Medicine Research Summaries. Volume 19 (with Biographical Sketches)

Zhongwen Liáng (Editor)
Bibao Zhang (Editor)

Series: Medicine Research Summaries
BISAC: MED014000



Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick


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This book is a continuation of the book Medicine Researcher Biographical Sketches and Research Summaries which compiles biographical sketches of top professionals in the field of medicinal research, as well as research summaries from a number of different focuses in this important field. (Imprint: Nova Biomedical)


Part I. Researcher Biographical Sketches

Chapter 1. John A. Bellone

Chapter 2. Susana Santos Braga

Chapter 3. Wai Tong Chien

Chapter 4. Anton V. Dolzhenko

Chapter 5. Nicandro Figueiredo

Chapter 6. Vesna Harni

Chapter 7. Oluwatoni Abiola Idowu

Chapter 8. Aaron W. James

Chapter 9. Goran Koracevic

Chapter 10. Agnieszka Kuczaj

Chapter 11. Nikolay Lavrik

Chapter 12. Lisa A. Miller

Chapter 13. Chee Y. Ooi

Chapter 14. Vladimir Pak

Chapter 15. Katarzyna Pawlak-Osińska

Chapter 16. Barry Quill

Chapter 17. Ibrahim Ahmed M. Janahi

Chapter 18. Jens Schittenhelm

Chapter 19. Elizabeth Stenhouse

Chapter 20. Piotr Stryjewski

Chapter 21. Kunihiro Tsuchida

Chapter 22. Tomohiko Utsuki

Chapter 23. Pavel Weber

Part II. Research Summaries

Chapter 24. Zika Virus Disease: Prevention and Cure
(Sushil Sharma)

Chapter 25. Work-Related Respiratory Diseases
(Federica Tafuro, Massimo Corradi and Antonio Mutti)

Chapter 26. Occupational Cardiovascular Diseases
(Daniela Borleri and Giovanni Mosconi)

Chapter 27. Occupational Risks for Neurodegenerative Diseases
(Enrico Oddone, and Marcello Imbriani)

Chapter 28. Occupational Risks for Hypersensitivity
(Paolo Marraccini)

Chapter 29. Psychosocial Risks in the Workplace: Stress, Burnout and Mobbing
(Elena Fiabane, Ines Giorgi, Marcello Imbriani and Marcella Ottonello)

Chapter 30. Work-Related Cumulative Trauma Disorders of the Upper Limb
(Edda Capodaglio and Giacomo Bazzini)

Chapter 31. Health Effects of Occupational Exposures to Mechanical Vibration
(Massimo Bovenzi)

Chapter 32. Occupational Hazards for Healthcare Workers in Hospitals
(Telma Cordeiro, Eng, Antonio Sousa-Uva, Ema Sacadura-Leite, Herminia Pinhal and Ana Cruz Nogueira)

Chapter 33. Effects of Occupational Exposure to Pesticides in Human Health
(Carla Costa, Solange Costa, Cristiana Pereira and João Paulo Teixeira)

Chapter 34. Occupational Exposure to Nanomaterials and Potential Health Risks
(Fabio Boccuni, Cinzia Lucia Ursini, Delia Cavallo, Riccardo Ferrante and Sergio Iavicoli)

Chapter 35. Occupational Risks for Cancer
(Enrico Oddone, Carlo Modonesi and Marcello Imbriani)

Chapter 36. Endotoxin Tolerance: Fishing for Answers
(Niel A. Karrow, Ziwei Li and Se-Young Oh)

Chapter 37. Benefits and Risks Associated for Shellfish Consumption
(M. Atanassova, L. Blanco, C. Porro, J. M. Vieites and A. G. Cabado)

Chapter 38. Chiari Malformations Type I: Overview, Current Trends of Treatment, and Our Experience
(Juanita Garces, Mansour Mathkour, Tyler Scullen, Erin Biro, Olawale A. R. Sulaiman and Cuong J. Bui)

Chapter 39. Effects of Polychlorinated Biphenyls on Mammalian Embryonic Development
(Federica Zacchini and Grażyna Ewa Ptak)

Chapter 40. Tissue Reaction to Acellular Implants in the Acute Spinal Cord Injury in the Dysmyelinated Rat
(Jacek M. Kwiecien)

Chapter 41. Cryotherapy and Other Therapeutical Options for Plantar Fibromatosis
(Terry L. Spilken)

Chapter 42. Optimal Breathing for Relaxation: The 4-6-Breathing Technique
(Gary Bruno Schmid)

Chapter 43. Acute Pancreatitis in Childhood
(Gilles Duvoisin and Chee Yee Ooi)

Chapter 44. Walled-Off Pancreatic Necrosis
(V. Arteaga Peralta, A. A. Medina Velasco, R. de la Plaza Llamas, J. M. Ramia Angel, and J. D. Gonzales Aguilar)

Chapter 45. Ocular Manifestations of Acute Pancreatitis: Purtscher’s Retinopathy
(Edward Chu)

Chapter 46. Impact of Obesity to Severity of Acute Pancreatitis
(Jana Katuchova)

Chapter 47. Severe Acute Pancreatitis: Since the Classical
(Alejandra Guillermina Miranda-Díaz, José Manuel Hermosillo-Sandoval and Carlos Alberto Gutiérrez-Martínez)

Chapter 48. Management of Acute Biliary Pancreatitis
(Vincenzo Neri)

Chapter 49. Radiology of Acute Pancreatitis and Its Complications
(Kamil Zeleňák and Martin Števík)

Chapter 50. Antibiotics in Acute Pancreatitis
(José Ramón Oliver Guillén, Ana Palomares Cano, María Beltrán Martos, Mario Serradilla Martín and Alejandro Serrablo)

Chapter 51. Beneficial Effect and Underlying Mechanism of Shenmai injection on Acute Experimental Pancreatitis
(Qiang Yan, Wei Wu, Xing Yao, Guolei Zhang, Mingjie Zhang, Feng Cen and Xu Sun)

Chapter 52. Astragalus: A Review of Its Medicinal Uses and Health Effects
(Toma Todorov, Ranae Zauner and Olga R. Kopp)

Chapter 53. Links between Pharmacological Activities and Chemical Structures of Saponins in the Genus Astragalus (Fabaceae)
(Abir Sarraj-Laabidi and Nabil Semmar)

Chapter 54. Pleurisy: Diagnosis, Etiology and Treatment
(Amégninou Mawuko Yao Adigo, Pwèmdéou Efalou, Kokou Adambounou and Komlanvi Victor Adjénou)

Chapter 55. Atypical Melanocytic Nevi: Grading and Classification of Dysplasia and Dermatoscopic Findings
(Lucia Pozo-Garcia and Salvador J. Diaz-Cano)

Chapter 56. Melanocytic Tumors of Unknown Malignant Potential (MELTUMP) and Superficial Atypical Melanocytic Proliferations of Uncertain Significance (SAMPUS): A Unifying Biological Concept for Atypical (Borderline, Ambiguous, Undetermined) Melanocytic Lesions
(Francesco Piscioli, Teresa Pusiol and Luca Roncati)

Chapter 57. Changing Post-Resuscitation Outcomes of Newborn Infants at Various Gestational Ages and Different Resource Settings
(Georg M. Schmölzer and Anne Lee Solevåg)

Chapter 58. Histhopathological Complications in New-Onset Diabetes Mellitus After Kidney Transplantation
(Bernadett Borda and Gyorgy Lazar)

Chapter 59. Point of Care Critical Ultrasound in the Emergency Care Medicine
(Mirko Zanatta, Piero Benato, Concetta Pirozzi, Laura Sasso, Renato Ippolito, Giacomo Magagnotti and Vito Cianci)

Chapter 60. Understanding the Impacts of Alcohol: Gastric Functions and Therapy
(Senthilkumar Rajagopal, Supraj Raja Sangam and Shubham Singh)

Chapter 61. Resveratrol and Its Derivatives for the Prevention and Treatment of Gastrointestinal Disorders: A Review
(Sengottuvelan Murugan and Deeptha Kumaraswamy)

Chapter 62. Anti-Inflammatory Effect of Polymer from Cephalopod against Experimentally Induced Intestinal Bowel Disease in Zebra Fish Model
(V. Manigandan, R. Karthik and S. Ramachandran)

Chapter 63. The Influence of Gut Microbiome on Gastrointestinal Disease
(Ali Al-Yasari, Kamil Sochacki and Miguel Cabrera)

Chapter 64. Animal Models used in Studying Inflammatory Bowel Disease
(Basavarajaiah Swethakumar, Manoj Paul, Kesturu S. Girish and Kempaiah Kemparaju)

Chapter 65. Nanotechnology Based Diagnosis and Therapeutics for Gastrointestinal Disorders
(Buddolla Viswanath, Uday Sankar Allam, Aleem Basha Pinjari, Senthilkumar Rajagopal, Devarapogu Rajakumari, Pathan Shajahan Begum, Dowlathabad Muralidhara Rao and Meerza Abdul Razak)

Chapter 66. Role of Microorganism in Human Gastrointestinal Cancer
(Dhanalakshmi Thiyagarajan and Surulianndi Rajendran)

Chapter 67. Gall Bladder Diseases: Diet and Control
(Geethalakshmi Sundararaman and Saranya Natarajan)

Chapter 68. Microbial Interaction on Gastro Intestinal System: Unique Molecular Signature in Establishment of Infections
(S. Gowtham Kumar)

Chapter 69. Role of Coriandrum Essential Oil against Callosobruchus chinensis in the Gastro Intestinal System Disorders
(M. Madhavi)

Chapter 70. Chronic Kidney Diseases and Gastrointestinal Disorders
(Murugavel Ponnusamy)

Chapter 71. Gastrointestinal Complications in Solid Organ Transplant Recipients
(Murugavel Ponnusamy, Senthilkumar Rajagopal and Amarnathsatheesh Maruthamuthu)

Chapter 72. Pharmacological Review of Proton Pump Inhibitors
(Prakash Srinivasan Timiri Shanmugam, Senthilkumar Sankararaman and Uma Anitha)

Chapter 73. Impact of Gut Microflora on Human Health and Diseases
(Sabina Fatima and Senthilkumar Rajagopal)

Chapter 74. Role of Enzymes on Gastrointestinal Tract
(Saranya Natarajan and Geethalakshmi Sundararaman)

Chapter 75. Chitosan and Its Derivatives for Gastrointestinal Disorders
(Subhapradha Namasivayam, PhD)

Chapter 76. Flavonoids in Gastro Protection
(R. M. Veerappan and M. Rajadurai)

Chapter 77. Succeeding in MRCOG. Part 2 A Question Bank of 400 EMQs and SBAs
(Sharmistha Guha, Parijat Bhattacharje, Nutan Mishra and Francis Ayim)

Chapter 78. C-Reactive Protein: Structure, Functions and Its Significance in Malaria and Schistosomiasis
(Hamdan Z. Hamdan, Gasim I. Gasim and Ishag Adam)

Chapter 79. C-Reactive Protein as a Diagnostic and Prognostic Marker for Acute Cholecystitis and Safety Conversion of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy
(Andrei M. Beliaev and Michael Booth)

Chapter 80. Relevance of C Reactive Protein Levels in Morbidly Obese Patients and after Bariatric Surgery
(Jaime Ruiz-Tovar and Carolina Llavero)

Chapter 81. Resilience in Children with Chronic Illnesses and Their Families
(Laura Nabors, Andrew Yockey, Ashley Merianos, Cathleen Stough, Shawna Southwick Fox and Angelica Hardee)

Chapter 82. The Application of Clinical, Electrophysiological and Nerve Ultrasound Parameters in Distinguishing Acute-Onset Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy from Guillain-Barre Syndrome
(Antonios Kerasnoudis)

Chapter 83. Guillain-Barré Treatment
(J. A. Jimenez Sanchez, A. V. Palacios Campos, F. M. Martinez Carrillo and V. F. Izaguirre Gutierrez)

Chapter 84. Hot Steel Dissection Tonsillectomy
(Lorusso Francesco and Gallina Salvatore)

Chapter 85. Polymyositis as a Manifestation of Chronic Graft versus Host Disease
(Jordan Gales and Richard Prayson)

Chapter 86. Probiotic Preparation for Commercial Pisciculture
(N. V. Sverchkova, T. V. Romanovskaya, G. V. Zhuk, E. I. Kolomiets, S. M. Degtyarik, R. L. Asadchaya and V. Yu. Ageets)

Chapter 87. Polytetrafluoroethylene Patches for Shoulder Surgery
(Michael Nagra and Manit Arora)

Chapter 88. Influence of Dietary Palm Oil Supplementation on the Fatty Acid Composition of Meat
(P. G. Peiretti)

Chapter 89. The Centrosome as a Geometric, Noise-Resistant Device for Driving the Location of Targeted Molecules Inside the Cell
(M. Regolini)

Chapter 90. EGCG in Autoimmunity
(Samar Soliman, Lavanya Elangovan, Yong Du and Chandra Mohan)

Chapter 91. Quantum Dot Probe-Based High Content Monitoring of Cancer Stem Cells Induced by Mutagenic Toxic Substances
(Parthasarathy Arumugam and Joon Myong Song)

Chapter 92. Differential Roles of the 4β2 and α7 Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors in Nicotine Addiction: Implications for Developing Pharmacotherapies for Smoking Cessation
(Xiu Liu and Yongzhen Gong)

Chapter 93. Molecular Interactions over Hydrogen Bonds in Micelles of Bile Acid Anions: Thermodynamic and Chemometric Descriptions
(Ana Pilipović and Mihalj Poša)

Chapter 94. Organic Molecules Interaction Evaluated by In Situ Measurement and Rate Theory
(Hitoshi Habuka)

Chapter 95. Sleep in Lewy Body Diseases
(Spyridoula N. Papoutsi, Barbara Wolgamuth, Michelangelo Maestri, Enrica Bonanni, and Nicholas-Tiberio Economou)

Chapter 96. Reconstructed Skin Models for Clinical and Fundamental Applications
(Mélissa Simard, Isabelle Lorthois, Maxim Maheux, Bryan Roy, Louis-Charles Masson, Alexandre Morin and Roxane Pouliot)

Chapter 97. Immunosuppression in Kidney Transplantation
(Natavudh Townamchai and Somchai Eiam-Ong)

Chapter 98. Health Hazards of Heavy Metal Pollution
(Isidora V. Deljanin, Davor Z. Antanasijević, Viktor V. Pocajt, Aleksandra A. Perić-Grujić and Mirjana Đ. Ristić)

Chapter 99. The Role and Health Risk of Heavy Metals in Human Organism
(Ivana Savic-Gajic, Ivan M. Savic and Dragoljub Gajic)

Chapter 100. Effects of Mercury in the Cardiovascular System: A Focus on the Role of the Endothelium in Vascular Toxicity
(Mariana Appel Hort and Marcelo Farina)

Chapter 101. Effects of Exposure to Soil Contaminated by Metals: A Review of the Experimental Approach Using Rodents
(Flavio Manoel Rodrigues da Silva Júnior, Edariane Menestrino Garcia, Marina dos Santos, Pablo Espinosa Gill, Laiz Honscha Coutelle, Audrey Senandes Campos, Caroline Lopes Feijó Fernandes, Ronan Adler Tavella, Paulo Roberto Martins Baisch and Ana Luíza Muccillo-Baisch)

Chapter 102. Antimicrobial Functionalized Textiles: The Role of Heavy Metal Application
(Boris Mahltig and Hajo Haase)

Chapter 103. Thallium Poisoning: A Mini-Review
(Chu-Yun Huang, Chi-Hung Liu and Chin-Chang Huang)

Chapter 104. Survey of Heavy Metal Pollution, Human Exposure and Public Health Implication in Nigeria: A Review
(John Kanayochukwu Nduka, Jude Chinedu Onwuka and Linus Obi Ezenweke)

Chapter 105. The Appearance of a New Social Class of Wealthy Commoners in the 19th and the Early 20th Century Poland and Its Biological Consequences
(Alicja Budnik and Maciej Henneberg)

Chapter 106. Is the Effect of Age on Diastolic Blood Pressure Modified by the Age at Migration? A Study among the Adult Male Slum Dwellers in Eastern India
(Raja Chakraborty, Slawomir Koziel and Kaushik Bose)

Chapter 107. Socioeconomic Status, Blood Pressure and Hypertension
(Jyoti Ratan Ghosh)

Chapter 108. Higher Grade of Socioeconomic Status Is Associated with the Increased Physical Growth of Schoolchildren of Kolkata, India
(Satabdi Ghosh, Tusharkanti Ghosh and Ananga Mohan Chandra)

Chapter 109. Differences in Growth and Development Between Moscow Schoolchildren Due to Their Family Status
(Elena Godina, Irena Khomyakova and Ludmila Zadorojnaya)

Chapter 110. Rural to Urban Migration and Its Impact on Women’s Health Status in Poland
(Maria Kaczmarek)

Chapter 111. Does Social Mobility of Fathers Affect Age at Menarche in Daughters?
(Slawomir Koziel and Aleksandra Gomula)

Chapter 112. Impact of Regional Migration and Social Mobility on Variation in Adult Height, Weight and Body Mass Index: Evidence from a British Cohort Study
(Monika Krzyżanowska and C. G. Nicholas Mascie-Taylor)

Chapter 113. Population Dynamics, Dietary Habits and Lifestyle Changes in the Eastern Adriatic: A Review
(Saša Missoni and Jelena Šarac)

Chapter 114. Migrants in the City – International Migration and Women’s Reproductive Health with Special Respect to Punjabi Women in Vienna, Austria
(Maryam Singh and Sylvia Kirchengast)

Chapter 115. Psoriasis: A Challenging Medical Condition
(Jackson Thomas, Gregory M Peterson, Nenad Naumovski, Duane Mellor, Ekavi N. Georgousopoulou, Sam Kosari, Pascale Dettwiller, Louise Deeks, Gabrielle Cooper and Kavya E. Baby)

Chapter 116. Sleep and Psoriasis
(Camila Hirotsu, Rachel Gimenes Albuquerque, Sergio Tufik and Monica Levy Andersen)

Chapter 117. Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) as a New Diagnostic and Screening Method on Patients with Psoriasis
(Andrea Ferencz, Mehdi Moezzi and Dénes Lőrinczy)

Chapter 118. Psoriasis Treatment: Targeting the IL-23/Th17 Axis
(Susana Coimbra, Jorge Brandão Proença, Américo Figueiredo and Alice Santos-Silva)

Chapter 119. Natural Health Products for Psoriasis Management
(Violeta Díaz-Murillo, Josué Valentín-Escalera, Alain Rodríguez-Orozco, María-Carmen Bartolomé-Camacho and Martha-Estrella García-Pérez)

Chapter 120. The Effect of Carnitine Supplementation on Hepatic Encephalopathy (HE) and Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH)
(Takuya Adachi, Akinobu Takaki and Hiroyuki Okada)

Chapter 121. The Role of Acyl/Free Carnitine Ratio on Uremic Cardiomyopathy in Chronic Hemodialysis Patients
(Y. Kudoh, S. Aoyama, T. Torii, Q. Chen, S. Takagi and A. Nozawa)

Chapter 122. Fermented Milk with Lactic Acid Bacteria Enriched of Angiotensin-I Converting Enzyme (ACE)-Inhibitory Peptides
(Amal Bakr Shori)

Chapter 123. Black Tea in Milk As a Carrier and Source for Potential Antioxidant Compounds
(Amal Bakr Shori, Ahmad Salihin Baba and Premalatha Muniandy)

Chapter 124. How to Deal with Aortic Valve Stenosis in Patients at Intermediate-High Risk in the Modern Era
(Paolo Nardi, Marco Russo, Guglielmo Saitto, Antonio Pellegrino and Giovanni Ruvolo)

Chapter 125. Dermatophyte Infections: Clinical Signs, Diagnosis and Topical Therapy
(Peiying Feng and Wei Lai)

Chapter 126. Human Cryptosporidiosis: Species, Subtypes, Differences in Pathogeny and Clinical Manifestations, and Mathematical Methods for DNA Sequence Analysis
(Ionela Mirela Neagoe, D. Popescu, Lidia Lazar, V. I. R. Niculescu and S. Miclos)

Chapter 127. Challenge to the Threat of Invisible Transmission: Global Health Security for the Control of Emerging Infectious Disease Outbreaks
(Masachika Senba and Naoki Mori)

Chapter 128. Optimization of Adhesion Molecule Evaluation on In Vitro-Amplified Bone Marrow-Derived Mesenchymal Stromal Cells from Healthy Donors
(Carmen Mariana Aanei, Emmanuelle Tavernier, Denis Guyotat, and Lydia Campos Catafal)

Chapter 129. The Double Edged Sword of Adipose Derived Mesenchymal Stem/Stromal Cells in Cancer Therapy
(Joseph J. Shearer and Marxa L. Figueiredo)

Chapter 130. Improving Clinical Uses of Mesenchymal Stromal Cells by 3D Scaffold-Free Constructs
(Karina Ribeiro Silva, Gabriela Soares Kronemberger, Isis Côrtes, Letícia Emiliano Charelli, Mayra Souza Azevedo, Renata Akemi Morais Matsui and Leandra Santos Baptista)

Chapter 131. Application of Mesenchymal Stromal Cells in Veterinary Medicine
(Sabrina Renzi, Silvia Dotti and Maura Ferrari)

Chapter 132. Women’s Health in the Majority World: Issues and Initiatives (Second Edition)
(Laurie Elit and Jean Chamberlain Froese)

Chapter 133. Aquaculture Vaccines Evolution, Development and Production: An Overview
(Tamar Kansil, Clarence M. Ongkudon, Kenneth F. Rodrigues and Michael K. Danquah)

Chapter 134. Chronic Fungal Rhinosinusitis
(Mohamed E. Hamid and Ali S. Al-Qahtani)

Chapter 135. Congenital Disorders That Cause Ophthalmoplegia
(Vasileios Peponis and Loukas Kontomichos)

Chapter 136. Control of Chronic Inflammation by the Inflammation Amplifier and Gateway Reflexes
(Mitsutoshi Ota, Daisuke Kamimura, Ikuma Nakagawa, Haruka Higuchi, Yuki Tanaka, Munezumi Fujita, Shigeto Hiratsuka, Momoko Okawara, Kaoru Murakami, Toru Atsumi, Yasunobu Arima and Masaaki Murakami)

Chapter 137. Pyogenic Granulomas: Clinical Features, Occurrence and Treatment Options
(Fabrício dos Santos Menezes, Juliana da Silva Barros, Cleverson Luciano Trento, Maria da Conceição Andrade, Tarsila de Carvalho Freitas Ramos, Marbele Guimaraes de Oliveira and Márcio Campos Oliveira)

Chapter 138. Social Stress: Sex-Related Differences in Biological Stress Responses
(Jana Strahler and Urs M. Nater)

Chapter 139. Sexually Dimorphic Dietary Differences in Common Demersal Elasmobranchs of the Northwestern Pacific
(A. M. Orlov)

Chapter 140. Exercise and Morbid Obesity: Prevention and Treatment
(Emilian Rejane Marcon)

Chapter 141. Recent Unexpected Functions of Centrosomes and Their Association with Human Disorders
(Anastassiia Vertii and Stephen Doxsey)

Chapter 142. Melanocytes Behavior in Extracellular Matrix Proteins Irradiated by Nd:YAG Laser
(Kelvii Wei Guo and Hon Yuen Tam)

Chapter 143. Creatinine: New Settings in Obstetrics Practice
(Rose Gasnier)

Chapter 144. Urinary Creatinine Analysis by Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry: A Journey through Method Development Trials, Tribulations, and Triumphs
(Caroline E. West and Blaine N. Rhodes)

Chapter 145. Hormonal and Metabolic Disorders as Links between Obesity and Cancer Risk in Men and Women
(Zsuzsanna Suba)

Chapter 146. Intraocular Pressure Fluctuation: A Risk Factor for Glaucoma
(Bettina Hohberger)

Chapter 147. Phytochemical and Pharmacological Properties of Scabiosa L. Genus
(Malek Besbes Hlila, Kaouther Majouli, Habib Mosbah, Hichem ben Jannet, Mahjoub Aouni and Boulbaba Selmi)

Chapter 148. Evolving Role of Biomarkers in Acute Graft versus Host Disease (GVHD)
(A. L. Dias, G. Westin, M. R. Litzow and W. J. Hogan)

Chapter 149. Nutrient Sensing in Kinetoplastid Parasites
(Yijian Qiu, Stephen L. Patrick and James C. Morris)

Chapter 150. Bovine Trypanosomosis Prevalence and Its Vectors Density in the Major Cattle Rearing Regions of Cameroon (Extreme North, North, Adamaoua and North West): Past, Current and Future
(Mamoudou Abdoulmoumini and Sevidzem Silas Lendzele)

Chapter 151. Extraction of DNA from Aquatic Samples: Current Situation and Prospects of Russian Research with Some Terminological Notes
(A. M. Orlov and S. Yu. Orlova)

Chapter 152. Histopathological Review of Malignant Sweat Gland Tumors
(Neha Varshney, Sri K.C. Arudra and Jasneet S. Bhullar)

Chapter 153. Diagnosis and Surgical Management of Tumors of Sweat Glands
(Jasneet Singh Bhullar, Manu Kaushik, Neha Varshney and Vijay K Mittal)

Chapter 154. Strength Exercise and Cardiometabolic Health
(Rodrigo Gomes de Souza Vale, Guilherme Rosa, Danielli Braga de Mello, Pablo Jorge Marcos Pardo
and Estélio Henrique Martin Dantas)

Chapter 155. Does Strength Training Alone Benefit Muscle Function in Older Persons?
(Maria Justine and Azliyana Azizan)

Chapter 156. Physical Therapy and Exercise and Parkinson’s Disease – 50-Years of Translation
(Aderbal S. Aguiar Jr.)

Chapter 157. Triterpenoids: Synthesis, Uses in Cancer Treatment and Other Biological Activities
(L. A. Rascón-Valenzuela, H. Torres-Moreno, C. Velázquez-Contreras, A. Garibay-Escobar and R. E. Robles-Zepeda)

Chapter 158. Defective Cellular Glucose Uptake may be Improved by the Upregulation of Estrogen Signaling
(Zsuzsanna Suba)

Chapter 159. Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia Grade-2: The Role of Lesion Excision among Young Women
(Ilce Ferreira da Silva and Rosalina Jorge Koifman)

Chapter 160. Risk Factors for Pregnancy-Associated Severe Sepsis – Current State and Future Directions
(Lavi Oud)

Chapter 161. Detection of Adulterants (Including Species-Specific) in Milk
(Rajib Deb, Gyanendra Sengar, Sandip Chakraborty, Umesh Singh, Rani Alex, Sushil Kumar, T. V. Raja, R. R. Alyethodi, Rani Singh, Ashish and Bhanuprakash V.)

Chapter 162. Antitumor Effects of Lithium Carbonate
(OP Makarova)

Chapter 163. Epigenetic Modifications in Tumor Suppressor Genes (TSG): Its Contribution to Tumor Development and Its Clinical Relevance
(R. Macri, M. Costilla, A. Klecha, G. Cremaschi and M. L. Barreiro Arcos)

Chapter 164. Pregnancy and Hemodialysis
(Yukari Asamiya, Ken Tsuchiya and Kosaku Nitta)

Chapter 165. Levonorgestrel, Pharmacokinetics, Efficacy and Safety
(Usha Verma and Neil Verma)

Chapter 166. Childhood Obesity in the United Kingdom: Challenges in Management
(Taffy Makaya, Rebecca Poole and Kavitha Rozario)

Chapter 167. Dynamic and Integrated Synaptic Processing in the Sex-Steroid Sensitive Medial Amygdala of Female Rats
(Mariana Zancan and Alberto A. Rasia-Filho)

Chapter 168.Characterization of Anti-Coxsackie Virus B3 Constituents of Scabiosa arenaria Forssk by RP-HPLC-UV Method
(Malek Besbes Hlila, Habib Mosbah, Kaouther Majouli, Kamel Msaada, Nabil Ben Salem Abid, Hichem Ben Jannet, Maha Mastouri and Mahjoub Aouni and Boulbaba Selmi)

Chapter 169. Congenital Upper Limb Anomalies: Risk Factors, Diagnosis and Management
(Billy A. Watson and Kerby C. Oberg)

Chapter 170. Exfoliation Syndrome and Exfoliative Glaucoma: From Genetics to Surgery
(Gábor Holló and Andreas Katsanos)

Chapter 171. Hyperpigmentation: Etiology, Topical Treatments and Effectiveness
(E. Molinelli, M. Giannoni, A. Campanati, G. Ganzetti, K. Giuliodori, Valerio Brisigotti and A. Offidani)

Chapter 172. Ankylosing Spondylitis: A Review
(Sofia Lopes and Cristina Mesquita)

Chapter 173. Pulmonary and Cutaneous CO2 Emission Monitoring under Anesthesia
(Vladislav Yu. Cherebillo, Andrei Yu. Elizarov and Anatolii. I. Levshankov)

Chapter 174. Patients’ Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells to Model Thiopurine Induced Pancreatitis
(Elena Genova, Gaetana Lanzi, Fengming Yue, Silvia Giliani, Katsunori Sasaki, Alberto Tommasini, Marco Pelin, Stefano Martelossi, Alessandro Ventura, Giuliana Decorti and Gabriele Stocco)

Chapter 175. Bioluminescence Microscopy in Live Cells: Consideration of Experimental Factors and Practical Recommendations
(Hirobumi Suzuki, Ryutaro Akiyoshi and Katsunori Ogoh)

Chapter 176. Ex Vivo Purging of Residual iPS Cells for Safer Clinical Applications
(Shigeo Masuda)

Chapter 177. The Role of Scavenger Receptors in the Development of Atherosclerosis and the Preventative Effects of Dietary Components
(Kazuo Yamagata)

Chapter 178. Coexistence Caused by Culling in a Two-Strain Avian Influenza Model
(Hayriye Gulbudak, Joan Ponce and Maia Martcheva)

Chapter 179. Acquisition of Resistance to Azole Antifungal Drugs in Candida Species: Imidazoles versus Triazoles
(Mafalda Cavalheiro, Catarina Costa, Pedro Pais and Miguel Cacho Teixeira)

Chapter 180. Tetrapyrrolic Macrocycles as Molecular Probes for Radionuclide-Based Imaging Techniques
(Mário J. F. Calvete, Sara M. Pinto, Antero J. Abrunhosa and Mariette M. Pereira)

Chapter 181. Community Pharmacy in Japan
(Hiroshi Okada and Mitsuko Onda)

Chapter 182. Community Pharmacy in United States
(Khalid M. Kamal)

Chapter 183. Community Pharmacy in Canada
(Ross T. Tsuyuki and Yazid N. Al Hamarneh)

Chapter 184. Community Pharmacy in Australia
(Timothy F. Chen)

Chapter 185. Community Pharmacy in England
(David Wright and Vicky Abhay)

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