Neonatal and Perinatal Mortality: Global Challenges, Risk Factors and Interventions


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Series: Pediatrics – Laboratory and Clinical Research
BISAC: MED070000

The end of 2015 has brought the end of WHO’s Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) which have achieved a significant, though patchy improvement in global maternal and child health. The newborn health and stillbirths were not on the global agenda of MDGs. Hence, the global burden of neonatal and perinatal mortality remained largely unchanged.

With the dawn of 2016, the world entered into the new era of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The SDGs mandate all participating nations to reduce neonatal mortality rate to <12 per 1000 live births by 2030. The nations worldwide have unanimously committed to this objective though there is a wide variation in their individual socioeconomic, cultural and health care set up. With this in mind, it is important to understand the current burden of global neonatal and perinatal mortality, its risk factors and interventions required to reach the SDG target by 2030. This book on neonatal perinatal mortality compiles a comprehensive and systematic reviews assembled by panels of experts from well recognized institutions worldwide on the current status and determinants of neonatal perinatal deaths and the evidence based interventions required to reduce these deaths worldwide.
(Imprint: Nova Biomedical)

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Gary L. Darmstadt (Associate Dean for Maternal and Child Health, Professor of Neonatal and Developmental Pediatrics, Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Stanford University School of Medicine USA)


About the Editors

Chapter 1. Definitions and Epidemiology of Neonatal and Perinatal Mortality
Ben H Lee and Sajjad ur Rahman (Sidra Medical and Research Center and Weill Cornell Medicine, Doha, Qatar, and others)

Chapter 2. Surveillance and Systematic Collection of Data for Neonatal and Perinatal Mortality
Hala Tamim, Marwa Tuffaha, and Khalid Yunis (School of Kinesiology and Health Science, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, and others)

Chapter 3. Determinants of Neonatal and Perinatal Mortality: A Global Perspective
Haifa Madi (Director, Health Protection and Promotion WHO/EMRO)

Chapter 4. Socio-Demographic, Obstetric and Fetal determinants of Neonatal Mortality
Sajjad Rahman, Nuha Nimeri, Walid El Ansari, Abdulbari Bener (NICU Women’s Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar, and others)

Chapter 5. Socio-Demographic, Obstetric and Foetal Determinants of Perinatal Mortality
Nuha Nimeri, Sajjad ur Rahman, Walid El Ansari, and Abdul Bari Bener (NICU Women’s Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar, and others)

Chapter 6. Global Challenges of Diabetes Related Neonatal and Perinatal Mortality- A Literature Review
Shadi Rezai, Scott Gestrich, Ray Mercado, Cassandra E. Henderson (Resident Physician, OB/GYN, St. George’s University, Grenada, and others)

Chapter 7. Perinatal Mortality in Twins and Multiple Pregnancies
William WK To and Meliza CW Kong (Consultant and Chief-of-Service, Associate Consultant, Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, United Christian Hospital, Hong Kong, China)

Chapter 8. Preterm Births and Birth Defects as Major Contributors to Neonatal Perinatal Mortality
Rym El Rafei, Ayah Al Bizri, Farah Moussa, and Khalid Yunis (Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon)

Chapter 9. Qatar’s Population Dynamics and its Impact on Neonatal Perinatal Mortality
Sajjad Rahman, Nuha Nimeri, and Hiba Tohid (Peshawar Medical College Peshawar, Pakistan, and others)

Chapter 10. Perinatal and Neonatal Mortality in Conflict Settings: Evidence-based Interventions to Reduce Adverse Birth Outcomes
Lilian Ghandour, Ghinwa El Hayek and Khalid Yunis (Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon, and others)

Chapter 11. Evidence-Based Interventions to Address Stillbirths and Neonatal Mortality Worldwide
Jai K Das and Zulfiqar A Bhutta (Center of Excellence in Women and Child Health, the Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan, and others)

Chapter 12. Newborn Care in the Eastern Mediterranean Region
Madi Haifa and Akseer Nadia (Office of the Eastern Mediterranean Region, World Health Organization, Cairo, Egypt, and others)

Chapter 13. Newborn Health and Survival in the Occupied Palestinian Territories: A Case Study
Mohammad Howard-Azzeh, Nadia Akseer, Mahdis Kamali, Nour Bakhache, and Zulfiqar A Bhutta (Department of Biology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada, and others)

Chapter 14. Neonatal Perinatal Care in Qatar: A Story of Successful Health Policy and Practice
Hiba Tohid, Sajjad Rahman and Nuha Nimeri (Weill Cornell Medicine in Qatar, Doha, Qatar, and others)

List of Contributors



“The deaths of babies at and around the time of birth, is both a devastating human tragedy, and an important metric for societies and health care systems. This book, edited by a group of highly respected paediatric leaders, addresses this global challenge and discusses risks and interventions. I commend it to all who wish to see a reduction in perinatal and neonatal mortality, and all babies given the best start to life-long health.” – Neena Modi, Professor of Neonatal Medicine Imperial College London, President, Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health London UK

“This book sets out both the global challenges of reducing perinatal mortality combined with important insights into how these are being addressed in the Eastern Mediterranean.” – David Field, Professor of Neonatal Medicine, Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Centre for Medicine

“This is an important compilation of evidence syntheses and reviews on neonatal and perinatal health, especially survival of relevance to the region and also to low and middle income countries at large. With the large bevy of authors from various disciplines, the book is an excellent compilation of information and provides much food for thought for implementation and action.” – Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Co-Director, Director of Research, Robert Harding Inaugural Chair in Global Child Health, Centre for Global Child Health, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada & Centre of Excellence in Women & Child Health, the Aga Khan University, South-Central Asia and East Africa.

This book will be of interest to neonatologists, paediatricians, obstetricians as well as policy makers in these areas including governmental agencies and the United Nations Global Health students and experts, Pediatricians, Neonatologists, Perinatologists, Obstetricians, Public Health Professionals, Health care strategists, Health care Funding agencies, Government and Non-Government health care providers, Academicians, Researchers, Nurses, Midwives, community health care workers, medical students, academic institutions.

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