Medical Nursing


Gulbeyaz Can, PhD – Professor, Head of Department of Medical Nursing, Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Istanbul, Turkey
Zeliha Tulek – Associate Professor, Department of Medical Nursing, Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing, Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Istanbul / Turkey

Series: Nursing – Issues, Problems and Challenges
BISAC: MED058220; MED058000; MED058190

This Medical Nursing book covers many acute and chronic diseases that affect adult health. The first part of the book begins with a section on “medical nursing practice” where students can learn about the scope of medical nursing. The second part of the book deals with “homeostasis,” which consists of basic information that allows students to understand the disorders associated with body systems.

The next eleven parts of the book deal with the diseases of each body system such as hematological diseases, cardiovascular diseases, respiratory diseases, endocrine diseases, gastrointestinal diseases, urinary diseases, neurological diseases, oncological diseases, musculoskeletal diseases, immunological diseases, and skin diseases. Each part begins with the assessment chapter and then continues with some important diseases related to the system that that are important to health care professionals as they become more prevalent and important worldwide. Chapters dealing with the assessment of a body system include a brief overview of anatomy and physiology (with emphasis on information that promotes understanding of signs and symptoms), health history, and the impact of disease on functional health patterns (Gordon model). However, the methods of physical examination to evaluate diseases of the appropriate systems and the expected findings are also covered. The chapter also covers common diagnostic tests, expected findings, and related nursing tasks. The chapters on disease begin with a brief introduction that includes disease definition, pathophysiology, and epidemiology. The chapter then continues with clinical manifestations, diagnostic studies, and care management. If patient education is an important aspect for the disease, the chapter also includes patient education.

In addition, the book contains two other parts: Integrative Therapies and Medical Nursing Specialties. It is now common knowledge that integrative therapies are offered in health care facilities alongside conventional medicine, and there is a great demand for them. Especially in Asian societies where these methods are widely used, nurses should have a solid knowledge base on the subject. In the part about the specialties of medical nursing, the sub-specialties of medical nursing are discussed.

The fact that our faculty, which was founded in 1961 and is one of the most prestigious nursing schools in Turkey and has educated numerous nurses at both the bachelor’s and master’s and doctoral levels, is introducing an English-language nursing program in 2020 motivated us to write this book. When we were looking for books to use as textbooks for our program, we found that although there were many books on medical-surgical nursing on the market, they were mostly intended for graduate students and the amount of knowledge was challenging for undergraduate students. We wanted to create a more compact and student-friendly book (a shorter book with basic information). Thank you to the support of many faculty members working in nursing schools in many regions of Turkey, we were able to realize this vision. We thank each and every one of them. Although the goal of this book is to create course material for students in our own program, we think that students around the world will benefit from this book.

Table of Contents



About the Contributors

The Editors

Part I. Medical Nursing Practice

Chapter 1. Medical Nursing
Gulbeyaz Can

Chapter 2. The Nursing Process
Ferda Akyuz Ozdemir

Chapter 3. Patient and Family Education
Hilalnur Kucukakgun and Gulbeyaz Can

Part II. Homeostasis

Chapter 4. Fluid and Electrolyte Imbalances
Feray Gokdogan

Chapter 5. Acid – Base Balances and Imbalances
Elif Unsal Avdal and Goksen Polat Topcuoglu

Chapter 6. Shock
Vacide Asik Ozdemir and Nesrin Nural

Chapter 7. Stress and Stress Management
Nuriye Efe Erturk

Chapter 8. Sleep and Sleep Disorders
Kimya Kilicaslan

Part III. Hematological Disorders

Chapter 9. Hematological System Assessment
Hatice Karabuga Yakar

Chapter 10. Blood Disorders
Nurhan Dogan, Muge Altinisik, Afitap Ozdelikara,Berkay Alikan, and Fatma Arikan

Chapter 11. Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
Fatma Genc

Chapter 12. Multiple Myeloma
Sengul Dolu Kubilay

Chapter 13  Blood Component Therapy
Sebahat Ates

Chapter 14. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation.
Seckin Erdal, Sibel K. Sivrikaya, Afitap Ozdelikara, and John Murray

Part IV. Cardiovascular Disorders

Chapter 15. Cardiovascular System Assessment
Derya Atik and Esra Keser

Chapter 16. Hypertensıon
Gulsah Camci

Chapter 17. Cardiac Arrhythmias
Vesile Unver and Emine Tugba Yorulmaz

Chapter 18. Coronary Artery Diseases
Hilal Uysal

Chapter 19. Heart Failure
Gulay Yildirim and Sidika Oguz

Chapter 20. Infectious Heart Disease
Meral Gun

Chapter 21. Intensive Coronary Care
Hafize Ozdemir Alkanat

Part V. Respiratory Disorders

Chapter 22. Respiratory System Assessment
Bilge Bal Ozkaptan

Chapter 23. Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Ayse Ozkaraman

Chapter 24. Obstructive Lung Disease
Tugba Menekli, Feride T. Yilmaz, and Pinar Y. Demirci

Chapter 25. Infectious Lung Diseases
Cemile Kutmec Yilmaz, Vildan Kocatepe, and Derya Tuluce

Chapter 26. Acute Respiratory Problem
Yasemin Ceyhan, Sema Ustundag, Zuleyha Kilic, and Oznur Usta Yesilbalkan

Chapter 27. Oxygen Therapy and  Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation
Gizem Ozbudak, Nedime Hazal Doner, and Oznur Usta Yesilbalkan

Part VI. Gastrointestinal Disorders

Chapter 28. Gastrointestinal System Assessment
Hicran Bektas, Ferya Celik, and Palle Bager

Chapter 29. Upper Gastrointestinal System Disorders
Ozlem Altinbas Akkas
Ayfer Bayindir Cevik

Chapter 31. Liver Disorders
Serap Unsar, Ozlem Ozdemir, Hulya Keskin, and Aynur Tureyen

Chapter 32. Inflammatory Bowel Dısease
Amine Terzi, Ismail Toygar, and Yasemin Yildirim

Chapter 33.  Clinical Nutrition Therapy
Ulviye Ozcan Yuce

Part VII. Endocrine Disorders

Chapter 34. Endocrine System Assessment
Seyda Ozcan and Ozge Aker

Chapter 35. Disorders of the Pituitary Gland
Ayse Arikan Donmez

Chapter 36. Disorders of the Thyroid and Parathyroid Glands
Berna Dincer and Bahar Inkaya

Chapter 37. Disorders of the Adrenal Cortex and Medulla
Safiye Yanmis, Emel Emine Kayikci

Chapter 38. Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity
Zeynep Erdogan

Chapter 39. Diabetes Mellitus
Nermin Olgun and Selda Celik

Part VIII. Urinary Disorders

Chapter 40. Urinary System Assessment
Hatice Demirag and Sevilay Hintistan

Chapter 41. Acute Kidney Injury
Gulcan Bahcecioglu Turan

Chapter 42. Chronic Kidney Disease
Eylem Topbas

Chapter 43. Urinary Tract Infections
Rabiye Cirpan

Chapter 44. Hemodialysis and Peritoneal Dialysis
Zulfunaz Ozer

Part IX. Neurological Disorders

Chapter 45. Neurological System Assessment
Naile Alankaya and Selma Atay

Chapter 46. Stroke
Zeliha Tulek

Chapter 47. Neuromuscular Diseases
Cansu Polat Dunya, Kubra Yeni, Ilknur Ozkan and Esra Cavusoglu

Chapter 48. Multiple Sclerosis
Siddika Ersoy and Zeliha Tulek

Chapter 49. Parkinson’s Disease
Sakine Boyraz Ozkavak

Chapter 50. Epilepsy and Epileptic Seizures
Mukadder Mollaoglu and Yasemin Boy

Chapter 51. Cognitive Disorders
Halise T. Duman, Naile Alankaya and Ayfer Karadakovan

Chapter 52. Other Neurological Disorders
Zeynep Tosun, Dilek Baykal, Yasemin Yildirim Usta, Betul Bayrak and Seyma Demir Erbas

Part X. Oncological Disorders

Chapter 53. Cancer Basics
Gulbeyaz Can

Chapter 54. Lung Cancer
Semiha Akin and Doga Ulcay

Chapter 55. Breast Cancer and Ovarian Cancer
Funda Akduran and Gulsum Nihal Curuk

Chapter 56. Gastrointestinal Cancers
Gamze Muz and Oznur Usta Yesilbalkan

Chapter 57. Genitourinary Cancers
Arife Albayrak Cosar, Duygu Kes, and Sevil Guler

Chapter 58. Skin Cancer
Mehtap Kavurmaci

Part XI. Musculoskeletal Disorders

Chapter 59. Musculoskeletal System Assessment
Hicran Yildiz

Chapter 60. RHEUMATOID Arthritis and Osteoarthritis
Saadet Can Cicek and Dilek Efe Arslan

Chapter 61. Metabolic Bone Diseases
Sibel Senturk

Chapter 62. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Rukiye Burucu

Chapter 63. Gout
Havva Sert

Chapter 64. Ankylosing Spondylitis
Seda Pehlivan

Chapter 65. Acute Rheumatic Fever
Oznur Adadioglu

Part XII. Immunologic Disorders

Chapter 66. Immune System Assessment
Ahmet Seven

Chapter 67. Anaphylaxis
Derya Bicak Ayik and Derya Akca Dogan

Chapter 68. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Figen Albayrak Okcin

Part XIII. Skin Disorders

Chapter 69. Skin Assessment
Emine Kir Bicer

Chapter 70. Pressure Ulcers
Deniz Zeynep Sonmez

Chapter 71. Herpes Zoster
Funda Cam

Part XIV. Integrative Therapies

Chapter 72. Whole Medical Systems
Nilay Bektas Akpinar and Sabire Yurtsever

Chapter 73. Mind-Body Medicine
Necmiye Comlekci

Chapter 74. Manipulative and Body-Based Practices
Seda Kurt

Chapter 75. Manipulation of Energy Fields
Nilay Bektas Akpinar and Sabire Yurtsever

Chapter 76. Natural Products
Ozgul Erol

Part XV. Medical Nursing Specialty

Chapter 77. Genetics and Genomics
Arzu Erkoc

Chapter 78. Gerontological Care
Dilek Baykal and Zeynep Tosun

Chapter 79. Home Care Nursing
Alev Yildirim Keskin

Chapter 80. Caregiver Support
Gulsah Kumas

Chapter 81. Rehabilitation Nursing
Arzu Akman Yilmaz

Chapter 82. Palliative Care
Hanife Ozdemir and Dilek Yildirim

Chapter 83. End of Life Care
Pinar Zorba Bahceli


Editor’s ORCID iD

Gulbeyaz Can0000-0002-5368-0893
Zeliha Tulek0000-0001-8186-6698

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