Nannochloropsis: Biology, Biotechnological Potential and Challenges

Marcel Jan and Przemek Kazik (Editors)

Series: Marine Science and Technology
BISAC: SCI039000

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Nannochloropsis: Biology, Biotechnological Potential and Challenges opens with a review suggesting that transgenic Nannochloropsis microalgae have a broad spectrum of applications in marine and plant biotechnology and that have the propensity to be a source of raw material for a wide range of industries. The authors express this while going on to present an overview of the future uses of this genus in the context of genetic improvement for new biotechnological applications. The provision of nitrogen from different sources is presented as a strategy used to modify the biomass composition. Nitrate is the ideal nitrogen source and gives the highest biomass concentration and specific growth rate when compared with urea and ammonium.

Additionally, modern advancements in the application of Nannochloropsis biomass for commodity chemicals, feeds, high value products, biofuels, cosmetics, fertilizers, and materials production are presented, in conjunction with challenges and future perspectives in the utilization of Nannochloropsis biomass for biorefinery development in microalgae-based industries. The characteristic of Nannochloropsis oculata are described using an integrated biorefinery approach based on palm oil milling as a model system. Subjects addressed include the bioengineering aspects for the conversion of light into biomass, co-location strategy to take advantages of the industrial wastes of energy, water and nutrients, productivities of the different reactor systems and configuration, use of palm oil mill effluent (POME) as a substitute source of nutrients, biomaterials co-utilization, bioenergy co-generation, downstream processing aspects for extraction, purification and conversion into value-added products for pharmaceuticals and functional foods. Continuing, common methods for characterization of âG from diatom and non-diatoms microalgae are described to conclude that Nannochloropsis (particularly NpUNAM) has significant potential for the industrialized production of âG. Lastly, the extraction of cytoplasmic soluble proteins is depicted as one of the challenges for effective development of microalgae biotechnological potential, with correctly selected Pulsed Electric Fields resulting in the release of cytoplasmic soluble proteins.

Preface

Chapter 1. Genetic Improvement of Microalgae Nannochloropsis Species
Chen-Han Shih and Huai-Jen Tsai (Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Department, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA, and others)

Chapter 2. The Effect of the Nitrogen-Source Modification and the Addition of CO2 on the Growth and Composition of Lipids in Nannochlorospis Sp.
Alfredo de Jesús Martínez–Roldán, PhD and Rosa Olivia Cañizares–Villanueva (1CONACYT-Tecnológico Nacional de México/Instituto Tecnológico de Durango, Dirección de Posgrado e Investigación, Maestría en Sistemas Ambientales, Durango, Dgo., México, and others)

Chapter 3. Recent Advances in the Utilization of Nannochloropsis Biomass for Commodity Chemicals, Feeds, High Value Products, Biofuels, Cosmetics, Fertilizers, and Materials Production
Dang-Thuan Trana, Thi Cam Van Dob, Quang Trung Nguyenc, Truong Giang Lea, Quang Tung Nguyenb, and Van Tuyen Nguyena (Institute of Chemistry, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, Hanoi, Vietnam, and others)

Chapter 4. Nannochloropsis Oculata and Integrated Biorefinery Based on Palm Oil Milling
Syed Muhammad Usman Shah and Mohd Azmuddin Abdullah (Department of Biosciences, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Park Road, Islamabad, Pakistan, and Institute of Marine Biotechnology, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia)

Chapter 5. Potential of Nannochloropsis in Beta Glucan Production
Angel H. Rojo-Cebreros, Leonardo Ibarra-Castro, Juan M. Martínez-Brown, Gabriela Velasco-Blanco, Miguel A. Martínez-Téllez,María A. Medina-Jasso, Mario Nieves-Soto, Delia Quintana-Zavala (Reproduction Laboratory and Marine Fish Pilot Plant, Research Center of Food and Development, A.C., Mazatlan, Sinaloa, Mexico, and others)

Chapter 6. Pulsed Electric Field (PEF) Assisted Protein Extraction from Nannochloropsis
Mathilde Coustets and Justin Teissié (Institut de Pharmacologie et de Biologie Structurale, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, UPS, France)

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