Mental Health Conditions and Services in Selected African Countries: Implications for Social Work and Human Services Professions

Marie-Antoinette Sossou, PhD (Editor)
University of Kentucky, College of Social Work, Lexington, KY, USA

Tirelo Modie-Moroka, PhD (Editor)
Department of Social Work, University of Botswana, Botswana

Series: Mental Illnesses and Treatments
BISAC: MED102000




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The mental-health conditions and services in most African countries are of great concern. There is a stark distinction of health disparities between urban and rural communities across these countries. There is an unequal divide in the allocation of resources for health related services, and mental health services have become a political decision more than the fair distribution of resources. The situation is even worse in the less developed countries across the various sub-regions. People all over the African continent are increasingly being affected by many common psychological and mental health disorders, as well as illnesses that go untreated for many years. This book is based on the assumption that there is a need to examine the conditions/services of mental health prevailing in different African countries to inform and educate people about the situation, and also to serve as an additional source of knowledge on African mental health issues.

Additionally, there is a dearth of literature on mental health services from multiple African countries accessible through one anthology. Also notable is that the social work and human services professions in Africa lack textbooks written by indigenous African educators on pertinent issues affecting the people in the continent. Therefore, this book serves to fill that gap and to contribute to literature concerning Africa. The book examines mental health conditions and services in terms of diagnoses, causes, treatment and psycho-social services provided by some countries in Africa, namely Botswana, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Uganda and Zambia. Even though, mental health issues have been written about by some African mental health specialists and experts, the chapters in this book are written mostly by African social work professionals and psychologists, and this is presumably the first of its kind. Each country describes the situations, conditions, resources, stigma/discrimination, traditional beliefs and practices concerning mental health, and also discusses the ways to improve the conditions and services for these populations. (Imprint: Nova Biomedical)



Chapter 1. A Historical Evolution of Mental Health Services in Botswana: Past and Present
Tirelo Modie-Moroka (University of Botswana, Department of Social Work, Botswana)

Chapter 2. Mental Health Care, HIV, and AIDs in Botswana: Challenges and Opportunities
Poloko N. Ntshwarang, Tumani Malinga-Musamba and Refilwe P. Sinkamba (University of Botswana, Department of Social Work, Botswana)


Chapter 3. Mental Health Care and Service in Ghana
Cynthia A. Sottie, Mavis Dako-Gyeke, Emmanuel Asampong, and Mercy M. Ackumey (University of Ghana, Department of Social Work, Ghana, and others)


Chapter 4. How Mental Health is Understood in Africa: The Prevalence of Mental Disorders in Kenya
Japheth Jaoko (Campbellsville University, School of Social Work and Counseling, KY, USA)

Chapter 5. Delivery of Mental Health Services in Kenya
Japheth Jaoko, Vincent Kimosop, Kennedy Kirui, Philip Nyakundi, Lynn Kabaka, Emma Wanyonyi, and Elizabeth Muriu (Campbellsville University, School of Social Work and Counseling, KY, USA, and others)


Chapter 6. Mental Health in Nigeria: Perspectives and Health Care Interventions among the Yorubas
Samuel E. Oladipo, A. Christson Adedoyin, Olufunmilayo O. Folaranmi, and Isaiah Mobalaji Ojedokun (Tai Solarin University of Education, Ijagun, Ogun State, Nigeria, and others)


Chapter 7. The 1994 Genocide in Rwanda: The effects on Children and Psycho-Social Intervention
Tracy Belle and Vincent Sezibera (Chicago School of Professional Psychology, Washington, DC Campus, WA, USA, and others)

Chapter 8. Mental Health Care in Hospitals in Rwanda
Siméon Sebatukura Gitimbwa, Vincent Sezibera and Pierre Philippot (University of Rwanda, Department of Clinical Psychology, Rwanda, and others)

South Africa

Chapter 9. Mental Health Services in South Africa
Willem J. H. Roestenburg, Charlene Carbonato and Nontembeko J. Bila (North West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa, Department of Social Work, South Africa)


Chapter 10. Towards Understanding the Dilemmas in the Prevention of Mental Illness in Africa: Lessons from Uganda
James Mugisha (Uganda Ministry of Health, Butabika Hospital, Kampala, Uganda)


Chapter 11. How Mental Health is understood in Africa: The Case of Zambia
Samson Chama (Department of Social Work, Alabama A & M University, Normal, Alabama, USA)

About the Editors

About the Contributors


Click here to read the book review by - Joseph R.A. Ayee, PhD; FGA; FGIM, Professor/Independent Scholar, Accra, Ghana

This book will be useful reading for mental health care professionals, policy makers, public administrators, economists and and those from the allied disciplines of adult education, homeeconomics, sociology, anthropology, international politics and developmental studies

All social work/ nursing, medical/ public health / social science students in Africa countries, and internationally, policy makers, social work practitioners and international social workers and NGOs.

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