Microbiological Clinical Hygiene

Eino Elias Hakalehto, PhD (Editor)
Department of Environmental Studies, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland

Series: Microbiological Hygiene
BISAC: MED052000

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$255.00

Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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This book describes the issues of human health and healthcare from the point of view of hygiene monitoring and maintenance. Also, the perspectives on the effects of microbial cell structures, metabolism, communities and interactions on health and hygiene are included. Besides microbiological screening of patients, surfaces, air space etc. this book introduces some key bacteriological, virological and fungal risks in the clinical setting. It describes routes of contamination inside hospitals, and into our body.

The means for prevention of the spreading of unwanted microbes are presented as well. Protection mechanisms of the bodily system and the balances of the human microbiome are discussed with respect to intrusions via the respiratory or digestive systems or damaged skin. The risks during operations or invasive treatments are highlighted, together with means for avoiding them. Examples of biofilm formation on the devices or on the body surfaces, latent infections, contagion mechanisms, as well as prevalent risks such as mycobacterial infections, antibiotic resistant strains, intracellular pathogens, nosocomial viruses, lowered host defenses, Clostridium difficle, salmonellas, legionellas are included in the chapters of this book. Important developments such as personalized medicine, point-of-care diagnostics, arthroscopy, improved drug delivery, pre- and probiotic treatments, monitoring of the normal flora and its beneficial effects are also discussed.
(Imprint: Nova Biomedical)

Preface

Introduction
Elias Hakalehto

Chapter 1 - Trends in Clinical Microbiology toward Point-of-Care Diagnostics (pp. 1-14)
Elias Hakalehto, Jouni Pesola and Eino Puhakainen (Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio; Department of Pediatrics, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, and Chief chemist (retired) HUSLAB, Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland)

Chapter 2 - Structure and Function of Bacteria in Contact with Host (pp. 15-34)
Elias Hakalehto (Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland)

Chapter 3 - Nosocomial Viruses (pp. 35-52)
Robert Armon (Faculty of Civil & Environmental Eng., Technion, Haifa, Israel)

Chapter 4 - Some Common Mild and More Serious Respiratory Infections (pp. 53-78)
Kaarlo Jaakkola and Elias Hakalehto (Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, and Kruunuhaka Medical Center, Helsinki, Finland)

Chapter 5 - Planning and Construction of Healthcare Facilities: A Case Evaluation on Hygienic Aspects (pp. 79-84)
Elias Hakalehto, Markus Hell and Anneli Heitto (Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland)

Chapter 6 - Environmental Sampling and Sample Processing in Hospitals (pp. 85-104)
Elias Hakalehto, Jouni Pesola and Lauri Heitto (Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio; Department of Pediatrics, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, and Environmental Research of Savo-Karjala, Kuopio, Finland)

Chapter 7 - Legionella in Hospitals ("The Hidden Bacterium") (pp. 105-124)
Robert Armon (Faculty of Civil & Environmental Eng., Technion, Haifa, Israel)

Chapter 8 - Microbiological Protection in Operations (pp. 125-134)
Urho Väätäinen, Markus Hell and Elias Hakalehto (Ite Lasaretti, Kuopio, Finland and others)

Chapter 9 - Mycobacterial Detection Views (pp. 135-144)
Elias Hakalehto (Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland)

Chapter 10 - Infections during Invasive Treatments and Chronic Pain Management (pp. 145-160)
Hannu Kokki (Anesthesia and Operative Services, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland)

Chapter 11 - Oral Mucosa and Microbial Threats (pp. 161-176)
Ilkka Pesola, Jouni Pesola, Hannu Kokki and Elias Hakalehto (Dental Clinic, Kuopio; Clinic of Children and Adolescents, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio; Anesthesia and Operative Services, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, and Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland)

Chapter 12 - Drug Development Regarding the Digestive Microbiota (pp. 177-192)
Eva M. del Amo and Elias Hakalehto (School of Pharmacy, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, and Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland)

Chapter 13 - Protection of Immunodeficient Patients from Microbiological Risks (pp. 193-218)
Jouni Pesola and Elias Hakalehto (Department of Pediatrics, Kuopio University Hospital, and Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland)

Chapter 14 - Microbes and Human Digestive System (pp. 219-258)
Elias Hakalehto (Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland)

Chapter 15 - Monitoring Clostridium difficile (pp. 259-286)
Markus Hell and Elias Hakalehto (Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland and others)

Chapter 16 - Aspects of Skin Infection (pp. 287-300)
Osmo Hänninen, Ilkka Pesola, Robert Armon and Elias Hakalehto (Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland and others)

Chapter 17 - Tendencies in Probiotic Treatments (pp. 301-322)
Elias Hakalehto, Kaarlo Jaakkola, Jouni Pesola, Anneli Heitto, Markus Hell and Osmo Hänninen (Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland and others)

Chapter 18 - Personalized Medicine and Microbial Monitoring (pp. 323-344)
Elias Hakalehto and Jouni Pesola (Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland and others)

Chapter 19 - Antibiotic Resistance Essentials (pp. 345-378)
Elias Hakalehto, Ilkka Pesola, Jouni Pesola and Markus Hell (Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland and others)

Appendices

Index

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