Medicine Research Summaries. Volume 8

Zhongwen Liáng (Editor)
Bibao Zhang (Editor)

Series: Medicine Research Summaries
BISAC: MED000000



Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick


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This book is a continuation of the book Medicine Researcher Biographical Sketches and Research Summaries which compiles research summaries from a number of different focuses in this important field
(Imprint: Nova Biomedical)


Chapter 1 Eosinophils: Overview of Structure, Biological Properties and Role in Disease
(Georgios Aperis and Eirini Tsampikaki)

Chapter 2 Mechanisms of Eosinophil Degranulation: pH Regulation and Release of Major Basic Protein (MBP)
(Jennifer L. Bankers-Fulbright and Scott M. O’Grady)

Chapter 3 Eosinophils: Biological Properties and Role in Respiratory Diseases
(M. Armengot, L. Garin and J. Milara)

Chapter 4 Eosinophils in Non-allergic Eosinophilic Conjunctivitis
(O. Kari and K. M. Saari)

Chapter 5 Eosinophils in the Gastrointestinal Tract
(M. Blanca Piazuelo and Pelayo Correa)

Chapter 6 Eosinophil and Nerve Interactions
(Richard W. Costello and Kerrie Hennigan)

Chapter 7 The Beneficial Role of Eosinophils
(Sarinnapha Vasunilashorn)

Chapter 8 Antagonism of Eosinophil Accumulation in Asthma
(Garry M. Walsh)

Chapter 9 Biological Implications of Eosinophils and CCL5/Rantes Chemokine in Human Solid Organ Transplantation
(Manuel Muro, Ruth López-Hernández, Carmen Botella, Francisco Boix, José A. Campillo, Rosa Moya, Alfredo Minguela and Rocío Álvarez-López)

Chapter 10 The Role of Eosinophils in Viral Infections
(Dijana Townsend and Ljubov Simson)

Chapter 11 Inflammatory Responses of Eosinophils to Helicobacter Pylori Infection
(Jung Mogg Kim)

Chapter 12 Eosinophils and Eosinophilia in Parasitic Infections
(F. Bruschi and M. Korenaga)

Chapter 13 Hidden Connections: From Mystery Drug Diethylcarbamazine to the Coordinated Regulation of Eosinophil and Neutrophil Populations
(P. Xavier-Elsas, Túlio Queto and M. I. Gaspar-Elsas)

Chapter 14 The Magic Eosinophil: A Breaker of Biological Barriers
(Ervin Ç. Mingomataj, Alketa H. Bakiri, and Doris Ç. Mingomataj)

Chapter 15 Eosinophil Apoptosis and Fate
(Darren W. Sexton)

Chapter 16 Initiating Patients on Growth Hormone Therapy: Optimising Outcomes
(Anne-Marie Kappelgaard)

Chapter 17 The Evidence on Surgical Interventions for Low Back Pain, an Overview of Systematic Reviews
(Wilco C. H. Jacobs and Paul C. P. H. Willems)

Chapter 18 Novel Ultradispersed Сarbon-Containing Adsorbent: The Examples of the Study of Some Glycopeptide Antibiotics Sorption Properties on the Sorbent
(G. S. Katrukha, A. V. Timofeeva, V. N. Buravtsev, I. V. Tolstykh, and L. A. Baratova)

Chapter 19 Opioid Actions on the Bulbar Respiratory Network: Consequences for Breathing
(Peter M. Lalley)

Chapter 20 Mesenchymal Stem Cells Versus Other Marrow-Derived Progenitor Cells in Angiogenesis and Vasculogenesis
(Joanne E. McBane, Marc Ruel and Erik J. Suuronen)

Chapter 21 Aging Science: An Evolving Public Apprehension
(Akbar Nikkhah)

Chapter 22 Honey as Substitute Curatives to Synthetic Antibiotics
(M. Shafiiq Kinoo and M. Fawzi Mahomoodally)

Chapter 23 Facilitated Therapeutic Alliances Increase Treatment Retention among Injection Drug Users
(Karen F. Corsi, Nicole Speer, Sung-Joon Min, Mark Royer, and Robert E. Booth)

Chapter 24 Psychiatric Aspects of Constipation
(Alireza Farnam)

Chapter 25 Genetics of COPD
(Chad K. Oh and Nestor A. Molfino)

Chapter 26 Study on Urinary Iodine and Thiocyanate Concentrations in Bulgarian Schoolchildren and Students
(Aneliya V. Bivolarska, Penka D. Gatseva and Mariana D. Argirova)

Chapter 27 Increase of Phenazine Antibiotic Production in Bacteria Pseudomonas Aurantiaca by Cloning the Cluster of PhzIR-Genes
(E. G. Veremeenko and N. P. Maksimova)

Chapter 28 Acupuncture for the Treatment of Low Back Pain
(G. Martínez-Crespo and C. Vázquez Sousa)

Chapter 29 Management of Hepatitis C Virus Infection in the Genomic Era
(Ching-Sheng Hsu and Jia-Horng Kao)

Chapter 30 Hepatic and Blood Dendritic Cell Subsets in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Infection
(Aoife Kelly, Elizabeth J. Ryan and Cliona O’Farrelly)

Chapter 31 Bone Metabolism Disorders in Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Infection
(Germán López-Larramona and Alfredo J. Lucendo)

Chapter 32 SOCS1 Involvement in Liver Damage during Hepatitis C Virus Infection
(Virginia Sedeño-Monge, Francisca Sosa-Jurado, Verónica Vallejo-Ruiz, Gerardo Santos-López and Julio Reyes-Leyva)

Chapter 33 Asymptomatic Low-Level Hepatitis C Virus Persistence
(Tram N. Q. Pham and Tomasz I. Michalak)

Chapter 34 Clinicopathological Approach of HCV Infection in Renal Transplant Recipients
(Johanna Delladetsima and Stratigoula Sakellariou)

Chapter 35 Impact of Metabolic Factors on the Clinical Course of Patients with Hepatitis C Virus Infection
(Hirokazu Takahashi and Toshihiko Mizuta)

Chapter 36 Risk Factors and Interventions for Nonadherence to Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP)
(Alicia M. Moran, Jonathan M. Highsmith, Katie A. Lehockey and D. Erik Everhart)

Chapter 37 Approach to the Snoring Patient
(Christian G. Samuelson, Craig Hamilton, David Taylor, Kristine Pearson-Chauhan and Michael Friedman)

Chapter 38 Benefits of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Therapy for Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Patients (OSAS): Compliance and Technological Progress Devices
(Domenico Maurizio Toraldo, Francesco De Nuccio and Giuseppe Nicolardi)

Chapter 39 Is Primary Snoring a Benign Isolated Symptom?
(Ulises Jiménez-Correa, Daniel Sommerz-Best and Reyes Haro-Valencia)

Chapter 40 Assessment and Management of Obstructive Sleep Apnea: The Otolaryngology Perspective
(Seckin O. Ulualp)

Chapter 41 Mechanisms Underlying Endothelial Dysfunction in Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) Patients
(Alessandra Quercioli, François Mach and Fabrizio Montecucco)

Chapter 42 Obstructive Sleep Apnea-Hypopnea Syndrome
(Bilgay Izci and Neil J. Douglas)

Chapter 43 Intraoral Devices for the Management of Obstructive Sleep Apnea-Hypopnea
(Daniele Manfredini and Luca Guarda-Nardini)

Chapter 44 Hearing Loss: Definitions and Classification
(Andrew W. Smith)

Chapter 45 Global and Regional Hearing Impairment Prevalence
(Gretchen A. Stevens, Seth M. Flaxman, Maya Mascarenha, Katrina Davis, Emma Brunskill, Adrian Davis, Andrew W. Smith, Howard J. Hoffman and Colin D. Mathers)

Chapter 46 Mechanisms of Hearing Loss of Cochlear Origin
(Andrew Forge)

Chapter 47 Consequences of Hearing Impairment to the Individual and Society
(M. Kathleen Pichora-Fuller and Janet R. Jamieson)

Chapter 48 Overall Strategies of Prevention
(Andrew W. Smith)

Chapter 49 The Role of Immunisation in the Prevention of Hearing Loss
(Peter S. Morris and Amanda J. Leach)

Chapter 50 Nutrients and Hearing
(Valerie E. Newton)

Chapter 51 Genetic Counselling
(Katherine Dewes Rutledge and Nathaniel H. Robin)

Chapter 52 Screening and Surveillance
(Bolajoko Olusanya)

Chapter 53 Treatment: Surgical and Medical
(Ulf Rosenhall)

Chapter 54 Rehabilitation and Sensory Aids
(Dianne Toe)

Chapter 55 Industrial Hearing Conservation
(Peter W. Alberti)

Chapter 56 Social and Community Noise
(Peter W. Alberti)

Chapter 57 Building Design for the Hard of Hearing
(John O’Keefe)

Chapter 58 The Use of Economic Analysis in Hearing Impairment Control
(Rob Baltussen)

Chapter 59 Access to Health Care
(Abraham Joseph)

Chapter 60 National and Regional Programmes
(Andrew W. Smith, Maria Cecilia Bevilacqua, Xingkuan Bu, Arun Kumar Agarwal and Shelly Khanna Chadha)

Chapter 61 Global Prevention of Hearing Loss: Achievements and Future
(Peter W. Alberti, Valerie E. Newton and Andrew W. Smith)

Chapter 62 Abscisic Acid-Inducible Genes during Salinity and Drought Stress
(Aryadeep Roychoudhury and Anindita Paul)

Chapter 63 Characteristics and Treatment of Medical Device Related Infections
(Garry Laverty and Brendan F. Gilmore)

Chapter 64 The Impact of Opiates on the Human Pregnancy and Breastfeeding
(Antoine Malek)

Chapter 65 Progesterone and the Use of Macaque Models to Study Vaginal HIV Infection
(Sundaram Ajay Vishwanathan, Lindsay Livingston, Janet M. McNicholl and Ellen N. Kersh)

Chapter 66 Biosynthesis and Functions of ABA in Fruits
(Satoru Kondo)

Chapter 67 Private and Non-profit Partnerships in Health Prevention in the Philippines: A Multilevel Approach to Assess Economic and Social Benefits
(Alfonso Ang and Donald E. Morisky)

Chapter 68 Patellar Tendonitis in Dancers
(Antonios G. Angoules, Georgios Stefanakis and Nikolaos Thalassinos)

Chapter 69 Performance of Extensor Apparatus of the Knee in Relation to the Patellar Mineral Density and the Ultrasonographic Morphology of the Patellar Ligament
(Jacinto J. Martínez-Payá, José Ríos-Díaz, Ana De-Groot-Ferrando and Mª Elena Del-Baño-Aledo)

Chapter 70 Utility of Grey Level Co-Occurrence Matrices for the Ultrasonographic Quantitative Study of the Textural Patterns of Patellar Ligament
(José Ríos-Díaz, Jacinto J. Martínez-Payá, Ana De-Groot-Ferrando and Mª Elena Del-Baño-Aledo)

Chapter 71 Different Relative Humidity Conditions Cause Different Growth Responses and ABA Levels in a Halophyte Native from South america Treated with Sodium Salts
(Devinar Genoveva, Llanes Analía and Virginia Luna)

Chapter 72 Eating Time: An Emerging Life Strategy to Optimize Intermediary Metabolism and Health
(Akbar Nikkhah)

Chapter 73 Cementless Patella Arthroplasty
(Anthony Unger and Daniel Huttman)

Chapter 74 Regulation of Granulocyte Differentiation by Micro-rna and Transcription Factors – Lessons Learned for Understanding Hematopoietic Diseases
(Alexander Brobeil)

Chapter 75 The Essential Transcription Factor for Granulocytic Differentiation, Ccaat/Enhancer Binding Protein Alpha (C/Ebpα), and its Mutations or Inhibition Associated with Acute Myeloid Leukemias
(Ota Fuchs)

Chapter 76 Chemotactic Assay of Human Neutrophils and Eosinophils
(Hyung-Ran Kim and Ju-Young Seoh)

Chapter 77 Surface Expression of the Early Activation Marker (CD 69) and Degranulation of Eosinophils Can Be Disconnected
(János Fent and Susan Lakatos)

Chapter 78 Basophilic Granulocytes
(Toshihisa Tsuruta and Kenzaburo Tani)

Chapter 79 Role of Granulocytes on the Onset of Tissue-Destructive Diseases when Exposed to Stress
(Toru Abo, Toshihiko Kawamura, Mayumi Watanabe, Hiroki Kawamura and Yasuhiro Kanda)

Chapter 80 Walking Trail Classification: A Biomechanical Approach
(Ronaldo Gabriel, Aurélio Faria, Paola Wood and Helena Moreira)

Chapter 81 The Evolutionary Inevitability of Obesity in Modern Society: Implications for Behavioral Solutions to Weight Control in the General Population
(R. J. Stubbs, C. Gale, S. Whybrow and P. Gilbert)

Chapter 82 Obesity: Risk Factors, Management and Social Stigmas
(Gianluca Serafini, Maurizio Pompili, Marco Innamorati, Gloria Giordano, Denise Erbuto, Roberto Tatarelli and Paolo Girardi)

Chapter 83 Obesity Prevalence and Socioeconomic Position among Two Different Groups of Immigrant Women in Vienna, Austria
(Sylvia Kirchengast, Maryam Singh and Esra Kilaf)

Chapter 84 Obesity Dilemmas: Narrations of the “Fat” Body amongst the Self-Identified Overweight and Obese
(Joe Greener, Flora Douglas and Edwin van Teijlingen)

Chapter 85 Dietary Approaches to Obesity
(Gal Dubnov-Raz and Elliot M. Berry)

Chapter 86 Obesity, Metabolic Syndrome, and Weight Management
(Jian Huang and Donna Carden)

Chapter 87 Introducing Health Literacy in Context
(Doris E. Gillis, Deborah L. Begoray and Gillian Rowlands)

Chapter 88 Health Literacy and Definition of Terms
(Rima E. Rudd, Alexa T. McCray and Donald Nutbeam)

Chapter 89 Health Literacy and Healthy Lifestyle Choices
(Doris E. Gillis and Nicola J. Gray)

Chapter 90 Health Literacy and Health Outcomes
(Joanne Protheroe, Michael S. Wolf and Albert Lee)

Chapter 91 Health Literacy and Lifelong Learning
(Deborah L. Begoray, E. Anne Marshall, Laura P. Shone and Gillian Rowlands)

Chapter 92 Health Literacy, Culture, and Community
(Diane Levin-Zamir and Jane Wills)

Chapter 93 Health Literacy: An Economic Perspective
(Diarmuid Coughlan)

Chapter 94 Concluding Thoughts and the Future of Health Literacy
(Deborah L. Begoray, Gillian Rowlands and Doris E. Gillis)

Chapter 95 Approach to the Cosmetic Patient
(Zoe Diana Draelos)

Chapter 96 Laser Principles
(Inja Bogdan Allemann)

Chapter 97 Laser in Leg Veins: Our Personal Approach of Treatment
(Mario A. Trelles, Javier Moreno-Moraga, Justo M. Alcolea, Adriana Samaranche and Mihail L. Pascu)

Chapter 98 Laser Hair Reduction
(Michael McLeod and Sonal Choudhary)

Chapter 99 Ablative Fractional Resurfacing
(Zrinka Bukvić Mokos and Jasna Lipozenčić)

Chapter 100 Nonablative Fractional Resurfacing
(E. Brent Kirkland, Tyler Hollmig and Basil M. Hantash)

Chapter 101 Laser for Treatment of Tattoos
(Mohamed L. Elsaie)

Chapter 102 Lasers in Pigmented Lesions in Asian Skin
(Rashmi Sarkar, Surabhi Sinha, Vijay K. Garg and Munish Paul)

Chapter 103 Photodynamic Therapy in Dermatology
(G. Fabbrocini, S. Cacciapuoti, M. C. Annunziata and G. Monfrecola)

Chapter 104 Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs)
(Maxwell B. Sauder and Daniel N. Sauder)

Chapter 105 Periorbital Eyelid Resurfacing
(Wendy W. Lee)

Chapter 106 Photopneumatic Technology in Dermatology
(Tokuya Omi)

Chapter 107 Hyaluronic Acid Fillers
(Esperanza Welsh)

Chapter 108 Chemical Peeling
(Mohamed L. Elsaie and Keyvan Nouri)

Chapter 109 Aesthetic Dermatology and Cosmetic Surgery
(Doris Hexsel and Manoela D. Porto)

Chapter 110 Cellulite: Clinical Approaches
(Mohamed L. Elsaie)

Chapter 111 Combined Techniques in Aesthetic Dermatology in Treating Hyperpigmentations
(Hana Zelenkova)

Chapter 112 Sclerotherapy
(Russell Wong, Parbeer Grewal and Jaggi Rao)

Chapter 113 Fat Grafting with Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP)
(Ali Modarressi)

Chapter 114 Management of the Aging Neck
(Juan Diego Mejía and Natalia Mejía)

Chapter 115 Upper Eyelid Blepharoplasty
(Christian Conderman, Marlon Maducdoc and Brian Wong)

Chapter 116 Lower Eyelid Blepharoplasty
(Amy Y. Yau, Eugene A. Chu, Marlon Maducdoc and Brian Wong)

Chapter 117 Fat Grafting
(Jennifer L Lin, Richard Gangnes, Audrey Nguyen and Brian Wong)

Chapter 118 Prophylactic and Therapeutic Approach for Adult T-cell Leukemia Based on Targeting Anti-Tumor Immunity
(Tomohiro Kozako, Shinya Hirata, Makoto Yoshimitsu and Naomichi Arima)

Chapter 119 MHC Class I Antigens and Tumor Immune Escape
(Ping Yu and Chi Lu)

Chapter 120 MHC Exchange between Cells and its Functional Consequences
(Kathryn Brown and Wilson Wong)

Chapter 121 MHC Diversity and Wildlife Health: Lessons from Tasmanian Devil Facial Tumor Disease
(Yuanyuan Cheng and Katherine Belov)

Chapter 122 TNF Block Haplotypes Reveal Diverse Pathways between TNF and Disease: Implications for Understanding Neuropathy in HIV Patients
(Constance S. N. Chew, Fabio P. Valente, Hillary J. Wallace, Joo H. Tan, Suzanah E. Temple, and Patricia Price)

Chapter 123 MHC, Viral Infection and Immunoinformatics
(Maurício Menegatti Rigo, Dinler Amaral Antunes, Marialva Sinigaglia, José Artur Bogo Chies and Gustavo Fioravanti Vieira)

Chapter 124 HLA-G: Biology, Functions and Roles in Disease
(Wei-Hua Yan and Aifen Lin)

Chapter 125 Non Classical Major Histocompatibility Class I in Health and Disease
(Ayman Antoun)

Chapter 126 HLA Class II Presentation of HLA Class I Binding Antigenic 9mer Peptides
(Mingjun Wang, Susanne Rasmussen and Mogens H. Claesson)

Chapter 127 Immunoregulatory Effect of the Syngeneic Serum Conditioned by Donor-Like sMHC Class I Proteins
(Natalya V. Semiletova)

Chapter 128 From Animals to Humans: Can Vaccines Make the Transition?
(Thi Thu Hao Van, Yu-Chen Lin, Peter J. Coloe and Peter M. Smooker)

Chapter 129 Immunization Levels and Attitudes of Healthcare Workers-Nurses in Greece Related to Immunization Recommendations for Healthcare Workers
(Aikaterini Toska, Eleni Apostolopoulou, Maria Saridi, Kyriakos Souliotis and Greta Wozniak)

Chapter 130 A New Vaccination Method for Exogenous and Endogenous Antigen Initiated Disorders
(Arpad Zsigmond Barabas, Chad Douglas Cole, Rene Lafreniere and Donald Mackay Weir)

Chapter 131 Vaccination Insights: Challenges and Opportunities
(A. M. Ribeiro, A. C. Amaral and M. S. S. Felipe)

Chapter 132 Impact of Vaccination on Disease Prevention and Control
(Chengjun Sun and Wei Yang)

Chapter 133 T Cell Vaccination for Multiple Sclerosis
(Sheri M. Skinner, Ying C. Q. Zang, Jian Hong and Jingwu Z. Zhang)

Chapter 134 Improving the Immunogenicity of DNA Vaccines: A Nano-Sized Task?
(Aya C. Taki, Natalie Kikidopoulos, Fiona J. Baird and Peter M. Smooker)

Chapter 135 Biofeedback Rehabilitation in Ophthalmology
(S. Salvatore, C. Carnevale, P. Plateroti and E. M. Vingolo)

Chapter 136 The Rehabilitation Function of Motor Imagery after Peripheral Injury or Central Stroke
(Christian Collet and Aymeric Guillot)

Chapter 137 Impairment as Deviance and Societal Reaction Theory: Implication for Adaptation and Rehabilitation
(Sabo Suleiman Kurawa)

Chapter 138 Psychosocial Variables Are Important Modulators of Cardiac Disease
(Andreas Hoffmann and Michael J. Zellweger)

Chapter 139 A Postural Control Training System for Patients with Neurological Disorders
(V. A. Dubovsky and G. K. Mironovich)

Chapter 140 Neuropsychological Issues in Stroke Rehabilitation
(Robert Ruchinskas and Kelly Blair)

Chapter 141 Analysis of the Role of Virtual Reality Technology in the Assessment and Rehabilitation of Instability in the Elderly Population
(Hamlet Suarez, Mariana Arocena, Dario Geisinger, Alejo Suarez and Ximena Carrera)

Chapter 142 Lupus Erythematosus: A Comprehensive Review
(Ana Maria Abreu Velez and Michael S. Howard)

Chapter 143 Autoantibody-Producing B Cells and B Cell Therapy in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus - Possible New Targets of Novel Subsets of RP105-Negative B Cells
(Syuichi Koarada)

Chapter 144 Neuropsychiatric Manifestations in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
(Aline Tamires Lapa, Mariana Postal, Fernando Augusto Peres and Simone Appenzeller)

Chapter 145 Treatment in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
(Mariana Postal and Simone Appenzeller)

Chapter 146 Hematologic Manifestations of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
(Kam Newman, Ihab El-Hemaidi and Mojtaba Akhtari)

Chapter 147 Interleukin-21 in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: Pathogenic Relevance and Therapeutic Applications
(Hélène Dumortier and Fanny Monneaux)

Chapter 148 Metabolic Syndrome and Inflammatory Cytokines in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
(Nailú Angélica Sinicato, Jozélio Freire de Carvalho and Simone Appenzeller)

Chapter 149 Pulmonary Hypertension in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
(Javier A. Cavallasca, Cecilia A. Costa, Maria del Rosario Maliandi and Jorge L. Musuruana)

Chapter 150 Dual Roles for Antibodies in Lupus Nephritis
(Marilyn Diaz)

Chapter 151 Treatment of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus with Intravenous Immunoglobulins: Case Studies
(J. Rovensky, A. Tuchynova, E. Strakova, K. Köhler and S. Blazickova)

Chapter 152 APRV (Airway Pressure-Release Ventilation) as Supportive Management for Diffuse Alveolar Hemorrhage with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
(Yoshio Ozaki and Shosaku Nomura)

Chapter 153 Knowledge Transfer in Health Care: An Overview
(Chi Kwok Chan)

Chapter 154 Healthcare Project on Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction (LUTS): The Implementation of a Shared Care Model in Knowledge Transfer
(Chi Kwok Chan and Sidney KH Yip)

Chapter 155 From Knowledge to Practice: Sustaining Community Engagement in Secondary Stroke Prevention
(Janet W. H. Sit, Phyllis W. P. Chau, Frankie S. C. Chou and Judy S. H. Lee)

Chapter 156 Promoting End-of-Life Care and Advance Directives in Hong Kong: A Knowledge Transfer Project for the Community and Clinicians
(Carmen W. H. Chan, Michael M. K. Sham, Raymond S. K. Lo, Sek Ying Chair, Helen Y. L. Chan, David C. Y. Lai and Ying Yu Chui)

Chapter 157 Challenges of Knowledge Transfer in Clinical Settings
(Dorothy N. S. Chan, Winnie P. Y. Tang, Winnie K. W. So and Daniel Y. T. Fong)

Chapter 158 Understanding Audiences: An Analysis of Barriers to the Promotion of Cervical Screening among Women in China
(Can Gu, Carmen W. H. Chan and Winnie K. W. So)

Chapter 159 A New Era for Knowledge Transfer: Drug Information
(Vivian W. Y. Lee)

Chapter 160 The Use of Guided Reflection for Clinical Learning in Post-graduate Mental Health Nursing Students: Insights into Knowledge Transfer
(Wai Tong Chien)

Chapter 161 Knowledge Transfer on Cardiovascular Disease Prevention and Management
(Sek Ying Chair)

Chapter 162 How to Transfer Knowledge to the Community on Promoting Cardiovascular Health?
(Sek Ying Chair)

Chapter 163 A Happy Ending with HOPE: A Knowledge Transfer Empowerment Project on Advance Care Planning (ACP)
(Carmen W. H. Chan)

Chapter 164 Macrophages and Tuberculosis
(Clíona Ní Cheallaigh, Celia Peral de Castro, Michelle M. Coleman, Jayne C. Hope and James Harris)

Chapter 165 Nitric Oxide: “The Double-Edged Sword” of Macrophages in the Immune Defense
(András Hrabák)

Chapter 166 Macrophages from Human Pluripotent Stem Cells
(Sally A. Cowley, Karl R. Karlsson, Bonnie van Wilgenburg, Gemma C. Carter, Cathy Browne, Jane Vowles, Fernando Martinez Estrada, Annegret Pelchen-Matthews, Joanna Miller, Michael D. Moore and William James)

Chapter 167 Mucosal Macrophages: Phenotype and Functionality in Homeostasis and Pathology
(Andrew Foey)

Chapter 168 Macrophage Plasticity and Polarization: Cell Signaling Mechanisms and Roles in Immunity
(Rafael Paletta-Silva and José Roberto Meyer-Fernandes)

Chapter 169 Mechanisms of Macrophage-Dependent Regulation of Hepatocyte Functions
(L. E. Panin and I. F. Usynin)

Chapter 170 HIV-1 Tat Protein Induces TNF- and IL-10 in Human Monocyte/Macrophage Cells
(Planès Rémi, Mzoughi Olfa, Ben Haij Nawal, Leghmari Kaoutar, Contreras Xavier and Bahraoui Elmostafa)

Chapter 171 Diverse Functionality of Macrophages after Axonal Injury to the Central Nervous System
(Ernesto A. Salegio)

Chapter 172 Macrophage Stimulation and ß-D-Glucans as Biological Response Modifiers: the Role in Experimental Tumor Development
(T. A. Korolenko, Y. A. Kisarova, E. E. Filjushina, M. A. Dergunova, and E. Machova)

Chapter 173 Hepatic Macrophages and Macrophages with Different Functions in Hepatic Fibrosis
(Hossain Md. Golbar and Jyoji Yamate)

Chapter 174 Macrophage on Inflammation and Healing: Relation with Biomaterials
(Maria A. Souza and Camilla C. G. Moura)

Chapter 175 Macrophage Polarization in the Course and Treatment of Autoimmune Disease
(Jian Hong, Zhengyi Wang, Lei Shen, and Jingwu Z. Zang)

Chapter 176 The Functional Diversity of Kupffer Cells
(Masanori Nakamura, Hirotada Otsuka, Hideki Yagi and Yasuo Endo)

Chapter 177 Macrophages: Life Cycle, Functions and Participation in the Pathogenesis of Atherosclerosis
(Kuniaki Hirose, Takashi Kiyanagi, Kazunori Shimada, Hiroyuki Daida and Kazuhisa Iwabuchi)

Chapter 178 Defective Macrophage Function in Crohn's Disease
(A. Sarmento, N. Campos, R. Appelberg and F. Magro)

Chapter 179 Macrophages in Viral Infection
(Yuko Nakamura-López)

Chapter 180 Macrophage and Atherosclerosis
(Yuchang Fu)

Chapter 181 Arginine Transport in Human Monocytes/Macrophages
(Amelia Barilli, Bianca Maria Rotoli, Rossana Visigalli, Ovidio Bussolati, Gian C. Gazzola and Valeria Dall’Asta)

Chapter 182 Multiple Mechanisms Underlying Silent Cleanup of Apoptotic Cells
(Yoshiro Kobayashi)

Chapter 183 The Roles of CD68 Expressing Macrophage Lineage Cells in Engineered Dental Pulp Tissues
(Tomoatsu Kaneko, Yusuke Yamanaka and Takashi Okiji)

Chapter 184 Adipocytes: Biology, Regulation and Health Impact
(Tatiane da Silva Faria, Debora Cristina Pereira-Silva, Sandra Barbosa-da-Silva, Marcia Barbosa Aguila and Carlos Alberto Mandarim-de-Lacerda)

Chapter 185 Adipose Tissue-Derived Microvesicles and Exosomes and the Diagnosis of Metabolic Diseases
(Günter Müller)

Chapter 186 Early Regulation of Adipogenesis: Studies in Cellular Models
(Cristina Velez-del Valle, Jorge-Tonatiuh Ayala-Sumuano and Walid Kuri-Harcuch)

Chapter 187 Calpain-Mediated Regulation of Bone and Fat Mass and Glucose Homeostasis in Osteoblasts
(Masako Shimada)

Chapter 188 Roles of Estrogen-Related Receptors in Adipocyte Differentiation
(Nobuhiro Ijichi, Kazuhiro Ikeda, Kuniko Horie-Inoue and Satoshi Inoue)

Chapter 189 Modulation of Osteoclast Differentiation and Function in Rheumatoid Arthritis
(Roya Lari)

Chapter 190 Osteoclast Formation and Function and Its role in Skeletal Bone Disease
(Monique Bethel, Angela Bruzzaniti and Melissa A. Kacena)

Chapter 191 The High Osteoclastogenic Potential of Human Osteosarcoma Cells: Reciprocal Interaction between MG63 Osteoblast-Like Cells and Osteoclast Precursors
(J. Costa-Rodrigues and M. H. Fernandes)

Chapter 192 Osteoclast Biology in Paget’s Disease of Bone
(Stephen McManus, Lyne Bissonnette, and Sophie Roux)

Chapter 193 Osteoclasts: The Major Actors in Bone Resorption
(Lucia D’Amico and Ilaria Roato)

Chapter 194 Role of the Immuno-Skeletal Interface in Physiological and Pathological Osteoclast Regulation
(M. Neale Weitzmann)

Chapter 195 Multiple Functions of Osteoclasts and Potential Usefulness of Phosphatidylserine-Containing Liposomes on Bone Diseases
(Zhou Wu and Hiroshi Nakanishi)

Chapter 196 Bone Formation and Osteoclastic Resorption after Implantation of -Tricalcium Phosphate (-TCP)
(Takaaki Tanaka, Masaaki Chazono, Seiichiro Kitasato, Atsuhito Kakuta, and Keishi Marumo)

Chapter 197 Osteoclasts of Patients with Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1)
(Eetu Heervä and Juha Peltonen)

Chapter 198 Evidence-Based Leadership Success Strategies for Nurse Administrators, Advance Practice Nurses (APN), and Doctors of Nursing Practice (DNP)
(Darlene Sredl)


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