Municipal and Industrial Waste: Sources, Management Practices and Future Challenges

Brenda Bryant, Betty Hall (Editors)

Series: Waste and Waste Management
BISAC: SCI026000




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In this collection, the authors open with a review of current state of the art methods for the recovery and reuse of selected monomers and biomacromolecules (such as proteins and nucleic acids) from municipal solid waste. They discuss the most relevant recoverable chemical building blocks and biomacromolecules, as well as their potential applications. Following this, polyethylene terephthalate is analyzed as one of the major post-consumer plastics in solid waste streams because of the ongoing expansion of the PET bottle market. A study is conducted wherein co-pyrolysis is proposed for co-processing PET wastes with woody biomass in order to improve the quality and yield of liquid products for their use as fuels. A subsequent study proposes a recycling process for the recovery of zinc and manganese from Zn-Mn batteries, the goal of which is to determine the optimal conditions of manganese and zinc extraction from black mass of spent zinc-manganese batteries. The ability to obtain final products such as manganese oxide(IV) from recycling material makes it possible to use them in new batteries. Also in this collection, the authors synthesize wood ash based geopolymer to determine its optimal conditions. An almost complete disappearance of spherical forms and increasing the porosity of the structure of the obtained geopolymers were observed, and moreover, spectroscopic analysis was performed and the specific surface area was determined by the BET method. Another study details the aspects of waste generation sources and management practices such as collection, storage, transportation and disposal in an environmental and economic manner, along with upcoming challenges. A review of sludge pretreatment and extracellular polymeric substance extraction enhancing the sludge management process is presented. The intensification process applied to the wastewater treatment, the integration process applied to wastewater treatment, and the biorefinery concept integrated to wastewater treatment plants are reviewed, summarizing a range of possibilities for improving the sustainability of the industrial production chain. Next, the book focuses on agricultural biomass residues such as corncobs, sunflower husks, olive stones, peanut shells, pistachio shells, pine sawdust and brewery waste, in order to determine the general characteristics and the specific properties that make them suitable for incorporation into clay mixtures for the production of ceramics. Their chemical compositions and morphological structures are analyzed. The closing paper describes the equilibrium and kinetic studies which contributed to our understanding of the properties of the new sorbent such as chemically modified coal fly ash. Based on the sorption capacity obtained, modified coal fly ash is proposed for the treatment of wastewaters containing heavy metal and dye.


Chapter 1. Recovery of Monomers and Biomacromolecules from Municipal Solid Waste: State of the Art and Perspectives
(Giulio Malucelli and Belén Monje Martínez, Politecnico di Torino, Dept. Applied Science and Technology and local INSTM Unit, Alessandria, Italy)
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Chapter 2. Co-Pyrolysis of Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Bottle Waste and Poplar Wood Sawdust: Kinetics and Char Characterization
(M.R. Kim, P.R. Bonelli, A.L. Cukierman, Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Departamento de Industrias-, Programa de Investigación y Desarrollo de Fuentes Alternativas de Materias Primas y Energía – PINMATE, Intendente Güiraldes, Ciudad Universitaria, Buenos Aires, Argentina, and others)

Chapter 3. The Recovery of Zinc and Manganese from Zn-Mn Batteries by Liquid-Solid Extraction with Sulfuric Acid
(El¿bieta Sitarz-Palczak, Dagmara Galas and Edyta Ska³a-Kocurek, Department of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, Rzeszow University of Technology, Rzeszów, Poland, and others)

Chapter 4. A Novel Class of Industrial Ash-Based Geopolymer: Synthesis, Properties and Fractionation of Selected Heavy Metals
(Jan Kalembkiewicz, El¿bieta Sitarz-Palczak, and Dagmara Galas, Department of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, Rzeszow University of Technology, Rzeszow, Poland)

Chapter 5. Municipal Waste Management
(J. Rajesh Banu, V. Godvin Sharmila, R. Yukesh Kannah, and P. Sivashanmugam, Department of Civil Engineering, Regional Centre of Anna University, Tirunelveli, India, and others)

Chapter 6. Emerging Engineering Approaches to Improve Wastewater Treatment Plants
(Rafaela B. Sartori, Alisson S. Oliveira, Rosângela R. Dias, Alberto Meireles dos Santos, Aline Meireles dos Santos, Leila Q. Zepka and Eduardo Jacob-Lopes, Food Science and Technology Department, Federal University of Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil)

Chapter 7. Residual Biomass of the Agricultural Industry as Pore Forming Material in Ceramics
(Nancy E. Quaranta, Marta G. Caligaris, Miguel A. Unsen, Hugo A. López, Gisela G. Pelozo and Adrián A. Cristóbal, Grupo de Estudios Ambientales, Facultad Regional San Nicolás, Universidad Tecnológica Nacional, San Nicolás, Argentina, and others)

Chapter 8. The Application of Waste Material after Chemical Modification for the Removal of Heavy Metal and Cationic Dye in Single- and Bi-Component Systems
(Eleonora Soèo and Jan Kalembkiewicz, Department of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Rzeszów University of Technology, Rzeszów, Poland)


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