New Developments in Liquid Crystals and Applications

Pankaj K. Choudhury, PhD (Editor)
Institute of Microengineering & Nanoelectronics (IMEN), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia,The National University of Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia

Series: Materials Science and Technologies
BISAC: TEC021000

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Many fascinating applications of liquid crystals – a material that possesses behaviour in between the crystalline solid and the liquid phases – have been reported by the RandD workers. These materials exhibit amazing features that make them indispensable for versatile usage. Liquid crystal based flat display panels are now found in mass volume in use as television and computer monitors. Apart from this, liquid crystals can be used in sensing and communication systems. The aim of this book is three-fold: (i) to make the expert researchers aware of the advancements in several areas of liquid crystal technology, (ii) to fuel the novice researchers through varieties of research directions, and (iii) to give a glimpse of the merged ideas to multi-disciplinary researchers for conceptual development of novel devices.

Starting from the introduction of liquid crystals, this book covers topics ranging from nanoparticle synthesis to their varieties of physical and chemical properties along with their possible optics and electronics oriented applications. These include chemical bonding in liquid crystals, the use of liquid crystals in nanoparticle synthesis, the effects of liquid crystals on the thermal isomerization of azoderivatives, sensing organosulfur compounds by liquid crystal supported chemically functionalized surfaces, electro-optic behavior of liquid crystals and their applications in dynamic holographic correctors, optics of chiral liquid crystals, electromagnetic behavior of liquid crystal based optical fibers and applications in 3D electronic displays.

These topics are presented in nine chapters written by expert scientists in their respective areas of research in liquid crystals. Some of the chapters are devoted to the physics and chemistry of liquid crystals, and some touch upon their interesting applications. It is expected that the book will be of immense use for novice, expert and multi-disciplinary researchers in universities and research institutions. (Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Introduction

Chapter 1 - Liquid-Crystalline-Assisted Nanoparticles Synthesis
(S. Saliba, C. Mingotaud, M.L. Kahn and J.-D. Marty, Laboratoire IMRCP, University of Toulouse, Toulouse, France, Laboratoire de Chimie de Coordination, University of Toulouse, Toulouse, France)

Chapter 2 - Influence of the Nematic Liquid Crystal Order on Azoderivatives Thermal Isomerization Rates
(Jaume Garcia-Amorós and Dolores Velasco, Grup de Materials Orgànics, Institut de Nanociència i Nanotecnologia (IN2UB), Departament de Química Orgànica, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain)

Chapter 3 - Thermotropic Liquid Crystals Based on C=O---HN- Intermolecular Hydrogen Bonding
(Binglian Bai, College of Physics, Jilin University, Changchun, P. R. China)

Chapter 4 - Detection of Organosulfur Compound Using Liquid Crystals Supported On Chemically Functionalized Surfaces
(Pu-Hong Wang, Jian-Hua Yu and Ya-Bin Zhao, Beijing Institute of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Beijing, China)

Chapter 5 - Liquid Crystal Valves as Dynamic Holographic Correctors
(V.A. Berenberg and V. Yu. Venediktov, Vavilov State Optical Institute, St.-Petersburg, Russia)

Chapter 6 - Influence of Carbon Nanotubes and a Phospholipid Surface Layer on the Electro-Optic Behavior of a Homeotropic Nematic E7
(H.P. Hinov, J.I. Pavlič, L. Todorova, Y.G. Marinov, S. Sridevi, M. G. Slaveikova, A.G. Petrov, P.M. Rafailov and U. Dettlaff-Weglikowska, Georgi Nadjakov Institute of Solid State Physics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria)

Chapter 7 - Localized Optical Modes in Optics of Chiral Liquid Crystals
(V. A. Belyakov, Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics, Chernogolovka, Moscow, Russia)

Chapter 8 - Liquid Crystal Optical Fibers and their Applications - A Brief Overview
(P. K. Choudhury, Institute of Microengineering and Nanoelectronics,
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia)

Chapter 9 - Time Sequential 3D Display with Liquid Crystal Shutter Glasses
(Jian-Chiun Liou, Electronics and Optoelectronics Research Laboratory, Institute of Nanoengineering and Microsystems, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan)

About the Editor

Index

"This book highlights some of the advances made in the area of liquid crystals (LC) research including the discovery of new materials and new effects. Well understood phenomena are conceived for novel applications of LC and the developments in respect of some new devices, such as sensors, holographic and 3D devices." READ MORE... - V.G. Chigrinov, Department of Electronic and Computer Engineering, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology in Volume 23 Issue 3 (2014).

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