Mass Trauma: Impact and Recovery Issues


Kathryn M. Gow (Editor)
Queensland University of Technology, Australia

Series: Natural Disaster Research, Prediction and Mitigation, Psychology Research Progress
BISAC: SOC040000

For those who think that 2012 is the year for Armageddon, then you might take courage from this book on mass trauma and its companion book on individual trauma. The stories about disasters and traumas in the book span the globe, with a focus on the people from Australia, African, Bangladesh, New Zealand, Japan, Sri Lanka, and the USA. This book comes at a time when mass disasters and mass trauma abound. It is impossible to turn on the television and not see incidents of floods, earthquakes, wildfires, avalanches, and every kind of natural disaster, competing with air space with the latest updates on wars, terrorism, mass murders, civil unrest, famine and mass migration.

The authors speak passionately about mass disasters and mass traumas, they argue about the best way of assisting communities during and after disasters and traumas on a large scale. They talk about the presence and absence of resilience and the need to keep recovery in perspective and to ‘watch our language’ when we speak about post traumatic stress disorders. Almost all authors will join the admonition that communities should be not only involved in recovery, but encouraged to instigate new ways of operating in a post-disaster community.

We hope that readers will feel more empowered after reading the discussions about resilience, courage and solidarity to handle whatever comes their way, and we recommend the companion text on Individual Trauma by the same editors and publisher. (Imprint: Nova)


Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Poem: The Tsunami of Despair
(Peter Sugen)

Part 1: Trauma Related Theory

Chapter 1. Overview: Mass Trauma Affects Whole Communities
(Kathryn Gow)

Chapter 2. Implementing Collective Approaches to Massive Trauma and Loss in Western Contexts
(Saliha Bava and Jack Saul)

Chapter 3. Rethinking the Moral Positioning of Trauma Work
(Stevan Weine)

Chapter 4. Using the Individualism-Collectivism Construct to Understand Cultural Differences in PTSD
(Nuwan Jayawickreme, Eranda Jayawickreme and Edna Foa)

Chapter 5. Assessing Resilience in the Aftermath of Mass Trauma
(Marek Celinski, Lyle Allen III, and Kathryn Gow)

Part 2: Effects of Man Made Trauma: War, Genocide, Murder and Terrorism

Chapter 6. Effects of Mass Homicide on Communities
(Sandra Sacre)

Chapter 7. The Legacy of the Nazi Holocaust Within a Theoretical Trauma Framework
(Janine Lurie-Beck)

Chapter 8. Cambodia 30 Years On: A Country Recovering From Genocide
(Roslyn Roberts)

Chapter 9. Mass Disaster Response: How Impending Health Catastrophes in the Displaced Populations of Post-War Sri Lanka were Averted
(Eeshara Kottegoda Vithana and Loyal Pattuwage)

Chapter 10. 21st Century Warfare: Can Deployment Resilience Assist the Return to Civilian Life?
(Jacques Gouws)

Chapter 11. Healing Fields and Field of Flags: Commemoration of 9/11 and War in Heterotopian Space/Place
(Catherine Collins)

Part 3: Community Resilience and Disasters

Chapter 12. What Makes Children Resilient and Resourceful Despite Family Adversity and Trauma in High Risk Populations?
(Karol Kumpfer and Qing-qing Hu)

Chapter 13. Main Trends in Resilience and Trauma Recovery with Children, Adolescents and Families
(Vladimír Kebza and Iva Šolcová, Department of Psychology, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic, and others)

Chapter 14. Recognising and Assisting Children at Risk of PTSD Following Natural Disasters
(Heather Mohay and Nicole Forbes)

Chapter 15. When Community Resilience Breaks Down after Natural Disasters
(Kathryn Gow and Heather Mohay)

Chapter 16. Facilitating Successful Community-led Recovery after Disasters
(Suzanne Vallance)

Part 4: Trauma Impact and Recovery in Refugee Populations

Chapter 17. Towards Dialogic Trauma Work
(Stevan Weine)

Chapter 18. From Trauma Victims to Survivors: The Positive Psychology of Refugee Mental Health
Eranda Jayawickreme, Nuwan Jayawickreme, and Martin Seligman

Chapter 19. Trauma and Survival in African Humanitarian Entrants to Australia
(Alicia Copping and Jane Shakespeare-Finch)

Chapter 20. Resilience and Resourcefulness as Facilitators of Adjustment in Immigrants during Times of Adversity
(Giorgio Ilacqua, Marek Celinski, and Lyle Allen III)

Addendum: Questions To Be Explored When Assessing The Resilience Of A Community Post Disaster
(Ron Frey)


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