2 - Driver Style Influence in the Vehicle Acoustic Emissions in Urban Traffic (pp. 19-40)
J. A. Calvo, C. Álvarez-Caldas and J. L. San Román (Departamento de Ingeniería Mecánica. Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Avda. De la Universidad, Leganés, Spain)

Chapter 3 - Reaction to Hybrid Noise in Communication (pp. 41-70)
Sheuli Paul, Michael M. Richter and Volker Michel (Electrical and Information technology, University of Kaiserslautern, Germany, and others)

Chapter 4 - Evaluation of Effects on Workers’ Health due to Exposure to Different Intensity SPLs Arising from Various Work Activities: Standardized Procedures and Integrative Methods (pp. 71-110)
Adolfo Sabato, Alessandro Sabato and Alfredo Reda (Laboratorio di Tecnica del Controllo Ambientale, DIMEG, Università della Calabria, Italy)

Chapter 5 - Otoacoustics Emissions by Product of Distortion in Metallurgical Workers Exposed to Different Doses of Occupational Noise (pp. 111-128)
Marlene Escher Boger, André Luiz Lopes Sampaio, Monique Antunes de Souza Chelminski Barreto and Carlos Augusto Costa Pires de Oliveira (Audiologist, Master of Science Health and Ph.D. in Health Sciences, University of Brasilia, Brazil and others)

Chapter 6 - Earmuffs Noise Leakage (pp. 129-140)
Paulo Henrique Trombetta Zannin and Samir N. Y. Gerges (Laboratory of Environmental and Industrial Acoustics and Acoustic Comfort, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 7 - Underwater Noise Pollution: Sonic Threat of Offshore Windfarms to Marine Wildlife (pp. 141-156)
Ryunosuke Kikuchi (Faculty of Science and Technology, Ryukoku University, Otsu, Japan, and others)

Chapter 8 - An Experimental Study of a One-Chamber and Two-Chamber Modified Helmholtz Resonators (pp. 157-174)
Min-Chie Chiu (Department of Mechanical and Automation Engineering, Chung Chou University of Science and Technology, Taiwan, ROC)

Chapter 9 - Road Traffic Noise Exposure and Annoyance: A Cross-Sectional Study in the City of Sharjah, UAE (pp. 175-184)
Hussein M. Elmehdi (Applied Physics Department, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates)

Chapter 10 - Noise Pollution in Zimbabwe: Sources, Effects and Health Implications (pp. 185-204)
Jemitias Mapira (Department of Geography and Environmental Science, Great Zimbabwe University, Masvingo City, Zimbabwe)


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