Marine Toxins: Detection Methods, Chemical and Biological Aspects and Health Effects

Dominick Gray (Editor)

Series: Environmental Health – Physical, Chemical and Biological Factors
BISAC: SCI013090



Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick


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In areas where toxic algal blooms occur, the main affected organisms are shellfish, which, because of their high levels of filtration (clearance rate), accumulate high concentrations of nutrients and toxic phytoplankton in their visceral tissue. This accumulation of toxins in shellfish leads to a distribution of these toxins to their different non-visceral tissues. Chapter One of Marine Toxins: Detection Methods, Chemical and Biological Aspects and Health Effects discusses the detection and quantification of lipophilic marine biotoxins by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry from endemic species and gastropods.

Chapter Two presents studies which use the similarity analysis of paralytic shellfish poisoning toxins (PSP-toxins) profile patterns to analyze epidemiological linkage of a group of toxins contaminated bivalves collected between years 2004 and 2015. Chapter Three provide an overview of the current status of biomarker use in the assessment of the effects of marine toxins on bivalve mollusks. Chapter Four reviews the latest research on the biological and clinical effects of caulerpenyne.
(Imprint: Nova)

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Chapter 1
Detection and Quantification of Lipophilic Marine Biotoxins by Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) from Endemic Species (Mytilus sp.) and Gastropods from Southern Chile
(Carlos Garcia, Laboratory of Marine Toxins, Physiology and Biophysics Program, Faculty of Medicine, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile, and others)

Chapter 2
Application of PSP-Toxins Profile as Biological Fingerprint for Tracing the Possible Origin of Toxins Contaminated Shellfish
(Chun-Kwan Wong, Kellie Lai-Hung Lee, Rickjason Chi-Wai Chan, Public Health Laboratory Services Branch, Centre for Health Protection, Department of Health, Shek Kip Mei, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China, and others)

Chapter 3
Cellular and Molecular Biomarkers for Assessing the Harmful Effects of Marine Toxins in Bivalve Mollusks
(María Verónica Prego-Faraldo, Josefina Méndez, Blanca Laffon and Vanessa Valdiglesias, XENOMAR Group, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, University of A Coruña, A Coruña, Spain, and others)

Chapter 4
Caulerpenyne from the Genus Caulerpa: Biological and Clinical Effects
(Silvia Tejada, Xavier Capó, Miquel Martorell, Antonio Box, Antoni Sureda, Research Group on Community Nutrition and Oxidative Stress, Department of Fundamental Biology and Health Sciences, University of Balearic Islands, Palma de Mallorca, Spain, and others)


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