Mussels: Characteristics, Biology and Conservation


Brooke Mansom and Ellie Grover (Editors)

Series: Marine Science and Technology
BISAC: SCI039000

Mussels: Characteristics, Biology and Conservation

In this compilation, the authors examine a plant dealing with mussel shell waste as input in its valorisation process, which is considered a priori an eco-friendly solution to the disposal of these products. Conversely, as a result of the thermal treatment of the shell waste, odour emissions to the atmosphere are a significant issue. Therefore, the authors seek to identify pollution sources and solutions. Following this, the book reports on different methodologies for the identification of emerging metals pollutants, together with all toxic metals, in mussels, clams and oysters.

The possibility of human consumption, among other things, makes this identification necessary prior to their being sold in the market. In a separate study, the authors analysed oxidative stress in relation to the impact of global climate change on bivalves through the study of the organism’s responses to mitigate damage and control the generation of reactive oxygen species. Through this, the book expands our understanding of multifactorial effects on the marine ecosystem, providing insight into the acclimation, adaptive and stress response processes of bivalves.

In order to compare oxidative stress conditions in bivalves obtained from both sites, the authors also evaluated the production of ROS and oxidative stress biomarkers in hemocytes from the A. atra atra during the month of September of 2015. Based on the results, it can be concluded that hemocytes from the ribbed mussel A. atra atra may be used as a model to evaluate oxidative stress induced by pollutants or other environmental stressors. Later, the level of lipid oxidation and non-enzymatic antioxidants content in Mytilus edulis chilensis for commercialization is evaluated, after the treatment with ascorbic acid.

The results showed the generation of oxidative stress in mussels during dry condition. In the concluding chapter, the role of several mussel species in environmental monitoring programs, with emphasis on metal contamination, including metal bioaccumulation potential and biomarker investigations. Additionally, the fact that these organisms may be an important contaminant transfer link to the human population and pose important public health risks will also be discussed.


Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Mussel Shells’ Thermal Valorisation and Odour Emissions
(Pastora M. Bello Bugallo, Adriana García Rellán, Carmen Barros Frieiro and Laura Cristóbal Andrade, Department of Chemical Engineering, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain)

Chapter 2. Determination of Emerging Metal Pollutants and Toxic Metals in Mussels and Bivalve Molluscs, Very Important Food and Environmental Bio-Monitoring Species
(Clinio Locatelli, Dora Melucci, Francesco de Laurentiis and Alessandro Zappi, Department of Chemistry “Giacomo Ciamician”, University of Bologna, Italy)

Chapter 3. Biomarker Responses in Bivalves Affected by Environmental Stressors Associated with the Global Climate Change
(Paula Mariela González, Joaquin Cabrera and Gabriela Malanga, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica, Fisicoquímica, Buenos Aires, Argentina, and others)

Chapter 4. Hemocytes of the Ribbed Mussel Aulacomya atra atra from Nuevo Gulf (Chubut) as Biomarkers of Oxidative Stress
(Malanga Gabriela, Giarratano Erica, Lores-Arnaiz Silvia, Puntarulo Susana and Bustamante Juanita, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica, Fisicoquímica, Buenos Aires, Argentina, and others)

Chapter 5. The Effects of Ascorbic Acid on Lipid Oxidation during the Processing of Mytilus edulis chilensis in the Beagle Channel (Tierra del Fuego)
(Marcelo Hernando and Gabriela Malanga, Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica, Departamento de Radiobiología, Buenos Aires, Argentina, and others)

Chapter 6. Mussels as Sentinel Organisms in Metal and Metalloid Contamination Scenarios: Environmental and Public Health Risk Bioindicators
(Rachel Ann Hauser-Davis, PhD Raquel Teixeira Lavradas, PhD, Centro de Estudos da Saúde do Trabalhador e Ecologia Humana, Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Manguinhos, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil, and others)


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