Medicine Research Summaries. Volume 5

Zhongwen Liáng (Editor)
Bibao Zhang (Editor)

Series: Medicine Research Summaries
BISAC: MED000000

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Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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This book is a continuation of the book Medicine Researcher Biographical Sketches and Research Summaries which compiles biographical sketches of top professionals in the field of medicinal research, as well as research summaries from a number of different focuses in this important field. (Imprint: Nova Biomedical)

Preface

Chapter 1 Potentiality of Autologous Bone Marrow Derived Cells in Wound and Orthopaedic Surgical Challenges
(Samit Kumar Nandi, Samiran Bandyopadhyay and Chandra Sekhar Chakrabarti)

Chapter 2 Mechanisms by which Viral Proteins of Human DNA Tumor Viruses Hijack the Cell Cycle
(Mona Johannessen and Ugo Moens)

Chapter 3 Effect of Plasticizers on Testis with Special Reference to Sertoli Cell Functions
(Oli Sarkar and P. P. Mathur)

Chapter 4 Use and Non-Use of Intra-Uterine Device in the Philippines: Perspectives for the Commercial Sector
(Romeo B. Lee, Graeme Armecin, Jonah Martin, Maricel Lim-Nalian and Hiko Tamashiro)

Chapter 5 Women's Attitude towards Menstrual Irregularities Associated with Progestogen-Only Contraceptives
(Omar M. Shaaban, Ali M. El-Saman and Hany Abdel Aleem)

Chapter 6 Importance of Harmony between the IUD/IUS and the Uterine Cavity
(D. Wildemeersch)

Chapter 7 Vitamin C Absorption and Transportation in the Body and Its Neuroprotective Effect
(Amir Zarebkohan and Jamal Ghorbi Naini)

Chapter 8 Parents’ Narratives in Pediatric Palliative Care: A Social Work Perspective
(Jean-Pierre Plouffe)

Chapter 9 Health Care Costs from Diabetes in Latin America: Implications for Health Policy
(Arredondo Armando and De Icaza Esteban)

Chapter 10 Bone Marrow Stromal Cell Transplantation in Spinal Cord Injury
(Yoshiyasu Nakai, Norihiko Nakano, Tae-Boem Seo, Yoshihiro Yamada, Toru Noda and Chizuka Ide)

Chapter 11 Vitamin K as a Ligand of Steroid and Xenobiotic Receptor
(Kotaro Azuma, Kuniko Horie-Inoue, Yasuyoshi Ouchi and Satoshi Inoue)

Chapter 12 Primary and Secondary Tumors of Synovial Joints, Bursae and Tendon Sheaths
(Norberto Gómez Rodríguez and María Ángeles Peteiro Cancelo)

Chapter 13 Long-Term Recurrences and Second Tumors after Curative Surgery for Cancer of the Esophagus and Gastroesophageal Junction
(Andrés Sánchez-Pernaute, Norman Jael Cervantes, Óscar Cano Valderrama, María Elia Pérez-Aguirre and Antonio José Torres García)

Chapter 14 Comorbid Insomnia in Sleep-Related Breathing Disorders
(Suhaila E. Al-Jawder and Ahmed S. BaHammam)

Chapter 15 Effects of Traditional Chinese Medicine in Insomnia Treatment: The Possible Physiological Mechanisms
(Fang-Chia Chang)

Chapter 16 Combined Cardiac Surgery and Liver Transplantation
(Eugenia Raichlin, Charles B. Rosen, Ioana Dumitru, Richard C. Daly and Sudhir S. Kushwaha)

Chapter 17 Hepatitis A Vaccination in HIV-Infected Persons
(Toshibumi Taniguchi and Edgar Turner Overton)

Chapter 18 Water as the Vehicle of Hepatitis A Virus Infection: The Role of Recreational and Drinking Water
(F. F. Vale, M. F. Caeiro and A. P. Alves Matos)

Chapter 19 Urinary Ascites
(Nikhil Vasdev, Ian E. Willetts and Andrew C. Thorpe)

Chapter 20 Innovations in Anemia in Chronic Kidney Disease: Causes and Treatments
(Boubaker Karima, Soumaya Boubaker, Amel Harzallah, Hayet Kaaroud, Mongi Becha, Mahfoudhi Mediha, Hédi Ben Maiz and Adel Kheder)

Chapter 21 Keeping Infant Skin Healthy through Proper Cleansing
(Georgios N. Stamatas, Russel M. Walters and Lorena S. Telofski)

Chapter 22 Novel Approaches for Wound Repair Therapies
(Gerd G. Gauglitz and Marc G. Jeschke)

Chapter 23 Skin Care: Chronic Ulcer Management
(P. C. Leung)

Chapter 24 The Role of Nonprescription Topical Treatment on the Skin
(Diana Badiu, Rafael Luque and Dănuţ Dincă)

Chapter 25 Current Preventive Strategies to Reduce Surgical Site Infections by the Endogenous Flora
(Pascal M. Dohmen)

Chapter 26 Recent Innovations in Topical Skin Care
(Patrick C. Angelos and Stephen M. Weber)

Chapter 27 Acne Vulgaris and Adolescence
(Donald E. Greydanus and Dilip R. Patel)

Chapter 28 Keloids and Hypertrophic Scars after Surgery in Cancer Patients
(D. Franck, A. De Mey and W. D. Boeckx)

Chapter 29 Mucosal Intestinal Immunity and Response to Parasite Infections in Ectothermic Vertebrates
(Pilar Alvarez-Pellitero)

Chapter 30 Techniques in Epidermal Biology: An Integrated Approach to Autoimmune Skin Disease
(Nicola Cirillo)

Chapter 31 Pneumocystis jirovecii Pneumonia
(Enrique J. Calderón, José Manuel Varela, Isabelle Durand-Joly and Eduardo Dei-Cas)

Chapter 32 Supportive Treatment to Improve Outcome of Pneumonia
(Michael Eisenhut and Tomasz Rajkowski)

Chapter 33 Quality Improvement in the Nosocomial Pneumonia Surveillance and Prevention in PICU and NICU
(P. A. Fuster-Jorge, A. Montesdeoca-Melián, M. Mateos-Durán, M. J. Ramos-Real, V. Ramos-Martín, M. B. Castro-Hernández and M. R. Montes de Oca-Afonso)

Chapter 34 Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia
(Noyal Mariya Joseph and Joshy Maducolil Easow)

Chapter 35 Community Acquired Staphylococcal Pneumonia Complicating Influenza
(Yoav Keynan and Ethan Rubinstein)

Chapter 36 Radiological Manifestations of Pneumonia in Common Practice: An Etiological Approach according to the Host
(Angel Daniel Dominguez-Perez, Victoria Carnerero-Herrera, Cristina Martinez-Polanco, Raquel Gonzalez-Martin and Mª Alcazar Iribarren-Marin)

Chapter 37 ACTH-Independent Macronodular Adrenal Hyperplasia
(Lucia Gagliardi and Tilenka Thynne)

Chapter 38 Crosstalk between Stress and Immune Factors Contribute to the Pathophysiology of Irritable Bowel Syndrome
(Dervla O’Malley)

Chapter 39 Unexplained Anemia and Iron Deficiency Anemia: Is It Worthwhile to Perform Capsule Endoscopy?
(R. Urgesi, M. E. Riccioni and R. Cianci)

Chapter 40 Adrenaline Use in Therapeutic Gastrointestinal Endoscopy: Indications, Outcomes and Complications
(Georgios Kouklakis, Petros Zezos, Anastasia Oikonomou and Michail Pitiakoudis)

Chapter 41 Supplementation with Thyroid Hormone in Cardiac Surgery
(Aaron M. Ranasinghe and Robert S. Bonser)

Chapter 42 Hormone Replacement Therapy: A South African Drug Utilization Perspective
(Ilse Truter)

Chapter 43 Hormone Replacement Therapy: Relationship with Malignancy
(Neha Didwaniya and Apar Kishor Ganti)

Chapter 44 Innovations in Anemia in Chronic Kidney Disease:
Causes and Treatments
(Karima Boubaker, Soumaya Boubaker, Amel Harzallah, Hayet Kaaroud, Mongi Becha, Mahfoudhi Mediha, Hédi Ben Maiz and Adel Kheder)

Chapter 45 Mucins and Esophageal Carcinogenesis: New Biomarkers and/or Therapeutic Targets?
(Emilie Bruyère and Isabelle Van Seuningen)

Chapter 46 Imaging Studies in Cushing’s Syndrome
(Franco Lumachi, Pietro Zucchetta, Diego Cecchin, and Raffaella Motta)

Chapter 47 Complement Physiology in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
(Brooke E. Gilliam, Anil K. Chauhan and Terry L. Moore)

Chapter 48 Diagnosis of Cushing’s Disease
(Hidetoshi Ikeda)

Chapter 49 Classification of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
(Muferet Erguven and Sirin Guven)

Chapter 50 Intestinal Failure
(Sharon K. Carey and Suzie Ferrie)

Chapter 51 Anal Canal: Anatomy and Physiopathology
(Michele Grande)

Chapter 52 Chemical Sphincterotomy
(Giovanni Milito and Federica Cadeddu)

Chapter 53 Botulinum Toxin and Anal Fissure
(Oliver Jones)

Chapter 54 Current Surgical Management of Anal Fissure
(Jason W. Allen and Herand Abcarian)

Chapter 55 Postoperative Complications after Treatment for Chronic Anal Fissure
(Giovanni Milito, Federica Cadeddu and Ilaria Ciangola)

Chapter 56 Anal Fissure: Treatment Options in Particular Cases
(Stefano D’Ugo, Sara Di Carl, Lodovico Patrizi and Vito Maria Stolfi)

Chapter 57 Conservative and Surgical Treatment of Chronic Anal Fissure: Longer-Term Results from our Prospective Database
(Luana Franceschilli, Giulio P. Angelucci, Sara Lazzaro, Alessandra Di Giorgio, Achille L. Gaspari and Pierpaolo Sileri)

Chapter 58 Taste of Foods
(K. S. Premavalli and Y. S. Satyanarayana Swamy)

Chapter 59 Distinguishing the Taster Mouse from the Non-Taster Mouse
(Reiko Ichikawa, Ken Iwatsuki and Hisayuki Uneyama)

Chapter 60 Autonomic Nervous System Reactivity to Primary Tastes
(Olivier Robin)

Chapter 61 Taste Preferences of Children
(Gie Liem)

Chapter 62 Rapid Analytical Sensor Systems (Spectroscopy and Electronic Noses) as Tools to Understand Taste and Aroma inAlcoholic Beverages
(Daniel Cozzolino, Nevil Shah and Wies Cynkar)

Chapter 63 Cider House Learning: Education Based on Taste and Smell
(David Reedy, Will C. McClatchey, Valentina Savo, Y. Han Lau, Clifford Smith and K.W. Bridges)

Chapter 64 Sensory Interactions in Wine: Effect of Nonvolatile Molecules on Wine Aroma and Volatiles on Taste/Astringency Perception
(María-Pilar Sáenz-Navajas, Eva Campo, Dominique Valentin, Purificación Fernández-Zurbano and Vicente Ferreira)

Chapter 65 Factors Affecting Taste Perception and Food Choice
(Sibel Ozilgen)

Chapter 66 Taste Disorders in Diabetes Mellitus
(Shailesh M. Gondivkar and Amol R. Gadbail)

Chapter 67 Taste, Flavour and Synaesthesia
(Julia Simner)

Chapter 68 The Structure and Function of Taste Organs in Caterpillars
(Vonnie D. C. Shields and Timothy L. Martin)

Chapter 69 Consciousness-Oriented Approach to Food Taste
(Jae Kun Chun and Wan Il Cho)

Chapter 70 Advanced Technologies to Determine the 3D Structures of Taste Receptors
(Keisuke Ito, Takumi Misaka, Keiko Abe and Takuya Kobayashi)

Chapter 71 Purinergic Signaling in the Taste and Gut System
(Ken Iwatsuki, Reiko Ichikawa, Akihiko Kitamura, Akira Uematsu, Hisayuki Uneyama and Kunio Torii)

Chapter 72 Organogenesis in Mammalian Tongue
(Eizo Nakagawa and Han-Sung Jung)

Chapter 73 Bitterness Suppression of Oral Pharmaceuticals
(Vandana Kharb, Vikas Anand Saharan, Anupama Singh, Hemant Jadhav and Suresh Purohit)

Chapter 74 Calcium and Cell Ageing: The Human Red Cell as a Model
(Pedro J. Romero)

Chapter 75 Leptin in Lizards: A New Metabolic Factor?
(Elena Coccia, Ettore Varricchio, Rosalba Putti, Imma Donizzetti and Marina Paolucci)

Chapter 76 Trauma Patient Transport
(Mohammad Reza Zarei, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Mohammad Taghi Talebian, Mojtaba Chardoli and Alexander R. Vaccaro)

Chapter 77 Left-Handed Sphenodons Grow More Slowly
(Hervé Seligmann)

Chapter 78 Homeostatic Role of Chemokines in the Central Nervous System: CXCL12 Effects on Developing and Mature Neurons
(Jaclyn Nicolai and Olimpia Meucci)

Chapter 79 The Biology of the Crustose Lichen Rhizocarpon Geographicum: Symbionts, Growth, Ecology and Lichenometry
(Richard A. Armstrong)

Chapter 80 Control of Oocyte Recruitment and Selection in Podarcis Sicula, the Italian Wall Lizard
(Chiara Maria Motta, Palma Simoniello and Silvana Filosa)

Chapter 81 Chitosan: A Fascinating Polymer for Biomedical Applications
(N. Devi and T.K. Maji)

Chapter 82 Surgical Treatment of Male Genitalia and Urethral Lichen Sclerosus
(Guido Barbagli, Sanjay Kulkarni and Massimo Lazzeri)

Chapter 83 Metallothionein Gene Evolution in Vertebrates: Events of Gene Duplication and Loss during Squamates Diversification
(Rosaria Scudiero, Silvana Filosa and Francesca Trinchella)

Chapter 84 Electrochemical Measurement of Blood Glucose for Diabetic Patients
(Zuifang Liu and Marco Cardosi)

Chapter 85 The Impact of Polyphenols on Human Health
(David Vauzour, Ana Rodriguez-Mateos, Giulia Corona, Maria Jose Oruna-Concha and Jeremy P.E. Spencer)

Chapter 86 Ultrasound during Lactation
(Donna T. Geddes and Vanessa S. Sakalidis)

Chapter 87 Phosphocholine as an Immunomodulatory Compound of Nematodes
(Julia Grabitzki and Günter Lochnit)

Chapter 88 Contribution of CD40-activated Naïve B Lymphocytes in the Modulation of CD27+ Memory B Cell Growth and Differentiation
(Sonia Néron, Geneviève Côté, Nellie Dumont, Annie Roy, Jessie F. Fecteau and Marie-Ève McNeil)

Chapter 89 Underlying Common Processes of Drug Consumption
(Ayca Coskunpinar, Zachary A. Lehman and Melissa A. Cyders)

Chapter 90 Paediatric Outcomes of Artificial Reproductive Technologies: Lessons from Research
(John R. Apps and Alastair G. Sutcliffe)

Chapter 91 In Vitro Propagation of Olive Olea Europaea L
(Eb. Trabelsi, M. Msallem, Z. Belfeleh, N. Elloumi, R. Ghezel and S. Bouzid)

Chapter 92 Monitoring of the Blood Metabolic Parameters in Northern Residents of Different Age
(Tatyana I. Kochan)

Chapter 93 Ultrasound Image Filtering by Anisotropic Diffusion with Numerical Simulation
(Clovis Tauber and Pierre Spiteri)

Chapter 94 Assessment of Quality of Diabetes Care for Type 2 Diabetics
(Sule Apikoglu-Rabus, Mehmet Hursitoglu, Dilek Yazici and Fikret V. Izzettin)

Chapter 95 Role of the Pharmacist in Blood Glucose Monitoring
(Mesut Sancar, Sule Apikoglu-Rabus, Philip M. Clark and Fikret V. Izzettina)

Chapter 96 Radiation Exposure of Aircrews on Commercial Aircraft
(Kyle Copeland, Wallace Friedberg, Frances E. Duke and Joyce S. Nicholas)

Chapter 97 Theoretical Predictions of Radionuclide Deposition in the Human Respiratory Tract
(Robert Sturm)

Chapter 98 Cosmic Radiation in Commercial Aviation
(Michael Bagshaw)

Chapter 99 Radiation Interaction with Blast Furnace Slag: A Comparative Study from the Point of Radiation Shielding
(Murat Kurudirek, Yüksel Özdemir and Ahmed Mahmoud El-Khayatt)

Chapter 100 Radiation Exposure of Tunisian Aircrews: Doses Simulations
(Neïla Zarrouk and Raouf Bennaceur)

Chapter 101 Radiation Induced Polymerization of Nanostructured Conductive Polymer Composites
(Mohammad Rezaul Karim)

Chapter 102 Thermal Radiation and Fire Safety
(Yaping He)

Chapter 103 Radiation Hazards in Intervention Cardiology
(Rajesh Vijayvergiya and Anand Subramaniyan)

Chapter 104 Environmental Radiation Monitoring: Public Dose Limits, Measurements and Interpretation
(Gladys A. Klemic and Deborah Elcock)

Chapter 105 Mobile Telephony Radiation Effects on Living Organisms
(Dimitris J. Panagopoulos and Lukas H. Margariti)

Chapter 106 Beauty and Health
(Zenobia C. Y. Chan and Queeni T. Y. Ip)

Chapter 107 Historical Development to Nursing Research
(Y. K. Chan and Zenobia C. Y. Chan)

Chapter 108 Overview on Positivist Paradigm and its Application in Nursing Research
(P. S. Wong and Zenobia C. Y. Chan)

Chapter 109 Understanding Positivistic Paradigm in Nursing Research
(Henry W. S. Tam and Zenobia C. Y. Chan)

Chapter 110 Naturalistic Paradigm in Nursing Research
(Mandy W. M. Lam and Zenobia C. Y. Chan)

Chapter 111 Naturalistic Paradigm
(Lina T. W. Wong and Zenobia C. Y. Chan)

Chapter 112 A Guide to Answer your Research Question
(S. S. Pang and Zenobia C. Y. Chan)

Chapter 113 Research Methods (Either Quantitative Research or Qualitative Research)
(Janny Y. N. Chan and Zenobia C. Y. Chan)

Chapter 114 Beginning of Survey: Principle Questions, Data Variables and Different Types
(Steve S. C. Wong and Zenobia C. Y. Chan)

Chapter 115 Believe It or Not: Sampling Makes Quantitative Research Easy
(Zoey S. S. Lam and Zenobia C. Y. Chan)

Chapter 116 Probability and Non-Probability Sampling in Research
(K. K. Yau and Zenobia C. Y. Chan)

Chapter 117 Data Collection of Quantitative Research Methods
(N. Lam and Zenobia C. Y. Chan)

Chapter 118 The Uses of Parametric and Non-Parametric Tests in Hypothesis Testing of Nursing Research
(Y. C. Kwok and Zenobia C. Y. Chan)

Chapter 119 On Choosing Quantitative Analysis Approaches
(Y. H. Lam and Zenobia C. Y. Chan)

Chapter 120 Validity of Nursing Research
(S. M. Tai and Zenobia C. Y. Chan)

Chapter 121 Is Validity a Must in Quantitative Nursing Research?
(Ada K. Y. Wong and Zenobia C. Y. Chan)

Chapter 122 Understanding Reliability in Quantitative Nursing Research
(S. P. Lam and Zenobia C. Y. Chan)

Chapter 123 Measure with a Reliable Ruler: Choose a Reliability Test for Your Nursing Research
(S. T. Wong and Zenobia C. Y. Chan)

Chapter 124 Make Friends with Qualitative Research
(I. M. Lam and Zenobia C. Y. Chan)

Chapter 125 Smart Ways to Recruit Informants for Qualitative Research
(Karen T. Y. Chung and Zenobia C. Y. Chan)

Chapter 126 Can Qualitative Research Generalize?
(H. Y. Tse and Zenobia C. Y. Chan)

Chapter 127 Qualitative Research: Credibility in Trustworthiness
(W. Y. Yu and Zenobia C. Y. Chan)

Chapter 128 Nursing Research Designs: Descriptive Correlational Design and Mixed Method Design
(O. T. Li and Zenobia C. Y. Chan)

Chapter 129 No Ethical Issue, No Clinical Research
(Maggie K. Y. Lung and Zenobia C. Y. Chan)

Chapter 130 Varicose Veins are Caused by Segmental Failures of the Vasoregulatory Role of the Venous Microcirculation, Mediated by Plasma Norepinephrine
(Thomas P. Crotty)

Chapter 131 The Role of Inflammation in the Varicose Vein Pathology: New Insights
(Lourdes del Rio Solá, José Antonio González-Fajardo, Mariano Sánchez Crespo and Carmen García-Rodríguez)

Chapter 132 Ascending Evolution of Varicose Veins: Literature Review and Rationale for Treatment
(Paola De Rango, Bernardini Eugenio, Paolo Bonanno and Deborah Brambilla)

Chapter 133 Treatment of Varicose Veins by Ultrasound-Guided Foam Sclerotherapy
(Takashi Yamaki)

Chapter 134 Airplethysmography: A Diagnostic Technique
(Ui-Jun Park and Dong-Ik Kim)

Chapter 135 The Challenge of Upward vs. Downward Development of Primary Varicose Veins
(Paola De Rango and Paolo Bonanno)

Chapter 136 “Beyond Valvular Insufficiency”
(Joseph J. Naoum and Glenn C. Hunter)

Chapter 137 The Industrial and Academic Rationale of CACO-2 Cell Models Today
(Katja Berginc, Alenka Zvonar, Mirjana Gašperlin and Albin Kristl)

Chapter 138 A Critical Perspective on Cell Lines Studies in Nutrition: The Case of Intestinal Absorption
(C. Frontela-Saseta, P. Peso-Echarri, C. González-Bermúdez, R. López-Nicolás, C. Martínez-Graciá and G. Ros-Berruezo)

Chapter 139 Co-Culture Systems with CACO-2 Cells to Evaluate the Bioactivity of Plant Extracts
(Montserrat Pinent, M. Teresa Blay and Anna Ardévol)

Chapter 140 The use of CACO-2 Cells in the Study of Intestinal Transport
(Raquel Martín-Venegas and Ruth Ferrer)

Chapter 141 CACO-2 Cells as an Experimental Model for the Study of Cell-Matrix Interactions and Wound Healing in Intestinal Villus Cells
(Amira Seltana, Nuria Basora and Jean-François Beaulieu)

Chapter 142 Effect of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and Bile Salts on Butyrate uptake by Intestinal Epithelial Cells
(Pedro Gonçalves, João R. Araújo and Fátima Martel)

Chapter 143 Analysis of Botulinum Toxin: Intestinal Epithelial Barrier Interaction using Epithelial Monolayer Culture Systems
(Yukako Fujinaga, Takuhiro Matsumura and Yo Sugawara)

Chapter 144 CACO-2 Cells and Genotoxicity Studies of Food Contaminants
(V. Fessard and L. Le Hégarat)

Chapter 145 CACO-2 Cells for Studying Intestinal Absorption Mechanisms: Comparison and Correlations with Rat Model
(Victor Mangas-Sanjuan, Marta Gonzalez-Alvarez, Isabel Gonzalez-Alvarez and Marival Bermejo Sanz)

Chapter 146 Nanocarrier Absorption Studies with CACO-2 Cells
(Frederic Lagarce and Emilie Roger)

Chapter 147 CACO-2 Cells as a Model to Study the Intestinal Effects of Non-Absorbable Phytochemicals
(A. G. Erlejman, C. G. Fraga and P. I. Oteiza)

Chapter 148 Health Behavior Interventions in Developing Countries
(Karl Peltzer and Supa Pengpid

Chapter 149 Management of Chronic Viral Infections (Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C) in Assisted Reproduction
(Juan Giles, Carmen Vidal and José Bellver)

Chapter 150 Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection in Cattle
(Shinichi Hochi, Hany Abdalla and Masumi Hirabayashi)

Chapter 151 Paediatric Outcomes of Artificial Reproductive Technologies: Lessons from Research
(John R. Apps and Alastair G. Sutcliffe)

Chapter 152 Posthumous Sperm Procurement
(Sorin Hostiuc, George Cristian Curca, Dan Dermengiu, Florinel Pop, and Mugurel Constantin Rusu)

Chapter 153 Assisted Reproductive Technologies for Serodiscordant Couples with an HIV-1 Infection
(Andrea Giannotti Galuppo and Roseli Fernandes Gonçalves)

Chapter 154 Proteomic Analysis of Embryos for Global Peptide Sequencing, Identification and Quantification of Multiple Proteins
(Mukesh Kumar Gupta, Jin Woo Jung, Hoon Taek Lee and Kwang Pyo Kim)

Chapter 155 The Impact of Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy for Infertile Woman with Endometriomas Prior to IVF/ICSI Cycles
(Chin-Jung Wang and Hsing-Tse Yu)

Chapter 156 Testis-Derived Male Germ-Line Stem Cells for Assisted Reproductive Technologies
(Mukesh Kumar Gupta and Hoon Taek Lee)

Chapter 157 OMICS Techniques in Human Embryo Viability Assessment
(Roseli Fernandes Gonçalves, Andrea Giannotti Galuppo and Gary J. Killian)

Chapter 158 Epidemiology of Chronic Non-communicable Diseases in Low and Middle Income Countries – A Review
(N. Phaswana-Mafuya, D. Tassiopoulos, S. Mkhonto, and A. Davids)

Chapter 159 The Role of Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases in Mortality Rates in South Africa, 1997-2006
(Eric O. Udjo)

Chapter 160 An Overview of Chronic Disease Surveillance
(Italia V. Rolle, Geraldine S. Perry, Janneth Mghamba, Tiffany Gary-Webb, Evelyn P. Davila and Peter Nsubuga)

Chapter 161 Interventions to Prevent and Control Chronic Non-Communicable Disease in South Africa
(Thandi Puoane and Moise Muzigaba)

Chapter 162 Public Health Implications of Non-Communicable Diseases (NCD) in Developing Countries
(Laetitia Rispel,Geoffrey Setswe and Debashis Basu)

Chapter 163 Implications of Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases on Health Systems
(Kebogile Mokwena)

Chapter 164 Medicines for Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases
(Andy Gray and Fatima Suleman)

Chapter 165 Population Ageing: The Changing Profile of Chronic Diseases in Developing Countries
(Sebastiana Z. Kalula and Adesola Ogunniyi)

Chapter 166 Towards Establishing an NCD Research Agenda
(N. Phaswana-Mafuya, K. Mokwena, A. Davids, C. Tabane and S. Mkhonto)

Chapter 167 Tissue Engineering Strategies and Stem Cells
(Markus Tammia, Jonathan Rakar and Joanne M. Hackett)

Chapter 168 The Dysregulated Immune System of Patients on Dialysis
(Alexander Grabner, Detlef Lang, Hermann Pavenstädt and Stefan Reuter)

Chapter 169 The Rationale for Prophylactic Internal Fixation of the Radial Osteocutaneous Donor Site and the Biomechanical Properties of Various Plates
(C. M. E. Avery and M. Skidmore)

Chapter 170 Genetic Risk Factors in Glaucoma
(Barkur S. Shastry)

Chapter 171 The Multidirectional Activities of Umbilical Cord Blood
(Lech Romanowicz and Zofia Galewska)

Chapter 172 Umbilical Cord Blood: From Fetal Life to the Future
(Ciro Comparetto and Franco Borruto)

Chapter 173 Spinal Cord Compression: Current Issues, Practices and Challenges
(Gunita Mitera, Michael H. Ford, Siddhartha Baxi, Tanya Holt, Arjun Sahgal, Andrew Loblaw, and Brita Danielson)

Chapter 174 Values of T cell Populations Including Treg in Pre-Term and Full-Term Healthy Neonates
(Rafael Correa-Rocha and Mª Angeles Muñoz-Fernández)

Chapter 175 Biofilm Formation on Implants and In-Dwelling Devices
(Natasa Mitik-Dineva, Russell J. Crawford and Elena P. Ivanova)

Chapter 176 Umbilical Cord Blood-Derived Stem Cells for Cardiovascular Regeneration
(Jason M. Duran and Jon C. George)

Chapter 177 Nursing in Remote or Isolated Areas of Queensland: Role, resources and readiness for practice
(Jane Mills, Karen Francis, Melanie Birks, Meaghan Coyle, Joanne Porter, and Karen Missen)

Chapter 178 Umbilical Cord Blood and Cell-Based Therapy for Neurological Diseases
(Yukiko Kasahara, Masahiro Tsuji and Akihiko Taguchi)

Chapter 179 Recent Advancement of Ceramics in Biomedical Research
(Samit Kumar Nandi, Biswanath Kundu, Debabrata Basu, and Rupnarayan Bhattacharya)

Chapter 180 The Role of HtrA as a Chaperone and Protease in Bacterial Pathogenesis
(James Marsh, Sarina Gloeckl, Joel Tyndall, and Wilhelmina M. Huston)

Chapter 181 Vasopressin, Diabetes Insipidus, the Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuresis and Hyponatraemia
(M. J. Hannon)

Chapter 182 The UPR, Cellular and Systemic Iron Homeostasis
(Susana J. Oliveira and Maria de Sousa)

Chapter 183 The Unfolded Protein Response in Renal Transplantation
(Nicolas Pallet)

Chapter 184 Stroke after Cardiac Surgery: Preventive and Treatment Strategies. The Role of Endovascular Interventions
(Catalina C. Ionita and Lee R. Guterman)

Chapter 185 Environmental Stressors, Nutrition and New Peptides Affecting Pituitary Functions in Domestic Ruminants
(Hiroya Kadokawa)

Chapter 186 Recent Developments in Total Hip Arthroplasty - Cementation, Articulation, Minimal-Invasion and Navigation
(Wasim Khan, Emeka Oragui and Umile Giuseppe Longo)

Chapter 187 Two Faced Members of the Family: The Synucleins
(Andrei Surguchov)

Chapter 188 The Effect of Active Sonar on the Human Hearing
(Luca Guastini, Renzo Mora, Santomauro Valentina and Barbara Crippa)

Chapter 189 Principles of Fracture Fixation in Orthopaedic Trauma Surgery and Recent Advances
(Wasim Khan, Emeka Oragui and Umile Giuseppe Longo)

Chapter 190 Early Initiation of Breastfeeding Associated with Longer Breastfeeding Duration in Hong Kong Chinese Women
(Ying Lau)

Chapter 191 Minimally Invasive Repair of Inguinal Hernias in Children
(Hiotshi Ikeda)

Chapter 192 Surgical Approach to Parastomal Hernias
(V.B. Tsirline, I. Belyansky, D.A. Klima, K.L. Harold and B.T. Heniford)

Chapter 193 Hernias: Types, Symptoms and Treatment
(Ho-Hsing Lin and Chi-Wen Juan)

Chapter 194 Impact of Prophylactic Fundoplication on Survival without Growth Disorder in Left Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernias Requiring a Patch Repair
(Anne Dariel, Jean-Christophe Rozé, Hugues Piloquet, G. Podevin and the French CDH Study Group)

Chapter 195 Hiatal Hernias: Classification, Pathophysiology and Treatment
(Lourdes Robles, Christopher S. Davis and P. Marco Fisichella)

Chapter 196 The Applicability, Alternation and Future Research in Laparoscopic Surgery for Pediatric Inguinal Hernias
(Yu-Tang Chang)

Chapter 197 Incidence and Risk Factors for an Incisional Hernia after Severe Secondary Peritonitis
(Pascal Jeanmonod, Sven Richter, Jochen Schuld, Christoph Justinger, Otto Kollmar, Martin K. Schilling and Mohammed R. Moussavian)

Chapter 198 Surgical Approach to Umbilical Hernias: Then and Now
(Igor Belyansky, Victor B. Tsirline, David A. Klima, Ronald F. Sing, and B. Todd Heniford)

Chapter 199 Eventration Disease of the Abdominal Wall
(Andrew A. Gassman, Anupama Mehta, Casey Thomas and P. Marco Fisichella)

Chapter 200 Spigelian Hernias
(David A. Klima, Igor Belyansky, Victor B. Tsirline and B. Todd Heniford)

Index

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