Medicine Research Summaries. Volume 6

Zhongwen Liáng (Editor)
Bibao Zhang (Editor)

Series: Medicine Research Summaries
BISAC: MED000000

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This book is a continuation of the book Medicine Researcher Biographical Sketches and Research Summaries which compiles research summaries from a number of different focuses in this important field.

(Imprint: Nova Biomedical)

Preface

Chapter 1 Periodontal Diseases: Diagnosis and Therapy
(Huixia He and Hongchen Liu)

Chapter 2 Cancer Complicating Pregnancy
(Kristel Van Calsteren and Frédéric Amant)

Chapter 3 Toward an Effective Prevention of Paediatric Obesity: The Role of Parental Feeding Strategies and Body Weight Perceptions on the Development of Young Children’s Healthy Eating Habits
(Line Tremblay, Christina M. Rinaldi, Krystel Cimon-Lambert and Michel Lariviere)

Chapter 4 Evaluating the Role of B Cells in Autoimmune Disease: More than Just Initiators of Disease?
(Matthew J. Simmonds)

Chapter 5 Defining and Clarifying Sexual Health: A Simultaneous Concept Analysis
(Siw Alehagen, Margaret Chamberlain Wilmoth and Carina Berterö)

Chapter 6 Female Sexual Dysfunction (FSD) in the Middle East
(Ahmed Y. Shahin, Ibrahim M. A. Hassanin and Mohammed M. F. Fathalla)

Chapter 7 Sexual Behaviour Risk Factors of HIV Infection across Countries and Regions in Sub-Saharan Africa
(Monica A. Magadi and Mohammod Mostazir)

Chapter 8 Examining the Relationship between Intimate Partner Abuse and High-Risk Pregnancies
(Joy Learman and Sanna Thompson)

Chapter 9 Hepatopulmonary Syndrome
(Vincent Ho)

Chapter 10 War-Related Public Health Effects
(Ali Khaji)

Chapter 11 Kid's Choice Program Increases Healthy Food Choices by Fussy-Eating Children during School Lunch
(Helen M. Hendy, Keith E. Williams and Thomas S. Camise)

Chapter 12 Long-Term Health Outcomes in Prisoners of War
(Ali Khaji)

Chapter 13 Endocrine Disruptors: New Discoveries and Possible Progress of Evaluation
(Nora Benachour, Emilie Clair, Robin Mesnage and Gilles-Eric Séralini)

Chapter 14 Functionality of Orofacial Branches Feeding: Salivary Glands, Dental Pulp and Intraoral Anesthetic Field
(Dragica Stojić, Jelena Roganović and Božidar Brković)

Chapter 15 Depressed Brainstem Auditory Electrophysiology in Cerebral Palsy
(Ze Dong Jiang and Andrew Robert Wilkinson)

Chapter 16 Why Is There “Hope in our Soul”? A Faith-Based Educational Intervention to Increase Black Clergy Participation in HIV Prevention Research
(Paula M. Frew, Takeia Horton, Kimberly Parker, and Marcus Bolton)

Chapter 17 Control of Aldosterone Synthesis and Secretion: Role of Protein Kinase C and Protein Kinase D in Modulating Acute Aldosterone Secretion from the Zona Glomerulosa
(Lawrence Olala and Wendy B. Bollag)

Chapter 18 Biomechanical Analysis of Lower Limbs for Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Three-Dimensional, Subject-Specific Approach
(Ayman Assi, Ismat Ghanem and Wafa Skalli)

Chapter 19 Health of Latino Children of Immigrants: Issues from Birth through Adolescence
(Jodi Berger-Cardoso, Monica Faulkner and Sanna Thompson)

Chapter 20 Aldosterone Antagonist and Diuretics for Heart Failure
(Kenichi Watanabe, Vivian Soetikno, Rajarajan A. Thandavarayan, Punniyakoti T. Veeraveedu, Kenji Suzuki)

Chapter 21 New Concepts in Biomechanics of the Ankle and Hindfoot: Instability, Osteoarthritis and Reconstruction
(Arno Frigg)

Chapter 22 Evaluation for Hardness of Carotid Plaque with Volume Score-Hounsfield Unit Matrix and Calcium Score
(Hiroyuki Katano, Mitsuhito Mase and Kazuo Yamada)

Chapter 23 Bone Mineral Density in a Population of Children and Adolescents with Cerebral Palsy and Mental Retardation with or
without Epilepsy
(Giangennaro Coppola, Delia Fortunato, Ciro Mainolfi, Davide Roccaro, Giuseppe Signoriello, Antonio Pascotto, and Alberto Verrotti)

Chapter 24 Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction in Cerebral Palsy: Evaluation and Management
(Jose Ailton Fernandes Silva and Ronaldo Alvarenga Alvares)

Chapter 25 Why Schistosomiasis Still Has Not Been Controlled in China
(Ka-wai Fan)

Chapter 26 The Hypoplasia of the Internal Carotid Artery
(Giuseppe Nicoletti, Sandro Sanguigni, Pasquale Santarcangelo, Filomena Bruno, Salvatore Tardi and Giovanni Malferrari)

Chapter 27 Cell Aging of Individual Animals as Observed by Light and Electron Microscopic Radioautography
(Tetsuji Nagata)

Chapter 28 Sarcopenia: Molecular Mechanisms and Current Therapeutic Strategy
(Kunihiro Sakuma and Akihiko Yamaguchi)

Chapter 29 Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms Linking Aging to Cognitive Decline and Alzheimer’s Disease
(Mariana Pehar and Luigi Puglielli)

Chapter 30 Akt/Protein Kinase B (PKB) in Cell Aging
(Eric R. Blough and Miaozong Wu)

Chapter 31 Agelessness of Mesenchymal Stem Cells
(Regina Brunauer, Stephan Reitinger and Günter Lepperdinger)

Chapter 32 Erythrocyte Senescence
(Angel Rucci, María Alejandra Ensinck, Liliana Racca, Silvia García Borrás, Claudia Biondi, Carlos Cotorruelo and Amelia Racca)

Chapter 33 Novel Carrier Adjuvant for DNA Vaccination
(Suresh P. Vyas, Bhuvaneshwar Vaidya and Shailja Tiwari)

Chapter 34 Improving the Immunogenicity of DNA Vaccines: A Nano-Sized Task?
(Aya C. Taki, Natalie Kikidopoulos, Fiona J. Baird and Peter M. Smooker)

Chapter 35 Novel Delivery Strategies for DNA
(Jiafen Hu, Nancy Cladel and Neil Christensen)

Chapter 36 Recent Advances in DNA Vaccines
(Ieda Maria Longo Maugéri and Daniela Santoro Rosa)

Chapter 37 Co-Administration of Gamma Interferon Gene with DNA Vaccine Expressing Duck Hepatitis B Virus (DHBV) Proteins Enhances Therapeutic Efficacy of DNA-Based Immunization in Chronic Virus Carriers
(Fadi Saade, Thierry Buronfosse, Ghada Khawaja, Sylviane Guerret, Catherine Jamard, Michèle Chevallier, Pierre Pradat, Fabien Zoulim and Lucyna Cova)

Chapter 38 The Role of DNA-IL-12 Vaccination in Eosinophilic Inflammation: A Review
(A. Malheiro, L. de Paula, O. A. Martins-Filho, F. F. Anibal, A. Teixeira-Carvalho, R. Alle-Marie and L. H. Faccioli)

Chapter 39 Cured By DNA-Genetic Immunization in the Therapeutic Sector
(Fiona J. Baird and Peter M. Smooker)

Chapter 40 DNA Vaccination against Herpesvirus
(Stefano Petrini and Maura Ferrari)

Chapter 41 DNA Vaccination: Progress and Challenges
(Marcelo Sousa Silva, Andreia Sofia Cruz Lança, Karina Pires de Sousa and Jorge Atouguia)

Chapter 42 Atopic Dermatitis: A Review for the Primary Care Physician
(Alexander K.C. Leung and Kam Lun E. Hon)

Chapter 43 Neuronal Cell Apoptosis
(Amany A. Abdin)

Chapter 44 Witnessing the Mechanistic Insights of Neuronal Apoptosis from a Global Transcriptomic View: Comparative Microarray Analysis of Multiple Neurodegenerative Models
(Minghui Jessica Chen, Jian Ming Jeremy Ng, Zhao Feng Peng, and Nam Sang Cheung)

Chapter 45 Death of Neuronal and Glial Cells Induced by Photodynamic Treatment: Ultrastructural Changes and Signaling Mechanisms
(A. B. Uzdensky)

Chapter 46 Cell Death During Cerebellar Development
(Laura Lossi, Graziana Gambino, Silvia Alasia, and Chiara Salio)

Chapter 47 Fundamental Mechanisms and Implications of Neuronal Apoptosis
(Binu Tharakan, Indrajit Chowdhury and Ganapathy Bhat)

Chapter 48 How Can We Prevent Neuronal Apoptosis?
(G. H. Doherty)

Chapter 49 Neuronal Cell Apoptosis
(Fawziah Al Rouq)

Chapter 50 Bcl-2 Homology-3 Domain (BH3)-Only Proteins: Harbingers of Neuronal Demise and Neurodegeneration
(Trisha R. Stankiewicz and Daniel A. Linseman)

Chapter 51 Overview of Mesenchymal Stem Cells
(Navdeep Kaur and Yin Xiao)

Chapter 52 Mesenchymal Stem Cell Circulation and Trafficking
(Nathalie Brouard)

Chapter 53 Mesenchymal Stem Cell In-Vitro Bone Differentiation and Its Applications
(Mohamadreza Baghaban Eslaminejad)

Chapter 54 The Osteoblast Differentiation of Mesenchymal Stem Cells from Human Umbilical Cord Blood and from Human Bone Marrow: A Comparative Study
(Tran Cong Toai, Ciro Gargiulo, Huynh Duy Thao, Luis Filgueira and D. Michael Strong)

Chapter 55 The Role of Stem Cells, Scaffolds and Bioreactors in Musculoskeletal Tissue Engineering
(Madhusudhan Nannaparaju, Emeka Oragui and Wasim S. Khan)

Chapter 56 Neuroprotective Properties of Mesenchymal Stem Cells
(Kevin Kemp, Elizabeth Mallam, Neil Scolding and Alastair Wilkins)

Chapter 57 Nurturing Roles of Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Reducing Deficits in Rodent Models of Huntington’s Disease
(Julien Rossignol, Laurent Lescaudron and Gary L. Dunbar)

Chapter 58 Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Osteoarthritis Therapy: Current Status of Theory, Technology, and Applications
(Indira Prasadam, Nishant Chakravorty, Ross Crawford and Yin Xiao)

Chapter 59 Periodontal Regeneration and Mesenchymal Stem Cells
(Fuhua Yan, Minkui Lin and Yin Xiao)

Chapter 60 Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Pancreatic Islet Transplantation
Marina Figliuzzi and Andrea Remuzzi

Chapter 61 Human Placental Stem Cells: Biomedical Potential and Clinical Relevance
(Antoine Malek and Nick A. Bersinger)

Chapter 62 Adipose-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells
(Patrick C. Baer)

Chapter 63 Soft Tissue Regeneration with Human Adipose-Derived Stem Cells
(Allison E. B. Turner and Lauren E. Flynn)

Chapter 64 Application of Adipose-Derived Stem Cells for Bone
and Cartilage Regeneration
(Mei-Ling Ho, Je-Ken Chang, Chung-Hwan Chen, Yin-Chih Fu, Chih-Kuang Wang, Chau-Zen Wang, Rajalakshmanan Eswaramoorthy and Shun-Cheng Wu)

Chapter 65 Adipose-Derived Stem Cells for Myocardial Regeneration
(Chris Stillwell, Jian Wang, Fei Wang, Jixian Deng, Nicole J. Poritsanos, Darren H. Freed, Rakesh C. Arora and Ganghong Tian)

Chapter 66 Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Cardiovascular Repair
(Chien-Wen Chen, Johnny Huard and Bruno Péault)

Chapter 67 Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Cancer
(Xu-Yong Sun, Zhi-Rong Zeng, Zhuang Chen, Jiang Nong, Ke Qin, Hong Lu, Garth L. Warnock and Long-Jun Dai)

Chapter 68 Tendon Regeneration and Repair: The Role of Mesenchymal Stem Cells
(Emeka Oragui, Nick Sachinis, Natalie Hope and Wasim S. Khan)

Chapter 69 The Application of a Mathematical Model to the CVLT Learning Curve for Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
(Igor I. Stepanov, Charles I. Abramson, Kathy F. Yates, Antonio Convit)

Chapter 70 Promoting Healthy Eating for Children and Families: Practical Approaches of Three Australian Intervention Trials for Prevention and Management of Overweight
(Anthea M. Magarey, Lynne A. Daniels, Rebecca K. Golley, and Rebecca A. Perry)

Chapter 71 Hysterectomy: Procedures, Complications and Alternatives
(Usha Verma and Tarek Bardawil)

Chapter 72 Obesity and Birth Rates
(Laura Privitera and José Bellver)

Chapter 73 Birth Rates Following Bad Obstetric History
(Ahmed Y. Shahin and Ahmed Mohamed Abbas)

Chapter 74 Chronic Postoperative Chest Pain after Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
(Martin A. Nørgaard)

Chapter 75 Pertussis in Adolescence
(Alexander K. C. Leung, H. Dele Davies and James D. Kellner)

Chapter 76 Students’ Attitudes towards Family Medicine
(Francisco Escobar Rabadán, Jesús López-Torres Hidalgo, Julio Montoya Fernández, Candelaria Ayuso Raya, and Juan Manuel Téllez Lapeira)

Chapter 77 Defining the Learning Curve for a New Surgical Technique: Considering Recent Advances in Robotic Surgery
(Woong Youn Chung and Jandee Lee)

Chapter 78 Learning Curve’s Analysis in Computer Assisted Total Knee Arthroplasty
(Jean-Claude Bové)

Chapter 79 Costs and Financial Consequences from Epidemiological Changes on Respiratory Diseases Related to Tobacco Consumption: The Mexican Case
(Armando Arredondo, Carlos Carrillo and Alexis Zuñiga)

Chapter 80 Vaginal Surgery Learning Curve: What do the Urologists Need to Learn?
(João Paulo Zambon and Fernando Gonçalves Almeida)

Chapter 81 Maternal Diseases, Drug Use and Birth Defects
(Bengt Källén)

Chapter 82 Autoimmunity in the Pituitary Gland and the Pituitary Hormones
(Naoki Hattori, Takashi Ishihara and Akira Shimatsu)

Chapter 83 Carrying Unbalanced Weights in Hovering Flight: Effect of Prey Position on Load Maximization in Wasps
(Francesco Andrietti and Carlo Polidori)

Chapter 84 Pluripotent Stem Cells as Tools to Assess Developmental Toxicity
(Polina Y. Pulyanina and Nicole I. zur Nieden)

Chapter 85 Unexpected Inverse Association between Cervical Incompetence in Pregnant Women and Congenital Abnormalities in Their Offspring – A Population-Based Case-Control Study
(Ferenc Bánhidy, István Dudás and Andrew E. Czeizel)

Chapter 86 The Effect of Exercise on Cardiovascular Function of Individuals with a Family History of Hypertension
(Yati N. Boutcher)

Chapter 87 Oncology Market Research Indicates Standardization of Colorectal Cancer Chemotherapy
(Yasuhiro Inoue, Koji Tanaka and Masato Kusunoki)

Chapter 88 Biological Monitoring Using New Cadmium Indexes: Cadmium Contamination in Seabirds
(Mariko Mochizuki, Tomoya Kitamura, Yuki Okutomi, Hanae Yamamoto, Tomoko Suzuki, Makoto Mori, Ryo Hondo,Norio Yumoto, Hiroshi Kajigaya, and Fukiko Ueda)

Chapter 89 Impact of Folic Acid Fortification on the Prevention of Neural Tube Defects
(Hiroko Watanabe and Tomoyuki Takano)

Chapter 90 Stimulating, Measuring and Valorizing Pharmaceutical Innovation: The Case of Orphan Drugs
(Steven Simoens)

Chapter 91 B Cells and Autoantibodies in Multiple Sclerosis
(Klaartje Somers, Judith Fraussen, Myrthe Rouwette, Cindy Govarts, Piet Stinissen and Veerle Somers)

Chapter 92 Multiple Sclerosis: The Role of Fatty Acids
(Gloudina M. Hon and Tandi Matsha)

Chapter 93 Multiple Sclerosis: Causes, Diagnosis and Management
(Georgia Deretzi, Emmanuel Gavalas, Christos Zavos, Stergios A. Polyzos, Dimitrios Tsiptsios, Evangelia Giartza-Taxidou, Iakovos Tsiptsios and Jannis Kountouras)

Chapter 94 Epstein-Barr Virus and Multiple Sclerosis
(Costanza Casiraghi and Marc S. Horwitz)

Chapter 95 Actual Relation between Multiple Sclerosis and Epstein-Barr Virus
(Olivia Santiago, Antonio Sorlozano, Maria José Soto, Enrique Villegas and Jose Gutierrez)

Chapter 96 MR Diffusion Tensor Imaging in Multiple Sclerosis: A Regional and Statistical Analysis of Microstructural Alterations
(Dominique Sappey-Marinier, Salem Hannoun, Françoise Durand-Dubief, François Cotton and Christian Confavreux)

Chapter 97 Immunoglobulin Free Light Chains in the Diagnosis of Multiple Sclerosis
(Batia Kaplan, Sizilia Golderman and Ben-Ami Sela)

Chapter 98 Potassium Channels and Vascular Tone: Structure, Regulation and Function
(Elisa Cairrão and Ignacio Verde)

Chapter 99 The Contribution of Lymphocyte Potassium Channels to the Perinatal Regulation of the Immune Response in Mother and Newborn
(Gergely Toldi and Barna Vásárhelyi)

Chapter 100 Mitochondrial Potassium Channel: Features and Physiological Participation
(R. Milan and F. Martinez)

Chapter 101 Slow Potassium Channel Dysfunction in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Its In Vivo Evaluation by Threshold Tracking
(Hiroyuki Nodera)

Chapter 102 Plant Mitochondrial Potassium: Channel or Channels?
(Donato Pastore, Maura Nicoletta Laus and Mario Soccio)

Chapter 103 Involvement of the Mitochondrial ATP-Sensitive Potassium Channel in the Beneficial Effects of Fasting on the Ischemic-Reperfused Rat Heart
(M. G. Marina Prendes, M. S. González, R. Hermann, N. G. Pascale, M. E. Torresín, M. M. Jaitovich, E. A. Savino and A. Varela)

Chapter 104 Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease: Incidence and Epidemiology
(Deepika Devuni)

Chapter 105 Causes and Consequences of GERD
(Marcy Coash)

Chapter 106 The Diagnosis of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
(Maria Johnson)

Chapter 107 Treatment of GERD
(Priya Rangasamy)

Chapter 108 Hepatitis Delta Virus: Pathogenesis, Diagnosis and Treatment
(Sarah A. Hughes and Phillip M. Harrison)

Chapter 109 Pseudo-Functional Interactions of Plasminogen: Molecular Mechanisms and Pathologic Appearance
(Sergey V. Verevka and Tatiana V. Grinenko)

Chapter 110 Prevention of Surgical Site Infections and Features of the Operating Theatre
(Maria Luisa Cristina, Anna Maria Spagnolo and Paolo Orlando)

Chapter 111 Insights in Leishmania Donovani Pteridine Metabolism and Regeneration Pathways, for Identification of Specific Antileishmanials
(Jaspreet Kaur, Arun Kumar and Neeloo Singh)

Chapter 112 Asbestos-Induced Tissue Regeneration and Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma: Insights from Developmental Studies
(Emanuela Felley-Bosco, Isabelle Opitz, Alex Soltermann, Svenja Thies, Walter Weder and Rolf Stahel)

Chapter 113 Lower Dietary Quality Among Women Who Watch More Television: Findings in Support of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans
(Brandy-Joe Milliron and Kathleen Woolf)

Chapter 114 Operating Rooms: Airway Equipment
(Panthila Rujirojindakul)

Chapter 115 The Hybrid Operating Room: Essentials of Design and Development
(Sachin V. Phade, Mila H. Ju and Melina R. Kibbe)

Chapter 116 The Suitability of the Twenty-Four Hour Diet Recall for the Estimation of Usual Foods and Nutrients Intake for Women Living in a Dairy Project Area in Western Kenya
(Mary Khakoni Walingo)

Chapter 117 Effect of Diet on Serum Amino Acid Profile in Very-Low-Birthweight Neonates
(Durval Batista Palhares, Debora M. C. Thomaz, Luciana V. Tavares and Paula Serafin)

Chapter 118 Cheese as a Reservoir for Antimicrobial Resistance of Escherichia Coli and Staphylococcus spp.
(Imane Saleh, Elie Barbour, Taha Kumosani and Steve Harakeh)

Chapter 119 Multifactorial Approach to the Blood Pressure Control. The Role of the Asymmetrical Organization of the Nervous System
(M. Ramírez-Sánchez, I. Banegas, A. B. Segarra, R. Wangensteen, M. de Gasparo, F. Vives, F. Alba, M. Ruiz-Bailen and I. Prieto)

Chapter 120 Blood-Brain Barrier in Health and Disease
(Inês Palmela, Dora Brites and Maria Alexandra Brito)

Chapter 121 Molecular Complexes of Antigen and Adjuvant in Vaccine Development
(Shailja Tiwari and Suresh P. Vyas)

Chapter 122 Modelling Factors Influencing General and Oral Hygiene Behaviours in Adolescents
(Mojtaba Dorri)

Chapter 123 Effects of Healthcare Worker’s Perception of Hygiene on Hand Hygiene Practices
(Edith Salès-Wuillemin, Rachel Morlot, Aurélie Fontaine and Daniel Talon)

Chapter 124 Cryopreserved Arterial Homografts for the Treatment of Abdominal Aortic and Prosthetic Graft Infections: The Influence of Decontamination, Cryopreservation and Perioperative Management on Clinical Outcomes
(Theodosios Bisdas and Omke E. Teebken)

Chapter 125 Hypnoanalysis for Skin Disorders
(Philip D. Shenefelt)

Chapter 126 The Energy Basis of Reversible Adaptation
(Rafik D. Grygoryan)

Chapter 127 Comparative Prevalence of Dental Myths, Oral Hygiene Practices and Tobacco Habits in an Ageing North Indian Rural and Urban Population
(Saumyendra V. Singh, Rekha Singh, Sumit Kumar, Arvind Tripathi and Bhaskar Agarwal)

Chapter 128 Vascular Morphological Smoking-Related Changes: From Bench to Bedside
(R. Rezzani and L. F. Rodella)

Chapter 129 Tabaquism: From Laboratory to Society
(M. C. Talío, M. O. Luconi and L. P. Fernández)

Chapter 130 Physiological Consequences of Smoking Cessation Benefits for Respiratory and Cardiovascular System
(Christina Gratziou and N. Rovina)

Chapter 131 Does Weather Affect Health Behaviors? Evidence from Temperature and Cigarette Smoking
(Feng Liu and Xuan Yin)

Chapter 132 Teenage Smoking: What are the Main Issues?
(Said Shahtahmasebi)

Chapter 133 Predictors of Smoking Cessation in a Population of Pregnant Smokers in a National Database from 2004 to 2006
(Anne-Laurence Le Faou, Monique Baha and Nicolas Rodon)

Chapter 134 Physical Activity Behaviour of Overweight and Obese Children
(Kiara Lewis)

Chapter 135 Physical Activity and Hypertension: Results from Cohort Studies and Meta-analysis
(Yurong Zhang, Liwei Chen and Gang Hu)

Chapter 136 Iron-binding Proteins in Fishes of the Southern Ocean
(Rosaria Scudiero and Francesca Trinchella)

Chapter 137 Parkinson’s Disease and Physical Exercise
(Aline Rodrigues Barbosa, Alexsander Vieira Guimarães, Andrea Ferreira Cardos)

Chapter 138 The Role of Sporting Motivations in Physical Activity Education: Study of Adolescent Athletes
(Rita Mikulán and Bettina Piko)

Chapter 139 Bloodstream Infections Associated to Healthcare in Neonatal Intensive Care Units: Epidemiology and Prevention
(B. Castro, M. A. Miguel-Gómez, M. J. Ramos, P. Fuster -Jorge, M. Lecuona)

Chapter 140 Rotator Cuff Disease: A Review of Pathophysiology and Treatment
(T. Baring, W. Khan and R. Emery)

Chapter 141 Molecular Diagnosis of Bloodstream Infections
(Salah Agha)

Chapter 142 The Effect of Pressure on the Hydraulic Conductivity of the Aorta Wall Layers
(Mahsa Dabagh, Payman Jalali, John M. Tarbell)

Chapter 143 Gastrointestinal Leishmaniasis: A Description of Cases from Non endemic Tropical Countries
(Viroj Wiwanitkit)

Chapter 144 The Pharmacological Treatment of Osteoarthritis
(Athanasios Koutroumpas, Theodora Simopoulou and Lazaros I. Sakkas)

Chapter 145 Psoriatic Arthritis: Types, Health Effects and Treatments
(J. A. O’Daly)

Chapter 146 The Role of Aquaporins in Human Synovitis
(Ali Mobasheri, Christopher A. Moskaluk, David Marplesand Mehdi Shakibaei)

Chapter 147 Concurrent Treatment of Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis
(Emily Yiping Gan, Hong-Liang Tey and Wei-Sheng Chong)

Chapter 148 Treating Osteoarthritis with Intra-Articular High Molecular Weight Hyaluronic Acid from an Earlier Stage
(Misato Hashizume and Masahiko Mihara)

Chapter 149 Subclinical Atherosclerosis in Patients with Rheumatoid and Psoriatic Arthritis
(Elisabetta Profumo, Brigitta Buttari, Maria Elena Tosti, Rossana Scrivo, Antonio Spadaro, Chiara Tesori, Manuela Di Franco and Rachele Riganò)

Chapter 150 Motion Preserving Procedures for Degenerative Osteoarthritis of the Wrist due to Advanced Carpal Collapse
(L. De Smet and I. Degreef)

Chapter 151 Learning Disabilities Can be Treated by a Computer Program Based on Auditory-Visual Matching
(Minna Törmänen)

Chapter 152 Hidden Costs of Effortful Listening on Speech Comprehension
(Raymond Stanley, Patricia A. Tun, Hiram Brownell and Arthur Wingfield)

Chapter 153 Affective and Perceptual Aspects in Processing Foreign Spoken Languages
(Raphiq Ibrahim)

Chapter 154 Exploring the Relationship between Stress Sensitivity, Phonemic Processing, and Reading Skill in Children with and without Dyslexia
(Alida Anderson)

Chapter 155 Auditory Processing in Youth and Adults with Learning Disabilities: Impact on Social Information Processing
(Merith Cosden and Megan Donahue)

Chapter 156 Oesophageal Voice: Objective Quality Assessment
(Begoña García Zapirain, Ibon Ruíz Oleagordia, Amaia Mendez Zorrilla and Mikel Mendezona)

Chapter 157 Telugu Speech Corrector
(K. V. N. Sunitha)

Chapter 158 Challenges in Serving Speech Solution for Use by Masses
(Arun Kumar Pande and Sunil Kumar Kopparapu)

Chapter 159 Neuroimaging Features in Auditory Processing Disorders
(Min-Jeong Kim and Kyoung-Min Lee)

Chapter 160 Out-of-Home Eating and Weight Gain
(Cintia Curioni, Ilana Bezerra and Rosely Sichieri)

Chapter 161 Effects of Structured Exercise on Non-Structured Physical Activity and Food Intake: Can Compensation Limit Weight Loss?
(Marie-Ève Riou and Éric Doucet)

Chapter 162 Calories and their Role in Weight Gain/Loss
(Renata A.M. Luvizotto, André F. Nascimento, Vania S. Nunes and Célia R. Nogueira)

Chapter 163 Weight Gain in Kidney Transplant Recipients: Risks, Cardiovascular Outcome and Management
(Alparslan Ersoy, M.D., Canan Ersoy, M.D. and Abdulmecit Yildiz, M.D.)

Chapter 164 Combined Effect of Exercise Training and Protein Diet on Beating Obesity
(Naziha El Elj, Gérard Lac, Monia Zaouali, Zouhair Tabka, Abdelaziz Kammoun, Najoua Gharbi, and Saloua El Fezaa)

Chapter 165 Determinants of Successful Body Weight Reduction
(Makiko Nakade, Naomi Aiba, Akemi Morita, and Shaw Watanabe)

Chapter 166 Obesity Management: Is Weight Loss Always Justified?
(A.R. Gallant, A. Tremblay and V. Drapeau)

Chapter 167 Cellulose Biosynthesis Inhibitors as Tools for Research of Cell Wall Structural Plasticity
(Jesús Miguel Álvarez, Antonio Encina, Penélope García-Angulo, Ana Alonso-Simón, Hugo Mélida and José Luis Acebes)

Chapter 168 What Is Needed to Know? The Role of the Caller and Call-Taker’s Communication in an Emergency Medical Service
(Fabio Dovigo and Ilaria Redaelli)

Chapter 169 Acupuncture in Dentistry: Meridians, Acupoints, Benefits and Limitations
(C. S. Gonçalo, J. G. Quispe Cabanillas and N. F. Barros)

Chapter 170 Histopathology of Experimental Autoimmune Myocarditis
(Kenichi Watanabe, Vijayakumar Sukumaran, Punniyakoti T. Veeraveedu, Narasimman Gurusamy, Arun Prasath Lakshmanan, Rajarajan A. Thandavarayan,Kenji Suzuki, Kenichi Yamaguchi, Takashi Nakamura and Makoto Kodama)

Chapter 171 Searching Immunogens by Screening an Expression Library for the Development of a Chlamydia Pneumoniae Diagnostic Kit
(Enrique Villegas, José Gutiérrez, Luis G. Giménez, José Rojas, Antonio Sorlózano, Almudena Rojas, Joaquín Mendoza and Ana G. Camacho)

Chapter 172 The Burden of Herpes Zoster and Postherpetic Neuralgia: Description and Preventive Strategies
(Pierre-Olivier Lang)

Chapter 173 Get Up! Promoting Physical Activity through Spatial Interaction in the Workplace
(Hyungsin Kim, Matthew Swarts, Seunghyun “Tina” Lee and Ellen Yi-Luen Do)

Chapter 174 Cryopreserved Arterial Homografts for the Treatment of Abdominal Aortic and Prosthetic Graft Infections: The Influence of Decontamination, Cryopreservation and Perioperative Management on Clinical Outcomes
(Theodosios Bisdas and Omke E. Teebken)

Chapter 175 Investigation into Acupuncture and Moxibustion Phenomena by Electroosmotic Model
(Chinlong Huang and Tony W. H. Sheu)

Chapter 176 Limitations of Endovascular Therapy in Chronic Type B Aortic Dissections
(Evaldas Girdauskas, Michael A. Borger, Thomas Kuntze and Friedrich W. Mohr)

Chapter 177 Varicella Zoster Virus Skin Lesions. From Pathogenesis to Treatment
(A. F. Nikkels)

Chapter 178 The Role of Platelet Rich Plasma Injections in Achilles Tendonoses
(Wasim Khan and Umile Giuseppe Longo)

Chapter 179 Infant Mortality in Okinawa and Japan, 1973-2009
(Tomiko Hokama and Andy H. Lee)

Chapter 180 Role of Chlamydia Trachomatis in Prostate Cancer: A Prostate Biopsies Study
(Guadalupe Gallegos-Avila, José Javier Sánchez, María de Lourdes Chávez-Briones, Benito Ramos-González, Alberto Niderhauser-García, Jesús Ancer-Rodríguez, Marta Ortega-Martínez and Gilberto Jaramillo-Rangel)

Chapter 181 The Use of Ceramic Bearings in Total Hip Arthroplasty and the Management of Ceramic Component Fractures
(Paul Whittingham-Jones and Wasim S Khan)

Chapter 182 Introduction: Obesity during Pregnancy: A Problem of Large Magnitude
(Adi Y. Weintraub and Eyal Sheiner)

Chapter 183 Epidemiology of Obesity
(Victor Novack and Lior Fuchs)

Chapter 184 Immunology and Endocrinology of Obesity
(Kent Willis, Galit Shahaf, David Ochayon and Eli C Lewis)

Chapter 185 Adipokines in Human Pregnancy: The Role of Leptin and Adiponectin
(Shali Mazaki-Tovi, Edi Vaisbuch, Juan Pedro Kusanovic, Roberto Romero)

Chapter 186 Obesity and Diabetes: The Twin Pandemics
(Ilana Harman-Boehm and Rachel Pope)

Chapter 187 Obesity and Hypertension
(Talya Wolak)

Chapter 188 Surgical Treatments for Obesity
(Zvi H. Perry and Uri Netz)

Chapter 189 Hypertensive Disorders during Pregnancy
(Asnat Walfisch and Mordechai Hallak)

Chapter 190 Diabetes Mellitus during Pregnancy
(Yariv Yogev)

Chapter 191 Pregnancy of Obese Women: Maternal Consequences
(Adi Y. Weintraub, Arnon Wiznitzer and Eyal Sheiner)

Chapter 192 Pregnancy of Obese Women: Fetal and Neonatal Consequences
(Adi Y. Weintraub and Eyal Sheiner)

Chapter 193 Bariatric Surgery and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome: Complicating or Curative?
(Anatte Karmon, Eyal Sheiner)

Chapter 194 Interval to Conception after Bariatric Surgery
(Anatte Karmon and Eyal Sheiner)

Chapter 195 Anesthesia for Obese Obstetric Patients
(Alexander Zlotnik, Akiva Leibowitz and Yoram Shapira)

Chapter 196 Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine Volume 6 Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms
(Philippe Taupin)

Chapter 197 General Techniques and Methods
A. Nucleic Acid Methods
(Maher Albitar and Amber C. Donahue)
B. Immunological Methods
(Amber C. Donahue and Maher Albitar)
C. Proteomics in Oncology
(Cory E. Bystrom and Nigel J. Clarke)

Chapter 198 Methods for Diagnosis, Prognosis, and Monitoring of Lymphomas
(Zhong Zhang and Maher Albitar)

Chapter 199 Methods for Diagnosis, Prognosis, and Monitoring of Myeloproliferative Neoplasms
(Sally S. Agersborg and Maher Albitar)

Chapter 200 Immunological and Molecular Studies in Plasma Cell Neoplasms
(Mohammad R. Sheikholeslami and Maher Albitar)

Chapter 201 Methods for Diagnosis, Prognosis, and Monitoring of Leukemias
(Sally S. Agersborg and Maher Albitar)

Chapter 202 Immunological and Molecular Studies in Kidney Tumors
(Sean R. Williamson, Antonio Lopez-Beltran, Shaobo Zhang, Gregory T. MacLennan, Rodolfo Montironi and Liang Cheng)

Chapter 203 Immunological and Molecular Studies in Tumors of the Urinary Bladder
(Darrell D. Davidson, Antonio Lopez-Beltran, Sean R. Williamson, Shaobo Zhang, Rodolfo Montironi and Liang Cheng)

Chapter 204 Immunological and Molecular Studies in Breast Tumors
(Lei Huo, Constance Albarracin and Nour Sneige)

Chapter 205 Immunological and Molecular Studies in Lung Cancer
(Neda Kalhor and Cesar A. Moran)

Chapter 206 Pathogenesis Mechanism and Cardiovascular Risk Factors for Arteriosclerosis in Rheumatoid Arthritis: The Importance and Implications of Early Diagnosis
(Alberto López de Guzmán, Juan de Dios García Díaz, María Isabel Díez-Pérez de la Vacas, Eduardo Cuende Quintana, Ana Sánchez Atrio and Iliana Sivera Monzó)

Chapter 207 A Review on Neurobiomechanical Changes in Rheumatoid Arthritis
(Aparna Rajagopalan)

Chapter 208 Hand Involvement and Its Effects on Quality of Life in Rheumatoid Arthritis
(Nilay Sahinand Hatice Ugurlu)

Chapter 209 Relevance of Genetic Risk Factors in Rheumatoid Arthritis
(Jezabel Varadé, Emilio Gómez de la Concha and Elena Urcelay)

Chapter 210 Long-Term Results of Computer-Assisted Cervical Reconstruction for Cervical Disorders in Rheumatoid Arthritis
(Jun Takahashi and Hiroyuki Kato)

Chapter 211 The Impact of Rheumatic Arthritis on Sexual Function
(Antonio G Tristano)

Chapter 212 Role of T cells in human osteoclastogenesis - Bone destruction of rheumatoid arthritis via cytokines from T cells
(Shigeru Kotake, Yuki Nanke, Toru Yago, Takefumi Furuya, Manabu Kawamoto, Naomi Ichikawa, Tsuyoshi Kobashigawa and Naoyuki Kamatani)

Chapter 213 Subclinical Atherosclerosis in Patients with Rheumatoid and Psoriatic Arthritis
(Elisabetta Profumo, Brigitta Buttari, Maria Elena Tosti, Rossana Scrivo, Antonio Spadaro, Chiara Tesori, Manuela Di Franco and Rachele Riganò)

Index

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