Methane in the Environment: Occurrence, Uses and Production

Angelo Basile, PhD (Editor)
Institute on Membrane Technology, University of Calabria via P. Bucci, Rende, Italy

Series: Energy Science, Engineering and Technology, Environmental Research Advances
BISAC: SCI024000

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Volume 10

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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Due to the decreasing world petroleum reserves, a great emphasis is today placed on the development of alternative sources for energy production. In this context, abundant natural gas is seen as an energy source for the future. Methane, the main component of natural gas, is considered the most abundant organic compound on our planet. Unlike other fossil fuels, natural gas is clean burning and emits lower levels of potentially harmful byproducts into the air. Currently, methane (via steam reforming) is considered the most common and cost-effective method for hydrogen production and it contributes to about 50% of the world’s hydrogen production.

In this book a collection of various aspects related to methane is reported, such as its production, its characterization, and the techniques used for analysis and control of its emissions. Among others, the following aspects are considered: the advantages of the use of methane as a source of energy; the accuracy of simulation of atmospheric and laboratory spectra in the spectral regions of strong methane absorption bands; new research on the structure of methane cycling microbial communities in the unique system of the Amazon selva; the effect of methane seepages on the rates of microbial processes in the sediments of the Sevastopol coastal area; the emissions of enteric methane from ruminants and its impact on global warming; the various effects of catalysts activity for methane reactions; and some aspects of the emissions of gaseous pollutants in the exhaust of vehicles running on compressed natural gas. Different numerical investigations are also discussed in detail. (Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Chapter 1. Methane as a Source of Energy: Enhancing the Catalytic Combustion Process by Electrochemical Promotion Phenomenon
(Carmen Jiménez Borja, Nuria Gutiérrez, Fernando Dorado and Jose Luis Valverde, Departamento de Ingeniería Química, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha (UCLM), Av. Camilo José Cela, Ciudad Real, Spain)

Chapter 2. High Resolution Spectra of Methane and Interfering Gases and their Application to the Atmospheric Radiative Transfer Simulation in the Methane Concentration Retrieval Tasks
(T. Yu. Chesnokova, V.A. Kapitanov, Yu. N. Ponomarev and K. Yu. Osipov, V.E. Zuev Institute of Atmospheric Optics SB RAS, Tomsk, Russia)

Chapter 3. Methane Cycling Microorganisms in Soils from the Peruvian Amazon River Basin
(Ekaterina Tikhonova, Anna Kizilova, Valery Galchenko and Irina Kravchenko, Winogradsky Institute of Microbiology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia)

Chapter 4. Biogeochemical Cycling of Methane in the Sevastopol Coastal Area, Black Sea
(T.V. Malakhova, L.V. Malakhova, V.N. Egorov, N.V. Pimenov, Yu. G. Artemov, S.B. Gulin, T.A. Kanapatsky and P.A. Sigalevich, A.O. Kovalevsky Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Sevastopol, Ukraine, and others)

Chapter 5. Synthesis and Characterization of CeAlO3 Phase: Role in Ni Catalysts for Methane Reforming Reactions
(Hongjing Wu and Leonarda F. Liotta, Institute for The Study of Nanostructured Materials (ISMN)-CNR, Via Ugo La Malfa, Palermo, Italy, and others)

Chapter 6. Complete Methane Oxidation on Supported Palladium Catalysts: Steady State Isotopic Transient Kinetic Analysis
(Marek Rotko and Andrzej Machocki, University of Maria Curie-Skłodowska, Faculty of Chemistry, Department of Chemical Technology, Lublin, Poland)

Chapter 7. Effects of Feed Strategies on Anaerobic Sequencing Batch Reactors Applied to Biomethane Production
(Giovanna Lovato, José Alberto Domingues Rodrigues, Suzana Maria Ratusznei and Marcelo Zaiat, Departamento de Hidráulica e Saneamento, Escola de Engenharia de São Carlos, Universidade de São Paulo (USP), São Carlos-SP, Brasil, and others)

Chapter 8. Bio-Inspired Methane Oxidation
(A.A. Shteinman, Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia)

Chapter 9. Evaluation of Methane Emissions Generated by the Use of Compressed Natural Gas in the the Transport Sector
(M.S. Sthel, G.R. Lima, M.G. da Silva and H. Vargas, Laboratório de Ciências Físicas – LCFIS, Centro de Ciência e Tecnologia –CCT, Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense –UENF, Av. Alberto Lamego, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil)

Chapter 10. New Strategy of Methane Analysis: Forensic Applications
(Vincent Varlet, Forensic Toxicology and Chemistry Unit, University Center of Legal Medicine Lausanne-Geneva, Switzerland)

Chapter 11. Effects of Hydrogen and Water Vapor Additions on Emissions of Turbulent Methane Flame Spread on Corner Walls
(Nadjib Ghiti, Department of Industrial Maintenance and Transport, Algerian Petroleum Institute, IAP- School of Skikda, les Platanes Filfila, Algeria)

Chapter 12. Methane Emissions from Ruminants in the Tropics: Implications for Global Warming and Options For Mitigation
(J.C. Ku-Vera, J.R. Canul-Solis, A.T. Piñeiro-Vázquez, E.G. Briceño-Poot, J.A. Alayón-Gamboa, A.J. Ayala-Burgos, F.J. Solorio-Sánchez, C.F. Aguilar-Pérez, L. Ramírez-Avilés and O.A. Castelán-Ortega, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, Mérida, Yucatán, México, and others)

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