Microbes in Action


Neelam Garg, PhD (Editor)
Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Life Sciences, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, Haryana, India

Abhinav Aeron, PhD (Editor)
Department of Biosciences, DAV (PG) College, Muzaffarnagar, Uttar Pradesh, India

Series: Microbiology Research Advances
BISAC: SCI045000

The present book is a collection of twenty different articles from across the globe divided into four basic themes of microbial fertilizers, microbial metabolites, microbes in health and microbial fuels. The first chapter discusses removal of undesirable compounds from soil by a process called rhizoremediation. Sustainability of the ecosystem is greatly needed, which is pertinently covered in the first sub-theme of this volume. The second sub-theme of this collection focuses on diverse types of microbial metabolites with chapters on biosurfactants, carotenoids, organic acids, antibiotics and biosensors, each of which is important and significant in its own way. The third sub-theme of the book is enriched by a discussion on microbes in health with four chapters, each explaining probiotics, direct fed microbials (DFMs), the role of microbes in the production of vaccines, and survival mechanisms of human pathogenic fungi. The chapter on probiotics elucidates the role of microbiota in development of the immune system and their influence on the development of atopic conditions. Finally, the importance of probiotics as a simple but powerful tool that may influence human health by modulating the microbiota is introduced. In the review on DFMs, dissemination and efficacy of Bacillus direct-fed microbial candidates in the gastrointestinal tract of broiler chickens and their effect on health and performance parameters in different poultry diets is discussed as well. Next in this book, vaccines are analyzed, which have reduced the harmful impact of pathogenic microbes on human life. A discussion about long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs), such as the omega-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) that provide significant health benefits is introduced. LC-PUFAs can be recovered from many marine organisms, transgenic plants, fungi and many microorganisms, but the largest amount is currently extracted from fish. Finally, biological fuels like biodiesel and bioethanol, which can be generated by efficient utilization of the biotransforming ability of various microorganisms such as microalgae, cyanobacteria and yeasts, are covered in the fourth sub-theme of this volume with six engrossing chapters. One of the chapters discusses the use of waste water for growth of microalgae. Integration of waste water treatment with microalgae performs nutrient incorporation to algal biomass, and waste water remediation as additional benefit are also presented. Thus, the dual-process system provides the potential for energy and effective waste water treatment at lower costs compared to chemical treatment methods.
(Imprint: Nova)


Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Section A. Microbial Fertilizers

Chapter 1
Rhizoremediation of Polyaromatic Hydrocarbon Contaminated Soil: Constrains and Future Potential
(L. Paikhomba Singha, Piyush Pandey and Anindita Dutta, Department of Microbiology, Assam University. Silchar, India)

Chapter 2
Role of Microbial Indole-3-Acetic Acid (IAA) in Plant-Microbe Interactions
(Ekta Khare and Kangmin Kim, Department of Microbiology, Institute of Biosciences and Biotechnology, Chhatrapati Shahu Ji Maharaj University, Kanpur, India, and others)

Chapter 3
Promotion of Plant Growth by Phytohormone Producing Bacteria
(Md. Mohibul Alam Khan, Amena Khatun, and Md. Tofazzal Islam, Department of Biotechnology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur, Bangladesh)

Chapter 4
Potential Applications of Biofertilizers in Vegetable Cultivation: An Indian Appraisal
(Anu Kalia, Sat Pal Sharma, and R. P. Gupta, Electron Microscopy and Nanoscience Laboratory, College of Agriculture, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab, India, and others)

Section B. Microbial Metabolites

Chapter 5
Microbial Surfactants and their Industrial Applications
(Pranjal Bharali, Yasir Bashir, Irfan A. Rather and Bolin K. Konwar, Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Tezpur University, Tezpur, Assam, India, and others)

Chapter 6
Antibiotic Production by  Actinobacteria
(Diana R. Cundell, and Michael P. Piechoski, Pre-Medical Studies Program Director and Associate Professor of Biology, College of Science, Health and the Liberal Arts, Division of Health Professions, Philadelphia University, Philadelphia, PA, USA, and others)

Chapter 7
Microbial Carotenoids: Properties, Physicochemical factors for Fermentation, Biosynthesis and Applications
(Krupa Patel, Dweipayan Goswami, Pinakin Dhandhukia and Janki N. Thakker, Department of Biotechnology, P.D. Patel Institute of Applied Sciences, Charotar University of Science and Technology, CHARUSAT Campus, Changa, Anand (Gujarat), India, and others)

Chapter 8
Biosynthesis of Citric Acid by Fungi: An Overview
(Kareem S. O., Department of Microbiology, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun state, Nigeria)

Chapter 9
Detection of Water Pollutants through Microbial Sensors
(Saurabh Gupta, Bharti Agrawal and Purnima Dhall, Scientist, Central Electronics Engineering Research Institute, CEERI, Pilani, Rajasthan, India, and others)

Section C. Microbes in Health

Chapter 10
Gut Microbiota and Human Health
(Lakshna Mahajan, Santosh K. Upadhyay, A. Archana and Poonam Gautam, Department of Microbiology, Swami Shraddhanand college, University of Delhi, Alipur, New Delhi, India, and others)

Chapter 11
Bacillus  Direct-Fed Microbials: Spore Germination, Distribution in the Gastrointestinal Tract, and Effect on Health and Performance Parameters in Poultry
(J. D. Latorre, B. M. Hargis and G. Tellez, Department of Poultry Science, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA)

Chapter 12
Use of Microbes in the Production of Vaccines
(Rini Joshi, Tara Singh Bisht, Lakshna Mahajan, Poonam Gautam, Alissa Verone-Boyle and Santosh Kumar Upadhyay, Department of Biochemistry, Vallabhbhai Patel Chest Institute (VPCI), Delhi University, Delhi, India, and others)

Chapter 13
Optimisation of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid Production from Autotrophically-Grown Microalgae for Health Benefits
(T. Catalina Adarme-Vega, Skye R. Thomas-Hall and Peer M. Schenk, Algae Biotechnology Laboratory, School of Agriculture and Food Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia)

Chapter 14
Human Pathogenic Fungi and their Survival Mechanisms in the Host
(Tapish Dogra, Lakshna Mahajan, Santosh K. Upadhyay and Poonam Gautam, Jaypee University of Information Technology, Waknaghat, Solan, Himachal Pradesh, India, and others)

Section D. Microbial Biofuels

Chapter 15
Biofuel from Microalgae: Biohydrogen, Bioethanol, Biodiesel
(Tara Singh Bisth, Amit Panwar, Neha Chamoli, Mayank Pandey, Abhinav Aeron and Veena Pande, Department of Biotechnology, Bhimtal Campus, Bhimtal, Kumaun University, Nainital, Uttarakhand, and others)

Chapter 16
Biodiesel Production from Microalgae
(Mostafa El-Sheekh and Abd El-Fatah Abomohra, Botany Department, Faculty of Science, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt)

Chapter 17
Bioconversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass into Ethanol
(Alok Kumar Dubey, Praveen Kumar Gupta and Neelam Garg, Department of Microbiology, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra (Haryana) India, and others)

Chapter 18
Metabolic Engineering of Yeast for Bioethanol Production from Whey
(Deepansh Sharma, Arun Beniwal, Priyanka Saini, Shailly Kapil, Shilpa Vij and Ravinder Kumar Malik, Whey Fermentation and Bio-Active Peptide Laboratory Dairy Microbiology Division, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, India, and others)

Chapter 19
Sustainable Cultivation of Microalgae on Wastewater
(Ankita S. Khemka, Stuti B. Patel and Meenu Saraf, Department of Microbiology and Biotechnology, University School of Sciences, Gujarat University, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India)



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