Nature Science


M. R. Islam (Editor)

Series: Environmental Science, Engineering and Technology
BISAC: SCI026000

No modern technology truly emulates the science of nature. Yet today, some of the most important technological breakthroughs have been mere manifestations of the linearization of nature science: nature linearized by focusing only on its external features. Today, computers process information exactly opposite to how the human brain does. Turbines produce electrical energy while polluting the environment beyond repair even as electric eels produce much higher-intensity electricity while cleaning the environment.

Batteries store very little electricity while producing very toxic spent materials. Synthetic plastic materials look like natural plastic, yet their syntheses follow an exactly opposite path. Furthermore, synthetic plastics do not have a single positive impact on the environment, whereas natural plastic materials do not have a single negative impact. In medical science, every promise made at the onset of commercialization proven to be opposite of what actually happened: witness Prozac, Vioxx, Viagra, etc. Nature, on the other hand, did not allow a single product to impact the long-term negatively. Even the deadliest venom (e.g., cobra, poisoned arrow tree frog) has numerous beneficial effects in the long-term. This catalogue carries on in all directions: microwave cooking, fluorescent lighting, nuclear energy, cellular phones, refrigeration cycles to combustion cycles. In essence, nature continues to improve matters in its quality, as modern technologies continue to degrade the same into baser qualities.

Nature thrives on diversity and flexibility, gaining strength from heterogeneity, whereas the quest for homogeneity seems to motivate much of modern engineering. Nature is non-linear and inherently promotes multiplicity of solutions. Modern applied science, however, continues to define problems as linearly as possible, promoting “single-ness” of solution, while particularly avoiding non-linear problems. Nature is inherently sustainable and promotes zero-waste, both in mass and energy. Engineering solutions today start with a ‘safety factor’ while promoting an obsession with excess (hence, waste). Nature is truly transient, never showing any exact repeatability or steady state. Engineering today is obsessed with standards and replicability, always seeking “steady-state” solutions.
(Imprint: Nova)




Table of Contents


Linear Stability of Triangular Equilibrium Points in Photogravitational Restricted Three-Body Problem with Triaxial Rigid Bodies and Oblate Spheroid
(Avdhesh Kumar and B. Ishwar)

Identification and Control of Mice and Rats for Material Protection
(Elena L. Pekhtasheva, Anatoly N. Neverov, Stefan Kubica and Gennady E. Zaikov)

Survival of  Escherichia Coli, Aeromonas Hydrophila and  Pseudomonas Fluorescens in Bottled Water and Biofilms
(S. Jyothy, Abhirosh Chandran, Anju Abbas and A.A. Mohamed Hatha)

Biodamages and Protection of Artificial and Synthetic Leathers
(Elena L. Pekhtasheva, Anatoly N. Neverov, Irina G. Shishkina and Gennady E. Zaikov)

Synthesis of TiO2  Nanoparticles with Ultrasonic-Assisted Method
(Reza Abedini and Amir Mosayebi)

Biodamages and Protection of Cosmetics
(Elena L. Pekhtasheva, Anatoly N. Neverov, Irina G. Shishkina and Gennady E. Zaikov)

Effect of Operational Parameters on Acrylamide Production during the Frying of Beef Burger Using Full Factorial Design of Experiment
(Samaneh Ghasemian, Karamatollah Rezaei, Reza Abedini and Hashem Poorazarang)

Process Identification and State Estimation Using ARMAX Models
(Yahya Chetouani)

Microbiological Corrosion and Protection of Optical Glasses
(Elena L. Pekhtasheva, Anatoly N. Neverov, Irina G. Shishkina and Gennady E. Zaikov)

Prediction of CO2-CH3-OH Equilibrium in an Asymmetric Binary System Using Artificial Neural Network
(Reza Abedini and Amir Mosayebi)

Biodamages and Protection of Paper
(Elena L. Pekhtasheva, Anatoly N. Neverov, Irina G. Shishkina and Gennady E. Zaikov)

Differential Transform Method for the Solution of the Lake Pollution Problem
(J. Biazar and T. Rahimi)

First Integral Method for the Klein-Gordon and Korteweg-de Vries Equations
(J. Biazar and Z. Aslanpanah)

Combined Free and Forced Convection Couette-Hartmann Flow in a Rotating System with Hall Effects
(G.S. Seth, G.K. Mahato, and J.K. Singh)

Courtship Behaviour and Mate Choice in Guppies: Tactics and Strategies
(Sunita Ohlyan, Ram C. Sihag, and Naresh K. Yadava)

Potential Contributions of Oxidoreductases from Alfalfa Plants to
Soil Enzymology and Biotechnology: A Review
(G. Gramss)

Influence of Isolated  Bacillus Coagulans  on Growth Performance and Digestive Enzyme Activities of  Catla  Catla
(Anita Bhatnagar, Shashi Raparia, and Sudesh Kumari)

Heavy Metals in Fish, Fruits and Vegetables from Rajshahi, Bangladesh: A Statistical Approach
(Narotam Saha, M.R. Zaman, and M. Safiur Rahman)

Time Budget of the Guppy under Different Ecophysiological Conditions
(Sunita Ohlyan, Ram C. Sihag, and Naresh K. Yadava)

Stability of Equilibrium Position of a System of Two Satellites Connected by Inextensible String under the Influence of Perturbative Forces in Circular Orbit
(Kumari Vandana, and Nishit Kumar)

Bee Diversity for Floral Diversity
(R.C. Sihag)

Water Quality Analysis of Water Bodies in Placentia, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada
(Fasihur Rahman)

Investigation of Salinity Occurrences in Kumar-Madhumati River of Gopalganj District, Bangladesh
(Mashura Shammi, G.M. Jainal Abedin Bhuiya, Abdul Kadir Ibne Kamal, Md. Rashadur Rahman, Md. Mostafizur Rahman, and M. Khabir Uddin)

Differential Transformation Method for the Model of Human T-Cell Lymphotropic Virus I Infection of CD4+ T Cells
(J. Biazar and M. Barandkam)



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