Microgrids: Design, Applications and Control


Randy Allen, Edward Jacobs (Editors)

Series: Electrical Engineering Developments
BISAC: TEC007000

Microgrids: Design, Applications and Control presents a comprehensive discussion on the modeling and analysis of microgrids. The authors discuss load modeling, renewable distributed generation insertion, local control strategies and a general load flow method designed for balanced and unbalanced microgrids capable of operating connected to the main grid. Two types of primary control are discussed in this book: conventional power control for a residential fuel cell, and virtual synchronous generator control for a battery. The proposed method enables surplus/shortage power in a transient microgrid to be effectively and autonomously interchanged among clusters without using any tertiary control. Later, the authors aim to devise a solution for optimal dispatch of the energy resources in a microgrid being used to continue supplying critical loads during power outages. The goal is to maximize the number of loads served subject to the operational and technical constrains of the microgrid. This compilation includes a novel optimal fractional order general type-2 fuzzy logic proportional–integral–derivative (FOGT2FPID) controller book for the load frequency control of Shipboard MGs. Later, the Load Frequency Control Model is considered for its propensity to stabilize the frequency of the system in the presence of Distributed Generation, two Electric Vehicles as energy storage, and intermittent load and wind power profiles as uncertainties. The authors analyze the details of Neuroscience Based Control approaches, human brain emotional learning and Hebb learning controllers. Next, a critical review of fundamental knowledge and theories underpinning the formation of Microgrids, as well as techniques and strategies that have been proposed in recent years for the purpose of maintaining their stability, are provided. Discussions of current trends and future work in Microgrid research will also be presented. Additionally, a comprehensive review of the current control technology is given with a discussion on challenges of microgrid controls. A networked system of systems approach is addressed to design a control for the islanded microgrid system consisting of distributed generation units and supplying a load.



Table of Contents


Chapter 1. The Load Flow Method for Balanced and Unbalanced Microgrids Able to Operate Islanded and Connected to the Main Grid
(Yuri R. Rodrigues, School of Engineering, The University of British Columbia, Kelowna, BC, Canada)

Chapter 2. Autonomous Power Management in Microgrids Using Virtual Synchronous Generators
(Yuko Hirase, PhD, Osamu Noro,Hidehiko Nakagawa, Eiji Yoshimura, Shogo Katsura, Kensho Abe, Kazushige Sugimoto and Kenichi Sakimoto, PhD, Kawasaki Technology Co., Ltd., Electromechanical System Department, Akashi, Hyogo, Japan, and others)

Chapter 3. The Application of Microgrids in Service Restoration in the Aftermath of Natural Disasters
(Salman Mohagheghi and Moein Choobineh, Electrical Engineering Department, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, US)

Chapter 4. Load Frequency Control in Shipboard Microgrids: The Hardware-In-The-Loop Simulation
(Mohammad-Hassan Khooban, PhD, Navid Vafamand, PhD, Tomislav Dragicevic, PhD and Taher Niknam, PhD, Department of Energy Technology, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark)

Chapter 5. Load Frequency Control in a Microgrid Including Electric Vehicle Using Neuroscience Based Controllers
(Mohammad Reza Khalghani, Sarika Khushalani-Solanki, and Jignesh Solanki, Lane Department of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering, West Virginia University,Morgantown, WV, US)

Chapter 6. Control Techniques and the Mathematical Model of Microgrids
(Nestor Vazquez, Samson Shenglong Yu, Tyrone Fernando, and Herbert Ho-Ching Iu)

Chapter 7. Microgrid Control Methods: An Overview
(Magdi S. Mahmoud, Systems Engineering Department, KFUPM,Dhahran, Saudi Arabia)


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