Medicine Research Summaries. Volume 16

Zhongwen Liáng (Editor)
Bibao Zhang (Editor)

Series: Medicine Research Summaries
BISAC: MED014000

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This book is a continuation of the book Medicine Researcher Biographical Sketches and Research Summaries which compiles biographical sketches of top professionals in the field of medicinal research, as well as research summaries from a number of different focuses in this important field. (Imprint: Nova Biomedical)

Preface xxi

Chapter 1. Unmet Needs
Mae Wu Healy, Karenne Fru and Alicia Armstrong

Chapter 2. Existing Contraceptive Options
Matthew Connell, Tiffany Hailstorks and Nneoma Nwachuku

Chapter 3. Contraception: New Technologies
Nicole Banks and Diana Blithe

Chapter 4. Preventing School Shootings: A Public Health Approach to Gun-Related Homicide and Murder-Suicide in Schools
David N. Miller and Kristin D. Sawka-Miller

Chapter 5. Enlarging the Social Definition of Harm to Include Genetics
Stephen M. Modell, Sharon L. R. Kardia and Toby Citrin

Chapter 6. Endocrine Disruptors, Obesity and Public Health: Perspectives on Harm Reduction
Minelli Salles Alves Fernandes, Melvy Marin Rivero, Marcela Miranda Salles, Denise Rosso Tenório Wanderley Rocha and Alberto Krayyem Arbex

Chapter 7. Tobacco Public Health and Harm Reduction: Principles, Perceptions and Programs
Marcia Erazo, Maria Paz Bertoglia, Juan Guillermo Gormaz, Matías Libuy and Carla Bertossi

Chapter 8. Smoking-Related Disengagement Beliefs among Smoking Asthma Patients
Efrat Neter, Gal Gida and Ella Eliya

Chapter 9. Public Health and Waste Management: Promoting Harm Reduction Through Concerted Efforts
Vitalis Chukwuemeka Echebiri

Chapter 10. Harm Reduction for People Who Inject Drugs through Point of Care CD4/Viral Load Testing in Kenya
Kennedy Kinyua, Eva Muluve, Paul Macharia and Helgar Musyoki

Chapter 11. Medication Assisted Therapy Integrating Mobile Phone Technologies
Paul Macharia, Eva Muluve and Helgar Musyoki

Chapter 12. Metabolomic Assessment of Sunscreen Efficacy
Manpreet Randhawa and Michael D. Southall

Chapter 13. The History and Evolution of Sunscreen
Mary Laschinger and Anna H. Chacon

Chapter 14. Psychology Behind the Use of Sunscreens, Tanning and Skin Cancer Prevention
Shailee Patel, Tulsie Patel and Katlein França

Chapter 15. The Role of Antioxidants in Sunscreens: The Case of Melatonin
Ana Flo Sierra, Víctor Flo Sierra, Ana Cristina Calpena Campmany and Beatriz Clares Naveros

Chapter 16. UV Filters, Their Degradation Reactions and Eco-Toxicological Effects
Albano Joel M. Santos and Joaquim C. G. Esteves da Silva

Chapter 17. Assessment of Sunscreen Safety by Skin Permeation Studies: An Update
Lucia Montenegro

Chapter 18. UV Protection by Woolen Fabric Dyed with Natural Dyestuff 35
Ana Sutlović, Anita Tarbuk, Ana Marija Grancarić and Đurđica Parac-Osterman

Chapter 19. Light Conversion for UV Protection by Textile Finishing and Care
Tihana Dekanić, Anita Tarbuk, Tanja Pušić, Ana Marija Grancarić and Ivo Soljačić

Chapter 20. The Potential of Mycosporine-Like Amino Acids as UV-Sunscreens
Rajesh P. Rastogi, Ravi R Sonani, Datta Madamwar and Aran Incharoensakdi

Chapter 21. Surgical Anatomy of the Nose and Paranasal Sinuses
Mohammad H. Al-Bar, Seth M. Lieberman and Roy R. Casiano

Chapter 22. Nasal Septum and Turbinates: Anatomy and Function
Jose W. Ruiz

Chapter 23. Olfaction: Anatomy, Function, Pathophysiology and Diseases
Si Chen and Bradley J. Goldstein

Chapter 24. Imaging Evaluation of the Paranasal Sinuses
Charif Sidani and Rita Bhatia

Chapter 25. Pediatric Epistaxis
Ronen Nazarian, Mohammad Al-Bar, Ramzi Younis and Roy R. Casiano

Chapter 26. Role of Mucociliary Clearance and Biofilms in Paranasal Sinuses
James M. Coticchia, Christopher Rose and Livjot Sachdeva

Chapter 27. Pathophysiology and Etiologic Factors of Chronic Rhinosinusitis
David W. Jang, Brett T. Comer and Stilianos E. Kountakis

Chapter 28. Pediatric Rhinosinusitis
Robert Gerring, Zoukaa Sargi, William Collins and Ramzi Younis

Chapter 29. Rhinosinusitis in the Pediatric Patient with Cystic Fibrosis
Christopher Fundakowski, Rosemary Ojo and Ramzi Younis

Chapter 30. Pediatric Issues in Allergic Fungal Sinusitis
Austin S. Rose, Brian D. Thorp, Charles S. Ebert, Jr., Adam M. Zanation and Brent A. Senior

Chapter 31. The Role of Adenoids in Pediatric Rhinosinusitis
William O. Collins and Ramzi Younis

Chapter 32. Anatomy and Pathology of the Frontal Sinus
Seth M. Lieberman, Mohammad Al-Bar and Roy R. Casiano

Chapter 33. Anatomy and Pathology of the Sphenoid Sinus
Shawn Allen, Charif Sidani and Lauren Lazar

Chapter 34. Choanal Atresia: Anatomy, Etiology, Pathophysiology and Management
Ralph Abi Hachem, Stefania Goncalves, Andrew Rivera and Ramzi Younis

Chapter 35. Congenital Nasal and Paranasal Masses
Ralph Abi Hachem, Austin Rose and Ramzi T. Younis

Chapter 36. Juvenile Nasopharyngeal Angiofibroma: Anatomy, Pathophysiology and Management
Ramzi Younis, Marianne Abouyared, Björn Herman and Ralph Abi Hachem

Chapter 37. New Targeted Anticancer Therapies: Classification and Mechanism of Action
M. Caramanti, F. Morgese, A. Savini and R. Berardi

Chapter 38. Skin Toxicities from EGFR Inhibitors
G. Ganzetti and A. Offidani

Chapter 39. Skin Toxicities from VEGF Inhibitors
E. Molinelli and A. Offidani

Chapter 40. Skin Toxicity from BRAF Inhibitors
A. Campanati, and A. Offidani

Chapter 41. Addendum: Classification of EGFR-Related Skin Rash
K. Giuliodori and A. Offidani

Chapter 42. Bullous Pemphigoid: An Overview
Alexandre Carlos Gripp, Aline Bressan, Cândida Naira Lima e Lima-Santana and Daniele do Nascimento Pereira

Chapter 43. Bullous Pemphigoid: Broader Concepts
Ana Maria Abreu Velez, Enrique Velazquez Velez and Michael S. Howard

Chapter 44. Dermal Neurovascular Structures Demonstrate Autoimmune Reactivity in Lesional Skin of a Patient with Bullous Pemphigoid
Ana Maria Abreu Velez, Jorge Enrique Velazquez Velez and Michael S. Howard

Chapter 45. Expression of Immunologic Markers Varies between Intact Blister and Traumatized Blister Areas in a Patient with Bullous Pemphigoid
Ana Maria Abreu Velez, Billie L. Jackson and Michael S. Howard

Chapter 46. A Bullous Pemphigoid-Like Allergic Drug Reaction, with Clues for Differentiation versus Classic Bullous Pemphigoid
Ana Maria Abreu Velez Vickie M. Brown and Michael S. Howard

Chapter 47. Bullous Pemphigoid due to Anti-TNFalpha
Vincenzo Bettoli, Stefania Zauli, Michela Ricci and Annarosa Virgili

Chapter 48. Desquamative Gingivitis as an Oral Manifestation of Mucous Membrane Pemphigoid: Diagnosis and Treatment
Hiroyasu Endo, Terry D. Rees, Hideo Niwa, Kayo Kuyama, Hirotsugu Yamamoto and Takanori Ito

Chapter 49. Associations between Bullous Pemphigoid and Internal Malignancies: A Literature Review
Yuta Kurashige, Norihiro Ikoma, TomotakaMabuchi, Akira Ozawa and Kenichi Iwashita

Chapter 50. Perinatal Cyanosis: Neuropsychological Functioning
Ashlee R. Loughan, Robert Perna and Hana Perkey

Chapter 51. Laryngomalacia: A Cause of Cyanosis in Pediatric Age
Marco Berlucchi, Diego Barbieri, Daniela Tonni, Silvana Molinaro, Patrizia Bardini and Nader Nassif

Chapter 52. The Visual Recognition of Cyanosis and the Influence of Lighting and Color Vision
Stephen J. Dain

Chapter 53. Cyanosis: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
K. R. Ramanathan

Chapter 54. New Therapeutic Advances in the Management of Acne
Vincenzo Bettoli, Stefania Zauli and Annarosa Virgili

Chapter 55. A Large-Scale European Observational Study to Describe the Management of Acne in Clinical Practice
S. Seité and B. Dreno

Chapter 56. Ocular Rosacea: Recent Advances in Pathogenesis and Therapy
Alejandro Rodriguez-Garcia

Chapter 57. Trophoblast Development in the First Trimester of Pregnancy
Irene Romanello and Alberto Rossi

Chapter 58. The Role of Apoptosis in the Trophoblast
Alberto Rossi and Gabriele Filip

Chapter 59. Placental Aging
Ambrogio P. Londero, Serena Bertozzi and Gianluca Tell

Chapter 60. Trophoblast and Intrauterine Fetal Growth Restriction
Emanuela Vogrig and Alberto Rossi

Chapter 61. Trophoblast and Pre-Eclampsia
Alberto Rossi

Chapter 62. Gestational Trophoblastic Disease
Maria Orsaria, Laura Mariuzzi and Alberto Rossi

Chapter 63. Documenting and Describing the Methods and Value of Medication Therapy Management (MTM) Programs
Jan D. Hirsch, Kelly C. Lee, Sarah Lorentz and Candis M. Morello

Chapter 64. Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome in Cryptococcal Meningitis
Lokesh Shahani and Yeraldin Esquivel-Alvarez

Chapter 65. Growth Hormone Deficiency in Children
María Dolores Cañete, Miguel Valle, Rosario Martos, Eva L. van Donkelaar and Ramón Cañete

Chapter 66. The Barrier Function of Retinal Pigment Epithelium: Its Role in Healthy Eyes and Diseases
C. Campa, V. Salerno and P. Perri

Chapter 67. The Use of Lateral Access in Lumbar Spondylolisthesis
Luiz Pimenta, Rodrigo Amaral, Luis Marchi and Leonardo Oliveira

Chapter 68. Clinical Effects of Yokukannsannka-Chinpihange for Tension-Type Headache
Yasushi Shibata

Chapter 69. Myocardial Hypertrophy and Periodontal Disease
Jun-ichi Suzuki

Chapter 70. Evaluation of National Drug Policy in Sudan: Regulatory Privatisation, Social Welfare Services and its Alternatives
Abdeen Mustafa Omer

Chapter 71. Mucosally-Restricted Leishmaniasis in the Old and New World: Updates in the Epidemiology, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention of the Underestimated Neglected Disease
Amal A. El-Moamly

Chapter 72. Results of Pharmacist’s Intervention in a Geriatric Outpatient Clinics Based on Potentially Inappropriate Prescribing Criteria
M. Margarida Moraes, Ana Matias, M. A. Soares and J. Gorjão Clara

Chapter 73. An Ethical Analysis of Banning Free Pharmaceutical Samples
Ahmed Elsayyad

Chapter 74. Superficial Mycoses: An Overview
Avner Shemer with Nicole Sakka and Sharon Baum

Chapter 75. National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Fine Particles (PM2.5) in Japan
Kenichi Azuma and Iwao Uchiyama

Chapter 76. Atmospheric Behaviors of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons As a Marker of PM2.5 in East Asia
Kazuichi Hayakawa, Ning Tang, Takayuki Kameda and Akira Toriba

Chapter 77. The Study on Air PM2.5 Pollution Health Effects: Recent Trends in China Current Conditions
Xiaochuan Pan

Chapter 78. PM2.5 Pollution in East Asia: Current Status and Strategy Towards Improving Air Quality
Toshimasa Ohara

Chapter 79. A Pivotal Role of Nrf2 in Airway Inflammatory Responses Induced by Diesel Exhaust in Asthma: Mechanisms and Their Application to Clinical Interventions
Hiroo Wada, Toshiya Inui, Keitaro Nakamoto, Mitsuru Sada, Masuo Nakamura and Hajime Takizawa

Chapter 80. Effects of DEP Inhalation on Development of Infectious Diseases
Tadashi Kohyama

Chapter 81. DNA Adduct Formation by Diesel Exhaust and Its Relevance to Carcinogenesis
Masafumi Horie

Chapter 82. Effects of Diesel Exhaust Particles on the Cardiovascular System: Experimental and Clinical Findings
Yasuhiro Yamauchi and Hajime Takizawa

Chapter 83. Neurotoxicity of DEPs
Satoshi Noguchi

Chapter 84. Effects of Air Pollution on Diabetes: Epidemiological and Pathophysiological Insights
Katsuhito Kato

Chapter 85. Adverse Fetal Effects of Diesel Exhaust-Induced Oxidative Stress
Yu Mikami

Chapter 86. Atmospheric Nanoparticles and Their Potential Health Effects
Yuji Fujitani, Akiko Furuyama and Seishiro Hirano

Chapter 87. Findings Regarding the Hazard Assessment of Nanoparticles and Their Effects on the Next Generation
Masakazu Umezawa, Atsuto Onoda and Ken Takeda

Chapter 88. Silica Nanoparticles Induce Production of Inflammatory Cytokines through ATP Signaling via Purine Receptors
Shuji Kojima, Mitsutoshi Tsukimoto and Ken Takeda

Chapter 89. The Potential Protective Effect of Antioxidants on Nanoparticle Toxicity
Atsuto Onoda, Masakazu Umezawa and Ken Takeda

Chapter 90. Antioxidant Interventions As Potential Protective Strategies for Populations Susceptible to Diesel Exhaust Particles
Ying-Ji Li, Hajime Takizawa, Arata Azuma and Tomoyuki Kawada

Chapter 91. Fine and Ultrafine Particle Risk Management: Problems to Be Solved
Masakazu Umezawa and Miho Namba

Chapter 92. Female Genital Cutting (FGC)
Margaret Burnett

Chapter 93. Implementing Successful HPV Vaccination Campaigns in Developing Countries: A Case Study of Rwanda
Jessica Salituri

Chapter 94. Human Trafficking: Health Consequences
Clydette Powell and Gloria Halverson

Chapter 95. Impact of HIV on Women’s Health in Low- and Middle-Income Countries
Molly Whalen-Browne, Andrea Hunter and Tim O’Shea

Chapter 96. Abortion: The Tragedy of the Century
Florence M. Mirembe and Pius Okong

Chapter 97. Maternal Mortality and Morbidity: Consolidating the Gains, Addressing the Ongoing Disparity
Jean Chamberlain-Froese and Eve Nakabembe

Chapter 98. Obstetric Fistula: A Catalyst for Preventing Maternal Morbidity and Mortality, Strategic Shifts in Programming
Peter Mukasa-Kivunike and Jacinto Amandua

Chapter 99. Social Determinants of Maternal Health: A Case of Uganda
Mary Ssonko Nabacwa and Olive Sentumbwe-Mugisa

Chapter 100. Women and the Water-health Nexus
Corrine Schuster-Wallace and Susan Watt

Chapter 101. Nutrition of Adolescent Mothers in the Majority World: Challenges and Strategies
Josephine Nabugoomu and Rhona M. Hanning

Chapter 102. Implementation Evaluations: Application to Mother/Baby Friendly Hospitals Initiatives in Tanzania
Pius Okong, Robert Alder and Joseph Mwanga

Chapter 103. Advocacy for Maternal Health: Insights from 20 Years of Crying Out for the World’s Mothers
Jean Chamberlain-Froese and Teopista Agutu

Chapter 104. Governments and Their Influence on Women’s and Children’s Health in Low and Middle Income Countries
Victor Neufeld and Sapna Sharma

Chapter 105. Gynecologic Cancer Services in the Majority World
Rahel Ghebre and Thomas C. Randall

Chapter 106. Implementing a Cervical Cancer Screening Program in Low and Middle Income Countries
Laurie Elit, Lars Elffors, Baigalimaa Gendendarjaa, Erdenjargal Ayush, Elena Maximenco and Munkhtaivan Adiya

Chapter 107. Gynecologic Oncology Surgical Care for Women in Low and Middle-Income Countries
Barry Rosen and Sarah Sinasac

Chapter 108. Bioethics and the Majority World
Dan Reilly

Chapter 109. Menorrhagia: Risk Factors, Diagnosis and Treatment
Yves Muscat Baron

Chapter 110. Management of Heavy Menstrual Bleeding
Ovidiu Nicodin, Bogdan Panaite, Diana Badiu, Dan Navolan, Tony Hangan and Marius Popa

Chapter 111. The Role of Endometrial Inflammation in the Pathogenesis of Menorrhagia and the Clinical Use of NF-Kappa.b Natural Inhibitors with Hormone Therapy
Hugo Maia Jr., Clarice Haddad, Wilson SD dos Santos Junior and Julio Casoy

Chapter 112. Management of Dysmenorrhea in Women with Endometriosis
Ilaria Erasmo and Simone Ferrero

Chapter 113. Overview: History, Epidemiology, and Etiology
Leyla J. Ghazi

Chapter 114. Diagnosis of Crohn’s Disease
Mark H. Flasar

Chapter 115. Medical Management
Michael Engels and Raymond K. Cross

Chapter 116. The Role of Nutrition and Short Gut Syndrome
Runa Watkins and Sandra Quezada

Chapter 117. Minimally Invasive Surgical Techniques and Outcomes
Jonathan P. Ferrari, Srikant Sivaraman and Stephen M. Kavic

Chapter 118. Foregut Surgery
Emily S. Reardon, Daniel Mansour and Stephen M. Kavic

Chapter 119. Small Bowel Surgery
Eric Wise, Stephen P. Gadomski, and Stephen M. Kavic

Chapter 120. Colon Surgery
William A. Teeter and Andrea C. Bafford

Chapter 121. Perianal Crohn’s Disease
Jonathan Chun

Chapter 122. Special Circumstances: Pediatric Crohn’s, Crohn’s in Pregnancy, and Extra –Intestinal Manifestations
Iris Lee and Leon McLean

Chapter 123. Complications of Surgery
Sarwat Ahmad and Stephen M. Kavic

Chapter 124. Surveillance and Follow up
Seema Patil

Chapter 125. Pathogenesis of Inclusion Body Myositis: From Immunopathology to Degenerative Mechanisms
Abhinav Agrawal, Sayee Sundar Alagusundaramoorthy, Abhishek Agarwal and Paavani Atluri

Chapter 126. The Coexistence of Outbreak of Vibrio Parahaemolyticus and Acyl Derived from OA-Group Toxins in Shellfish from Southern Chile
Carlos García

Chapter 127. The Antral Ovarian Follicle Population and Its Application to Fertility and Livestock Breeding
Fábio Morotti, Katia Cristina Silva-Santos, Camila Bizarro da Silva, Gustavo Martins Gomes dos Santos and Marcelo Marcondes Seneda

Chapter 128. Current Achievements in the Ovarian Follicular Reserve: Implications for Applied Biotechnologies and Fertility in Cattle
Katia Cristina Silva-Santos, Gustavo Martins Gomes dos Santos, Fabio Morotti, Fernanda Zandonadi Machado, Suellen Miguez González and Marcelo Marcondes Seneda

Chapter 129. Large-Scale in Vitro Embryo Production As a Tool to Improve Animal Breeding
Luciana Simões Rafagnin Marinho, Paula Alvares Lunardelli, Camila Oliveira Rosa, Fabiana De Dio Sarapião and Marcelo Marcondes Seneda

Chapter 130. Physio-pathological Roles of Sirtuins and Their Therapeutic Significance
Minxian Qian and Baohua Liu

Chapter 131. Xenopus As Model Animals for Studying Larval to Adult Tissue Remodeling and Adult Organ Formation
Akio Nishikawa

Chapter 132. Lead Exposure: Assessment of Effects on the Genetic Material
María Sánchez-Flores, Blanca Laffon, Julia García-Lestón, Josefina Méndez, Eduardo Pásaro and Vanessa Valdiglesias

Chapter 133. Health Risk Assessment of Environmental Lead Exposures Through Scrapped Car Paint Dusts from Fairly Used Car Painting Workshops in Nigeria
John Kanayochukwu Nduka, Johnpaul Onyenezi Amuka and John Friday Sale

Chapter 134. Changes in Intestinal Microflora in Rats Induced by Oral Exposure to Low Lead (II) Concentrations
Ilya Digel, Rustam Sadykov, Aysegül Artmann and Gerhard Artmann

Chapter 135. Fractions of Sarcocornia Perennis Extract Protect Human Kidney Cells against Lead Induced Oxidative Stress and Apoptosis
Manel Gargouri, Hélène Talarmin, Riadh Ksouri, Marie-Agnès Giroux Metges and Christian Magné

Chapter 136. Intussusception: Symptoms
T. Dionysis and P. Petropoulos

Chapter 137. Rectal Intussusception and Its Clinical Spectrum
Sanjay Harrison and Harrison Benziger

Chapter 138. Japanese Guidelines for Intussusceptions and Current Management
Yasuo Ito

Chapter 139. Prenatal Intussusception: What Consequences?
Taieb Chouikh, Chaima Mrad, Awatef Charieg, Sofiene Ghorbel and Sonia Benkhalifa

Chapter 140. Laparoscopic Treatment of Intussusception
Philip E. George, and Edward Chin

Chapter 141. Afferent Loop Obstruction
K. Blouhos, K. A. Boulas, K. Tsalis and A. Hatzigeorgiadis

Chapter 142. Decreasing Post-Surgical Adhesions That Cause Recurrent Small Bowel Obstructions with a Conservative Manual Physical Therapy
Amanda D. Rice and C. Richard King, III

Chapter 143. Alternative Treatment of Non-Malignant Bowel Obstruction in Patients with Gynecological Cancer
C. Richard King, III and Amanda D. Rice

Chapter 144. Human Lyme Neuroborreliosis
David S. Younger

Chapter 145. Structural and Vibrational Properties of a Reverse Inhibitor against the HIV Virus, Dideoxynucleoside Zalcitabine in Gas and Aqueous Solution Phases
María A. Checa, Roxana A. Rudyk, Eduardo E. Chamorro and Silvia A. Brandán

Chapter 146. Structural and Vibrational Properties of Oxcarbazepine, a Polymorphic Anticonvulsant Substance, by Using DFT and SCRF Calculations
María F. Ladetto, María B. Márquez and Silvia A. Brandán

Chapter 147. Predicting Conformations, Structural and Topological Properties and Reactivities of a Fluorinated Benzothiazol Derivative with Potential Biological Activities
Maximiliano Iramain, María F. Ladetto and Silvia A. Brandán

Chapter 148. Structural and Vibrational Properties of 5-Trifluoromethyluracil Derivative Combining DFT and SCRF Calculations with the SQM Methodology
Roxana A. Rudyk, María E. Ramos, María A. Checa, Eduardo E. Chamorro and Silvia A. Brandán

Chapter 149. Structural and Vibrational Properties of the Two Enantiomers of Etodolac: A Complete Assignment of the Vibrational Spectra
Ana B. Raschi, Elida Romano, María V. Castillo, Patricio Leyton and Silvia A. Brandán

Chapter 150. A Structural and Spectroscopic Study on Benzisoxazole Methane Sulfonic Acid Sodium Salt (BOSNa)
María J. Márquez, María B. Márquez and Silvia A. Brandán

Chapter 151. Structural and Vibrational Study of a Powerful Environmental Pollutant Agent, the Hexachlorobenzene Compound
María V. Castillo, María E. Manzur, Liliana Di Marco, Verónica Runco and Silvia A. Brandán

Chapter 152. Vibrational Study of 2,4-Dichlorophenoxy Acetic Acid in Acetone Solution
María V. Castillo, María E. Manzur, Liliana Di Marco, Lilian Davies, Verónica Runco and Silvia A. Brandán

Chapter 153. Prediction of Reactivities of Sulfonylureas Herbicides Using Different Descriptors
María F. Ladetto, Florencia C. Caro, Roxana A. Rudyk, María A. Checa and Silvia A. Brandán

Chapter 154. Modeling the Potential Health Effects of a Walk-to-School Program
Brian L. Cole, Riti Shimkhada, Candace D. Rutt, Laura Russ, Sarah Martin, Larissa Roux, Teri Yanagawa, Linda West, Jonathan Fielding and Michael Pratt

Chapter 155. A Case Study Examining the Applicability of Using Health Impact Assessment to Evaluate a Greyfield Redevelopment Project in Atlanta, GA 313
Candace D. Rutt, Brian L. Cole, Riti Shimkhada, Nicholas Maricich, Larissa Roux, Teri Yanagawa, Linda West, Michael Gamble, Jude LeBlanc, Ross Brownson, Jonathan Fielding and Michael Pratt

Chapter 156. Noise As a Health Risk Factor in the Kindergartens
Katarina Kacjan Žgajnar, Dejan Bahč and Rok Fink

Chapter 157. Bacterial Adhesion to Surfaces: A Potential Risk for Human Health
Martina Oder, Karmen Godič Torkar, Mojca Jevšnik, Klemen Bohinc and Rok Fink

Chapter 158. Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers: Yesterday and Today (Consequences of Ebola Outbreak in West Africa)
V. Bostik, M. Salavec, R. Sleha, N. Bostik, P. Bostik, E. Slehova, R. Kukla, H. Stritecka and P. Prasil

Chapter 159. Selected Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers: A Lot of Questions, Few Answers
V. Bostik, M. Salavec, P. Prasil and P. Bostik

Chapter 160. The Characteristics of Bats and Fruit Bats as Reservoirs of Selected Infectious Diseases with Emphasis on Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers
V. Bostik, M. Salavec, R. Sleha, N. Bostik, E. Slehova, R. Kukla and P. Prasil

Chapter 161. South American Arenaviral Hemorrhagic Fevers
B. I. Stephan, A. F. De Ganzó, M. E. Lozano and S. E. Goñi

Chapter 162. Japanese Encephalitis: Problem of Asia Only?
V. Bostik, M. Salavec, R. Sleha, E. Slehova, R. Kukla and P. Prasil

Chapter 163. Maternal Smoking in Pregnancy and Its Impact on Placental and Fetal Development
Emilio González-Jiménez

Chapter 164. Maternal Smoking during Pregnancy and the Risk of Sleep Disturbances in Infants
Igor A. Kelmanson

Chapter 165. Prenatal Screening and Diagnosis of Facial Clefts: Where Are We Now?
William W. K. To and Meliza C. W. Kong

Chapter 166. Noninvasive Prenatal Diagnosis by Sequencing Circulating Fetal DNA
Liang Xu and Rui Shi

Chapter 167. Array CGH in Prenatal Diagnosis
Paola Evangelidou, Philippos C. Patsalis and Carolina Sismani

Chapter 168. Overview
Shunsei Hirohata

Chapter 169. Genetics of Behcet’s Disease
Eun Ha Kang and Yeong Wook Song

Chapter 170. Immunological Abnormalities
Hidekata Yasuoka and Masataka Kuwana

Chapter 171. Behçet’s Disease from an Innate Immune Perspective
Hajime Kono and Kurumi Asako

Chapter 172. Pathological Characteristics
Shunsei Hirohata and Hirotoshi Kikuchi

Chapter 173. Mucocutaneous Involvement
Do Young Kim, Zheng Zhenlong, Sungwon Suh and Dongsik Bang

Chapter 174. Eye Involvement
Toshikatsu Kaburaki

Chapter 175. Joint Involvement
Yuki Nanke and Shigeru Kotake

Chapter 176. Intestinal Involvement
Hirotoshi Kikuchi and Shunsei Hirohata

Chapter 177. Neurological Involvement
Shunsei Hirohata

Chapter 178. Vascular Involvement
Hirotoshi Kikuchi and Shunsei Hirohata

Chapter 179. Prognosis and Treatment
Tetsuji Sawada

Chapter 180. Why Focus on Adolescent Health Literacy and Learning?
Deborah Begoray and Elizabeth Banister

Chapter 181. Definitions of Adolescent Health Literacy: A Systematic Review and Critical Appraisal
Leslie Malloy-Weir

Chapter 182. Reading Chasing Adland: Middle Years’ Students in Pursuit of Critical Media Health Literacy
Deborah Begoray and Hong Fu

Chapter 183. High School Health Literacy in Burma/Myanmar
Christine Beer and Deborah Begoray

Chapter 184. Teaching Middle School Adolescents to Critically Reflect on the Interaction of Gender with Health Advertising
Elizabeth Banister and Deborah Begoray

Chapter 185. Fast Food vs. Fitness: Gendered Health Literacy Needs of Secondary School Students
Joan Wharf Higgins and Kai Bellows Riecken

Chapter 186. Integrating Culture to Enhance Mental Health Literacy among Aboriginal Youth
E. Anne Marshall

Chapter 187. Mental Health Literacies in Youth Work Practice with Adolescents
Patti Ranahan

Chapter 188. Addressing Girls’ Health Literacy and Learning with Young Adult ‘Problem’ Novels
Deborah Begoray, Elizabeth Banister and Sabrena Jaswal

Chapter 189. Looking Back and Looking Ahead
Elizabeth Banister and Deborah Begoray

Chapter 190. An Insight into Anti-Skin Aging Effects of Natural Products: Topical Application and Oral Administration
Bin Du, Fengmei Zhu and Baojun Xu

Chapter 191. Equol: A Botanical Active Ingredient for Human Skin Anti-aging
Edwin D. Lephart

Chapter 192. New Insights on the Role of Pollution in Regulation of Skin Physiology and Aging
Simarna Kaur, Michelle Garay, Marisa Dufort and Michael D. Southall 

Chapter 193. New Insights on the Role of Inflammation in Regulation of Skin Aging
Ali Fassih, Anne-Sophie Brillouet, Dianne Rossetti, Simarna Kaur and Michael D. Southall

Chapter 194. Aging Effects on the Physiology of the Stratum Corneum
Elise Boireau-Adamezyk, Arlette Baillet-Guffroy and Georgios N Stamatas

Chapter 195. Polyphenolic Nanobiomaterials As Emerging Therapies for Combating Physiology and Clinical Aspects of Photoaging and Photocarcinogenesis
Neena Philips, Jovinna Chalensouk-Khaosaat, Avani Devmurrai and Hardika Patel

Chapter 196. Ultraviolet-Induced Photoaging in the Skin: The role of Inflammatory Cytokine, Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor
Mati Ur Rehman, Takashi Kondo and Tadamichi Shimizu

Chapter 197. Pre-Endoscopic Management of Patients with Hematemesis: Areas of Controversy
Matthew L. Bechtold and Douglas L. Nguyen

Chapter 198. Fractures and Instabilities of the Craniocervical Region: A Review of Different Approaches of Dens Axis Fractures
Georg Kakavas and Athanasios K. Petridis

Chapter 199. Severe Hyperglycemic Disarrangements: Heart Rate Variability as a Tool for Risk Estimation and Therapy Management
Sven Suefke, Hasib Djonlagić and Thomas Kibbel

Chapter 200. Deep Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty: Is a Bare Descemet Necessary?
Mário Henrique Camargos de Lima, Alex Roque Rizzi, Rosângela Aparecida Simoceli, Fernando Betty Cresta, William Camargos de Lima, Gustavo Victor and Milton Ruiz Alves

Chapter 201. Physical, Emotional and Quality of Life Aspects of Patients with Cervical Dystonia
Roberta Weber Werle and Luiz Henrique Schuch

Chapter 202. The Use of Androgens in Menopause: A Critical Review of Its Effects
Rafael Silvestre Knack, Lis Marina Mesquita, Vagner Rosa Bizarro, Julio César Salles Santos, Denise Rosso Tenório Wanderley Rocha, and Alberto Krayyem Arbex

Chapter 203. Classification of Pixels in the Cerebral Angiogram
Irina Andra Tache

Chapter 204. Advances and Challenges in Structural Analysis of Human Milk Oligosaccharides Using Modern Mass Spectrometry
Marko Jovanović and Jasna Peter-Katalinić

Chapter 205. Necrotizing Fasciitis of the Breast Caused by a Masochistic Act
Peter Stumpner and Thomas Stumpner

Chapter 206. Commentary on Environmental Pollution and Diabetic Nephropathy
Charles J. Everett and Olivia M. Thompson

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