Microalgae and Other Phototrophic Bacteria: Culture, Processing, Recovery and New Products

Luis G. Torres Bustillos (Editor)
Bioprocessess Department, UPIBI-Instituto Politecnico Nacional, Mexico

Series: Plant Science Research and Practices
BISAC: SCI045000

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Volume 10

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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Microalgae are primary producers of oxygen and exhibit an enormous potential for biotechnological applications. Microalgae cultivation is also an interesting option for wastewater treatment. These microorganisms are efficient in recovering high amounts of nitrogen, inorganic phosphorus, and heavy metals from effluents. Furthermore, microalgae are responsible for the reduction of CO2 from gaseous effluent and from the atmosphere, reducing the green house gases effect. On the other hand, microalgae biomass can be used for the production of pigments, lipids, foods, and renewable energy.

The culture of microalgae is not a new issue, since for many decades they have been employed with aquaculture purposes. In fact, some species of Nostoc, Arthrospira (Spirulina) and Aphanizomenon species have been used as food for thousands of years for food applications. The treatment of wastewaters employing microalgae has been reported for decades (specifically for the elimination of phosphorus and nitrogen compounds).

Nowadays, there is an increasing interest in the production of biofuels. Bioethanol, biohydrogen, bio-methane, biodiesel and other novel products can be obtained using microalgae as biomass or metabolic products (sugars, lipids, etc). In the near future, microalgae can be oriented (via molecular engineering) to the production of the hole biofuels, such as biodiesel or bio-turbosins.

Microalgae and Other Phototrophic Bacteria is a book which will provide information for academics students, policy makers and the general public regarding the state of the art in the field, as well as detailed descriptions of the methodologies employed for culture, processing, recovery and new products.
Aspects covered by this book are the microalgae and other phototrophic bacteria.

Aspects such as the improvement of photobioreactors, the biofuel potential of Botryococcus braunii, measuring the environmental impact of microalgae production and biofuel production through LCA, the dewatering and dehydration of microalgae, the recovery of microalgae by coagulation-flocculation-sedimentation and the characterization of the produced pastes, the production of bioplastics employing residues and phototropic bacteria, the review on instrumentation and automatic control for microalgae culture and lastly, microalgae in livestock nutrition will be covered by this proposed book.

Every chapter in this book has been written by an expert in the field, covering both the state of the art and the specific contributions of each group of authors in the worldwide literature. (Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Introduction

1. Molecular Pharming in the Chloroplast of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii for the Production of Recombinant Therapeutic Proteins
(Alma Lorena Almaraz-Delgado, José Luis Castrejón Flores
and Jesús Agustín Badillo Corona, UPIBI-Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Barrio La Laguna Ticoman, Mexico)

2. Review on Instrumentation, Modelling and Automatic Control for Microalgae Culture
(I. Chairez, Bioprocesses Department, UPIBI-IPN)

3. The Biofuel Potential of the Green Colonial Microalga Botryococcus braunii
(Ivette Cornejo-Corona, Hem R. Thapa, Timothy P. Devarenne, and Edmundo Lozoya-Gloria, Departamento de Ingeniería Genética CINVESTAV-IPN Irapuato, Gto., México, and others)

4. Effect of Culture Conditions on the Quantity and Quality of Lipids: its Importance on Biodiesel Synthesis
(Luis Fernández Linares, Eder Gutiérrez Márquez and Aarón Millán Oropeza, Unidad Profesional Interdisciplinaria de Biotecnología del Instituto Politécnico Nacional)

5. Microalgae in Livestock Nutrition
(Flórez-Miranda L., Martínez-Roldán A.J. and Cañizares-Villanueva R.O., Laboratorio de Biotecnología de Microalgas. Departamento de Biotecnología y Bioingeniería. Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional. Av. Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Col. San Pedro Zacatenco, Delegación Gustavo A. Madero, México D.F. Código Postal 07360. México, D.F.)

6. Hydrogen and Polyhidroxybutyrate (PHB) Production by a Photoheterotrophic Mixed Culture
(E. I. García-Peña and R. A. Gonzalez-Garcia, Bioprocesses Department, UPIBI-Instituto Politecnico Nacional, Mexico, and others)

7. Software Sensor for Microalgae Culture: Theoretical Development, Numerical Solutions and Real Time Implementations
(N. Martínez, A. Poznyak, I. Chairez, Bioprocesses Department, UPIBI-IPN, and others)

8. Photobioreactors: Improving the Biomass Productivity
(Martínez-Roldán A. J. and Cañizares-Villanueva, R. O.
Laboratorio de Biotecnología de Microalgas. Departamento de Biotecnología y Bioingeniería. Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional. Av. Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Col. San Pedro Zacatenco, Delegación Gustavo A. Madero, México D.F. Código Postal, México, D.F.)

9. Measuring Sustainable Development In Biofuel Production From Microalgae
(Mariana Ortega Ramírez, Mario Giraldi Díaz and Gemma Cervantes Torre-Marín, Research Group on Industrial Ecology (GIEI), UPIBI, Instituto Politécnico Nacional)

10. Technologies for the Production of Biodiesel from Microalgae. Biomass Production the Main Challenge
(Citlally Ramirez Lopez and Luis Fernandez Linares, Unidad Profesional Interdisciplinaria de Biotecnología del Instituto Politécnico Nacional. Mexico, D.F.)

11. Dewatering and Dehydration of Microalgae
(Juan Rodríguez Ramírez, Lilia Méndez Lagunas, Instituto Politecnico Naciona, CIIDIR Unidad Oaxaca, Hornos, Sta., Cruz Xoxocotlan, Oaxaca Mexico, Mexico)

12. Microalgae as Source of High Added-value Compounds: Carotenoids
(León Sánchez and Marcia Morales, Doctorado en Biotecnología, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa, México, DF, Mexico, and others)

13. Utilization, Isolation and Characterization of Chlorella Vulgaris for Carbon and Waste Water Sequestration Treatment
(P.S.Syed Shabudeen, Chemistry and EnvironmentalScience, KumaraguruCollege of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu)

14. Biogas Production and Upgrading Using Microalgae
(Alma Lilia Toledo Cervantes, and Marcia Guadalupe Morales Ibarría, Doctorado en Ciencias Biológicas y de la Salud, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana UAM- Iztapalapa, México, and others)

15. Recovery of Microalgae by Coagulation-Flocculation-Sedimentation and Characterization of the Produced Pastes
(Luis G. Torres Bustillos, Bioprocesses Department. UPIBI- Instituto Politecnico Nacional. Calle Acueducto s/n. Col. Barrio La Laguna-Ticoman. Del Gustavo Madero. Mexico DF, Mexico)

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