Milk Consumption: Select Analyses of Trends and Variables


Francisco Paul Buren (Editor)

Series: Nutrition and Diet Research Progress
BISAC: HEA048000

Most Americans do not consume enough dairy products. The Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010 recommends 2 cup-equivalents per day for children aged 2 to 3 years, 2.5 for those aged 4 to 8 years and 3 for Americans older than age 8. However, per capita dairy consumption has long held steady at about 1.5 cup-equivalents, despite rising cheese consumption. This stasis in per capita dairy consumption results directly from the fact that Americans are drinking progressively less fluid milk. Since 1970 alone, per capita fluid milk consumption has fallen from 0.96 cup-equivalents to about 0.61 cup-equivalents per day.

The Federal Government encourages dairy consumption, including fluid milk, cheese and yogurt, among other foods, through the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010. Special emphasis is placed on fat-free and low-fat products. USDA further supports this message through programs like the National School Lunch Program (NSLP). The NSLP stipulates that schools must provide fluid milk and it must be low-fat or skim, rather than whole. Dairy farmers and fluid milk processors are also working to promote dairy products. The popular “Got Milk?” campaign, for one, encourages drinking fluid milk. This book examines trends in Americans’ fluid milk consumption including average portion sizes and generational differences in the frequency of milk drinking, to investigate possible explanations for the continued decreases. (Imprint: Nova)

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Why Are Americans Consuming Less Fluid Milk? A Look at Generational Differences in Intake Frequency
(Hayden Stewart, Diansheng Dong, Andrea Carlson, U.S. Department of Agriculture)

Households’ Choices Among Fluid Milk Products: What Happens When Income and Prices Change?
(Diansheng Dong, Hayden Stewart, U.S. Department of Agriculture)

An Analysis of U.S. Household Dairy Demand
(Christopher G. Davis, Diansheng Dong, Don P. Blayney, Ashley Owens, U.S. Department of Agriculture)

Retail and Consumer Aspects of the Organic Milk Market
(Carolyn Dimitri, Kathryn M. Venezia, U.S. Department of Agriculture)


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