Materials Science: Future Aspects

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Kalpana Awasthi – Assistant Professor, Department of Physics, K.N. Govt. P.G. College, Gyanpur, Bhadohi, India
Arti Srivastava – Assistant Professor, Department of Chemistry, Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya, Bilaspur, India
Mridula Tripathi – Department of Chemistry, CMP Degree College, Prayagraj, India

Series: Materials Science and Technologies
BISAC: TEC021000; SCI003000
DOI: https://doi.org/10.52305/RRTP1482

Nanomaterials are materials with individual units ranging in size from 1 to 1000 nanometers. Nanomaterials research necessitates collaboration between materials science and nanotechnology, improved materials metrology, and synthesis. This book is made up of chapters that cover the most important aspects of nanotechnology. The majority of the subjects covered in this book are related to nanomaterial properties, synthesis, procedures, and applications. This edited book provides a comprehensive overview of the current state of this vital area.

The different materials and their presentations in energy, ceramics, alloys, catalysis, membrane, pollution, and biomedical sciences are covered in this edited book. It addresses a range of aspects because these materials’ structure can be tailored at extremely small scales to achieve specific properties, thus greatly expanding the materials science toolkit. It explores several applications that could potentially be used to improve the environment and to more efficiently and cost-effectively produce energy, such as producing solar cells that generate electricity at a competitive rate, so the book offers a valuable asset for a broad readership, including professionals, students, and researchers from materials science/engineering, polymer science, composite technology, nanotechnology, and biotechnology whose work involves various types of nanomaterials. Increased coverage of important background science makes this a valuable self-contained text, and extensive expanded referencing engages readers with the newest research and industrial advancements in the subject. This edited book contains twelve chapters of valuable studies from recent years.

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Table of Contents

Preface

Chapter 1. Hydrogen: Ultimate Alternative Energy Carrier
Sunita Kumari Pandey and Thakur Prasad Yadav
Hydrogen Energy Centre, Department of Physics, Institute of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India

Chapter 2. Theoretical Modelling on Hydrogenation Characteristics of Ball-Milled AB5-Type Hydrogen Storage Nanomaterial
Kuldeep Panwar¹ and Sumita Srivastava²
¹Department of Physics, Pt.L.M.S.Government Post Graduate College, Rishikesh, India
²Government Degree College, Pokhri Quili, Tehri Garhwal, India

Chapter 3. Elemental Metal Hydride MgH2 for Promising Hydrogen Storage Applications
Satish Kumar Verma and Thakur Prasad Yadav
Hydrogen Energy Centre, Department of Physics, Institute of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India

Chapter 4. The Magical Green Fuel: Hydrogen
Vivek Shukla and Thakur Prasad Yadav
Hydrogen Energy Center, Department of Physics, Institute of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India

Chapter 5. High Entropy Materials: An Emerging Material for Battery and Supercapacitive Applications
Amit K. Gupta, Aashish Prakash and Rohit R. Shahi
Functional Materials Research Laboratory, Department of Physics, Central University of South Bihar Gaya, India

Chapter 6. A New Prospective of High Entropy Ceramics: Properties and Remarkable Applications
Pinki Subhash and Ashu Chaudhary
Department of Chemistry, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, Haryana, India

Chapter 7. History and Developments of Heusler Alloys
S. S. Mishra¹’², and T. P. Yadav²
¹Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur, India
²Hydrogen Energy Centre, Department of Physics, Institute of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India

Chapter 8. Carbon Nanotubes: One Dimensional Carbon Nanomaterial
Chaudhary Ravi Prakash Patel¹, Amit Srivastava² and Thakur Prasad Yadav¹
¹Hydrogen Energy Centre, Department of Physics, Institute of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
²Department of Physics, Tilak Dhari Post Graduate College, VBS Purvanchal University, Jaunpur, India

Chapter 9. Graphene: A Green, Metal Free and Sustainable Catalyst
Chandani Singh, Arti Srivastava, Bhaskar Sharma and S. K. Singh
Department of Chemistry, Guru Ghasidas Central University, Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh

Chapter 10. Graphene Based 2-D Nanocomposites for Heavy Metal Ions Detection
Upasana Choudhari¹1, Shweta Jagtap¹, Niranjan Ramgir²’³, A. K. Debnath²’³, K. P. Muthe² and D. K. Aswal²’³
¹1Department of Electronics and Instrumentation Science, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, India
²Technical Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India
³Homi Bhabha National Institute, Anushaktinagar, Mumbai, India

Chapter 11. A Brief Overview on Binary Pyridyl, Ternary Pyridyl and Triphenylphosphine Based Supramolecular Polymeric Complexes of Cu(I)
Goutam Kumar Patra, Amit Kumar Manna, Meman Sahu and Kalyani Rout
Department of Chemistry, Guru GhasidasVishwavidyalaya, Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh, India

Chapter 12. A Literature Review on Asymmetric Membranes Based on Poly (Ethylene-Co-Vinyl Alcohol) Polymer
Isha Gupta
Department of Chemistry, Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya, Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh, India

Index