## Table of Contents

**Table of Contents**

Preface

Chapter 1. General Principles of Microstrip Patch Antennas

Chapter 2. Analysis of Patch Antenna by Analytical Techniques

Chapter 3. Analysis of Patch Antenna by Full Wave Method

Chapter 4. Full Wave Analysis Using Various Currents and their Asymptotic Basis Functions

Chapter 5. Resistive Patch Antenna on Isotropic and Uniaxial Anisotropic Substrate

Chapter 6. Superstrate-Loaded Resistive Patch Antenna

Chapter 7. Wideband Slotted Microstrip Antennas

Index

**References**

**Chapter 1
**

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*“Microstrip Antennas,”*Dedham, MA: Artech House, 1980.

[2] Z. Fan and K. F. Lee, “Input impedance of annular-ring microstrip antennas with a dielectric cover,”

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*IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagation,*vol. 29, pp. 47-53, January 1981.

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[7] Y. T. Lo, D. Solomon, and W. F. Richards, “Theory and experiment on microstrip antennas,”

*IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagation,*vol. 27, pp. 137-145, March 1979.

[8] K. R. Carver and J. W. Mink, “Microstrip antenna technology,”

*IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagation,*vol. 29, pp. 2-24, January 1981.

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[12] P. Bhartia, K. V. S. Rao and R. S. Tomar

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*IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagation,*vol. AP-22, pp. 74-78, January 1974.

[15] A. G. Derneryd, “Linearly polarized microstrip antennas,”

*IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagation,*vol. 24, pp. 846-851, November 1976.

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*Antennas and Propagation,*vol. 132, pp. 93-98, April 1985.

[19] Y. T. Lo, D. Salomon, and W. F. Richards, “Theory and experiment on microstrip antennas,”

*IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagation,*vol. 27, pp. 137-145, March 1979.

[20] K. C. Gupta, P. C. Sharma, “Segmentation and desegmentation techniques for analysis of planar microstrip antennas,”

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[21] K. C. Gupta, “Multiport-network modeling approach for computer-aided design of microstrip patches and arrays,”

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[22] W. C. Chew, Z. Nie, Q. H. Liu, and Y. T. Lo, “Analysis of probe-fed microstrip disk antenna,”

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[24] D. Mirshekar-Syahkal,

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[25] J. M. Jin and J. L. Volakis, “Electromagnetic scattering by a perfectly conducting patch array on a dielectric slab,”

*IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagation,*vol. 38, pp. 556-563, April 1990.

[26] S. C. Wu, N. G. Alexopoulos and O. Fordham, “Feeding structure contribution to radiation by patch antennas with rectangular boundaries,”

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*IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagation, vol*. 43, pp. 1331-1333, November 1995.

[28] W. C. Chew and J. A. Kong, “Analysis of a circular microstrip disk antenna with a thick dielectric substrate,”

*IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagation,*vol. 29, pp. 68-76, January 1981.

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*IEEE Trans Antennas Propagation,*vol. 30, pp. 645-650, July 1982.

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*IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagation.*vol. 35, pp. 1343-1350, december 1987.

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**Chapter 2
**

[1] I. J. Bahl and P. E. Bhartia,

*Microstrip Antennas*, Dedham, MA: Artech House, 1980.

[2] K. R. Carver and J. W. Mink, “Microstrip antenna technology,”

*IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagation,*vol. 29, pp. 2-24, January 1981.

[3] A. K. Bhattacharjee, S. R. B. Chaudhuri, D. R. Poddar, and S. K. Chowdhury, “Equivalence of radiation properties of square and circular microstrip patch antennas,”

*IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagation,*vol. 38, pp. 1710-1711, October 1990.

[4] A. K. Bhattacharjee, S. R. B. Chaudhuri, A. Mukherjee, D. R. Poddar, and S. K. Chowdhury, “Input impedance of rectangular microstrip antennas,”

*Proc. Inst. Elec. Eng.,*vol. 135, pp. 351-352, October 1988.

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*IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagation,*vol. 27, pp. 137-145, March 1979.

[6] C. A. Balanis, “Antenna Theory: Analysis Design,” John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2005.

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[8] K. F. Lee and K. M. Luk,

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*IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagation,*vol. 32, pp. 880-884, August 1984.

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*IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagation,*vol. 29, pp. 84-89, January 1981.

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*IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagation,*vol. 29, pp. 47-53, January 1981.

[15] N. Kumprasert and W. Kiranon, “Simple and accurate formula for the resonant frequency of the circular microstrip disk antenna,”

*IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagation,*vol. 43, pp. 1331-1333, November 1995.

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*IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagation*, pp. 595-596, July 1977.

**Chapter 3
**

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[2] A. Boufrioua and A. Benghalia, “Analyse d’une antenne microbande circulaire par l’application de la méthode intégrale,” 16ème Colloque International Optique, Hertzienne et Diélectrique, OHD’01, France, pp. 193-196, 3-5 September 2001. [Circular microstrip antenna analysis by applying the integral method, 16th International Conference Optical and Dielectric Hertzienne, OHD’01, France, pp. 193-196, September 3-5, 2001].

[3] O. Lafond, M. Himdi and J. P. Daniel, “Aperture coupled microstrip patch antenna with thick ground plane in millimetre waves,”

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[5] f. bouttout, f. benabdelaziz, t. fortaki and d. khedrouche, “resonant frequency and bandwidth of a superstrate-loaded rectangular patch on a uniaxial anisotropic substrate,”

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[6] J-s row and k-l. wong “Resonance in a superstrate-loaded rectangular microstrip structure,”

*IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagation,*vol. 29, pp. 1349-1355, august 1993.

[7] K-L. Wong and J-S. Row, “Resonance of a rectangular microstrip patch on a uniaxial substrate,”

*IEEE Trans. on Microwave Theory and Techniques,*vol. 41, pp.698-701, april 1993.

[8] P. Bhartia, K. V. S. Rao, and R. S. Tomar,

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[9] K. R. Carver and J. W. Mink, “Microstrip antenna technology,”

*IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagation,*vol. 29, pp. 2-24, January 1981.

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[15] L. C. Shen, S. A. Long, M. R. Allerding and M. D. Walton, “Resonant frequency of a circular disc, printed-circuit antenna,”

*IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagation,*pp. 595-596, July 1977.

[16] J. S. Dahele and K. F. Lee, “Effect of substrate thickness on the performance of a circular-disk microstrip antenna,”

*IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagation,*vol. 31, pp. 358-360, March 1983.

[17] W. C. Chew and J. A. Kong, “Analysis of a circular microstrip disk antenna with a thick dielectric substrate

*,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagation,*vol. 29, pp. 68-76, January 1981.

[18] K. F. Lee, K. Y. Ho and J. S. Dahele, “Circular-disk microstrip antenna with an air gap,”

*IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagation,*vol. 32, pp. 880-884, August 1984.

[19] N. Kumprasert and W. Kiranon, “Simple and accurate formula for the resonant frequency of the circular microstrip disk antenna,”

*IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagation,*vol. 43, pp. 1331-1333, November 1995.

[20] A. N Tulintsef, S. M. Ali and J. A. Kong, “Input impedance of a probe-fed stacked circular microstrip antenna,”

*IEEE trans. Antennas propagation,*vol. 39, pp. 381-390, March 1991.

[21] J. R. Mosing and F. E. Gardiol, “Rayonnement d’une antenne microbande de forme arbitraire,” ANN. Tétecommun, vol. 40, pp.181-189, January 1985. [Radiation of a microstrip antenna of arbitrary shape, ANN. Tétecommun, vol. 40, pp.181-189, January 1985].

[22] R. Mittra, R. C. Hall and C-H Tsao, “Spectral domain analysis of circular patch frequency selective surfaces,”

*IEEE trans. Antennas propagation.*vol. 32, pp. 533-536, May 1984.

[23] U. K. Revankar and A. Kumar, “Experimental investigation of three-layer electromagnetically coupled circular microstrip antennas,”

*Electronics Letters,*vol. 27, pp. 1187-1189, June 1991.

[24] E. H. Newman and P. Tulyathan, “Analysis of microstrip antennas using moment methods”,

*IEEE trans. Antennas propagation.*vol. 29, pp. 47-53, January 1981.

[25] A. Boufrioua, and A. Benghalia, “Radiation and resonant frequency of a resistive patch and uniaxial anisotropic substrate with entire domain and roof top functions,” Elsevier, EABE,

*Engineering Analysis with Boundary Elements,*vol., 32, pp. 591-596, March 2008.

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[27] D. M. Pozar and S. M. Voda, “A Rigorous Analysis of a Microstripline Fed Patch Antenna”,

*IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation,*vol. 35, pp. 1343-1350, December 1987.

[28] E. H. Newman and D Forrai, “Scattering from a Microstrip Patch,”

*IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation*, vol. 35, pp. 245-251, March 1987.

[29] G. Arfken,

*“Mathematical Methods for physists,”*New York, Academic press, 1970.

[30] M. Abramowitz and I. A. Stegun,

*“Handbook of Mathematical Functions,”*New York, Dover, 1965.

[31] I. S. Gradshteyn and I. M. Ryzhik

*“Table of integrals series and products,”*Academicpress INC New York, 1979.

[32] D. Mirshekar-syahkal,

*“Spectral domain method for microwave integrated circuits,”*Research studies press LTD. New York, Wiley, 1990.

[33] T. Itoh,

*“Numerical techniques for microwave and millimeter-wave passive structures,”*A Wiley-Interscience Publication, New York, Wiley, 1989.

[34] A. Boufrioua, “Contribution à l’étude des antennes à patch résistif et parfaitement conducteur tenant compte d’une source d’excitation et des nouvelles formes asymptotiques de courant,” Doctoral thesis, Electronics Department, Constantine University, November 2006. [Contribution to the study of resistive patch antennas and perfectly conducting patches taking into account an excitation source and new forms of asymptotic current, Doctoral thesis, Electronics Department, Constantine University, November 2006].

[35] H. Y. Yang, A. Nakatani, and J. A. Castaneda, “Efficient evaluation of spectral integrals in the moment method solution of microstrip antennas and circuits,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagation, vol. 38, pp. 1127-1130, July 1990.

[36] W. P. Harokopus, Jr., L. P. B. Katehi, W. Y. Ali-Ahmed and G. M. Rebeiz, “Surface wave excitation from open microstrip discontinuities,”

*IEEE Transactions on microwave theory and techniques,*vol. 39, pp. 1098-1107, July 1991.

[37] W. C. Chew and J. A. Kong, “Resonance of the axial-symmetric modes in microstrip disk resonators,”

*J. Math. Phys*., vol. 21, pp. 582-591, March 1980.

[38] A. Boufrioua and A. Benghalia. “Effects of the resistive patch and the uniaxial anisotropic substrate on the resonant frequency and the scattering radar cross section of a rectangular microstrip antenna,”

*AST, Aerospace Science and Technology,*vol. 10, pp. 217-221, April 2006.

[39] E. F. Knott, J. F. Shaeffer and M. T. Tuley,

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[40] V. M. Reddy, D. Deshpand, C. R. Cockrell and F. B. Beck, “Fast RCS computation over a frequency band using method of moments in conjuction with asymptotic waveform evaluation technique,”

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[41] C. A. Balanis,

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**Chapter 4
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[1] C. Wood, “Analysis of microstrip circular patch antennas,” Microwaves, Optics and antennas,

*IEE Proceedings,*vol. 128, pp. 69-76, April 1981.

[2] A. N. Tulintsef, S. M. Ali and J. A. Kong, “Input impedance of a probe-fed stacked circular microstrip antenna

*,” IEEE Trans., on antennas and propagation,*vol. 39, pp. 381-390, March 1991.

[3] M. Davidovitz, and Y.T. Lo, “Rigorous analysis of a circular patch antenna excited by a microstrip transmission line,”

*IEEE Trans., on antennas and propagation,*vol. 37, pp. 949-958, August 1989.

[4] V. Losada, R. R. Bix and M. Horno, “Resonant modes of circular microstrip patches in multilayered substrates,” IEEE Trans., on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. 47, pp. 488-498, April 1999.

[5] F. Bouttout, F. Benabdelaziz and A. Khellaf, “Closed-form Hankel transforms for the circular disk basis modes involving Chebyshev polynomials and edge condition,”

*Electronics Letters,*vol. 36, pp. 866-867, May 2000.

[6] W. C. Chew and Q. Liu, “Resonance frequency of a rectangular microstrip patch,”

*IEEE trans., on antennas and propagation,*vol. 36, pp. 1045-1056, August 1988.

[7] D-H. Kwon, R. J. Burkholder and P. H. Pathak “Efficient method of moments formulation for large PEC scattering problems using asymptotic phasefront extraction (APE),”

*IEEE Trans. on Antennas and Propagation,*vol. 49, April 2001.

[8] A. Boufrioua, A. Benghalia, and F. Bouttout, “Resonant frequency of a rectangular patch antenna using asymptotic basis functions” COMPEL,

*The International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering,*vol. 27, pp. 638-650, 2008.

[9] D. M. Pozar and S. M. Voda, “A rigorous analysis of a microstripline fed patch antenna,”

*IEEE Trans. on antennas and propagation,*vol. 35, pp. 1343-1350, 1987.

[10] E. H. Newman and D. Forrai, “Scattering from a microstrip patch,”

*IEEE Trans. on antennas and propagation*, vol. 35, pp. 245-251, March 1987.

[11] J. s. row and k. l. wong, “Resonance in a superstrate-loaded rectangular microstrip structure”,

*IEEE Trans. on antennas and propagation,*vol. 41, pp. 1349-1355, August 1993.

[12] k. l. wong, J. s. row, C. W. Kuo and K. C. Huang, “Resonance of a rectangular microstrip patch on a uniaxial substrate,”

*IEEE transactions on microwave theory and techniques,*vol. 41, pp. 698-701, April 1993.

[13] M. Abramowitz and I. A. Stegun,

*“Handbook of Mathematical Functions,”*New York: Dover, 1965.

[14] D. M. Pozar, “Input impedance and mutual coupling of rectangular microstrip antennas,” IEEE Trans.

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[15] S. O. Park, C. A. Balanis, and C. R. Birtcher, “Analytical evaluation of the asymptotic impedance matrix of a grounded dielectric slab with roof top functions,” IEEE Trans.

*Antennas Propagation,*vol. 46, pp. 251-259, February 1998.

[16] A. Boufrioua and A. Benghalia, “Radiation and resonant frequency of a resistive patch and uniaxial anisotropic substrate with entire domain and roof top functions,”

*EABE Engineering Analysis with Boundary Elements.*vol 32, pp. 591-596. July 2008.

[17] F. Bouttout, F. Benabdelaziz, A. Benghalia, D. Khedrouche and T. Fortaki, “Uniaxially anisotropic substrate effects on resonance of rectangular microstrip patch antenna,”

*electronics letters,*vol. 35, pp. 255-256, March 1999.

[18] R. M. Nelson, D. A. Rogers and A. G. D’assunçao, “Resonant frequency of a rectangular microstrip patch on several uniaxial substrates,”

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[19] I. S. Gradshteyn and I. M. Ryzhik

*Table of integrals series and products,*Academic press INC New York, 1979.

**Chapter 5
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[1] D. Shively, “Scattering from perfectly conducting and resistive strips on a grounded dielectric slab,”

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[2] C. A. Balanis,

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[3] T. B. a. Senior, “Backscattering from resistive strips,”

*IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagation,*vol. 27, pp. 808-813, November 1979.

[4] T. B. a. Senior, “Combined resistive and conductive sheets,”

*IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagatation,*vol. 33, pp. 577-579, May 1985.

[5] T. B. a. Senior, “Approximate boundary conditions,”

*IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagation,*vol. 29, pp. 826-829, september 1981.

[6] T. B. A. Senior and V. Liepa, “Backscattering from tapered resistive strips,”

*IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagation,*vol. 32, pp. 747-751, July 1984.

[7] S. G. DA Silva, AG., D’Assuncao, J. D. R. S. Oliveira, “Analysis of high Tc superconducting microstrip antennas and arrays,”

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[8] R. C. Hansen,

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[9] D. Shively, “surface waves on a grounded dielectric slab covered by a resistive sheet,”

*IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagation.,*vol. 41, pp. 348-350, march 1984.

[10] D. M. Pozar, “Radiation and scattering from a microstrip patch on a uniaxial substrate,”

*IEEE Trans. Antennas and propagation,*vol. 35, pp. 613-621, June 1987.

[11] r. mittra, r. c. hall, and c. h. tsao, “spectral domain analysis of circular patch frequency selective surfaces,”

*IEEE Trans. Antennas and propagation*, vol. 32,

- 533-536, May 1984.

[12] A. Boufrioua and A. Benghalia, “Effects of the resistive patch and the uniaxial anisotropic substrate on the resonant frequency and the scattering radar cross section of a rectangular microstrip antenna,”*AST, Aerospace Science and Technology,*vol. 10, pp. 217-221, April 2006.

**Chapter 6
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[1] A. Boufrioua, “Bilayer microstrip patch antenna loaded with U and half U-shaped slots”

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[2] K. Srivastava, J. P. Saini and D. S. Chauhan, “Broadband stacked H-shaped patch antenna,”

*International Journal of Recent Trends in Engineering,*vol. 2, pp. 385-389, November 2009.

[3] J. A. Ansari, S. K. Dubey, P. Singh, B. R.Vishvakarma and R. U. Khan, “Gunn loaded microstrip antenna with parasitic elements,”

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[4] A. Mishra, P. Singh, N. P. Yadav, J. A. Ansari and B. R. Vishvakarama, “Compact shorted patch microstrip patch antenna for dualband operation,”

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[5] A. A. Deshmukh and K. P. Ray, “Resonant length formulations for dual band slot cut equilateral triangular microstrip antennas,”

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[6] A. Boufrioua, “The RCS of a resistive rectangular patch antenna in a substrate-superstrate geometry”

*JWCMC International Journal of Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing,*pp. 91-95, vol., 1, October 2013.

[7] R. Q. Lee, K. F. Lee and J. Bobinchak, “Characteristics of two layers electromagnetically coupled rectangular patch antenna,”

*Electron Lett,*vol. 23, pp1070-1072, September 1987.

[8] P. Bhartia, K. V. S. Rao and R. S. Tomar,

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**Chapter 7
**

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*International*

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The proposed book is designed to serve as a useful reference for students, researchers and for engineers who are interested in the analysis and design of microstrip antennas.