## Table of Contents

**Table of Contents**

Preface

Chapter 1. Continuous-GRASP Revisited

(Benjamin Martin, Xavier Gandibleux and Laurent Granvilliers)

Chapter 2. The Noising Methods

(Irène Charon and Olivier Hudry)

Chapter 3. Matheuristics: Embedding MILP Solvers into Heuristic Algorithms for Combinatorial Optimization Problems

(Federico Della Croce andrea Grosso and Fabio Salassa)

Chapter 4. An Empirical Investigation of Different Solution Strategies for Meta-Heuristic Optimization: Solution Representation, Diversity and Space Reduction

(Mario Vanhoucke and Broos Maenhout)

Chapter 5. Non-deterministic Decoding with Mapping Rearrangement to Enhance Precision in Binary Encodings

(Orhan Dengiz, Alice E. Smith and Gerry Dozier)

Chapter 6. Towards a More Efficient Multi-Objective Particle Swarm Optimizer Free of Parameters

(Nadia Smairi, Patrick Siarry and Khaled Ghedira)

Chapter 7. A Multi-Objective Genetic Algorithm to Search for Pareto Solutions of Series-Parallel System Component Allocation Problems

(Yasushi Kambayashi, Yasuhiro Tsujimura, Hidemi Yamachi and Hisashi Yamamoto)

Chapter 8. A Survey of Genetic Algorithms for Shop Scheduling Problems

(Frank Werner)

Chapter 9. A Scheduling Approach for the Design of Flexible Manufacturing Systems

(L. Deroussi, and M. Gourgand)

Chapter 10. Electric Distribution Network Operation Planning Using Chu and Beasley Genetic Algorithm and Particle Swarm Optimization

(Ricardo A. de Araújo, Santiago P. Torres, Madson C. de Almeida and Carlos A. Castro)

Chapter 11. A Distributed Approach for Designing Efficient Search Algorithms: An Application to Solve the Location-Routing Problem

(Jose Eduardo Pecora Jr., Angel Ruiz and Patrick Soriano)

Chapter 12. The Multi-Depot Vehicle Routing Problem: An Integer Programming-Based Heuristic and Computational Results

(Damon Gulczynski, Bruce Golden, Martin Savelsbergh and Edward Wasil)

Chapter 13. Optimization for Feature Selection in DNA Microarrays

(Vincent Gardeux, René Natowicz, Maria Fernanda Barbosa Wanderley and Rachid Chelouah)

Chapter 14. Ant Colony System: Application for the Single and Multi-objective Multidimensional Knapsack Problems

(Prakash Shelokar)

Chapter 15. Synergistic Combination of Evolutionary Algorithms and Fuzzy Systems: Application to Control Design

(Nazmul H. Siddique)

Chapter 16. Analysis of Structures by Total Potential Optimization Using Meta-Heuristic Algorithms (TPO/MA)

(Y. C. Toklu and N. E. Toklu)

Chapter 17. A Review of Computational Intelligence Algorithms in Insurance Applications

(S. Salcedo-Sanz, L. Cuadra, A. Portilla-Figueras, S. Jiménez-Fernández and E. Alexandre)

Chapter 18. Rough Sets in Insurance Sector

(M.J. Segovia-Vargas and Z. Díaz-Martínez)

Chapter 19. Prediction of Claims and Selection of Risk Factors in Automobile Insurance Using Support Vector Machines, Genetic Algorithms and Classification Trees

(A. Heras-Martínez, C. Bousoño-Calzón and P. Tolmos Rodríguez-Piñero)

Chapter 20. Tail Value at Risk. An Analysis with the Normal-Power Approximation

(A. Castañer, M.M. Claramunt and M. Mármol)

Chapter 21. Financial Applications of Modal Interval Analysis

(R. Adillon and L. Jorba)

Chapter 22. A Method for Analysis of Transmission Lines Terminated by Nonlinear Loads

(Vasil G. Angelov, PhD)

Chapter 23. Markus-Sell’s Theorem for Asymptotically Almost Periodic Systems

(David Cheban and Cristiana Mammana)

Chapter 24. A Survey of the Method of Lyapunov Functions of Two Variables in the Study of Stability and Persistence of Dynamical Systems

(Jorge Lewowicz, Jorge Groisman and Juan Tolosa)

Chapter 25. Krylov and Schur Subspaces in Construction of Prediction Error Filter: Computational Complexity and Performance Comparison

(Hong Son Hoang and Rémy Baraille)

Chapter 26. High-Fidelity Modeling and Vibration-Based System Identification and Damage Inspection of Flexible Structures

(P. Frank Pai)

Chapter 27. Complexity and Chaos Theory in Social Sciences: Scientific Philosophy or Quantitative Science?

(Rosalia Condorelli)

Chapter 28. Local Stability Analysis of an Age-Structured Hepatitis B Transmission Model

(Ousmane M. Tessa, Bisso Saley, Herieth Rwezaura and Jean M. Tchuenche)

Chapter 29. Parametric Resonance and Homoclinic Chaos in a Bullard-Type Dynamo

(O. Foupouapouognigni, M. Siewe Siewe and C. Tchawoua)

Chapter 30. Birhythmicity, Synchronization and Chaos in an Enzyme-Substrate Reaction with a Ferroelectric Behavior

(H. G. Enjieu Kadji and P. Woafo)

Chapter 31. Dynamics of Low and High Pathogenic Avian Influenza in Wild Bird Population

(Necibe Tuncer, Juan Torres and Maia Martcheva)

Chapter 32. Analysis of a Predator-Prey Model with Sigmoidal Response Function and SIS Disease

(J. J. Tewa, P. Tchinda Mouofo, V. Kamla and S. Bowong)

Chapter 33. Modelling the Effects of Multi-Intervention Campaigns for the Malaria Epidemic in Malawi

(P. M. Mwamtobe,, J. M. Tchuenche, M. Maliyoni and S. D. Hove-Musekwa)

Chapter 34. Modelling the Dynamics of HIV-TB Co-Infection in a Variable Size Population

(Agraj Tripathi, Ram Naresh and Dileep Sharma)

Chapter 35. Case Detection on Tuberculosis Dynamics with Isolation in a Sanatorium

(Nyimvua Shaban)

Chapter 36. Advances in Discrete Dynamics

(Jose S. Cánovas)

Chapter 37. Simulated Annealing: In Mathematical Global Optimization Computation, Hybrid with Local or Global Search and Practical Applications in Crystallography and Molecular Modelling of Prion Amyloid Fibrils

(Jiapu Zhang)

Chapter 38. Handling Equality and Inequality Linear Constraints in Simulated Annealing

(Danilo R. Velis)

Chapter 39. Aircraft Design with Simulated Annealing for SAE Aerodesign Competition

(Diego Movio Borburema, Marcos de Sales Guerra Tsuzuki, Antonio Luis de Campos Mariani andre Kubagawa Sato and Thiago de Castro Martins)

Chapter 40. Simulated Annealing Applied to the Resolution of Phylogenetic Reconstruction with Maximum Parsimony

(Jean-Michel Richer, Karla E. Vazquez-Ortiz and David Lesaint)

Chapter 41. Improved Parallel Simulated Annealing Applied to Spacecraft Trajectory Optimization

(Ya-Zhong Luo and Guo-Jin Tang)

Chapter 42. Simulated Annealing Applications in Thermodynamic Calculations

(Ahmed O. Elnabawy, Seif-Eddeen K. Fateen and Adrian Bonilla-Petriciolet)

Chapter 43. SA Optimization of Two-Chamber Mufflers Equipped with Multiple Parallel Perforated Tubes within a Constrained Space

(Min-Chie Chiu)

Chapter 44. A Simulated Annealing Algorithm to Solve the Log-Truck Scheduling Problem

(Mauricio Acuna and John Sessions)

Chapter 45. Potential Applications of Simulated Annealing to Multi-Species Fish Habitat Conservation in the Gulf of Maine

(Rosamonde R. Cook and Peter J. Auster)

Chapter 46. Second-Order Perturbations in Encke’s Method for Spacecraft Flybys (L. Acedo)

Chapter 47. Common-Rail Diesel Injectors Bond Graph Modelling Through the AMESim Platform

(F. J. Salvador, M. Carreres, J. V. Romero and M. D. Roselló)

Chapter 48. Mathematical Modelling of Filtration and Catalytic Oxidation of Diesel Particulates in Filter Porous Media

(N. V. Vernikovskaya, T. L. Pavlova, N. A. Chumakova and A. S. Noskov)

Chapter 49. Water Demand Simplifications Used To Build Mathematical Models For Hydraulic Simulations

(J. Izquierdo, E. Campbell, I. Montalvo, R. Pérez-García and D. Ayala-Cabrera)

Chapter 50. Dynamic Prediction of Failures: A Comparison of Methodologies for a Wind Turbine

(S. Carlos, A. Sanchez, I. Marton and S. Martorell)

Chapter 51. Advances in Mathematical Modeling of Supercritical Extraction Processes

(Florian Meyer, Marko Stamenic Irena Zizovic, and Rudolf Eggers)

Chapter 52. Pipe Database Analysis Transduction to Assess the Spatial Vulnerability to Biofilm Development in Drinking Water Distribution Systems

(E. Ramos-Martínez, J. A. Gutíerrez-Pérez, M. Herrera, J. Izquierdo and R. Pérez-García)

Chapter 53. On Kernel Spectral Clustering for Identifying Areas of Biofilm Development in Water Distribution Systems

(M. Herrera, E. Ramos-Martínez, J. A. Gutíerrez-Pérez, J. Izquierdo and R. Pérez-García)

Chapter 54. Unsupervised Methodology for Sectorization of Trunk Depending Water Supply Networks

(E. Campbell, R. Pérez-García, J. Izquierdo and D. Ayala-Cabrera)

Chapter 55. Quantifying the Behavior of the Actors in the Spread of Android Malware Infection

(J. Alegre, J. C. Cortés, F. J. Santonja and R. J. Villanueva)

Chapter 56. A Stochastic Agent-Based Approach to Interregional Migration in Quantitative Sociodynamics

(Minoru Tabata, Nobuoki Eshima, Keiko Kanenoo and Ichiro Takagi)

Chapter 57. A Bayesian Mathematical Model to Analyse Religious Behavior in Spain

(R. Cervelló-Royo, A. Sánchez-Sánchez, F. Guerrero, F. J. Santonja and R. J. Villanueva)

Chapter 58. Model of Problems Cleaning in Education

(Jan M. Myszewski, Malgorzata Gromek, and Joanna Oczkowicz)

Chapter 59. Does VAT Growth Impact Compulsive Shopping in Spain?

(E. de la Poza, I. García, L. Jódar and P. Merello)

Chapter 60. Is Fitness Activity an Emergent Business? Economic Influences and Consequences of Male Fitness Practice

(M. S. S. Alkasadi, E. De la Poza and L. Jódar)

Chapter 61. Popular Support to Terrorist Organizations: A Short-Term Prediction Based on a Dynamic Model Applied to a Real Case

(Matthias Ehrhardt, Miguel Peco, Ana C. Tarazona, Rafael J. Villanueva and Javier Villanueva-Oller)

Chapter 62. Mathematical Modelling of the Consumption of High-Invasive Plastic Surgery: Economic Influences and Consequences

(M. S. S. Alkasadi, E. De la Poza and L. Jódar)

Chapter 63. An Optimal Scheme for Solving the Nonlinear Global Positioning System Problem

(Manuel Abad, Alicia Cordero and Juan R. Torregrosa)

Chapter 64. How to Make a Comparison Matrix in AHP without All the Facts

(J. Benítez, L. Carrión, J. Izquierdo and R. Pérez-García)

Chapter 65. On Optimal Gaussian Preliminary Orbit Determination by Using a Generalized Class of Iterative Methods

(Alicia Cordero, Juan R. Torregrosa and María P. Vassileva)

Chapter 66. Solving Engineering Models which Use Matrix Hyperbolic Sine and Cosine Functions

(Emilio Defez, Jorge Sastre, Javier J. Ibáñez and Jesús Peinado)

Chapter 67. RSV Modeling Using Genetic Algorithms in a Distributed Computing Environment Based on Cloud File Sharing

(J. Gabriel García Caro, Javier Villanueva-Oller2 and J. Ignacio Hidalgo)

Chapter 68. Multi-Agent and Clustering in Data Analysis of GPR Images

(D. Ayala-Cabrera, E. P. Carreño-Alvarado, S. J. Ocaña-Levario, J. Izquierdo and R. Pérez-García)

Chapter 69. Semi-Automatic Segmentation of IVUS Images for the Diagnosis of Cardiac Allograft Vasculopathy

(Damián Ginestar, José L. Hueso, Jaime Riera and Ignacio Sánchez Lázaro)

Chapter 70. Analysis and Detection of V-Formations and Circular Formations in a Set of Moving Entities

(Francisco Javier Moreno Arboleda, Jaime Alberto Guzmán Luna and Sebastián Alonso Gómez Arias)

Chapter 71. Analysis of Noise for the Sparse Givens Method in CT Medical Image Reconstruction

(A. Iborra, M. J. Rodríguez-Álvarez, A. Soriano, F. Sánchez, M. D. Roselló, P. Bellido, P. Conde, E. Crespo, A. J. González, L. Hernández, F. Martos, L. Moliner, J. P. Rigla, M. Seimetz, L. F. Vidal and J. M. Benlloch)

Chapter 72. Agent-Based Model to Determine the Evolution of the Seroprotection Against Meningococal C over the Next Years

(L. Pérez-Breva, R. J. Villanueva, J. Villanueva-Oller, L. Acedo, F. J. Santonja, J. A. Moraño, R. Abad, J. A. Vázquez and J. Díez-Domingo)

Chapter 73. Applying Clustering Based on Rules for Finding Patterns of Functional Dependency in Schizophrenia

(Karina Gibert and Luis Salvador Carulla)

Chapter 74. Modeling Mathematical Flowgraph Models in Recurrent Events: An Application to Bladder Carcinoma

(B. García-Mora, C. Santamaría, G. Rubio and J. Camacho)

Chapter 75. Numerical Solution of American Option Pricing Models Using Front-Fixing Method

(V. Egorova, R. Company and L. Jódar)

Chapter 76. Estimation of the Cost of Academic Underachievement in High School in Spain Over the Next Few Years

(J. Camacho, R. Cervelló-Royo, J. M. Colmenar and A. Sánchez-Sánchez)

Chapter 77. A Finite Difference Scheme for Options Pricing Modeled by Lévy Processes

(R. Company, M. Fakharany and L. Jódar)

Chapter 78. Portfolio Composition to Replicate Stock Market Indexes. Application to the Spanish Index IBEX-35

(J. C. Cortés, A. Debón and C. Moreno)

Chapter 79. Current Research Topics in Galois Geometr

(Leo Storme and Jan De Beule)

Chapter 80. Planning and Scheduling an Emergency Room Workforce Using Linear Programming

(Ciro Alberto Amaya, Nubia Velasco and Silebis Aguirre)

Chapter 81. Neurodynamic Solvers, Robotic Applications and Solution Nonuniqueness of Linear Programming

(Yunong Zhang, Ying Wang, Dechao Chen, Chen Peng and Qing Xie)

Chapter 82. Mathematical Equivalence of Simple Recourse and Chance Constraints in Linear Stochastic Programming

(Masatoshi Sakawa, Hitoshi Yano and Ichiro Nishizaki)

Chapter 83. A Decomposable Linear Programming Model for Energy Supply Chains

(Tsan Sheng Ng, Buse Aras, Charlle Lee Sy and Wu Biao)

Chapter 84. High Order Boundary Value Problems: Existence, Localization and Multiplicity Results

(João Fialho and Feliz Minhós)

Chapter 85. Mapping Data Processing Neural Networks onto Distributed Computer Systems with Regular Structures

(Mikhail S. Tarkov)

Chapter 86. Mapping Parallel Program Graphs onto Graphs of Distributed Computer Systems by Neural Network Algorithms

(Mikhail S. Tarkov)

Chapter 87. Large-Scale and Fine-Grain Parallelism in Plasma Simulation

(A. Snytnikov)

Chapter 88. Numerical Modelling of Astrophysical Flow on Hybrid Architecture Supercomputers

(I. Kulikov, I. Chernykh, A. Snytnikov, V. Protasov, A. Tutukov and B. Glinsky)

Chapter 89. Efficient Computational Approaches for Parallel Stochastic Simulation on Supercomputers

(Mikhail A. Marchenko)

Chapter 90. Lattice Gas Cellular Automata for a Flow Simulation and Their Parallel Implementation

(Yury G. Medvedev)

Chapter 91. Parallel Simulation of Asynchronous Cellular Automata

(Konstantin Kalgin)

Chapter 92. XPU: A C++ Metaprogramming Approach to Ease Parallelism Expression: Parallelization Methodology, Internal Design and Practical Application

(Nader Khammassi and Jean-Christophe Le Lann)

Chapter 93. An Approach to the Construction of Robust Systems of Interacting Processes

(Igor N. Skopin)

Chapter 94. Early Learning in Parallel Programming

(Igor N. Skopin)

Chapter 95. Sub-Independence: A Useful Concept

(G. G. Hamedani and Mehdi Maadooliat)

Chapter 96. Minimization of Quadratic Forms and Generalized Inverses

(Predrag S. Stanimirović, Dimitrios Pappas and Vasilios N. Katsikis)

Chapter 97. The Study of the Invariants of Homogeneous Matrix Polynomials Using the Extended Hermite Equivalence εrh

(Grigoris I. Kalogeropoulos, Athanasios D. Karageorgos and Athanasios A. Pantelous)

Chapter 98. Cramer’s Rule For Generalized Inverse Solutions

(Ivan I. Kyrchei)

Chapter 99. Feedback Actions on Linear Systems Over Von Neumann Regular Rings

(Andrés Sáez-Schwedt)

Chapter 100. How To Characterize Properties of General Hermitian Quadratic Matrix-Valued Functions By Rank and Inertia

(Yongge Tian)

Chapter 101. Introduction to the Theory of Triangular Matrices (Tables)#

(Roman Zatorsky)

Chapter 102. Recent Developments in Iterative Algorithms for Solving Linear Matrix Equations

(Masoud Hajarian)

Chapter 103. Simultaneous Triangularization of a Pair of Matrices Over A Principal Ideal Domain With Quadratic Minimal Polynomials

(Volodymyr M. Prokip

Chapter 104. Relation of Row-Column Determinants with Quasi-determinants of Matrices Over A Quaternion Algebra

(Aleks Kleyn and Ivan I. Kyrchei)

Chapter 105. First Order Chemical Kinetics Matrices and Stability of O.D.E. Systems

(Victor Martinez-Luaces)

Chapter 106. Stochastic Modelling and Simulations of Structured Investment Plans

(Ling Feng, Yile Li, Xuerong Mao and Zhigang Huang)

Chapter 107. Limitation of the Least Square Method in the Evaluation of Dimension of Fractal Brownian Motions

(Siming Liu and Bingqiang Qiao)

Chapter 108. Parameter Estimation for Weighted Fractional Ornstein-Uhlenbeck Processes with Discrete Observations

(Xiuwei Yin, Guangjun Shen and Longjuan Deng)

Chapter 109. Comparing Traditional Proofs of the Modulus of Continuity and the Law of the Iterated Logarithm to a New Method Which Yields Rates of Convergence

(Lisa Marano)

Chapter 110. Transporting a Macroscopic Object by Brownian Motion – An Object as a Pollen Particle, Robots As Liquid Molecules

(Teturo Itami)

Chapter 111. Maximum Principle for Stochastic Discrete-Time Ito Equations

(N. I. Mahmudov)

Chapter 112. On The Controllability for Neutral Stochastic Functional Differential Equations Driven by a Fractional Brownian Motion in a Hilbert Space

(El Hassan Lakhel)

Chapter 113. Controllability of Impulsive Neutral Stochastic Functional Integro-Differential Equations Driven by Fractional Brownian Motion

(El Hassan Lakhel and Mark A. McKibben)

Chapter 114. Specific Features of Brownian Diffusion of Nanoparticles in Micro-Nanodroplets

(Sergey P. Fisenko and Yuliya A. Khodyko)

Chapter 115. Brownian Motion and the Formation of Dark Matter Haloes

(N. Hiotelis)

Chapter 116. Literature as a Diffusion Process

(Agamirza E. Bashirov and Gunash Bashirova)

Chapter 117. Almost Periodic Solution of Some Stochastic Difference Equations

(Mamadou Moustapha Mbaye)

Chapter 118. Impulsive Stochastic Differential Equations Driven by G-Brownian Motion

(Lanying Hu and Yong Ren)

Chapter 119. Fractional Stochastic Differential Equations

(P. Balasubramaniam and P. Tamilalagan)

Chapter 120. Abstract Second-Order Damped Stochastic Evolution Equations in a Hilbert Space Driven by Fractional Brownian Motion

(Mark A. McKibben and Micah Webster)

Chapter 121. Abstract Convex Functionals Defined on Rn and Their Subdifferentiability

(Seyedalireza Seyedi, Iraj Sadegh Amiri and Sara Chaghervand)

Chapter 122. Convex-Along-Rays Functionals Defined on Rn and Their Subdifferentiability

(Seyedalireza Seyedi, Iraj Sadegh Amiri and Sara Chaghervand)

Chapter 123. Increasing Positively Homogeneous Functional Defined on Rn and Their Subdifferentiability

(Seyedalireza Seyedi, Iraj Sadegh Amiri, and Sara Chaghervand)

Chapter 124. The Cutting Angle Method and a Local Search on Optimal Control Problems

(Seyedalireza Seyedi, Iraj Sadegh Amiri, Sara Chaghervand, Rohanin Ahmad and Mohd Ismail abd Aziz)

Chapter 125. The Cutting Angle Method for Solving of Variational Problems

(Seyedalireza Seyedi, Iraj Sadegh Amiri, Sara Chaghervand, Rohanin Ahmad and Mohd Ismail abd Aziz)

Chapter 126. The Cutting Angle Method on Optimal Control Problems

(Seyedalireza Seyedi, Iraj Sadegh Amiri, Sara Chaghervand, Rohanin Ahmad and Mohd Ismail abd Aziz)

Chapter 127. Preserver Problems over Finite Fields

(Marko Orel)

Chapter 128. Classical Coherent State Transforms over Finite Fields

(Arash Ghaani Farashahi)

Chapter 129. The Structure of Finite mΘ Field Intrinsic Anatomy

(Ayissi Etémé)

Chapter 130. mΘ Cyclic Codes on a mΘ Field

(Fidèle Ayissi Etémé, and Jean Armand Tsimi)

Chapter 131. On Two Problems of Carlitz and Their Generalizations

(Ioulia N. Baoulina)

Chapter 132. Compactons in Carbon Nanotube Arrays

(Raïssa S. Noule and Victor K. Kuetche)

Chapter 133. Elastic and Plastic Type Behaviours in the Fractal Theory of Motion at Nanoscale

(Maricel Agop, Alina Gavriluţ, Gabriel Gavriluţ, Irina Butuc and Dan Dezideriu Iacob)

Chapter 134. Malignant Invasion Model with a Small Amount of Diffusion in the Framework of a Fractal Theory: Implications of Drug Release from the Polymeric Matrix Process

(Decebal Vasincu, Daniel Timofte, Lăcrămioara Ochiuz, Maricel Agop and Alina Gavriluţ)

Chapter 135. Non-Linearities in Drug Release Processes from Polymeric Microparticles: Implications in the Fractal Morpho-Functional Structure of Biological Systems

(Lăcrămioara Ochiuz, Daniel Timofte, Decebal Vasincu, Alina Gavriluţ, Gabriel Gavriluţ5 and Maricel Agop)

Chapter 136. Chaos and Self-Structuring Behaviors in the Dynamics of Biological Structures: Implications of Drug Release from the Polymeric Matrix Process

(Daniel Timofte, Lăcrămioara Ochiuz, Decebal Vasincu, Gabriel Crumpei, Alina Gavriluţ5 and Maricel Agop)

Chapter 137. Behaviors of Travelling Waves and Shapiro Steps Types in a Tumour-Growth Model

(Cipriana Ştefănescu, Daniel Timofte, Decebal Vasincu, Dan Tesloianu, Maricel Agop and Alina Gavriluţ)

Chapter 138. The Astonishing Evolutionary Dynamics of a Class of Nonlinear Discrete 2D Pattern Formation and Growth Models

(Leonid Yaroslavsky)

Chapter 139. Directed Partial Orders on Quaternions – A Brief Summary

(Jingjing Ma)

Chapter 140. Spin 1 Particle with Anomalous Magnetic Moment in the External Uniform Electric Field

(E. M. Ovsiyuk, Ya. A. Voynova, V. V. Kisel, V. Balan, and V. M. Red’kov)

Chapter 141. Techniques of Projective Operators Used to Construct Solutions for a Spin 1 Particle with Anomalous Magnetic Moment in the External Uniform Magnetic Field

(V. V. Kisel, Ya. A. Voynova, E. M. Ovsiyuk, V. Balan4 and V. M. Red’kov)

Chapter 142. A Quaternion Approach in the Estimation of the Attitude of an Industrial Robot

(Bernardino Benito Salmerón-Quiroz, PhD, Gerardo Villegas-Medina, José Fermi Guerrero-Castellanos, PhD, Elena O. Milhacea and Rodolfo Villalobos-Martinez)

Chapter 143. 2D Hermite-Gaussian and Gauss-Laguerre Circular Harmonic Eigenfunction of the Quaternion and Reduced Biquaternion Fourier Transform

(Soo-Chang Pei and Yu-Zhe Hsiao)

Chapter 144. The Quaternions with an Application of Quadrotors Team Formation

(Wesam Jasim and Dongbing Gu)

Chapter 145. Determinantal Representations of the Drazin and W-Weighted Drazin Inverses over the Quaternion Skew Field with Applications

(Ivan Kyrchei)

Chapter 146. A Process Algebra Approach to Quantum Electrodynamics: Physics From the Top Up

(William Sulis)

Chapter 147. Realizing Success for Complex Converging Systems

(Geerten Van de Kaa)

Chapter 148. Development of the Generalized Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation of Rotating Cosmogonical Body Formation

(Alexander M. Krot)

Chapter 149. The Application of Neural Network Modeling in Organizing a Hierarchical Teaching System Based on Mentorship

(A. Dashkina and D. Tarkhov)

Chapter 150. Modelling Organisation Networks Collaborating on Health and Environment within ASEAN

(P. Mazzega and C. Lajaunie)

Chapter 151. The Evolution Equation of Lie-Type for Finite Deformations and Its Time-Discrete Integration

(Zdeněk Fiala)

Chapter 152. New Applications of Symmetry Analysis to Nonlinear Evolution Equations

(Renat Zhdanov and Qing Huang)

Chapter 153. A Method for Exponentially Stabilizing a Class of 1-D PDEs

(Abdelhadi Elharf and Ahmed Sani)

Chapter 154. The Principal Component Analysis of Omics Data

(Hiroyuki Yamamoto)

Chapter 155. A Factor Analysis of an Outcome Measurement Survey for Science, Technology and Society: A Course of General Education Based on PCA

(Tzu-Yi Pai, Yi-Ti Tung, Ming-Ray Lin, Su-Hwa Lin, Lung-Yi Chan and Chia-Fu Lin)

Chapter 156. The Application of Principal Component Analysis (PCA) to Performance Enhancement of Hyperspectral Radiative Transfer Computations

(Robert Spurr, Vijay Natraj, Pushkar Kopparla and Matt Christi)

Chapter 157. Random Approximations in Stochastic Programming: A Survey

(Silvia Vogel)

Chapter 158. Approximation and Estimation of the Approximation Error in Stochastic Programing Programs

(Carlos N. Bouza–Herrera, Sira M. Allende Alonso and Rajesh Singh)

Chapter 159. Probabilistic Linear Programming Problem with Cauchy Distributed Random Variables

(Manas Kumar Pal)

Chapter 160. Stochastic Modeling of Imperfect Markets

(Tobias Baltensperger and Ruud Egging)

Chapter 161. Optimizing Derivatives through Stochastic Programming

(Carlos N. Bouza-Herrera and Sira M. Allende Alonso)

Chapter 162. A Guide for the Use of the Stochastic Programming References Reported in the Contributions of this Book

(Carlos N. Bouza-Herrera and José M. Sautto-Vallejo)

Chapter 163. Synchronization of Chaotic Dynamic Systems via Nonlinear Observers

(Ricardo Aguilar-López, Ricardo Femat, Santo Banerjee and Juan Luis Mata-Machuca)

Chapter 164. On Multi-Domain Spectral Relaxation Method for Chaotic Systems of Ordinary Differential Equations

(Sandile S. Motsa, Vusi M. Magagula and Precious Sibanda)

Chapter 165. Encrypted Real-World Image Communication Design Using Synchronized Discrete-Time Hyper Chaotic Maps

(Sonia Hammami)