Marine Life in Changing Climates

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Mohamad Nor Azra, PhD – Institute of Climate Adaptation and Marine Biotechnology (ICAMB), Universiti MalaysiaTerengganu (UMT), Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia
Thirukanthan Chandra Segaran, PhD – Institute of Climate Adaptation and Marine Biotechnology (ICAMB), Universiti MalaysiaTerengganu (UMT), Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia
Prof.  Dr. Guillermo Téllez-Isaías, PhD – Professor, Department of Poultry Science, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA
Hidir Ariffin, PhD – Higher Institution Centre of Excellence (HICoE), Institute of Tropical Aquaculture and Fisheries, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia

Series: Climate Change and its Causes, Effects and Prediction
BISAC: SCI092000; SCI039000; NAT020000
DOI: https://doi.org/10.52305/TBEJ7826

The marine environment and coastal ecosystems are critical links in the sustainability of earth life, such as for mollusks, crustaceans, and other fisheries species, and will play an important role in ecosystem services in the future. Meanwhile, the climate change scenario is having a severe impact on these natural resources, as well as their food supply and production. Because of the vast amount of literature available on online academic databases, scientometric methodologies may benefit from identifying research gaps and potential future fields of study. This book evaluates the climate risks to various types of marine life. The authors navigate through the narratives of ocean researchers, conservationists, and communities, each of whom shares their recent research and perspectives on the challenges of climate change. The book is also a call to action, highlighting the critical importance of understanding, mitigating, and adapting to the effects of climate change on marine environmental ecosystems. From university initiatives to global collaboration, this scientific book sheds light on the current situation of climate change on marine resources, offering a glimmer of hope for ocean sustainability. This book on marine life in a changing climate is not confined to the blue horizon. The next volume of this book not only covers the literature of this book but also delves deeper into the current research and challenges of our ocean in a constantly changing climate.

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgement

Chapter 1. Introduction to Marine Ecosystems and Climate Change
Hidir Ariffin¹ and Mohamad Nor Azra²,³
¹Institute of Climate Adaptation and Marine Biotechnology (ICAMB), Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT), Terengganu, Malaysia
²Research Center for Marine and Land Bioindustry, Earth Sciences and Maritime Organization, National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Pemenang, West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia
³Higher Institution Centre of Excellence (HICoE), Institute of Tropical Aquaculture and Fisheries (AKUATROP), Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia

Chapter 2. Environmental Adaptations to Climate Change: A Scientometric Analysis
Nur Asniza Aziz¹, Mohamad Nor Azra¹,², Thirukanthan Chandra Segaran¹, Mohd Iqbal Mohd Noor³,⁴, Yeong Yik Sung², Mahmoud A. O. Dawood⁵,⁶, Mazlan Abd Ghaffar²,⁷,⁸, Tan Min Pau¹, and Walter G. Bottje⁹
¹Institute of Climate Adaptation and Marine Biotechnology (ICAMB), Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT), Terengganu, Malaysia
²Research Center for Marine and Land Bioindustry, Earth Sciences and Maritime Organization, National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Pemenang, West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia
³Faculty of Business Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) (Pahang), Raub, Pahang, Malaysia
⁴Institute for Biodiversity and Sustainable Development, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
⁵The Center for Applied Research on the Environment and Sustainability, The American University in Cairo, Cairo, Egypt
⁶Animal Production Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Kafrelsheikh University, Kafr El-Sheikh, Egypt

Chapter 3. Mapping the Research Landscape and Identifying Emerging Trends in Climate Change Impacts on Capture Fisheries and Fish Landing: A Scientometric Review
Thirukanthan Chandra Segaran¹, Murni Nur Islamiah Kassim¹, Nora Faten Afifah Mohamad¹, Fathurrahman Lananan³, Youji Wang⁴, Guillermo Téllez-Isaías⁵, Walter G. Bottje⁵, Zulhisyam Abdul Kari⁶, and Mohamad Nor Azra¹
¹Climate Change Adaptation Laboratory, Institute of Climate Adaptation & Marine Biotechnology (ICAMB), Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT), Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia
²Research Center for Marine and Land Bioindustry, Earth Sciences and Maritime Organization, National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Pemenang, West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia
³East Coast Environmental Research Institute, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA), Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia
⁴International Research Center for Marine Biosciences at Shanghai Ocean University Ministry of Science and Technology, Shanghai, China
⁵Department of Poultry Science, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA
⁶Department of Agricultural Science, Faculty of Agro-Based Industry, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, Jeli, Kelantan, Malaysia

Chapter 4. A Scientometric Analysis on the Impacts of Climate Change on Molluscs
Roslizawati binti Ab. Lah¹, Selma Bencedira², Murni Nur Islamiah Kassim³, Mohamad Nor Azra³,⁴, Thirukanthan Chandra Segaran¹, Mohd Iqbal Mohd Noor⁵,⁶, Hidir Ariffin⁷, Zulhisyam Abdul Kari⁸, Walter G. Bottje, and Wan Mohd Rauhan Wan Hussin¹
¹Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT), Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia
²Laboratory of LGE, Department of Process Engineering, University Badji-Mokhtar Annaba, Annaba, Algeria
³Institute of Climate Adaptation and Marine Biotechnology (IMB), Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT), Terengganu, Malaysia
⁴Research Center for Marine and Land Bioindustry, Earth Sciences and Maritime Organization, National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Pemenang, West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia
⁵Institute for Biodiversity and Sustainable Development, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
⁶Faculty of Business Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) (Pahang), Raub, Pahang, Malaysia
⁷Higher Institution Centre of Excellence (HICoE), Institute of Tropical Aquaculture and Fisheries (AKUATROP), Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia
⁸Department of Agricultural Science, Faculty of Agro-Based Industry, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, Jeli, Kelantan, Malaysia
⁹Department of Poultry Science, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA

Chapter 5. Scientometrics of Climate Change and Shrimp Diseases: An Overview
Kamariah Bakar¹, Mohd Ihwan Zakariah², Mohd Iqbal Mohd Noor³,⁴, Mazlan Abd Ghaffar¹,²,⁵, Mohamad Nor Azra¹,⁶, Thirukanthan Chandra Segaran¹, Hidir Ariffin², Guillermo Téllez-Isaías⁷, Zulhisyam Abdul Kari⁸, and Walter G. Bottje⁷
¹Institute of Climate Adaptation and Marine Biotechnology (ICAMB), University Malaysia Terengganu (UMT), Terengganu, Malaysia
²Institution Centre of Excellence (HICoE), Institute of Tropical Aquaculture and Fisheries (AKUATROP), University Malaysia Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia
³Faculty of Business Management, University Technology MARA (UiTM) (Pahang), Raub, Pahang, Malaysia
⁴Institute for Biodiversity and Sustainable Development, University Technology MARA (UiTM), Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
⁵Faculty of Science and Marine Environment, University Malaysia Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia
⁶Research Center for Marine and Land Bioindustry, Earth Sciences and Maritime Organization, National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Pemenang, West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia
⁷Department of Poultry Science, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, USA
⁸Department of Agricultural Science, Faculty of Agro-Based Industry, University Malaysia Kelantan, Jeli, Kelantan, Malaysia

Chapter 6. Conclusion and Recommendations on Marine Life in Changing Climates
Mohamad Nor Azra¹,², Hidir Ariffin³, and Thirukanthan Chandra Segaran¹
¹Institute of Climate Adaptation and Marine Biotechnology (ICAMB), Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT), Terengganu, Malaysia
²Research Center for Marine and Land Bioindustry, Earth Sciences and Maritime Organization, National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Pemenang, West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia
³Higher Institution Centre of Excellence (HICoE), Institute of Tropical Aquaculture and Fisheries (AKUATROP), Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia

About the Editors

Index

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