Mycotoxins: Occurrence, Toxicology and Management Strategies

Cesar Rios (Editor)

Series: Microbiology Research Advances
BISAC: SCI045000

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Exposure to certain types of mycotoxins, the bioactive secondary metabolites of filamentous fungi, significantly impact the animal industry as well as human health. The contamination of food with mycotoxins is a worldwide problem in animal production and direct consequences are the reducing of food intake and production. In this book, the authors increase the public awareness of the implications of certain types of mycotoxins exposure to promote the health of livestock as well as the general public; an analysis of trichothecens (TCEs), a large group of mycotoxins, and their impact on lifestock health and production are also examined, as well as the occurrence of mycotoxins in animal products such as goat milk.

Different strategies implemented for the analysis of a wide spectrum of mycotoxins, as well as their advantages and disadvantages are provided by the authors. In the next few chapters, the occurrence of mycotoxins in cereals and cereal products and in particular, their toxic properties are looked at; a discussion on deoxynivalenol (DON) and related 8-ketotrichothecene mycotoxins, which are extensively distributed in cereal-based foods and feed stuffs worldwide are reviewed; potential toxigenic fungi from diverse habitats are identified with special emphasis on the methods as well as on the genetic markers employed; the importance of performing exposure assessments to Aflatoxin B and some of the most important aspects to consider in the risk assessment process, including the simultaneous presence of other mycotoxins and the challenge of choosing the most suitable method to perform exposure assessment are analyzed; and finally, a review of the occurrence of dietary mycotoxins in Africa as well as the advances in analytical methods of mycotoxin extraction and detection over the last decade is provided.
(Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Chapter 1

Silage Penicillium Mycotoxins: Hidden Modulators of the Immune System

(Se-Young Oh, Rebecca E. Fisher, H. V. L. N. Swamy, Herman J. Boermans, Alexandros Yiannikouris, and Niel A. Karrow, Department of Animal and Poultry Science (APS), Ontario Agriculture College (OAC), University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada, and others)

Chapter 2

The Effects of the Trichothecenes: T-2, Deoxynivalenol, Diacetoxyscirpenol, Fusarenon-x, Nivalenol and Neosolaniol, on Livestock Health and Production with Emphasis on Ruminants

(Mikayla Ross, Se-Young Oh, Alexandros Yiannikouris, and Niel A. Karrow, Department of Animal and Poultry Science (APS), Ontario Agriculture College (OAC), University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada, and others)

Chapter 3

Occurrence of Mycotoxins in Goat’s Milk

(Edlayne Gonçalez, Joana D’arc Felicio, Centro de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento de Sanidade Animal, Instituto Biologico, Av. Conselheiro Rodrigues Alves, São Paulo, Brazil)

Chapter 4

Determination of Mycotoxins in Food with the Aid of Chemometric Tools

(Agustina V. Schenone, Nilda R. Marsili, Cátedra de Química Analítica II, Facultad de Bioquímica y Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Nacional del Litoral, Ciudad Universitaria, Santa Fe, Argentina, and others)

Chapter 5

Mycotoxins in Cereals and Cereal Products: Occurrence, Toxicity and Prevention

(Agnieszka Waśkiewicz and Piotr Goliński, Department of Chemistry, Poznań University of Life Sciences,

Wojska Polskiego, Poznań, Poland)

Chapter 6

Gut-Derived Biomarkers for 8-Ketotrichothecene Mycotoxins

(Yuseok Moon, Laboratory of Mucosal Exposome and Biomodulation, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Yangsan, Korea, and others)

Chapter 7

Application of Metagenomics to the Identification of Potential Toxigenic Fungi

(Salvador Mirete, Department of Molecular Evolution. Centro de Astrobiología (CSIC-INTA), Madrid, Spain)

Chapter 8

Occupational Exposure to Aflatoxin B1: A New or a Forgotten Risk Factor?

(Susana Viegas, Raquel Sabino, Carla Viegas, Environment & Health RG - Lisbon School of Health Technology - Polytechnic Institute of Lisbon, Portugal, and others)

Chapter 9

A Decade of Mycotoxins Research in Africa: A Review

(T.I Ekwomadu and M. Mwanza, Faculty of Agriculture Science and Technology, North-West University, Mafikeng Campus, Mmabatho, South Africa)

Index

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