Medicine Research Summaries. Volume 13

Zhongwen Liáng (Editor)
Bibao Zhang (Editor)

Series: Medicine Research Summaries
BISAC: MED000000




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This book is a continuation of the book Medicine Researcher Biographical Sketches and Research Summaries which compiles research summaries from a number of different focuses in this important field. (Imprint: Nova Biomedical)


Chapter 1 Updates on Serological and Molecular Diagnosis of Toxoplasmosis
(Marcia Antunes Fernandes and Aline Cardoso Caseca Volotão)

Chapter 2 Congenital Transmission of Toxoplasma Gondii in Ovine
(Thaís Rabelo dos Santos, Rodrigo Rabelo dos Santos, Alvimar José da Costa and Katia Denise Saraiva Bresciani)

Chapter 3 Epidemiology and Control of Toxoplasmosis in Dogs
(Katia Denise Saraiva Bresciani, André Luiz Baptista Galvão, Amanda Leal de Vasconcellos, Italmar Teodorico Navarro, Jancarlo Ferreira Gomes, Rodrigo Rabelo dos Santos, Thaís Rabelo dos Santos and Alvimar José da Costa)

Chapter 4 Toxoplasmosis in Bovine
(Thaís Rabelo dos Santos, Rodrigo Rabelo dos Santos, Alvimar José da Costa and Katia Denise Saraiva Bresciani)

Chapter 5 Toxoplasma Gondii: The Role of Chickens in the Transmission of Toxoplasmosis to Humans
(Valter Ferreira de Andrade-Neto and Ywlliane da Silva Rodrigues Meurer)

Chapter 6 Epidemiology and Control of Toxoplasmosis in Cats
(Katia Denise Saraiva Bresciani, André Luiz Baptista Galvão, Amanda Leal de Vasconcellos, Jancarlo Ferreira Gomes, Thaís Rabelo dos Santos, Rodrigo Rabelo dos Santos, Milena Araúz Viol, Monally Conceição Costa de Aquino and Italmar Teodorico Navarro)

Chapter 7 Toxoplasmosis in Public Health
(Katia Denise Saraiva Bresciani, André Luiz Baptista Galvão, Amanda Leal de Vasconcellos, Rodrigo Rabelo dos Santos, Luiz Silveira Neto, Sandra Valéria Inácio, José Antonio Soares, Jancarlo Ferreira Gomes and Thais Rabelo dos Santos)

Chapter 8 Control Program of Congenital Toxoplasmosis
(Italmar Teodorico Navarro, Regina Mitsuka Breganó, Fabiana Maria Ruiz Lopes Mori, Tercilia Oliveira Rodrigues, Thaís Rabelo dos Santos, Rodrigo Rabelo dos Santos and Katia Denise Saraiva Bresciani)

Chapter 9 Acne: A Review on Epidemiology, Pathogenesis and Treatment Options
(Richa Sharma and Namrita Lall)

Chapter 10 Acne: Pathogenesis, Therapy and Social Effects
(Gabriella Fabbrocini, Sara Cacciapuoti, Dario Bianca and Giuseppe Monfrecola)

Chapter 11 Selected Thai Medicinal Plant for the Treatment of Acne: Garciniamangostana Linn
(Panupon Khumsupan and Wandee Gritsanapan)

Chapter 12 Acne and IGF-I: A Fascinating Hypothesis
(Elena Guanziroli, Laura Maffeis and Mauro Barbareschi)

Chapter 13 Melanocortin-1 and -5 Receptors as Targets for Acne Therapy
(Wen-Hwa Li, Li Zhang and Miri Seiberg)

Chapter 14 Psychosocial and Emotional Aspects of Acne: The Need for a Psychosomatic Approach to Management
(K. Stephen and A. G. Affleck)

Chapter 15 Light Cautery in the Treatment of Closed Comedones
(V. Bettoli, S. Zauli and A. Virgili)

Chapter 16 Treatment Options for Swine Flu
(Luana Lenzi, Astrid Wiens and Roberto Pontarolo)

Chapter 17 Epidemiology and Recent Topics Regarding Swine Flu in Adults: After the 2009 Flu Pandemic
(Nobuhiro Asai)

Chapter 18 Swine Flu: Signs/Symptoms, Imaging Features and Treatment Options
(Daphne J. Theodorou, Stavroula J. Theodorou, John Iliodromitis, Fotios Mantzoukis, Konstantinos Gossios and Nikolaos Akritidis)

Chapter 19 Treatment and Monitoring of the Severe Influenza A H1N1 Infected Patients
(Wei Zhao, Xuan Liu and Yishan Zheng)

Chapter 20 David Against Goliath – Some Puny Rhinoviruses delayed the 2009 Influenza A (H1N1)pdm09 Pandemic in Norway?
(Gabriel Ånestad)

Chapter 21 The Melanocortin-1 Receptor: A Key Melanoma Risk Determinant and a Critical Regulator of the UV DNA Damage Repair Response
(Stuart G. Jarrett, Alexandra Amaro-Ortiz, Jason Tucker and John D’Orazio)

Chapter 22 MC1R, EDNRB and Kit Signaling in Pigmentation Regulation and Related Disorders
(Javier Pino and Lidia Kos)

Chapter 23 Multiple Genes and Diverse Hierarchical Pathways Affect Human Pigmentation
(C. Ganesh, Anita Damodaran, Martin R. Green, Sheila Rocha, Nicole Pauloski and Shilpa Vora)

Chapter 24 Acquired Skin Pigmentation
(Hideo Nakayama)

Chapter 25 The Pro-Opiomelanocortin (POMC) and Melanocortin System in Regulation of Human Skin Pigmentation
(Han-En Tsai, Elsa C. Chan, Gregory J. Dusting and Guei-Sheung Liu)

Chapter 26 Overview on the Melanocyte Precursor Migration from the Neural Crest
(Toyoko Akiyama and Ai Shinomiya)

Chapter 27 Topical Application of Mitomycin C in Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
(Mostafa I. Ammar, Ahmed S. Elhamshary, Kamal Ebeid and Sameh M. Ragab)

Chapter 28 Mitomycin for the Treatment of Non-Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer
(Eiji Kikuchi, Takahiro Maeda, Kazuhiro Matsumoto, Toshikazu Takeda, Nobuyuki Tanaka and Mototsugu Oya)

Chapter 29 Disorders of Fibrinogen
(Ayesha Zia and Meera Chitlur)

Chapter 30 Prevention and Management of Varicella Zoster Infection in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease
(Uri Kopylov, Eyal Leshem and Shomron Ben-Horin)

Chapter 31 Dermatological Manifestations of Varicella
(Lara el Hayderi and Arjen F. Nikkels)

Chapter 32 IT to Optimize Down Syndrome Diagnosis: Experience and Practice
(Jesús S. Jimenez, Ricardo J. Rejas-Muslera, Mª Cristina Gonzalez-Macho and Tirso Perez Medina)

Chapter 33 Bacillus cereus Pneumonia
(Vincenzo Savini)

Chapter 34 Mitomycin C: Insights into Its Mode of Anticancer Action
(Peace Mabeta and Roger Pool)

Chapter 35 Varicella Complications
(Walid L. Dajer-Fadel and Carlos Ibarra-Pérez)

Chapter 36 Varicella Infection in Children
(Peninnah Oberdorfer)

Chapter 37 Descriptive Study of the New Diagnostic-Therapeutic Hysteroscopic Morcellator System
(Jennifer Rovira Pampalona, Maria Degollada Bastos, Esther Ratia Garcia, Gemma Mancebo Moreno, Dani Vega Moreno, Gemma Escribano Montesdeoca, Angel Guerra Garcia, Joan Carles Mateu Pruñonosa, Tamara Garcia Grandal, Isabel Aznar Garcia, Laura Cusiné Lòpez, Núria Pagès Campderrós, Irene Mora Hervàs, Anna Perez Aguado, Pablo Verdecchia, Neus Juanmartí Palacín and Pere Bresco Torras)

Chapter 38 Cryopreservation of Filamentous Fungi: A Review
(Ladislav Homolka)

Chapter 39 Differential Scanning Calorimetry: A Useful Tool for Better Understanding Crystallisation and Slow-freezing Protocols
(P. Bruyere, A. Baudot, P. Guérin, G. Louis, T. Joly and S. Buff)

Chapter 40 Alternatives to Cryopreservation for the Short and Long-Term Storage of Mammalian Cells
(Karen Coopman)

Chapter 41 Mathematical Modeling and Simulations in Cryopreservation of Living Cells
(N. D. Botkin, K.- H. Hoffmann and V. L. Turova)

Chapter 42 Carcinogenesis
(Yildiz Dincer)

Chapter 43 Alkylating Agent Exposure and Its Relation with Cancer Risk
(Yildiz Dincer)

Chapter 44 Alkylating Agents in Chemotherapy
(Tiraje Celkan)

Chapter 45 Resistance Mechanisms for Alkylating Agent-Mediated Chemotherapy
(Ilhan Onaran)

Chapter 46 Alkylating Agents and Treatment of Gliomas
(Tsuyoshi Fukushima)

Chapter 47 Molecular Signature and Sub-cellular Machinery of Metazoan Gametogenic Stem Cells
(Andrey Shukalyuk and Valeria Isaeva)

Chapter 48 Recent Advances in the Understanding of Germ Cell-specific Organelles and their Functions
(Malgorzata Kloc, Rafik M. Ghobrial and Jacek Z. Kubiak)

Chapter 49 Low-Dose Radiation Induces Apoptosis in Male Germ Cells of Mice and Attenuates It in Type 1 Diabetic Rats
(Shouliang Gong, Zhicheng Wang, Fang Fang, Hongguang Zhao, Guangwei Liu and Pingsheng Gong)

Chapter 50 Oocyte Nuclear Structure during Mammalian Oogenesis
(Irina O. Bogolyubova and Dmitry S. Bogolyubov)

Chapter 51 Chromatoid Body Assembling and Nucleolar Cycle: Two Important Physiological Events for the Spermatogenesis in Vertebrates
(Rita Luiza Peruquetti and Maria Tercília Vilela de Azeredo-Oliveira)

Chapter 52 Tobacco Use, Cessation and Prevention for Indigenous Populations: Review of Current Evidence and Future Perspectives
(Kristin V. Carson, Thomas A. Robertson, Malcolm P. Brinn, Vicki L. Clifton, Adrian J. Esterman, Matthew Peters and Brian J. Smith)

Chapter 53 Understanding the True Burden of Cancer in American Indian and Alaska Native Communities
(Judith Salmon Kaur, Linda Burhansstipanov and Linda U. Krebs)

Chapter 54 Understanding Cardiovascular Disparities between Māori and Non-Māori in New Zealand: Is There a Way to Reduce These Disparities?
(Allamanda F. Faatoese, Suzanne G. Pitama, J. Elisabeth Wells and Vicky A. Cameron)

Chapter 55 Reducing Health Disparities of Culturally-Diverse Minority Populations through Transcultural Nursing in the Home
(Louise Woerner, Mark Duheme, Larry Zielinski and Suzanne Turchetti)

Chapter 56 Health Disparities: Creating Equity through Addressing Trauma
(Dominica McBride and Yolanda Williams)

Chapter 57 Dismantling Racism to Improve Health Equity
(Stephen C. Nelson and Heather W. Hackman)

Chapter 58 The Impact of Language Barriers on Healthcare Utilization among Hispanic Construction Workers
(Xiuwen Sue Dong, Xuanwen Wang, Julie Largay, C. Jeffrey Waddoups and Alissa Fujimoto)

Chapter 59 Making an Informed Decision about Colorectal Cancer Screening: A Closer Examination of Patient-Provider Communication
(Jenna L. Davis, Kyrel L. Buchanan and B. Lee Green)

Chapter 60 Current Knowledge in Inflammatorty Bowel Diseases Immunopathogenesis
(Natalia Salgado, David Díaz-Jiménez, Marjorie De La Fuente, Rodrigo Quera and Marcela A. Hermoso)

Chapter 61 Crohn’s Disease Within the Hologenome Paradigm
(Emiliano Salvucci)

Chapter 62 Nutrition and Inflammatory Bowel Disease
(Karla Bascuñán, David Díaz-Jiménez, Rodrigo Quera and Marcela A. Hermoso)

Chapter 63 Pathogenesis of Crohn’s Disease: The Role of Lifestyle
(A.M. El-Tawil)

Chapter 64 IBD3 Genomic Loci in Crohn’s Disease: Immunogenetics of HLA and NKG2D Ligands (MICA) Genes
(Ruth López, José A. Campillo, Pedro Martinez, Gema Salgado, Francisco Boix, Rosa Moya, Ana Garcia, Alfredo Minguela, Rocío Álvarez and Manuel Muro)

Chapter 65 Diagnostic and Assessment Issues in Crohn’s Disease
(Dan Hilton, Kaleb Marr, Amy Sandford, Johan Van den Bogaerde and Dario Sorrentino)

Chapter 66 Magnetic Resonance Enterography. Review of the Technique and Assessment of Crohn's Disease: Spectrum of Findings and Disease Activity
(Luis Herraiz Hidalgo, Raquel Cano Alonso, Ana Bermejo Moríñigo and Vicente Martínez de Vega Fernández)

Chapter 67 Cross-Sectional Imaging of High- and Low-Grade Bowel Obstruction from Crohn’s Disease Using Multidetector CT and MRI, Including Enteroclysis and Enterography Techniques
(Chiara Villa, Massimo Tonolini, Alessandro Campari, Anna Ravelli, Roberto Bianco and Gianpaolo Cornalba)

Chapter 68 Musculo-Skeletal Complications of Crohn’s Disease: Spondylitis, Sacroiliitis and Peripheral Arthritis
(Marco Antivalle, Michele Battellino, Alberto Batticciotto, Maria Chiara Ditto, Valentina Varisco and Piercarlo Sarzi Puttini)

Chapter 69 Intra-abdominal Complications of Fistulizing Crohn’s Disease: Spectrum of Cross-sectional Imaging Findings
(Alessandro Campari, Anna Ravelli, Massimo Tonolini, Chiara Villa, Roberto Bianco and Gianpaolo Cornalba)

Chapter 70 A Review of Strictureplasty Techniques in Crohn's Disease: Types, Indications and Comparisons
(Ronald Ambe, Lorna Campbell and Burt Cagir)

Chapter 71 Biological Agents Therapy in Crohn’s Disease
(Anna Bellizzi, Elena Anzivino, Donatella Maria Rodio, Daniela Fioriti, Monica Mischitelli, Fernanda Chiarini and Valeria Pietropaolo)

Chapter 72 Prediction of Response, Dose Intensification and Loss of Response to Anti TNF Therapy in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
(Pal Miheller and Peter Laszlo Lakatos)

Chapter 73 Use of Probiotics in the Treatment of Crohn’s Disease
(Silvina del Carmen, Jean Guy LeBlanc and Alejandra de Moreno de LeBlanc)

Chapter 74 Use of Genetically Engineered Lactic Acid Bacteria for the Treatment of Crohn’s Disease
(Jean Guy LeBlanc, Silvina del Carmen, Philippe Langella, Luis Bermudez-Humaran, Fernanda Alvarenga Lima, Meritxell Zurita Turk, Daniela Santos Pontes, Anderson Miyoshi, Vasco Azevedo and Alejandra de Moreno de LeBlanc)

Chapter 75 Keratinocytes in Psoriasis: Key Players in the Disease Process
(Inas Helwa, Meg Gullotto and Wendy B. Bollag)

Chapter 76 Types, Triggers and Treatment Strategies of Psoriasis
(Spyridoula Doukaki and Maria Rita Bongiorno)

Chapter 77 A New Strategy for the Treatment of Psoriasis: Keratin 17 (K17) - Targeting Therapy
(JiXin Gao and Gang Wang)

Chapter 78 Narrow-Band Ultraviolet Light B (UVB) and Psoralen Plus UVA Effect in the Circulating Levels of Biological Markers in Psoriasis
(Susana Coimbra and Alice Santos-Silva)

Chapter 79 Psoriasis Vulgaris Investigated by Electron Paramagnetic Resonance
(Kouichi Nakagawa and Daisuke Sawamura)

Chapter 80 Psoriasis and Comorbidities
(Nayra Merino de Paz, Marina Rodríguez-Martín and Patricia Contreras Ferrer)

Chapter 81 Nutrition and the Treatment of Psoriasis
(Emily de Golian, Maryam Afshar and Nancy Anderson)

Chapter 82 Psoriasis and Cardiovascular Disease - Update
(Manisha R. Panchal, Helen Coope, Anton B. Alexandroff and John McKenna)

Chapter 83 Human Papillomavirus Infection: Overview
(Ciro Comparetto and Franco Borruto)

Chapter 84 Human Papillomavirus and Non-coding
(Claudio Villota, Nicolás Cifuentes-Muñoz and Luis O. Burzio)

Chapter 85 Human Papillomavirus Infection in Adolescents
(José Veríssimo Fernandes, Thales Allyrio Araújo de Medeiros Fernandes and Josélio Maria Galvão de Araújo)

Chapter 86 Clinical Utility of HPV Testing in Cervical Cancer Screening
(Alisa P. Young, Maria Syl D. de la Cruz and Mack T. Ruffin)

Chapter 87 HPV Infection in Females: Epidemiology and Risk for Cervical Cancer
(Emina Malisic and Radmila Jankovic)

Chapter 88 HPV Infection in Pregnant Women: Review
(Bennani Bahia and Souho Tiatou)

Chapter 89 Immunogenicity of HPV Vaccination
(Marek Petráš and Ivana Králová Lesná)

Chapter 90 Human Papillomavirus Infection in Systemic Rheumatic Disorders: Current Concepts, Challenges and Expectations
(Laura Gonzalez-Lopez, Eva María Olivas Flores, María Luisa Vazquez Villegas, Jaime Morales Romero and Jorge I. Gamez-Nava)

Chapter 91 Clinical Value of HPV Testing in Cervical Cancer
(Youn Jin Choi and Jong Sup Park)

Chapter 92 Human Papillomavirus Detection: Indications and Available Methodology
(Peter Salib and Jennifer Young Pierce)

Chapter 93 The Triad HPV-Oral Sex-Oral Cancer: Lay Public and Dental Professionals’ Understanding
(Mario A. Brondani)

Chapter 94 Prevalence and Distribution of HPV16, 18 and 58 in Southeast Mexico
(María del R González-Losa and Laura Conde-Ferráez)

Chapter 95 Cervical Cancer Prevention in Resource-Limited Settings with Special Emphasis on Areas of High Cervical Cancer and Human Immunodeficiency Virus Endemicity
(Louis-Jacques van Bogaert)

Chapter 96 Human Papillomavirus Related Malignancies of the Reproductive Tract
(Diego Márquez-Medina, Eugenia Ortega Izquierdo and Elena Aguirre Ortega)

Chapter 97 In silico Characterization of Major Capsid Protein L1 of Human Papillomavirus Type 16 by Molecular Dynamics and Determination of Linear B-Cell Consensus Epitopes
(Raul Isea, Johan Hoebeke and Rafael Mayo-García)

Chapter 98 The Role of Human Papillomavirus in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
(Diego Márquez-Medina, Eugenia Ortega Izquierdo and Elena Aguirre Ortega)

Chapter 99 HPV Modelling Goes Bayesian: Inference via Advanced Markov Chain Monte Carlo Methods
(Gareth W. Peters, Igor A. Korostil and David G. Regan)

Chapter 100 Prevention of Endometriosis: Modalities from Science and Clinical Medicine
(Mary Lou Ballweg)

Chapter 101 Association between Endometriosis and Ovarian Cancer: A Review of Epidemiologic, Pathologic, Genetic, and Clinical Data
(Takuhei Yokoyama, Kiyoshi Yoshino, Yutaka Ueda and Takayuki Enomoto)

Chapter 102 Risk Factors, Symptoms and Management of Endometriosis: A Systematic Review
(Gökhan Açmaz, Hüseyin Aksoy and Abdullah Boztosun)

Chapter 103 Immunology as a Risk Factor and its Role in the Development of Endometriosis
(Tao Zhang and Chi Chiu Wang)

Chapter 104 Endometriosis and Cancer
(Daniel Blasioli Dentillo, Juliana Meola, Lisandra Cristina Caetano, Luciana Caricati Veiga-Castelli, Júlio César Rosa e Silva and Rui Alberto Ferriani)

Chapter 105 Oxidative Stress as a Risk Factor and its Role in the Development of Endometriosis
(Gene Chi Wai Man and Chi Chiu Wang)

Chapter 106 Association of Bone Morphogenetic Protein 6 with Endometriosis Classification
(Athanasios Farfaras, George Pierrakos, John Pateras, Helen Nteka and Hlias Margaris)

Chapter 107 Clinical and Surgical Management of Endometriosis-Related Infertility
(Bruno Ramalho de Carvalho, Taciana Fontes Rolindo, Hitomi Miura Nakagawa, Nicolas Thiago Nunes Cayres, Antônio César Paes Barbosa and Adelino Amaral Silva)

Chapter 108 Choosing the Right Surgery for Endometriosis and Pelvic Pain
(Paul J. Yong, Innie Chen, Catherine Allaire and Christina Williams)

Chapter 109 The Use of the Transvaginal Ultrasound in the Prediction of Pouch of Douglas Obliteration in Women with Suspected Endometriosis
(Shannon Reid, Ishwari Casikar and George Condous)

Chapter 110 Maintenance Therapy after Conservative Surgery for Moderate and Severe Endometriosis
(Alice Wong Yuen Kwan)

Chapter 111 The Phosphoinositide Signal Transduction Pathway in Endometriosis: A Potential Prognostic and Therapeutic Tool
(Vincenza Rita Lo Vasco)

Chapter 112 Molecular Biology of Endometriosis
(Sosuke Adachi and Takayuki Enomoto)

Chapter 113 Photonic Hemostasis – Physiology of Light Signals in the Neutrophil
(Thomas Stief)

Chapter 114 Dynamic Interplay between Cell Types during Wound Healing
(Simona Martinotti and Elia Ranzato)

Chapter 115 Regulation of the Proliferation and Differentiation of Keratinocytes and Cellular Interaction between Keratinocytes and the Tissue Environment
(Tomohisa Hirobe)

Chapter 116 Keratinocyte Differentiation: Focus on MAPK Signal Transduction
(Tanja Popp and Christian Ries)

Chapter 117 Epithelial-to-Mesenchymal Transition in Epidermal Keratinocytes
(Ekaterina A. Vorotelyak, Vasily V. Terskikh and Andrey V. Vasiliev)

Chapter 118 Keratinocytes: Gatekeeper in Innate Defense
(Yuping Lai)

Chapter 119 Mechanisms for Keratinocyte Immune Defense: Implications for Cutaneous Wound Healing
(Juan L. Rendon and Katherine A. Radek)

Chapter 120 Keratinocytes and Anti Microbial Peptides: Influence of Extremely Low Frequency Electromagnetic Field (ELF-EMF)
(Giovina Vianale, Matteo Auriemma, Paolo Amerio and Marcella Reale)

Chapter 121 Weight Gain, Body Image and Attitudes over the Course of Pregnancy
(Kristi B. Adamo, Sonia Jean-Philippe, Shanna Wilson, Zachary M. Ferraro, Irene Strychar, Kara Nerenberg and Gary Goldfield)

Chapter 122 Maternal Weight Gain and Perinatal Outcomes
(Hiroko Watanabe, Takashi Sugiyama and Kwok-Kei Mak)

Chapter 123 Women’s Perceptions of Postpartum Weight Retention and Their Body Image in Relation to Breastfeeding Outcomes in Japan
(Madoka Inoue and Colin W. Binns)

Chapter 124 Can Exercise Training Reduce the Prevalence of Obesity with Fat Diet?
(Naziha El Elj, Gérard Lac, Monia Zaouali, Zouhair Tabka, Abdelaziz Kammoun, Najoua Gharbi and Saloua El Fezaa)

Chapter 125 The Influence of Low Intensity Laser Irradiation on Dermal Fibroblasts and Its Role in Diabetic Wound Healing
(Nicolette N. Houreld)

Chapter 126 Abnormal Calcium Release by Angiotensin II and Growth Rate in Skin Fibroblasts from Type I Diabetic Patients with Diabetic Nephropathy
(Renato Millioni, Giulio Ceolotto, Roberto Trevisanand Elisabetta Iori)

Chapter 127 Skin Connective Tissue Aging and Dermal Fibroblasts
(Taihao Quan)

Chapter 128 Role of Dermal Fibrobasts in Post-Burn Hypertrophic Scarring
(Jian Fei Wang, Saad M. Alrobaiea and Edward E. Tredget)

Chapter 129 Role of Stromal Fibroblasts in Cancer Originated from Squamous Epithelia
(Karel Smetana Jr., Barbora Dvořánková, Pavol Szabo, Hynek Strnad and Michal Kolář)

Chapter 130 The Role of Fibroblasts in Cancer Prone Genodermatoses
(Yannick Gache and Thierry Magnaldo)

Chapter 131 Dermal Fibroblasts in Pathomechanism of Pachydermoperiostosis
(Jun-ichi Sakabe, Yoshiki Tokura and Kenji Kabashima)

Chapter 132 Stem Cell-Like Characteristics of Dermal Fibroblasts: Proliferation, Antigen Profiles, and Differentiation Capacity
(Xiaowen Bai)

Chapter 133 Production of Natural Type Interferon Beta and Many Other Cytokines in Human Diploid Fibroblasts Derived from Neonatal Foreskins
(Emiko Sano)

Chapter 134 Reprogramming of Dermal Fibroblasts to Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells and Cardiomyocytes
(Dongrui Ma and Reginald Liew)

Chapter 135 Identification and Treatment of the Pulmonary Manifestations of Systemic Sclerosis
(Todd Davidyock and Arthur C. Theodore)

Chapter 136 Interstitial Lung Disease in Systemic Sclerosis: Pathophysiology and Therapy
(Paola Cipriani, Vasiliki Liakouli, Francesco Carubbi, Piero Ruscitti, Paola Di Benedetto and Roberto Giacomelli)

Chapter 137 Nailfold Capillaroscopy and Early Diagnosis of Systemic Sclerosis
(Slavica Pavlov-Dolijanovic and Nada Vujasinovic Stupar)

Chapter 138 Localized Scleroderma: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment
(Maria Teresa Garcia-Romero, Ronald Laxer and Elena Pope)

Chapter 139 Evaluation of a New CENPB Epitope Array for Systemic Sclerosis-Associated Centromere Autoantibodies
(Iván Rodríguez, Khaoula Hamdouch, Carmen Rodríguez, Jose Perez-Venegas, Mohcine Bennani, Manuela Ortiz and Manuel M. Valdivia)

Chapter 140 Iloprost in the Treatment of Raynaud Phenomenon Secondary to Scleroderma
(Rebeca Iglesias Barreira, Hortensia Álvarez Díaz, Belén Bardán García and Isaura Rodríguez Penín)

Chapter 141 Polyclonal Antibodies: Production, Preparation, Applications, Pharmaceutical and Research Uses
(Vilma G. Duschak)

Chapter 142 Indicating Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs in Oral Health Care
(Alexandrina L. Dumitrescu, Irina Zetu, Liviu Zetu, Viorel Cioranu-Ibric and Manole Cojocaru)

Chapter 143 Pneumonia: Risk Factors, Health Effects and Prevention
(Nobuhiro Asai, Yoshihiro Ohkuni, Ryo Matsunuma and Etsuro Yamaguchi)

Chapter 144 Polyisoprenylated Methylated Protein Methylesterase: The Fulcrum of Chemopreventive Effects of NSAIDs and PUFAs
(Felix Amissah, Rosemary A. Poku, Byron J. Aguilar, Randolph Duverna, Barack O. Abonyo and Nazarius S. Lamango)

Chapter 145 Mammalian Target of Rapamycin (mTOR): Structure, Signaling Pathways and Biological Effects
(Hui Chen and Margaret J. Morris)

Chapter 146 In-Depth Review of ANCA-associated Vasculitis
(Patompong Ungprasert, Sirisak Chanprasert, Wonngarm Kittanamongkolchai and Wisit Cheungpasitporn)

Chapter 147 Use of NSAIDS as Part of an Adjuvant or Palliative Therapy in Animal Cancer: A Review
(Hugo Gregório, Isabel Pires, Justina Prada and Felisbina Luisa Queiroga)

Chapter 148 Effect of Antiretroviral Therapy in Children of HIV Positive Mothers
(Cristina dos Santos Cardoso de Sá and Daniel Araki Ribeiro)

Chapter 149 Involvement of Mammalian Target of Rapamycin Complexes in GM3 Mediated Melanoma Metastasis
(Peipei Guan, Zhanyou Wang, Xueshi Huang, Konstantinos Konstantopoulos, Su Xu, Sadako Yamagata, Tatsuya Yamagata and Pu Wang)

Chapter 150 The Mammalian Target of Rapamycin as a Therapeutic Strategy in Oncology
(James J. Driscoll, Ahmed Khaled, Sajjeev Jagannathan and Arasukumar Subramani)

Chapter 151 An Overview on the Process of Titanium Corrosion in the Oral Cavity: The Role of Fluoride and pH
(Daniel Araki Ribeiro, Juliana Nogut, Flavia de Oliveira, Rogério Correa Peres and Ana Claudia Muniz Renno)

Chapter 152 Invasive Candidiasis Epidemiology, Diagnosis and Treatment
(Mayra Cuéllar Cruz, Guillermo Quindós and Everardo López Romero)

Chapter 153 Candida parapsilosis Complex
(D. V. Moris, M. S. C. Melhem, M. A. Martins and R. P. Mendes)

Chapter 154 Oral Candidiasis: Conventional and Alternative Treatment Options
(C. E. Vergani, P. V. Sanitá, E. G. O. Mima, A. C. Pavarina and A. L. Machado)

Chapter 155 Candida spp. in Oral Cavity of Children with Immunodeficiencies
(Dorota Olczak-Kowalczyk, Maria Roszkowska-Blaim, Małgorzata Pańczyk-Tomaszewska, Maria Dąbkowska, Ewa Swoboda-Kopeć, Beta Pyrżak, Ewa Krasuska-Sławińska and Renata Górska)

Chapter 156 Oxidative Stress and the Development of Antifungal Agents for the Treatment of Candidiasis
(Maxwel Adriano Abegg and Mara Silveira Benfato)

Chapter 157 Inhalation and Topical Steroid Therapy and Oral Candidiasis: A Brief Overview
(Arjuna N. B. Ellepola, H. M. H. N. Bandara and Hugh D. Smyth)

Chapter 158 Fluorescent Staining for the Diagnosis of Oral Erythematous Candidiasis
(Yoichi Nakagawa)

Chapter 159 The Role of Fitness Classes in the Development of Eating Disorders Among Women
(Vanessa Lentillon-Kaestner, Mélanie Allain and Fabien Ohl)

Chapter 160 First Year Female Students’ Lifestyles and Attitudes towards Health Risk and Preventive Measures (2007/2008)
(Robert Podstawski, Katarzyna Górnik and Ewelina Kolankowska)

Chapter 161 Screen-Time and Pediatric Obesity: A Hindrance or a Help?
(Amanda E. Staiano)

Chapter 162 Gender Issues Implications on Health
(Andreea C. Brabete, María del Pilar Sánchez-López, Virginia Dresch, Isabel Cuéllar-Flores and Raquel Rivas-Diez)

Chapter 163 Not All Messages are Created Equal: Toward an Integrated Approach to Message Development
(Lindsay R. Duncan, Amy E. Latimer, Susan E. Rivers, Josefa L. Martinez, Kristina Schmid, Elizabeth Pomery and Peter Salovey)

Chapter 164 The Value of Skin Biopsies in the Diagnosis of Inflammatory Skin Diseases in Children
(Almut Böer-Auer)

Chapter 165 Dermatitis in Childhood – Causes and Treatment Options
(Claudia Schiekofer)

Chapter 166 Refutation of a Myth: Elastophagocytosis Is Not a Defining Criterion of Distinct Dermatoses
(Cornelia S. L. Müller)

Chapter 167 Dermatitis and Mosaicism: Current Aspects on Apparent Genetic Events
(Rebecca Körner)

Chapter 168 Borreliosis (Lyme Disease)
(Klaus Eisendle, Jenny Deluca and Bernhard Zelger)

Chapter 169 Allergic Contact Dermatitis Associated with the Use of Orthodontic Appliances
(Vanessa Paredes, Rosa Cibrian and Jose Luis Gandia)

Chapter 170 T-Lymphocyte Clonality in Inflammatory Skin Diseases
(Cornelia S. L. Müller)

Chapter 171 Calcium Signalling in Inflammatory Skin Disease
(Hedwig Stanisz)

Chapter 172 Treatment of Chronic Hand Eczema Using Orally Administered Alitretinoin
(Claudia Pföhler and Karin Braunert)

Chapter 173 Topical Anti-inflammatory Treatment
(Mylène Niclou)

Chapter 174 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 and Analogues in the Treatment of Psoriasis and Other Skin Conditions
(Jörg Reichrath)

Chapter 175 Prostaglandins and Neural Functions: A Review
(Yu-Wen Chung-Davidson, Ke Li and Weiming Li)

Chapter 176 Prostaglandin E1: Action Mechanism, Biological Effects and its Clinical Significance in Improving Peripheral Arterial Blood Flow
(Mario González Gay and Amer Zanabili Al-Sibbai)

Chapter 177 Expression and Involvement of Cytokines, Chemokines and Adhesion Molecules in Rheumatoid Vasculitis
(Tsuyoshi Kasama, Kumiko Ohtsuka, Kuninobu Wakabayashi, Takeo Isozaki and Kazuo Kobayashi)

Chapter 178 Understanding the Soybean Rust Interaction with Soybeans Using Biotechnology
(Arianne Tremblay and Benjamin Matthews)

Chapter 179 Diversity and Evolution of Fungal Phytopathogens Associated with Snow
(Tamotsu Hoshino, Yuka Yajima, Oleg B. Tkachenko, Yousuke Degawa, Motoaki Tojo and Naoyuki Matsumoto)

Chapter 180 Molecular Basis of Hemibiotrophy in the Lentil Anthracnose Pathogen Colletotrichum truncatum
(Vijai Bhadauria and Sabine Banniza)

Chapter 181 Detection of Gaze Atypical Pattern: A Systematic Review of Eye Tracking in the Autistic Spectrum Disorders
(Nuria Aresti Bartolomé and Begoña García Zapirain)

Chapter 182 Evolution and Use of Serious Games for Health: Review and Practical Case about People with ADHD
(Maite Frutos-Pascual and Begoña Garcia Zapirain)


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