New Developments in Knee Prosthesis Research


Janice Stewart (Editor)

Series: Medical Procedures, Testing and Technology
BISAC: MED077000

In this book, the complete development of an external intelligent knee prosthesis created by the Mechatronics Research Group (MRG) was presented. This project brought out several advances in the prosthetic field which the authors discuss in detail. The second chapter examines the use of finite element modeling for understanding knee prosthesis biomechanics, fundamental to answering clinical question in the field. Also looked at are the basic characteristics of knee prostheses that must be complied with in order to provide a safe and biomechanical performance to its users during walking.

Other chapters present the main results from a project whose main focus was to evaluate the tibial inserts wear and to obtain the possibility to control the total knee prosthesis (TKPs) wear process; whether screening and decolonization (S&D) is effective in reducing the rate of postoperative infection after elective knee joint arthroplasty and whether it’s cost-effective; and finally, a review of the current literature, as well as some personal experiences, on assessing the reliability of patient specific instrument system in total knee arthroplasty (TKA).
(Imprint: Nova Biomedical)



Table of Contents


Evolution of External Intelligent Knee Prosthesis: From Passive to Active through Variable Compliance Actuation
(Rafael R. Torrealba, Samuel B. Udelman, José Cappelletto, Leonardo Fermín, Gerardo Fernández-López, Juan C. Grieco, Lilibeth A. Zambrano, Gabriel Messingher and Eliane Andara, Mechatronics and Biomechanics Research Groups, Simón Bolívar University, Caracas, Venezuela)

The use of Finite Element Modeling to Improve Biomechanical Research on Knee Prosthesis
(Silvia Pianigiani and Bernardo Innocenti, IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi, Milano, Italy, and others)

Development of Mechanical Polycentric Knee Prosthesis: Introducing a Methodological Approach
(Belkys T. Amador, Rafael R. Torrealba, Carmen M. Müller-Karger, Biomechanics Research Group, Simón Bolívar University, Caracas, Venezuela, and others)

Complex Procedure for Evaluating and Predicting the Wear of a Total Knee Prosthesis Tibial Tray
(Lucian Capitanu, Luige Vladareanu, Constantin Tiganesteanu, Institute of Solid Mechanics of Romanian Academy, Bucharest, Romania, Virgil Florescu, Technical University of Civil Engineering Bucharest and Liliana-Laura Badita, National Institute for Research and Development in Mechatronics and Measurement Technique, Bucharest)

Screening and Decolonization of MRSA among Knee Joint Arthroplasty Patients: Efficacy, Cost-effectiveness and Durability
(E. Carlos Rodriguez-Merchan, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, La Paz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain)

Patient Specific Instrument in Total Knee Arthroplasty
(Daniele Mazza, Raffaele Iorio, Matteo Guzzini, Edoardo Monaco, Fabio Conteduca, Andrea Ferretti, Orthopaedic Unit and “Kirk Kilgour” Sports Injury Centre, S. Andrea Hospital, University of Rome “Sapienza”, Italy)


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