Monoculture Farming: Global Practices, Ecological Impact and Benefits/Drawbacks

Tapan Kumar Nath, PhD (Editor)
School of Biosciences, University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus, Selangor, Malaysia

Patrick O’Reilly (Editor)
Crops for Future Research Centre, Selangor, Malaysia

Series: Global Agriculture: Developments, Issues, and Research
BISAC: TEC003080

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Monoculture farming is nowadays a widespread practice throughout the world. In order to meet the food demand of rapidly increasing populations, the diverse agroecosystems have been converted mostly into single cropping sectors. Even though food productivity with high input has been boosted to some extent, it is at the cost of local biodiversity loss. This book, drawing examples from several tropical and sub-tropical countries, documents some of the most prevailing monoculture practices and their socio-economic and environmental influences. It describes widespread commercial monoculture of rubber and oil palm, as well as the invasion of exotic mono-plantations in the forestry sector. Both rubber and oil palm are highly lucrative businesses, and these industries have brought positive impacts on rural development, regional economies, including lifting small farmers out of poverty. The rapid expansion of oil palm and rubber in the last few decades has resulted in widespread deforestation, biodiversity loss, and carbon emissions in the tropics, and has also negatively affected the livelihoods of many local communities. Similar effects have also been observed in the case of the conversion of heterogenous forests into monocuture plantations. An integrated land use planning approach is suggested in order to minimize the negative impacts and maximize the positive benefits of monoculture farming. Further, enhancing plant-soil microbial interactions through innoculation of arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi for soil fertility management is also suggested. With up-to-date information on this subject matter, this book will benefit researchers, academics, students, policy makers and practitioners. (Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Chapter 1. Compatibility of Policy and Institutional Regimes for Rubber Monoculture Plantation Development in Diverse Social and Agro-ecological Environments: A Study in the Indian Context
P.K. Viswanathan and Indraneel Bhowmik (Gujarat Institute of Development Research, Ahmedabad, India and Tripura University, Tripura, India)

Chapter 2. Socio-economic and Environmental Impacts of Teak Monoculture Plantations in Sri Lanka
Mangala De Zoysa (Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ruhuna, Mapalana, Kamburupitiya, Sri Lanka)

Chapter 3. Plantation Forestry: Paradigm to Meet the Demand of the Forestry Resources in Bangladesh
Mohammed Kamal Hossain (Institute of Forestry and Environmental Sciences, Chittagong University, Chittagong, Bangladesh)

Chapter 4. A Review on the Environmental Impacts of Oil Palm Expansion in the Developing Tropics
John Garcia-Ulloa and Janice Ser Huay Lee (Department of Environmental Systems Science, ETH Zurich, Universitatstrasse, Zurich, Switzerland, and others)

Chapter 5. Swiddeners' Perception on Monoculture Oil Palm in East Kalimanthan, Indonesia
Daisuke Terauchi and Makoto Inoue (The University of Tokyo, Japan)

Chapter 6. Alternative Development Strategies for Large Scale Oil Palm Plantations in East Kalimantan, Indonesia
Masayuki Kawai and Makoto Inoue (Institute for Global Environmental Strategies, The University of Tokyo, Japan)

Chapter 7. Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi under Monoculture Farming: A Review
Marcela Claudia Pagano and Partha P. Dhar (Department of Physics, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, and others)

Index

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