Medical History: Some Perspectives. Second Edition

Donald E. Greydanus, M.D.
Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Western Michigan University School of Medicine, Kalamazoo, MI, USA

Joav Merrick, M.D.
Division of Adolescent Medicine, KY Children’s Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, Lexington, Kentucky, USA
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Jerusalem, Israel
Division of Pediatrics, Hadassah Hebrew University Medical Centers, Mt Scopus Campus, Jerusalem, Israel
School of Public Health, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

Series: Public Health: Practices, Methods and Policies
BISAC: MED078000



Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick


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A variety of topics are presented in this book that seek to reflect on medical history before and after the golden age of the Medical Renaissance. These topics include newborn care, the story of adolescence, behavioral pediatrics, psychopharmacology, substance abuse, psychodermatology, the story of diabetes mellitus, specific organ systems that range from the lungs, gastrointestinal tract, kidney and the heart in pediatrics, and other motifs. Reflections on adolescence are provided based on society’s classic disdain and envy of its youth seen throughout the ages of human life.

In this book, the authors include a variety of scholars, who stood on the shoulders of giants and made exponential progress in medicine of their own. Throughout the centuries, from the Mesopotamian masters to present physicians, these giants advanced the field of medicine to represent what has been understood as the standard of current medical care, and perhaps we can learn what it will be like in the future. These esteemed experts learned from the past, made mistakes, exhibited amazing courage, and faced scientific and sometimes sacerdotal criticism. Their courage was astonishing, as many were confronted by minacious, inauspicious, portentous, and unpropitious attacks on their ethics and accomplishments. However, they persisted and were able to develop verifiable data that others could independently substantiate and sometimes improve upon for the benefit of all humans. This book celebrates their astounding, awe-inspiring achievements.

Dedication First Edition

Dedication Second Edition
(John Philip Mol)

Preface: Standing on the Shoulders of Giants: Reflections on Newtonian Éminences Grises in Medical History


Chapter 1. Pre-Aesculapian Messages from Ancient Archives of Mesopotamia: The Epic of Gilgamesh and the Library of Ashurbanipal

Chapter 2. From Lilith to Shiphrah and Puah—and Beyond: What Have We Learned about Caring for the Newborn in the past 300 Millennia?

Chapter 3. From Childhood to Adolescence: Reflections of Civilization’s Laureates

Section One: Perspectives in General Medicine

Chapter 4. The Legacy of Smallpox and Polio Vaccines: a Pandora’s Box or Gordian Knot in the 21st Century?

Chapter 5. Behavioral Pediatrics: Historical Dilemmas and Challenges with Faith in the Future

Chapter 6. Substance Use and Abuse down through the Ages of Human History

Chapter 7. Tragedy of Sibling Abuse: Convergence of Fiction, Research, and the Reality of Human Nature

Chapter 8. Perspectives on Incest: a Perplexing Paradox Characterized by Destructive Betrayal of Trust

Chapter 9. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Motor Vehicle Crashes in Children and Adolescents: a Historically Delayed Realization

Section Two: Perspectives in Psychiatry and Pharmacology

Chapter 10. Pediatric Schizophrenia: Perspectives of History

Chapter 11. Pediatric Psychopharmacology: Perspectives of History

Chapter 12. The Scientific Seeds of Pharmacology

Chapter 13. Pediatric Psychopharmacology: The Past Leads to the Future

Section Three: Perspectives in Specific Organ Systems

Chapter 14. The Story of Diabetes Mellitus

Chapter 15. Historical Perspectives in Pediatric Pulmonology

Chapter 16. History of Developments in Understanding the Complexities of the Pediatric Gastrointestinal Tract

Chapter 17. Understanding the Pediatric Heart

Chapter 18. The Pediatric Kidney: a Historic View

Chapter 19. The Skin: Historical Perspectives

Section Four: Acknowledgements

Chapter 20. About the Authors

Chapter 21. About the Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Western Michigan University Homer Stryker MD School of Medicine (WMED), Kalamazoo, Michigan United States

Chapter 22. About the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development in Israel

Chapter 23. About Book Series "Public health: Practices, Methods and Policies"

Section Five: Index

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Chapter 6
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