Marine Environments: Diversity, Threats and Conservation


Lina Charles (Editor)

Series: Marine and Freshwater Biology
BISAC: SCI039000

Marine Environments: Diversity, Threats and Conservation presents important challenges and advances in the field of marine bioindicators in recent years, which could be relevant for integrative monitoring purposes and the development of new approaches and technologies in marine pollution monitoring.
The authors describe history of the development of organophosphorus pesticides, their behavior, currents concentrations in marine environments, and effects on marine biota.
The environmental behavior of organochlorine pesticides is reviewed, along with their effects on biota in global marine coastal environments, noting that these compounds are still detectable and potentially harmful.
In one study, stranded cetaceans and Pacific cods are used as indicator species to compare the contamination levels of radiocesium in three seas shortly after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident in 2011.
A comparison between different extraction and detection techniques used for the determination of organic and inorganic pollutants in environmental matrices such as biota, water, and sediment is investigated.
Additionally, the authors address the influence of plastic pollution on marine environments through continental water bodies.
The potential application of the UV/persulfate process for the degradation of emerging organic pollutants in seawater is discussed, using chlorazol black as a substrate model.
The implications of atmospheric transport in the circulation of organochlorine pesticides are considered, presenting the relevance of atmospheric deposition to the oceans as a key process that affects marine environments.
The penultimate chapter assesses the health of Black Sea fish species belonging to different ecological groups. In particular, the hystopathological and biochemical biomarkers of the blood, spleen and liver are studied.
In closing, the authors propose a Containerized Marine Knowledge System by means of IoT-Cloud and LoRaWAN to improve marine environment monitoring.



Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Bioindicators of Pollution in Marine Environments
(Tatiana Recabarren-Villalón, Ana C. Ronda, Melina Orazi and Andrés H. Arias, Instituto Argentino de Oceanografía [CONICET/UNS], Bahía Blanca, Argentina, and others)

Chapter 2. Occurrence, Behavior and Ecotoxicity of Organophosphorus Pesticides (OPPs) in Marine Environments: A Review
(Pilar Palacios, Lautaro Girones, Cristian A. Vitale and Andrés H. Arias, Instituto Argentino de Oceanografía [IADO-CONICET-UNS], Bahía Blanca, Argentina, and others)

Chapter 3. Organochlorine Pesticides (OCPs) in Coastal Marine Environments: Levels, Fate, Behavior, and Effects on Biota
(Lautaro Girones, Pilar Palacios, Ana Laura Oliva, Jorge Eduardo Marcovecchio and Andrés Hugo Arias, Instituto Argentino de Oceanografía [CONICET/UNS], Bahía Blanca, Provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina, and others)

Chapter 4. Marine Environment and Contaminations of Radiocesium and Organohalogens in Cetaceans and Pacific Cod Inhabiting the Coastal Waters around Hokkaido, Northern Japan
(Tetsuya Endo, Takashi Matsuishi, Yukiko Fujii and Koichi Haraguchi, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido, Ishikari-Tobetsu, Hokkaido, Japan, and others)

Chapter 5. Methods of Determination of Micropollutants in Different Marine Matrices
(Mouna Necibi, Amani Atayat and Nadia Mzoughi, Sciences and Environmental Techonologies Laboratory, High Institute of Environmental Sciences and Technologies of Borj Cedria, University of Carthage, Hammam Lif, Tunisia, and others)

Chapter 6. Microplastics Pollution: From Continental Sources to Marine Systems
(María B. Alfonso, Ana C. Ronda, María C. Piccolo and Andrés H. Arias, Instituto Argentino de Oceanografía [CONICET/UNS], Bahía Blanca, Buenos Aires, Argentina, and others)

Chapter 7. Removal of Emerging Organic Pollutants from Seawater Using Photoactivated Persulfate
(Slimane Merouani, Oualid Hamdaoui and Hafida Bendjama, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Process Engineering, University Salah Boubnider Constantine, Constantine, Algeria, and others)

Chapter 8. Atmospheric POPs Threat the Marine Environments
(Melina M. Orazi, Tatiana Recabarren-Villalón, Jorge E. Marcovecchio and Andrés H. Arias, Instituto Argentino de Oceanografía [IADO – CONICET/UNS], Bahía Blanca, Argentina, and others)

Chapter 9. Comparative Study of Histopathological and Biochemical Biomarkers of Two Black Sea Marine Fish Species, Belonging to Different Ecological Groups
(Irina I. Rudneva, Maria P. Rudyk, Victoria V. Shepelevich, Larisa М. Skivka, Natalia N. Roslova and Valentin G. Shaida, A. O. Kovalevsky Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas of RAS, Sevastopol, Russia, and others)

Chapter 10. Design of IoT-Cloud Marine Knowledge System Based on Open Source
(Sun Park, Teck Chaw Ling, ByungRea Cha and JongWon Kim, Artificial Intelligence Graduate School, GIST, Gwangju, South Korea, and others)


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