Medicine Research Summaries. Volume 14 (with Biographical Sketches)

Zhongwen Liáng (Editor)
Bibao Zhang (Editor)

Series: Medicine Research Summaries
BISAC: MED000000



Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick


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This book is a continuation of the book Medicine Researcher Biographical Sketches and Research Summaries which compiles biographical sketches of top professionals in the field of medicinal research, as well as research summaries from a number of different focuses in this important field. (Imprint: Nova Biomedical)


Part I Researcher Biographical Sketches

Chapter 1 Abhinav Agrawal

Chapter 2 Richard A. Armstrong

Chapter 3 Liliana-Laura Badita

Chapter 4 Martin Benčo

Chapter 5 Ross Hunter Booth

Chapter 6 Alberto Calvi

Chapter 7 Lucian Capitanu

Chapter 8 Massimo Dal Monte

Chapter 9 Erika E. Doxtader

Chapter 10 Alexandrina L. Dumitrescu

Chapter 11 Ioan Stefan Florian

Chapter 12 Lucian Fodor

Chapter 13 Maria Lidia Herrera

Chapter 14 Bujung Hong

Chapter 15 Buddhike S. H. Indrasena

Chapter 16 Helena Cristina Loureiro

Chapter 17 Elena Martinez Gomez

Chapter 18 Fouad J. Moawad

Chapter 19 Gema Nieto

Chapter 20 Brant K. Oelschlager

Chapter 21 Seema Patel

Chapter 22 Ana Fernández Pérez

Chapter 23 Vladimir A. Popov

Chapter 24 Allison J. Porter

Chapter 25 Stefano Rausei

Chapter 26 Björn Riegel

Chapter 27 Nuno Fernando Rodrigues Silva

Chapter 28 Gaspar Ros

Chapter 29 Jaime Ruiz-Tovar

Chapter 30 Alessandro Saccà

Chapter 31 Yan Tang

Chapter 32 Stuart D. Washington

Part II Research Summaries

Chapter 33 The Thousand and One Facets of Actinic Keratosis
(Gérald E. Piérard, Claudine Franchimont and Philippe Delvenne)

Chapter 34 Update on the Epidemiology, Classification, and Genetic Factors of Gallstones and Basic Metabolism of Gallbladder Lipids
(Shing-moo Huang)

Chapter 35 Motor Dysfunction, Etiology and Pathogenesis of Gallstones
(Shing-Moo Huang)

Chapter 36 The Stellate Cell (Vitamin A-Storing Cell) System
(Haruki Senoo)

Chapter 37 Pathology of Skin Infections
(Yutaka Tsutsumi)

Chapter 38 The Art of Triage
(Tracy Anne Edwards)

Chapter 39 Handbook of Modern Techniques in Auditory Cortex
(Didier A. Depireux and Mounya Elhilali)

Chapter 40 Cellular Response to Physical Stress and Therapeutic Applications
(Tadamichi Shimizu and Takashi Kondo)

Chapter 41 The History of Cesarean Section
(Samuel Lurie)

Chapter 42 Weeds as an Alternate Host of Geminivirus
(Rajneesh Prajapat and Rajarshi Kumar Gaur)

Chapter 43 Short Bowel Syndrome in Children: Current Practice and Future Perspectives
(Igor Sukhotnik)

Chapter 44 Regulators of Ovarian Functions
(Alexander V. Sirotkin)

Chapter 45 Family Planning Methods: The Old and New Developments
(A. O. Arowojolu and E. I. Olowokere)

Chapter 46 Genetic Variants in Periodontal Diseases: Impact on Disease Susceptibility and Severity
(Man Mohan Singh, Rajat Mathur and Ravinder Singh Bedi)

Chapter 47 Culturally Sensitizing STI/HIV Prevention: Applying PEN-3 in STI/HIV Prevention in the Netherlands
(M. G. B. C. Bertens, A. H. Westmaas, J. C. M. Watzeels, M. S. Meijer, P. Vriens and N. M. C. van Kesteren)

Chapter 48 Surface Electromyographic Signal Detection and Analysis
(Akash Kumar Bhoi)

Chapter 49 HIV Prevention among Older LGBT Adults: Addressing Health Care Disparities and Non-Inclusive U.S. Public Policies Across Community-Living, Nursing Home, and Prison Settings
(Jennifer Hillman)

Chapter 50 Recurrent Respiratory Infections in Children
(Chiara Mameli, Francesca Penagini and Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti)

Chapter 51 Development, Production and Applications of Quercetin
(Basavaraj K. Nanjwade, Roopali M. Shetake and Teerapol Srichana)

Chapter 52 Microbial Pathogens in Crohn’s Disease
(Lokesh Shahani)

Chapter 53 Augmentative Communication Application for People with ASD Using Android Devices
(A. Simancas, A. Méndez Zorrilla and B. García Zapirain)

Chapter 54 Acute Lower Respiratory Tract Infections in Children: Symptoms, Management and Prevention
(Rebecca Atkinson and Steve Turner)

Chapter 55 Generation and Characterization of Recombinant HM-1 Single-Chain Anti-Idiotypic Antibodies and its Applications
(Dakshnamurthy Selvakumar, Masahiko Miyamoto, Senthilkumar Krishnaswamy, Yasuhiro Furuichi and Tadazumi Komiyama)

Chapter 56 Unexpected Plasma Membrane Location for a Disulfide Isomerase Protein
(Elisa Gaucci, Fabio Altieri and Silvia Chichiarelli)

Chapter 57 Effects of Surface Charge and Particle Size of Cell-Penetrating Peptide/Nanoparticle Complexes on Cellular Internalization
(Betty Revon Liu, Ming-Huan Chan, Hwei-Hsien Chen, Shih-Yen Lo, Yue-Wern Huang and Han-Jung Lee)

Chapter 58 The Role of B Cells in Intracellular Bacterial Pathogen Infections
(Klara Kubelkova, Zuzana Krocova, Lenka Plzakova and Ales Macela)

Chapter 59 Dynamic Clustering of BCR-Lipid Rafts in Antigen Affinity Discrimination by B Cells
(Paul Yu-Yang, Somkanya C. Raychaudhuri, A. Srinivas Reddy, Philippos K. Tsourkas, Hae Won Sohn, Wanli Liu, Susan K. Pierce and Subhadip Raychaudhuri)

Chapter 60 B Cells: A Key Player in the Pathogenesis of Multiple Sclerosis
(Yusei Miyazaki and Masaaki Niino)

Chapter 61 A Few Tests Prior to Flow Cytometry and Epifluorescence Analyses of Freshwater Bacterio – and Virioplankton Communities
(Stéphan Jacquet, Ursula Dorigo and Sébastien Personnic)

Chapter 62 Application of Flow Cytometry in Phenotyping, Analysis and Functional Characterization of T Regulatory and Immune Suppressor Cells: A Focus on Multiple Myeloma Immune Regulatory Biology
(Karthick Raja Muthu Raja and Roman Hajek)

Chapter 63 Multicolor Panel Design Strategies in Rare Event Analysis: Dendritic Cells and Regulatory T Cells
(Ilse Van Brussel, Nathalie Ruyssers, Marthe Heylen and Dorien M. Schrijvers)

Chapter 64 Light-Scattering Flow Cytometry: Advanced Characterization of Individual Particle Morphology
(Valeri P. Maltsev, Andrey V. Chernyshev and Dmitry I. Strokotov)

Chapter 65 Applications of Flow Cytometry in Environmental Sciences: Inspiring Examples
(Piotr Rzymski and Barbara Poniedziałek)

Chapter 66 Improvements in HSV-1-Derived Amplicon Vectors for Gene Transfer
(Matias E. Melendez, Alejandra I. Aguirre, Maria V. Baez, Carlos A. Bueno, Anna Salvetti, Diana A. Jerusalinsky and Alberto L. Epstein)

Chapter 67 Advances in Viral Genome Research of Papillomaviruses
(A. C. Freitas, A. L. S. Jesus, A. P. D. Gurgel and M. A. R. Silva)

Chapter 68 Synthetic Synthesis of Viral Genomes
(Monique R. Eller, Roberto S. Dias, Rafael L. Salgado, Cynthia C. da Silva and Sérgio O. De Paula)

Chapter 69 Novel Bioinformatics Method to Analyze More than 10,000 Influenza Virus Strains Easily at Once: Batch-Learning Self Organizing Map (BLSOM)
(Yuki Iwasaki, Toshimichi Ikemura, Kennosuke Wada, Yoshiko Wada and Takashi Abe)

Chapter 70 Molecular Determination of Adipogenic versus Osteogenic Differentiation in Mesenchymal Stem Cells
(Alan Nguyen, Le Chang, Michelle A. Scott and Aaron W. James)

Chapter 71 LMNA-Linked Lipodystrophies: Experimental Models to Unravel the Molecular Mechanisms
(Arantza Infante, Garbiñe Ruiz de Eguino, Andrea Gago and Clara I. Rodríguez)

Chapter 72 Adipogenesis and Osteoblastgenesis toward the Ageing Intervention in the 21st Century
(Takeshi Imai)

Chapter 73 Role of Wnt/-Catenin Signaling in Bone Marrow adiposity Following Cancer Chemotherapy
(Kristen R. Georgiou and Cory J. Xian)

Chapter 74 Role of Reactive Oxygen Species in Adipocyte Differentiation
(D. Lettieri-Barbato, K. Aquilano, G. Tatulli and M. R. Ciriolo)

Chapter 75 Adipogenesis: Signaling Pathways, Molecular Regulation and Clinical Impact
(Kristin A. McPhillips and Quanjun Cui)

Chapter 76 Review on Optimization of the Formulations of Metronidazole through Different Administration Routes
(Nan Li, Fengping Tan and Jerry Zhang)

Chapter 77 The Use of Metronidazole in Cancer Gene Therapy and Targeted Cell Ablation
(Claire Horvat, David Ackerleyand Gabi Dachs)

Chapter 78 Protective Roles of Glutathione Peroxidases in Diabetes
(Ruchi Singh, Sudha Chennasamudram and Tetyana L. Vasylyeva)

Chapter 79 Stem Cell Disorders and Bone Marrow Transplantation
(Ming Li and Susumu Ikehara)

Chapter 80 Catalase Gene Mutant Mice: Acatalasemic and Hypocatalasemic Mice
(Da-Hong Wang, Keiki Ogino, Ken Tsutsui, Kuniaki Sano, Noriyoshi Masuoka, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Masahiro Miyazaki, Hirofumi Fujita, Kazuhisa Taketa and Masana Ogata)

Chapter 81 What Do Animal Models of Inflammatory Arthritis Teach Us about Bone Damage?
(Lukasz Kolodziej)

Chapter 82 Methylprednisolone Use in Autoimmune Diseases
(Maria Esther Sanchez-Garcia, Federico Urbano Ramirez, Angela Gomez-Garduño, Gema Pulido Cortijo and Angeles Blanco-Molina)

Chapter 83 Clinical Use of Methylprednisolone in Oncology
(Gema Pulido-Cortijo, María Esther Sánchez-García, Ignacio Pérez-Valero, M. Teresa Cano-Osuna and M. Auxiliadora Gómez-España)

Chapter 84 Pretreatment with Methylprednisolone Reduces Adverse Clinical Effects of Inflammatory Response Induced by Heart Surgery and Cardiopulmonary Bypass
(Petar M. Vukovic, Miodrag S. Peric and Predrag S. Milojevic)

Chapter 85 Potential Side Effects of Methylprednisolone
(Fatih Büyükcam)

Chapter 86 Essential Immune Responses to HIV/AIDS
(Ali A. Al-Jabri, Samira Al-Mahruqi and Sidgi Hasson)

Chapter 87 Parametabolic β-Aggregation of Proteins: Familiar Mechanisms with Diverse Sequels
(Sergey V. Verevka)

Chapter 88 A Review of Food Antioxidants: Natural and Synthetic
(Soumi Gayen)

Chapter 89 Regulatory Privatisation, Social Welfare Services and its Alternatives
(Abdeen M. Omer and Gamal K. M. Ali)

Chapter 90 Controlled Ventilation and its Modulation for Advanced Monitoring of the Circulation in Surgery and Critical Care
(Philip J. Peyton)

Chapter 91 Privatisation of the Central Medical Supplies Public Corporation (CMS): Why Not?
(Abdeen M. Omer and Gamal K. M. Ali)

Chapter 92 Development of Antidiabetic Herbal Formulations
(Basavaraj K. Nanjwade, Amrita A. Kagalkar and Teerapol Srichana)

Chapter 93 Frequency of Occurrence of Multiresistant Strains of Staphylococcus aureus Isolated in Tbilisi (2008-2012)
(Sh. Khetsuriani, Kh. Pochkhua, M. Chitaladze and K. Khetsuriani)

Chapter 94 Illustrated Overview of the Prevalence and Clinical Symptoms of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
(Syuichi Koarada, Yuri Sadanaga, Natsumi Nagao, Satoko Tashiro, Rie Suematsu, Akihide Ohta and Yoshifumi Tada)

Chapter 95 The Pathophysiology of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
(Mariana Postal and Simone Appenzeller)

Chapter 96 MBL and MBL Genotypes in SLE
(Zornitsa Kamenarska, Maria Hristova and Lyubomir Dourmishev)

Chapter 97 Novel Biological Activities of Autoantibodies as the Potential Markers of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
(Yuriy Kit, Iryna Magorivska, Valentyna Chopyak, Yaroslav Tolstiak, Rostyslav Bilyy and Rostyslav Stoika)

Chapter 98 Cytokines in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE): Clinical Aspects and Prognostics
(P. R. E. Souza, J. De Azevêdo Silva, N. M. J. Asano and P. Sandrin-Garcia)

Chapter 99 Prognosis in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
(Nailú Angélica Sinicato and Simone Appenzeller)

Chapter 100 Autoantibody-Producing RP105-Negative B Cells in Humans and a Murine Model of Lupus Erythematosus
(Syuichi Koarada and Yoshifumi Tada)

Chapter 101 Endothelial Progenitor Cells and Cardiovascular Disease
(Thomas F. J. King and John H. McDermott)

Chapter 102 Characterization, Isolation, Expansion and Clinical Therapy of Human Corneal Epithelial Stem/Progenitor Cells
(De-Quan Li, Zhichong Wang, Kyung-Chul Yoon and Fang Bian)

Chapter 103 Genetically Engineered Blood Pharming: Generation of HLA-Universal Platelets Derived from CD34+ Progenitor Cells
(Constança Figueiredo and Rainer Blasczyk)

Chapter 104 Regulation of Neural Progenitor Cells by Wnt5a-Signaling in the Developmental Central Nervous System
(Mitsuharu Endo and Yasuhiro Minami)

Chapter 105 Endothelial Progenitor Cells in Clinical Settings
(Fumihiro Sanada, Yoshiaki Taniyama, Junya Azuma, Ikeda-Iwabe Yuka, Masaaki Iwabayashi, Hiromi Rakugi and Ryuichi Morishita)

Chapter 106 Role of MicroRNAs in Endothelial Progenitor Cells: Implication for Cardiac Repair
(E. Goretti, D. R. Wagner and Y. Devaux)

Chapter 107 Cellular Origins in Amphibian Regeneration
(Hai-yan Leng, Gufa Lin, and Ying Chen)

Chapter 108 Differentiation Signaling Induced by Retinoic Acid and Vitamin D3
(Xiaotang Hu and Graham Shaw)

Chapter 109 Proline Rich Homeodomain (PRH/HHEX) Protein in the Control of Haematopoiesis and Myeloid Cell Proliferation and its Potential as a Therapeutic Target in Myeloid Leukaemias and Other Cancers
(R. M. Kershaw, K. Gaston and P-S. Jayaraman)

Chapter 110 Apoptosis, Cell Cycle and Epigenetic Processes Deregulation in Myeloproliferative Neoplasms
(Daniela Dover de Araujo, Natalia de Souza Nunes, Raquel Tognon-Ribeiro, Sandra Mara Burin and Fabiola Attié de Castro)

Chapter 111 Use of Animal Models to Evaluate Myeloid Cell Dysfunction in Cancer
(Tracey L. Papenfuss and Julie Baker)

Chapter 112 Biology of Myeloid Cells Mediating Tumor Recurrence after Radiotherapy
(G-One Ahn and J. Martin Brown)

Chapter 113 Antioxidants in Common Spices and Their Health Benefits
(Haiyan Gao, Shiow Y. Wang, Hangjun Chen and Chien Y. Wang)

Chapter 114 A Review of Pre-Processing of Photoplethysmography (PPG) Signal and Features Analysis
(Akash Kumar Bhoi)

Chapter 115 Blood Supply in Major Diseases and its Clinical Impact
(Hady Felfly and Damien D. Pearse)

Chapter 116 The Impact of the Pharmaceutical Regulations on the Quality of Medicines on the Sudanese Market: Importers’ Perspective
(Abdeen M. Omer and Gamal K. M. Ali)

Chapter 117 Blood Supply: Clinical Significance in Wound Healing and Surgery
(Eric J. Wright, John Paro, Deepak Gupta and Gordon K. Lee)

Chapter 118 Cost Per Dose Estimation and Economic Comparison of Inactivated Influenza Virus Vaccine and Plasmid DNA Influenza Vaccine
(Lorraine Angstetra, Clarence M. Ongkudon, Michael K. Danquah and Gareth M. Forde)

Chapter 119 Blood Transfusion and Anastomotic Complications in Esophageal Reconstructive Surgery
(Abdelkader Boukerrouche and Ahmed Meknioui)

Chapter 120 Does the Volume of the Technician’s Voice Influence Spirometric Results in Healthy Subjects?
(José Antonio Fiz, Rosa Gomez Mendez, Dan Sanchez Berenger, Raimon Jané Campos and Juan Ruiz Manzano)

Chapter 121 Physiological Aspects of Oxygen Transport to Peripheral Tissues by Retrograde Perfusion (Distal Vein Arterialization)
(T. Koyama, T. Sasajima and S. Kikuchi)

Chapter 122 Drug Interactions and Potential Side Effects of Cyclosporine
(Maria Delia Colombo, Renata Perego and Gilberto Bellia)

Chapter 123 Alcohol in Pregnancy and its Effects on the Central Nervous System
(Luanna M. P. Fernandes, Rafael R. Lima, Marta C. Monteiro, Walace Gomes-Leal and Cristiane S. F. Maia)

Chapter 124 Putative Impact of Cyclosporine on Hepatocellular Apoptosis In Vivo: Role of the Formulation Vehicle Cremophor EL®
(Sven Gottschalk, Valérie-Ann Raymond and Marc Bilodeau)

Chapter 125 Medical Therapy for the Management of Preterm Labor: Is There a First Line Agent?
(Gali Garmi and Raed Salim)

Chapter 126 A Qualitative Study of Care Leaders’ Opinions on Infection Prevention at Long-Term Care Facilities in Japan
(Yoshihisa Hirakawa, Takaya Kimata and Kazumasa Uemura)

Chapter 127 Biochemical Markers in Patients that Underwent Bariatric Surgery
(María Ortiz-Espejo, Ricardo Batanero Maguregui, Juan Antonio Gómez Gerique and María Dolores Fernández González)

Chapter 128 Probable Role of Epigenomics in Age-Related Macular Degeneration
(Barkur S. Shastry)

Chapter 129 Cyclosporine A: Cytoprotective Drug, Mitochondrial Connection
(Joaquin Jordan, Sara Saez-Atienzar, Luis Bonet-Ponce and Maria F. Galindo)

Chapter 130 L-Ascorbic Acid may Protect against Oxidative Damage in hRPE Cells by Stimulating Intracellular Erythropoietin Activity
(Piyush C. Kothary, Patrick Lee, Hasenin Al-khersan, Laura Zuker and M. A. Del Monte)

Chapter 131 Drusen: Current Classification and Characterization with Autofluorescence, Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography and Multimodal Imaging
(Konstantinos Balaskas)

Chapter 132 Barrett's Esophagus
(Walid Shaib, Reena Mahajan, Nabil Saba and Bassel F. El-Rayes)

Chapter 133 Cryotherapy: An Endoscopic Ablative Technique for the Management of Barrett’s Esophagus and Early Esophageal Cancer
(Dennis Yang and Mihir S. Wagh)

Chapter 134 Impact of Inflammation-Metaplasia-Adenocarcinoma Sequence and Inflammatory Microenvironment in Esophageal Carcinogenesis Using Surgical Rat Models
(Tomoharu Miyashita, Hidehiro Tajima, John W. Harmon, Furhawn A. Shah, Koichi Miwa and Tetsuo Ohta)

Chapter 135 Commotio Cordis: A Rare Catastrophic Mechano-Electric Coupling
(Na Zheng, Ming Dong and Jie Liu)

Chapter 136 How to Develop a Comprehensive and Cross-Disease Approach to Improve Patients' Illness Experience and Meet Public Policy Makers' Expectations
(Caroline Huyard)

Chapter 137 MuSK Myasthenia - A Rare Variant of a Rare Disease: A Case Description and Review of the Medical Literature
(Michal Haran, Andras Mate, Daniel Starobin, Gregory Papirov and Ami Schattner)

Chapter 138 Main Forms and Neurological Complications of Histiocytosis
(Eva Viragh, Csaba B. Nagy, Zoltan Locsei, Csaba Toth, Ferenc Garzuly and Bernadette Kalman)

Chapter 139 Nail-Patella Syndrome
(Sertac Cimen, Sanem Guler, Ryan Kelly, Frank MacDonald and Michele Molinari)

Chapter 140 Cardiac Angiosarcoma
(Angela Lamarca)

Chapter 141 Clear Cell Adenocarcinoma of the Bladder: Diagnosis and Management
(Ji Lu, Zhihui Xu and Chunxi Wang)

Chapter 142 Eosinophilic Pancreatitis
(Sanem Guler, Sertac Cimen, Frank MacDonald, Scott Hurton and Michele Molinari)

Chapter 143 Non-Traumatic Splenic Rupture: An Enigma in Emergency
(Jitendra Kumar Kushwaha, Abhinav Arun Sonkar, Akshay Anand and Suyash Singh)

Chapter 144 DevelopAKUre: Curing the World’s First Genetic Disease
(Oliver Timmis)

Chapter 145 The History of Contraception: From Ancient Egyptians to the “Morning After”
(Ciro Comparetto and Franco Borruto)

Chapter 146 The Implicit Social Cognition of Attitudes toward Contraceptives and The Implications for Sexual Behavior
(Valerie L. Laws and Luis M. Rivera)

Chapter 147 The Contraceptive Cycle: Improving Contraceptive Choices and Use
(Charles Picavet, John de Wit and Liesbeth Woertman)

Chapter 148 Qualities of Romantic Relationships and Consistent Condom Use among Dating Young Adults
(Larry Gibbs, Wendy D. Manning, Monica A. Longmore and Peggy C. Giordano)

Chapter 149 Contraceptive Use and Non-Use among Young Black and Hispanic Women: An Integrative Review
(Mary T. Hickey)

Chapter 150 Chemokines for Stem Cell Mobilization: What’s Next?
(Alessandro Isidori, Federica Loscocco, Barbara Guiducci and Giuseppe Visani)

Chapter 151 Autumn 1494: The First Cases of Syphilis in Naples. American or European Origin? (Second Part: The Paleo Pathological Findings)
(Sergio Sabbatani and Sirio Fiorino)

Chapter 152 On Caryopsis Xylem and Its Interactions
(Romuald Kosina)

Chapter 153 Physical Activity: Effects on Bone Mineral Density in the Femoral Neck
(Claudio Joaquim Borba-Pinheiro, Nébia Maria Almeida de Figueiredo, Marco Aurélio Oliveira, André Wlash-Monteiro, Alexandre Jannota Drigo and Estélio Henrique Martin Dantas)

Chapter 154 Therapeutic Monoclonal Antibodies for Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever
(X. Qiu, G. Wong, J. Audet and G. Kobinger)

Chapter 155 Fractalkine/CX3CL1 and CX3CR1 in Rheumatoid Arthritis and Related Conditions
(Tsuyoshi Kasama, Nao Oguro, Yoko Miura and Takeo Isozaki)

Chapter 156 Hydrogels as Controlled Drug Delivery Systems
(Baljit Singh)

Chapter 157 Cell Replacement Therapy and Retinal Destructive Diseases
(Fatemeh Sanie-Jahromi and Zahra-Soheila Soheili)

Chapter 158 A Situation Analysis of Human Resource Issues in the Pharmacy Profession in Sudan
(Abdeen M. Omer and Gamal K. Ali)

Chapter 159 Burn Diagnosis, Management and Research
(Amy L. Strong, Kavitha Ranganathan, Eric T. Chang, Michael Sorkin, Shailesh Agarwal and Benjamin Levi)

Chapter 160 Current and Future Directions of Burn Resuscitation and Wound Management
(Jeanne Lee, Leslie Kobayashi and Raul Coimbra)

Chapter 161 Mulligan's Mobilisations with Movement: A Manual Therapy Approach to the Treatment and Management of Hand Burn Injuries
(Natalia Montes Carrasco, Maria Jesús Trancón Bergas, Carmen Oreja Sánchez, Maria Virginia Vicente Blanco and Javier Nieto Blasco)

Chapter 162 Epidemiological Characteristics of Burn Injuries
(Bishara Atiyeh and Michel Costagliola)

Chapter 163 Pediatric Burn in Bangladesh: A Tertiary Level Hospital Experience
(Kishore Kumar Das, M. Quamruzzaman and Syed Shamsuddin Ahmed)

Chapter 164 Controversies in Preeclampsia
(Eyal Sheiner and Yariv Yogev)

Chapter 165 The Role of Glycosphingolipids in Lipid Rafts: Lessons from Knockout Mice
(Koichi Furukawa, Yusuke Ohmi, Yuji Kondo, Yuki Ohkawa, Noboru Hashimoto, Orie Tajima and Keiko Furukawa)

Chapter 166 Biophysics of Lipid Rafts and Their Interplay with Ceramide: Studies in Model Systems and Biological Insights
(Rodrigo F. M. de Almeida, Joaquim T. Marquês and Liana C. Silva)

Chapter 167 Caveolae as Specialized Lipid Rafts: Diverse Roles in the Regulation of Potassium Channel Signalling
(Dominic Byrne and Caroline Dart)

Chapter 168 The Role of Caveolin-Enriched Microdomains in the Regulation of Cellular Signalling and Energy Homeostasis
(Christopher Lipina, Mitchell H. Whyte, Clare Stretton and Harinder S. Hundal)

Chapter 169 Maintaining a Healthy Immune Response by Balancing the Lipid Content of Lipid Raft Microdomains
(Georgia McDonald, Panagiotis S. Kabouridis and Elizabeth C. Jury)

Chapter 170 Lipid Rafts and Signal Transduction in Mast Cells
(Vivian Marino Mazucato, Adriana Maria Mariano Silveira e Souza, Maria Célia Jamur and Constance Oliver)

Chapter 171 The Role of Lipid Rafts in Neurodegenerative Diseases
(Clive Bate)

Chapter 172 Neuronal Lipid Raft Perturbations as Key Elements of Early Neurodegeneration: A Challenge in the Search of New Tools for Early Diagnosis
(Raquel Marin and Mario Diaz)

Chapter 173 Dysfunctional Mitochondria: Therapeutic Targets in Ischemia Reperfusion Injury and Cancer
(Satish Srinivasan, Manti Guha and Narayan G. Avadhani)

Chapter 174 Insights on the Mitochondrial Role in Cardiac Stunning and Cardioprotection: An Energetic Approach
(Alicia E. Consolini, María I. Ragone, Germán A. Colareda and Patricia Bonazzola)

Chapter 175 Mitochondrial Dysfunction of a Coworker in Treatment of Trypanosoma cruzi and Leishmania amazonensis Infection
(Celso Vataru Nakamura, Sueli de Oliveira Silva, Tânia Ueda-Nakamura, Vânia Cristina Desoti and Danielle Lazarin-Bidóia)

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