Monitoring of Thermal Stresses and Heating Optimization Including Industrial Applications

Jan Taler, PhD, Piotr Dzierwa, PhD, Dawid Taler, PhD, Magdalena Jaremkiewicz, PhD and Marcin Trojan, PhD
Cracow University of Technology, Cracow, Poland

Series: Materials Science and Technologies
BISAC: TEC027000

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Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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Wind farms and other renewable energy sources are characterized by the high unpredictability of generated power as a function of time. When the wind velocity decreases, the power generation diminishes rapidly. To offset the loss of power in the energy system, thermal power plants should be designed for quick start-ups and shutdowns, i.e., the flexibility of thermal power units should be improved. The pressure and temperature of the working fluid in the boiler should be increased quickly, so as to shorten the start-up of the boiler.
The subject of the book is inverse heat transfer problems occurring in the monitoring of thermal stress in pressurized thick-walled components. New methods of determining the optimum time variations of fluid temperature during heating and cooling of the pressure parts in thermal power plants are presented. A new technique for measuring the transient temperature of fluid flowing in the pipeline are also presented. Numerous examples that illustrate the practical application of theoretical methods developed are presented as well.

The book is meant for engineers, researchers, and scientists. It can also benefit the students of technical universities. The book may be helpful to manufacturers of large power boilers and users of thermal power plants, both conventional and nuclear. (Imprint: Nova)

Preface

List of Symbols

Chapter 1. Introduction

Chapter 2. Comparison of the Design and Operation of Supercritical and Drum Boilers with Natural Circulation

Chapter 3. Determining of Thermometer Time Constants and Measurement of Transient Fluid Temperature

Chapter 4. Measurement of Fluid Transient Temperature Under High-Pressure

Chapter 5. Monitoring of Thermal Stresses in Pressure Components Using Inverse Heat Conduction Methods

Chapter 6. Determination of Allowable Heating and Cooling Rates of Boiler Pressure Elements, Using the Quasi-Steady State Approach

Chapter 7. A New Method for Optimum Heating of Steam Boiler Pressure Components

Chapter 8. Determining Optimum Temperature Changes during Heating of Pressure Vessels with Holes

Chapter 9. Determination of Start-Up Curves for a Boiler with Natural Circulation based on the Analysis of Stress Distribution in Critical Pressure Components

References

Index

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The book is addressed to engineers, researchers, and scientists. It can also benefit the students of technical universities. The book may be helpful to manufacturers of large power boilers and users of thermal power plants, both conventional and nuclear.

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